List of Nike missile sites

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Nike Missile family, From left, MIM-3 Nike-Ajax, MIM-14 Nike-Hercules, LIM-49 Nike-Zeus.

The following is a list of Nike missile sites. This article lists sites in the United States, however the United States Army also deployed Nike missiles to Europe as part of the NATO alliance, with sites being operated by both American and European military forces. U.S. Army Nike sites were also operational in South Korea, Japan and were sold to Taiwan.

Leftover traces of the approximately 265[1] Nike missile bases can still be seen around cities across the United States. As the sites were decommissioned they were first offered to federal agencies. Many were already on Army National Guard bases who continued to use the property. Others were offered to state and local governments while others were sold to school districts. The left-overs were offered to private individuals. Thus, many Nike sites are now municipal yards, communications and FAA facilities (the IFC areas), probation camps, and even renovated for use as Airsoft gaming and MilSim training complexes. Several were completely obliterated and turned into parks. Some are now private residences. Only a few remain intact and preserve the history of the Nike project.

Overview[edit]

The missile sites are listed by the state in which they are located. The vast majority of the installations were combat ready launch facilities. Each site listing contains information concerning a particular site.

Example:

Site Name: Summit
Missile Type: Nike 2AK18L-H
Defense Area: Anchorage
Site Location: Anchorage (25 mi. NE)/Chugach Mountains
Service Dates: May 1959 to May 1979
Control Site Condition/Owner: Intact; Army ownership, best preserved Alaskan site
Launch Site Condition/Owner: Intact; Army ownership, best preserved Alaskan site

This listing would be interpreted as follows:

The site is located 25 miles northeast of Anchorage. The name of the site is Summit and it was within the Anchorage Defense Area.

The "Missile type" information (2AK18L-H) means the site contained two Nike Ajax magazines (A), located above ground (K), with eight launchers (8L) being converted to Nike Hercules (H).

The branch of service involved was the United States Army and the dates of active service are taken from unit activation and deactivation records.

In the Nike system, the fire control site (CS) and launch site (LS) were considered separate individual sites when dealing with the properties. The Summit control and launch sites happen to have the same owner and condition; however, this is not always the case. Many listings will have "FDS" following either the control site or launch site heading, which means that the site has gone through the "Formerly-Used Defense Site" program and has been transferred from DoD control to another party. This party could be a private owner, a municipality, or the state. A current assessment of the site is provided and by clicking on the geographic coordinate will link to a map showing the site (CS, LS) and a current online aerial image.

With the exception of Alaska, in which sites were given a specific name, Nike missile sites were designated by a coding system of the Defense Area Name abbreviation; a two digit number representing the degree from north converted to a number between 01 and 99 (North being 01; East being 25; South being 50; West being 75), and a letter, L = launch site, C = IFC site.

United States[edit]

Alaska[edit]

Anchorage Defense Area: Sites were located around Anchorage to defend the city of Anchorage, Fort Richardson, and Elmendorf AFB. Situated at Fort Richardson near Anchorage, the Command Post hosted the regional air defense command and control facility. Manned by the 4th Missile Battalion (redesignated 1st Missile Battalion), 43d Air Defense Artillery in 1972). Site Point was a dual site, having two complete and independent firing systems (Two fire control systems and four launcher sections each having four launchers each and about 28 Hercules missiles) The damage caused by the Good Friday earthquake in 1964 caused one half of the site to be permanently out of action. The other firing system was restored to active duty and remained so, and was in fact the last Nike site in North America to be closed.

USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD radar sites at Fire Island AFS (F-1) and King Salmon AFS (F-3) AK were integrated into the Army Nike operations. Radars used at Fire Island were CPS-6B, FPS-8, CPS-4, FPS-20A, FPS-6B. Nike missile operations continued there until 1979 when the site was closed. Afterwards, the Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) was moved to King Salmon. Radars were FPS-93A and in 1982 the FPS-117 was installed. The King Salmon Long-Range Radar Site is still in use.


Fairbanks Defense Area: Sites were installed to replace Anti-Aircraft guns defending the Fairbanks area, which included Fort Wainwright and Eielson AFB. Manned by the 2nd Missile Battalion, 562d Air Defense Artillery. The sites around Fairbanks were inactivated in 1970-1971.

The USAF radar site at Murphy Dome AFS, AK (F-2) was shared with the Army for Nike missile-defense system. The CPS-6B radar was removed in July 1958, FPS-8 removed 4Q 1960 until the Nike sites were inactivated in 1971.

External links[edit]

Nike sites in Alaska
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
Bay Nike 2AK/8L-H Anchorage Anchorage, Alaska (25 mi NE) Mar 1959 - May 1979 The IFC is mostly burned (prior to the fire, the IFC was used as a minimum security prison). Part of the concrete structures and the bases of the radar towers are still standing, and used for paintball wars by the local youth. Buildings mostly gone or standing walls remain.
61°23′53″N 149°51′55″W / 61.39806°N 149.86528°W / 61.39806; -149.86528 (Bay-CS)
Intact Launch remains, no use known. Abandoned and overgrown with trees.
61°24′21″N 149°53′04″W / 61.40583°N 149.88444°W / 61.40583; -149.88444 (Bay-LS)
Point Nike 4AK/16L-H Anchorage Anchorage, Alaska (10 mi SW) Apr 1959 - May 1971 Obliterated no evidence remains.
61°09′18″N 150°03′21″W / 61.15500°N 150.05583°W / 61.15500; -150.05583 (Point-CS)
Abandoned. Buildings torn down, launch pads consist of concrete slabs and Bunkers. Land was transferred to the Municipality of Anchorage, and has been converted to a park. One of the Launch Bunkers has been converted to a Cross Country Ski Chalet with a large parking lot, and the other three Launch Bunkers are used for storage.
61°09′31″N 150°02′07″W / 61.15861°N 150.03528°W / 61.15861; -150.03528 (Point-LS)
Summit Nike 2AK/8L-H Anchorage Anchorage, Alaska (25 mi NE/Chugach Mountains) May 1959 - May 1979 Intact Army ownership, best preserved Alaskan Site. It has been in use as a secured communications site for various federal agencies, including BLM, FAA, FCC, FBI, IRS, and others. It is also used occasionally for communications exercises supporting various US Army operations. There are two adjacent ski recreation areas. Under restoration since 2009. Guided public tours are available June–September through a local non-profit organization. Site Summit is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.[2]
61°15′29″N 149°31′42″W / 61.25806°N 149.52833°W / 61.25806; -149.52833 (Summit-CS)
Intact Army ownership, best preserved Alaskan Site
61°14′52″N 149°32′54″W / 61.24778°N 149.54833°W / 61.24778; -149.54833 (Summit-LS)
Jig Nike 2AK/8L-H Fairbanks Eielson AFB, Alaska (5 mi S) Mar 1959 - May 1970 Obliterated Private ownership. No remains except large open area.
64°32′04″N 146°59′35″W / 64.53444°N 146.99306°W / 64.53444; -146.99306 (Jig-CS)
Intact, Private ownership, 1 launcher used to store dynamite. Many tractor-trailers on site.
64°31′38″N 146°57′51″W / 64.52722°N 146.96417°W / 64.52722; -146.96417 (Jig-LS)
Love Nike 2AK/8L-H Fairbanks Fairbanks, Alaska (10 mi NW) Mar 1959 - May 1971 Obliterated, State of Alaska control, demolished
64°59′02″N 147°53′08″W / 64.98389°N 147.88556°W / 64.98389; -147.88556 (Love-CS)
Obliterated, State of Alaska control, demolished
64°59′00″N 147°51′16″W / 64.98333°N 147.85444°W / 64.98333; -147.85444 (Love-LS)
Mike Nike 2AK/8L-H Fairbanks Eielson AFB, Alaska (10 mi SE) Mar 1959 - May 1970 Obliterated, Army ownership, demolished
64°34′55″N 146°45′04″W / 64.58194°N 146.75111°W / 64.58194; -146.75111 (Mike-CS)
Army ownership on Ft Wainwright property, The site is overgrown with vegetation, Nike launch buildings are relatively intact.
64°35′13″N 146°43′45″W / 64.58694°N 146.72917°W / 64.58694; -146.72917 (Mike-LS)
Peter Nike 2AK/8L-H Fairbanks Eielson AFB, Alaska (15 mi E) Mar 1959 - May 1971 Obliterated, Army terrorism training site
64°56′23″N 147°52′08″W / 64.93972°N 147.86889°W / 64.93972; -147.86889 (Peter-CS)
Army ownership on Ft Wainwright property, Army terrorism training site. Obliterated
64°56′39″N 147°51′51″W / 64.94417°N 147.86417°W / 64.94417; -147.86417 (Peter-LS)
Tare Nike 2AK/8L-H Fairbanks Newman, Alaska (20 mi S) Mar 1959 - May 1971 Obliterated, Corps of Engineers control, demolished
64°47′37″N 147°11′19″W / 64.79361°N 147.18861°W / 64.79361; -147.18861 (Tare-CS)
Partially Intact, Launch remains, serves as administration facility for Chena River Lakes Recreation Area
64°45′28″N 147°13′08″W / 64.75778°N 147.21889°W / 64.75778; -147.21889 (Tare-LS)

California[edit]

Los Angeles Defense Area (LA): Los Angeles was defended by a ring of 16 Nike sites. Headquarters sites were located at Signal Hill, Long Beach, Fort MacArthur, and at the Birmingham Army Hospital. As indicated by the number of sites, Los Angeles, with its aerospace industries, received extensive air defenses. Initially manned by the 1st Missile Battalion, 56th Air Defense Artillery, later by the 4th Missile Battalion, 65th Air Defense Artillery. Beginning in the fall of 1958, the LA-40 and LA-43 Nike sites were manned by the 720th AAA Missile Battalion of the California Army National Guard. Eventually, California National Guard units assumed responsibilities for manning the other sites. In 1968, the Army deactivated LA-94. LA-29 closed 3 years later.

Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) LA-45DC was established at San Pedro Hill AFS, CA in 1960 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was initially an AN/FSG-l Missile-Master Radar Direction Center. It was later equipped with the AN/TSQ-51 "Missile Mentor" solid-state computer system.

LA-45DC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site RP-39 / Z-39 The AADCP was inactivated 1 Sep 1974 along with the remaining Nike Hercules sites.


San Francisco Defense Area (SF): San Francisco was defended by 12 Nike sites. Its defenders included both Regular Army and National Guard units. Sites SF-87 and SF-93 were deactivated in 1971. Three years later, the U.S. Army Air Defense Command deactivated the remaining missile batteries. When the Army abandoned the launch area of SF-88 at Fort Barry in 1974, the National Park Service assumed custody of the site, incorporating it into the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Through the efforts of various volunteer groups, as of 1995, this is the only Nike site in the country that has been preserved and is open for public viewing.

Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) SF-90DC was established at Mill Valley AFS, CA in 1960 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was equipped with the AN/GSG-5(V) BIRDIE solid-state computer system.

SF-90DC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site P-38 / Z-38 The AADCP was inactivated in mid-1971.


Travis AFB Defense Area (T): Established to defend the USAF Strategic Air Command, later Military Airlift Command base. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, the Travis battalion assumed responsibility for the remaining active batteries guarding the entire San Francisco region. Inactivated by 1974.

External links[edit]

SF-31 Nike site, San Leandro, California
Missile on transporter at SF-88, Sausalito


Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
LA-04 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/11L-U, (10L-H) Los Angeles Mount Gleason[3] (Angeles National Forest)/ Palmdale, California 1956 - Apr 1974 Abandoned, replanted with pines. No evidence of former IFC site.
34°22′32″N 118°10′33″W / 34.37556°N 118.17583°W / 34.37556; -118.17583 (LA-04-LS)}
Owned by State of California. Rebuilt as Los Angeles County prison camp
34°22′41″N 118°09′03″W / 34.37806°N 118.15083°W / 34.37806; -118.15083 (LA-04-LS)
LA-09 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Los Angeles Mount Disappointment/ Barley Flats[4] (Angeles National Forest. 1956–1961 Destroyed by fire, former LA County Probation Department work camp. On very tall ridge Some buildings remain, condition unknown. No radar towers.
34°14′48″N 118°06′17″W / 34.24667°N 118.10472°W / 34.24667; -118.10472 (LA-09-CS)
Obliterated, LA Sheriff's Department Air Station
34°16′42″N 118°04′32″W / 34.27833°N 118.07556°W / 34.27833; -118.07556 (LA-09-LS)
LA-14 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Los Angeles South El Monte, California 1956–1961 Obliterated, Athletic Field of Rio Hondo Junior College. Fire Control largely preserved and accessible via hiking trail.
34°01′05″N 118°02′17″W / 34.01806°N 118.03806°W / 34.01806; -118.03806 (LA-14-CS)
Obliterated. Former missile pads still visible, apparently being used as a storage yard. Most of area now redeveloped into tennis courts, park area.
34°02′37″N 118°03′32″W / 34.04361°N 118.05889°W / 34.04361; -118.05889 (LA-14-LS)
LA-29 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-UA, (7L-H) Los Angeles Brea/Puente Hills, California 1958 - June 1971 Private ownership. Site cleared and redeveloped on top of ridge. One old foundation remains of IFC, also some old roads not severely deteriorated Appears to be a radio tower, transmitter site and a large water tank on the site.
33°57′19″N 117°53′44″W / 33.95528°N 117.89556°W / 33.95528; -117.89556 (LA-29-CS)
Private ownership, fenced. Launch site abandoned, appears to be above-ground site with launchers located within berms. concrete foundations badly deteriorated, only some building foundations remain. Much broken concrete lying around site. Large number of commercial bee hives.
33°57′34″N 117°53′10″W / 33.95944°N 117.88611°W / 33.95944; -117.88611 (LA-29-LS)
LA-32 Nike 1B1C/12H, 20A/8L-U Los Angeles Garden Grove/Stanton, California 1956 - Mar 1974 Obliterated, Private ownership, Light Industrial park
33°47′27″N 118°00′43″W / 33.79083°N 118.01194°W / 33.79083; -118.01194 (LA-32-CS)
In highly urbanized area. CAArNG, 458th MASH facility. Nike launch facilities obliterated by construction
33°47′32″N 118°00′10″W / 33.79222°N 118.00278°W / 33.79222; -118.00278 (LA-32-LS)
LA-40 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Los Angeles Long Beach Airport, California 1956–1963 Obliterated, Hotel and commercial development. Location now a parking deck.
33°48′32″N 118°08′08″W / 33.80889°N 118.13556°W / 33.80889; -118.13556 (LA-40-CS)
Obliterated, Kilroy Airport Center
33°48′32″N 118°08′26″W / 33.80889°N 118.14056°W / 33.80889; -118.14056 (LA-40-LS)
LA-43 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-UA Los Angeles Fort MacArthur, California (upper) 1955 - Mar 1974 Located at Battery Leary, Merriam, Upper Reservation, Ft. MacArthur. Fenced-in area, redeveloped with new landscaping. No sign of IFC.
33°42′43″N 118°17′45″W / 33.71194°N 118.29583°W / 33.71194; -118.29583 (LA-43-CS)
Intact, City of LA, White Point Park. Double-magazine site with Nike Assembly building evident, also concrete launcher foundations. Launch site roads still in place, overlaid by park facilities.
33°43′00″N 118°18′51″W / 33.71667°N 118.31417°W / 33.71667; -118.31417 (LA-43-LS)
LA-55 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U Los Angeles Point Vincente, California 1956 - Mar 1974 Obliterated, City of Rancho Palos Verdes, Del Cerro Park
33°45′27″N 118°22′06″W / 33.75750°N 118.36833°W / 33.75750; -118.36833 (LA-55-CS)
Missile site redeveloped into Point Vincente County Park
33°44′42″N 118°24′18″W / 33.74500°N 118.40500°W / 33.74500; -118.40500 (LA-55-LS)
LA-57 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Los Angeles Redondo Beach/ Torrance, California 1956–1963 Obliterated, City of Redondo Beach, Hopkins Wilderness Park
33°49′45″N 118°22′27″W / 33.82917°N 118.37417°W / 33.82917; -118.37417 (LA-57-CS)
In highly industrial area. Missile site partially intact, used by City of Torrance, Torrance Airport Civil Air Patrol. No evidence of launchers.
LA-70 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Los Angeles Hyperion/Playa del Rey, California (Shared with LA-73) 1956–1963 Obliterated, FDS, vacant lot just west of LAX runway 6R
33°56′48″N 118°22′18″W / 33.94667°N 118.37167°W / 33.94667; -118.37167 (LA-70-CS)
Nike launch facilities obliterated. Redeveloped into City of LA Department of Airports, Jet Pets Animal Services
33°57′08″N 118°26′18″W / 33.95222°N 118.43833°W / 33.95222; -118.43833 (LA-70-LS)
LA-73 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Los Angeles Playa del Rey/LAX, California (Shared with LA-70) 1956–1963 Obliterated, Apartments, commercial use
33°57′33″N 118°25′59″W / 33.95917°N 118.43306°W / 33.95917; -118.43306 (LA-73-CS)
Launcher area was destroyed/obliterated in the early 1990s when Westchester Parkway was constructed. Also used by City of LA Department of Airports, Jet Pets Animal Service.
33°57′08″N 118°26′18″W / 33.95222°N 118.43833°W / 33.95222; -118.43833 (LA-73-LS)
LA-78 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-U Los Angeles Malibu, California 1963 - Mar 1974 Obliterated, no evidence of existence at end of former access road.
34°04′41″N 118°39′20″W / 34.07806°N 118.65556°W / 34.07806; -118.65556 (LA-78-CS)
Double-battery Nike Concrete launcher foundations partially Intact, Microwave/ Communication Facility. Launchers probably intact. The former crew barracks are now used for county fire station personnel and the old launch bays appear to be used for storage.
34°03′35″N 118°38′46″W / 34.05972°N 118.64611°W / 34.05972; -118.64611 (LA-78-LS)
LA-88 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/11L-U Los Angeles Chatsworth, Oat Mountain, California 1957 - Mar 1974 Partially Intact, administration buildings at entrance standing, with what appear to be military radio towers. Most buildings razed and rebuilt as a Relay site. Many foundations remain with broken concrete spread around area, roads in deteriorating condition.
34°19′46″N 118°36′02″W / 34.32944°N 118.60056°W / 34.32944; -118.60056 (LA-88-CS)
Below-ground Triple-magazine Nike-Hercules site built up on high ridge. Largely intact and abandoned. Buildings in poor condition, some roofless, some not. Still fenced with closed access gate. Site is now utilized by the LAPD SWAT team for training.
34°18′41″N 118°36′31″W / 34.31139°N 118.60861°W / 34.31139; -118.60861 (LA-88-LS)
LA-94 Nike 1B, 2C/18H-30A/12L-UA Los Angeles Los Pinetos/Newhall, California 1955 - Nov 1968 Intact, LA County Fire Camp #9 and GTE cellular relay station. On high ridge, elevation 3,750'. All buildings in use in excellent condition. No radar towers.
34°21′09″N 118°24′40″W / 34.35250°N 118.41111°W / 34.35250; -118.41111 (LA-94-LS)
Double-battery Nike launch area on top of tall ridge. Is fenced in, with a "No Trespassing" sign, guard shack and many buildings in good repair. Now US Forest Service facility. Magazines probably in good condition, launch area being used for trailer and outside storage.
34°20′55″N 118°24′29″W / 34.34861°N 118.40806°W / 34.34861; -118.40806 (LA-94-LS)
LA-96 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-U, (8L-H) Los Angeles Lake Balboa(formerly Van Nuys) / Encino 1957 - Sep 1974 Located on top of a mountain in the middle of the city. San Vicente Peak, has been turned into a Cold War memorial park. Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy, San Vicente Mountain Park. Buildings, some radar towers.
34°07′43″N 118°30′46″W / 34.12861°N 118.51278°W / 34.12861; -118.51278 (LA-96-CS)
In highly urban area. After being closed by the Army it was established as an Air Force installation, the Sepulveda Air National Guard Station. On that date, it was assigned for jurisdiction, control, and authority to the California Air National Guard. A section of the launch area is used by the CAArNG, 261st Combat Communication Squadron. Concrete launch pads still visible.
34°11′06″N 118°28′56″W / 34.18500°N 118.48222°W / 34.18500; -118.48222 (LA-96-LS)
LA-98 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Los Angeles Magic Mountain [5] (Angeles National Forest) / Lang[6] (Santa Clarita), California 1955 - Dec 1968 Microwave relay site.
34°23′11″N 118°19′45″W / 34.38639°N 118.32917°W / 34.38639; -118.32917 (LA-98-CS)
Private owner, construction use. Most of launch site turned into a quarry.
34°25′53″N 118°22′32″W / 34.43139°N 118.37556°W / 34.43139; -118.37556 (LA-98-LS)
SF-08
SF-09
Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A San Francisco San Pablo Ridge, California (SF-08 and SF-09 shared facilities) 1955 - Jun 1963 Obliterated, Wildcat Canyon Regional Park.
37°56′56″N 122°17′28″W / 37.94889°N 122.29111°W / 37.94889; -122.29111 (SF-08/09-CS)
Obliterated, Wildcat Canyon Regional Park. Some berms still visible.
37°55′30″N 122°15′44″W / 37.92500°N 122.26222°W / 37.92500; -122.26222 (SF-08/09-LS)
SF-25 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A San Francisco Rock Ridge, California 1956 - July 1959 Partially Intact, Las Trampas Regional Park and microwave communications facility
37°48′57″N 122°03′44″W / 37.81583°N 122.06222°W / 37.81583; -122.06222 (SF-25-CS)
Redeveloped, TRACOR Aerospace, Expendable Technology Center, Las Trampas Regional Park Office
37°48′45″N 122°02′33″W / 37.81250°N 122.04250°W / 37.81250; -122.04250 (SF-25-LS)
SF-31 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U San Francisco Lake Chabot/ Castro Valley, California 1956 - Mar 1974 Intact, Communications Facility Partially. Buildings, some radar towers.
37°43′25″N 122°05′07″W / 37.72361°N 122.08528°W / 37.72361; -122.08528 (SF-31-CS)
Intact, East Bay Regional Park District, Lake Chabot Park, Department of Public Safety, service yard. Missile pads used as part of storage yard and parking lot.
37°43′26″N 122°07′8.4″W / 37.72389°N 122.119000°W / 37.72389; -122.119000 (SF-31-LS)
SF-37 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A San Francisco Coyote Hills/ Newark, California 1955 - Mar 1963 Redeveloped, East Bay Regional Park District, Coyote Hills Regional Park Alameda County Sheriff's Department radio transmitter
37°32′24″N 122°05′03″W / 37.54000°N 122.08417°W / 37.54000; -122.08417 (SF-37-CS)
Obliterated, Coyote Hills Regional Park. Launch site buildings bulldozed, dumped into the magazines, magazines sealed shut, soiled over & the whole area re-graded in the early 1970s to make it look like a natural area again, and they did a very thorough job.
37°33′32″N 122°05′46″W / 37.55889°N 122.09611°W / 37.55889; -122.09611 (SF-37-LS)
SF-51 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U San Francisco Milagra/ Pacifica, California 1956 - Mar 1974 National Park Service, Sweeny Ridge Skyline Preserve. Badly deteriorated buddings, radar tower bases, not much else.
37°36′48″N 122°27′32″W / 37.61333°N 122.45889°W / 37.61333; -122.45889 (SF-51-CS)
Obliterated, Milagra Ridge County Park. Launch pad doors still visible, but concrete has been covered by soil and is now a grassy area.
37°38′22″N 122°28′44″W / 37.63944°N 122.47889°W / 37.63944; -122.47889 (SF-51-LS)
SF-59 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A San Francisco Fort Funston/ Mount San Bruno, California 1956 - Mar 1963 FDS. Redeveloped into communications site. No evidence of IFC.
37°41′32″N 122°26′52″W / 37.69222°N 122.44778°W / 37.69222; -122.44778 (SF-59-CS)
Partially Intact on mountain top, Fort Funston Park Picnic Area. Triple-magazine Nike Missile launching concrete pad now a parking lot for the Fort Funston hang gliding area. Buildings in use by park personnel.
37°42′53″N 122°30′06″W / 37.71472°N 122.50167°W / 37.71472; -122.50167 (SF-59-LS)
SF-87 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U San Francisco Fort Cronkhite/ Sausalito, California 1955 - June 1971 On mountain peak. Partially Intact, buildings, some radar towers, tourist area, Golden Gate National Recreation Area
37°49′39″N 122°29′56″W / 37.82750°N 122.49889°W / 37.82750; -122.49889 (SF-87-CS)
Obliterated. Redeveloped into Marine Mammal Center.
37°50′06″N 122°31′51″W / 37.83500°N 122.53083°W / 37.83500; -122.53083 (SF-87-LS)
SF-88 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U San Francisco Fort Barry/ Sausalito, California Mar 1958 - Mar 1974 On high mountain peak. Intact but decaying and falling apart, NPS-GGNRA, camp site, YMCA facility. Most buildings intact and in use, some radar towers.
37°50′32″N 122°31′55″W / 37.84222°N 122.53194°W / 37.84222; -122.53194 (SF-88-CS)
Part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area) across the Golden Gate from San Francisco, has been preserved as a Nike museum, complete with missiles (inert). This site was given intact to the National Park Service in 1974 after it was decommissioned for use as a legacy of the Nike program. It is open to the public on designated days; usually Wednesday to Friday, 12:30 to 3:30 pm. The SF-88L site has been restored by volunteers and National Park Service employees to the condition it was during the 1960s, complete with signage and various pieces of equipment such as the radars and control vans that would have been stationed on hills overlooking the site. One of the two missile magazines has been restored and has a working elevator and launch rail for the inert missiles. Site SF-88 is listed in the National Register of Historic Places as part of the Fort Barry Historic District.[7]
37°49′36″N 122°31′39″W / 37.82667°N 122.52750°W / 37.82667; -122.52750 (SF-88-LS)
External video
Video tour of SF-88 on YouTube
SF-89 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A San Francisco Fort Winfield Scott, California 1955 - Mar 1963 Partially intact, buildings being used, no evidence of radar towers. TV transmitter site.
37°45′28″N 122°27′28″W / 37.75778°N 122.45778°W / 37.75778; -122.45778 (SF-89-CS)
Intact, Salvage yard. Nike launch magazines abandoned and partially covered by a layer of soil, used for open air storage. The adjacent buildings are used by an EOD unit.
37°47′32″N 122°28′24″W / 37.79222°N 122.47333°W / 37.79222; -122.47333 (SF-89-LS)
SF-91 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A San Francisco Angel Island, California 1955–1961 The IFC on the top of Mt. Livermore Angel Island in San Francisco Bay has been permanently removed. The former radar site has been restored to its natural condition, and is now enjoyed as one of the best views of the region by hikers and picnicers.
37°51′41″N 122°25′50″W / 37.86139°N 122.43056°W / 37.86139; -122.43056 (SF-91-CS)
Intact, NPS-GGNRA, Angel Island State Park. Three launch areas. This is an early Ajax-only site that was never converted to Hercules. The mountain between the launcher and the IFC was "notched" in three places to allow the Missile Tracking Radar to acquire the missile while sitting on the launcher. The three underground magazines are existent and in reasonable good condition. The area is off limits to visitors at Angel Island State Park.
37°51′23″N 122°25′21″W / 37.85639°N 122.42250°W / 37.85639; -122.42250 (SF-91-LS)
SF-93 Nike 3B/18H, 30A/12L-U San Francisco San Rafael, California 1957 - June 1971 Harry P. Barbier Memorial Park. Two round ground pads, one square ground pad, and one tower with cyclone fence around the top. Nothing else is left.
37°59′52″N 122°30′09″W / 37.99778°N 122.50250°W / 37.99778; -122.50250 (SF-93-CS)
Redeveloped into Marin County Waste Water Treatment Plant. Launch "pits" used for reservoirs for the waste treatment plant. Doors have been completely covered with dirt.
38°01′26″N 122°31′15″W / 38.02389°N 122.52083°W / 38.02389; -122.52083 (SF-93-LS)
T-10 Nike 3B/18H, 30A/12L-U Travis AFB Elmira, California 1958 - Mar 1974 Redeveloped as multiple-family housing. Part of facility exists to the west, outlines of radar towers visible. Used primarily as a junkyard.
38°18′58″N 121°52′16″W / 38.31611°N 121.87111°W / 38.31611; -121.87111 (T-10-CS)
Redeveloped, Private ownership. Several buildings reused as warehouses. Nike launching pads visible, probably all sealed shut. Looks as being used as a storage/junkyard.
38°19′02″N 121°53′37″W / 38.31722°N 121.89361°W / 38.31722; -121.89361 (T-10-LS)
T-33 Nike AG/12A/12L-A Travis AFB Dixon/Lambie, California 1957 - Jan 1959 Partially Intact, State of California Department of Health Services. Some buildings in use, no radar towers.
38°13′07″N 121°50′51″W / 38.21861°N 121.84750°W / 38.21861; -121.84750 (T-33-CS)
Redeveloped, Private ownership, light industrial storage yard.
38°13′19″N 121°51′26″W / 38.22194°N 121.85722°W / 38.22194; -121.85722 (T-33-LS)
T-53 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Travis AFB Potrero Hills, California 1958 - Jan 1959 Intact, Explosives Technology. Buildings in use, no radar towers visible.
38°12′32″N 121°56′31″W / 38.20889°N 121.94194°W / 38.20889; -121.94194 (T-53-CS)
The property was transferred from the Army to the Air Force on 31 Jul 1964. On that date it was designated as Potrero Hills Storage Annex; and jurisdiction, control, and accountability were assigned to Travis AFB. Now under private ownership, Explosives Technology. Launch doors probably sealed shut, but visible along with Nike concrete launching pads.
38°12′10″N 121°56′08″W / 38.20278°N 121.93556°W / 38.20278; -121.93556 (T-53-LS)
T-86 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-UA, (8L-U) Travis AFB Fairfield / Cement Hills, California 1958 - June 1971 Private ownership. Mostly intact, some IFC buildings being used for transmitter support with large radio towers on site. radar towers outlines visible.
38°17′57″N 121°59′57″W / 38.29917°N 121.99917°W / 38.29917; -121.99917 (T-86-CS)
Redeveloped, Solano County Detention Center and Animal Shelter, FSUSD bus yard. Launch doors probably sealed shut, but visible along with Nike concrete launching pads. Administrative Area buildings intact, deteriorated.
38°16′34″N 122°00′08″W / 38.27611°N 122.00222°W / 38.27611; -122.00222 (T-86-LS)

Connecticut[edit]

Bridgeport Defense Area (BR): Regular Army units manned these sites after initial activation during 1956 and 1957

with the Guard assuming duties in the waning years. Headquarters facilities were located in Bridgeport. Only site BR-04 was converted from Nike Ajax to Hercules. This battery would become integrated into the New England Defense Area before being deactivated in 1971.


Hartford Defense Area (HA): Operational in 1956, these sites were first manned by Regular Army and later by Guard Units. Units from the Bridgeport Defense Area assisted in operating the Plainville site. Sites HA-48 and HA-08 were converted to fire the Nike Hercules missile and remained operational until 1968 and 1971, respectively.

External links[edit]

Connecticut Nike Missile Sites
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
BR-04 Nike 3B/18H, 30A/12L-U Bridgeport Ansonia, Connecticut 1957 - June 1971 US Forest Service Insect & Disease Lab. Some buildings remain in use, most razed along with radar towers. In single-family home subdivision built since inactivation of Nike Fire Control Site. Some old roads still exist in abandoned part of facility, but no evidence of radar towers.
41°20′23″N 073°02′42″W / 41.33972°N 73.04500°W / 41.33972; -73.04500 (BR-04-CS)
Private ownership. Now part of a horse farm. Most buildings still there, launch magazines filled in, concrete pads obliterated. Horses occupy the Assembly building.
41°21′02″N 073°02′56″W / 41.35056°N 73.04889°W / 41.35056; -73.04889 (BR-04-LS)
BR-15 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Bridgeport West Haven, Connecticut 1956 - Sep 1971 CTANG(CT Air National Guard), Communications/Radar site. Known as Orange Air National Guard Station. Home now to the 103rd Air Control Squadron. Site totally redeveloped, no Nike site buildings remain.
41°16′04″N 072°59′31″W / 41.26778°N 72.99194°W / 41.26778; -72.99194 (BR-15-LS)
Obliterated. Part of Town of Westhaven, Parks and Recreation Department "Nike State Park"
41°16′18″N 072°58′47″W / 41.27167°N 72.97972°W / 41.27167; -72.97972 (BR-15-LS)
BR-17 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Bridgeport Milford, Connecticut 1956–1963 Town of Milford, board of education. IFC buildings being reused, in reasonable condition. Parts of facility exist but abandoned, lots of vegetation reclaiming facility. Some radio towers, no evidence of radar.
41°13′41″N 073°00′57″W / 41.22806°N 73.01583°W / 41.22806; -73.01583 (BR-17-CS)
Private ownership, redeveloped into single-family housing.
41°14′24″N 073°00′17″W / 41.24000°N 73.00472°W / 41.24000; -73.00472 (BR-17-LS)
BR-65 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Bridgeport Fairfield, Connecticut 1956 - Mar 1961 Town of Fairfield, Fire Training and Canine Center. Completely rebuilt, no evidence of Fire Control Site or radar towers.
41°07′42″N 073°15′01″W / 41.12833°N 73.25028°W / 41.12833; -73.25028 (BR-65-CS)
Redeveloped into South Pine Creek Park. Launch area now a soccer field.
41°07′29″N 073°15′48″W / 41.12472°N 73.26333°W / 41.12472; -73.26333 (BR-65-LS)
BR-73 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Bridgeport Westport, Connecticut 1956–1963 Town of Westport, Westport/Weston Health District, Bayberry. Some IFC buildings still in-use, part of site also used by "Rolnick Observatory" also using old IFC buildings. Two radar towers still standing and evident, one of which now functions as the base for the Rolnick Observatory telescope. Much of site overgrown with vegetation.
41°10′16″N 073°19′43″W / 41.17111°N 73.32861°W / 41.17111; -73.32861 (BR-73-CS)
Obliterated. Redeveloped into Special Education Center Firefighting Training Center. Also athletic fields for the public Staples High School
41°09′35″N 073°19′48″W / 41.15972°N 73.33000°W / 41.15972; -73.33000 (BR-73-LS)
BR-94 Nike 2B, 1C Bridgeport Shelton, Connecticut 1957 - Mar 1961 US Government ownership, storage and maintenance support facility for Fort Devens. Buildings used for storage/support in good condition, rest of site has been razed and sold off, now single-family housing, no evidence of radar towers.
41°19′40″N 073°11′01″W / 41.32778°N 73.18361°W / 41.32778; -73.18361 (BR-94-CS)
Redeveloped into "Nike Recreation Fields", Town of Shelton. Baseball fields, recreation Halls, Tennis courts, playground etc.
41°18′29″N 073°10′21″W / 41.30806°N 73.17250°W / 41.30806; -73.17250 (BR-94-LS)
HA-08 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/10L-U Hartford East Windsor, Connecticut 1956 - June 1971 "New Testament Church". No evidence of IFC site.
41°52′12″N 072°35′39″W / 41.87000°N 72.59417°W / 41.87000; -72.59417 (HA-08-CS)
Redeveloped into USAR Center. Nike launch site totally obliterated.
41°53′30″N 072°36′10″W / 41.89167°N 72.60278°W / 41.89167; -72.60278 (HA-08-LS)
HA-25 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Hartford Manchester, Connecticut 1956 - Jan 1961 Town of Manchester, Recreation Center. Also lots of single-family housing. No evidence of IFC site.
41°45′05″N 072°32′02″W / 41.75139°N 72.53389°W / 41.75139; -72.53389 (HA-25-CS)
Redeveloped into Electric Lighting Company. Nike launch site overgrown with vegetation.
41°44′20″N 072°30′57″W / 41.73889°N 72.51583°W / 41.73889; -72.51583 (HA-25-LS)
External video
Video tour of HA-25
HA-36 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Hartford Portland, Connecticut 1956–1963 Meshomasic State Forest[8] Abandoned, overgrown, some demolished buildings visible from ground.
41°38′18″N 072°32′42″W / 41.63833°N 72.54500°W / 41.63833; -72.54500 (HA-36-CS)
FDS, Abandoned and overgrown. Appears to have been bulldozed over and covered with soil after demilitarization. Some accessibility through a ventilation shaft to a small bunker room.
41°37′54″N 072°33′44″W / 41.63167°N 72.56222°W / 41.63167; -72.56222 (HA-36-LS)
HA-48 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-U, (7L-H) Hartford Cromwell, Connecticut 1956 - Nov 1968 Overgrown and abandoned. Quite a few of the buildings, except for a metal structure on the north-east corner, are still standing. They are cement-block shells.
41°36′22″N 072°41′29″W / 41.60611°N 72.69139°W / 41.60611; -72.69139 (HA-48-CS)
External video
Video tour of HA-48 Control Site
Redeveloped into USAR Center, Transportation Company. Concrete launching pads visible but doors concreted over.
41°34′53″N 072°41′09″W / 41.58139°N 72.68583°W / 41.58139; -72.68583 (HA-48-LS)
HA-67 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Hartford Pinnacle Rock, Plainville, Connecticut 1956 - Mar 1961 Obliterated, Residential housing.
41°40′48″N 072°49′22″W / 41.68000°N 72.82278°W / 41.68000; -72.82278 (HA-67-CS)
Redeveloped into Industrial Area. Nike launch site totally obliterated.
41°42′08″N 072°51′13″W / 41.70222°N 72.85361°W / 41.70222; -72.85361 (HA-67-LS)
HA-85 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Hartford Avon/Simsbury, Connecticut 1956–1963 Talcott Mountain Science center (buildings/radar pads).
41°48′39″N 072°47′55″W / 41.81083°N 72.79861°W / 41.81083; -72.79861 (HA-85-CS)
Redeveloped into Tower View Condominiums
41°49′39″N 072°49′48″W / 41.82750°N 72.83000°W / 41.82750; -72.83000 (HA-85-LS)

Florida[edit]

Homestead-Miami Defense Area (HM): Despite the undetected arrival of a defecting Cuban B-26 Invader at Daytona Beach Airport in January 1959, the vulnerability of America's southern frontier was not apparent until the Cuban Missile Crisis. As part of America's posturing against the Soviet Union over the issue of missiles in Cuba, a rapid buildup of forces occurred in Florida. Part of this buildup included antiaircraft missile batteries. Command of the arriving missile units was assumed by the Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 13th Artillery Group, formerly of Fort Meade, Maryland, which arrived at Homestead AFB on October 30, 1962. By November 8, this command unit moved 4 miles north to a location at Princeton. Initially deploying MIM-23 Hawk mobile batteries, once it became evident that the missile deployment would be long-term, the batteries were repositioned and permanent structures were built which employed above-ground Nike-Hercules missiles. Missile batteries in southern Florida continued on active duty until 1979, well beyond the 1975 demise of ARADCOM.

Army Air Defense Command Post (AADCP) HM-01DC was established at Richmond AFS, FL 25°37′24″N 080°24′16″W / 25.62333°N 80.40444°W / 25.62333; -80.40444 (HM-101DC) in 1961 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. Site equipped with the AN/GSG-5(V) BIRDIE solid-state computer system. In 1965, upgraded to the AN/FSG-l Missile-Master Radar Direction Center. One height-finder radar was later removed and remaining set modified to an AN/FPS-116 c. 1977.

HM-01DC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site Z-210. Site was demolished by Hurricane Andrew on 24 August 1992 and subsequently closed.

External links[edit]

Homestead-Miami Nike missile sites
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
HM-01
HM-03
Nike AK-3LH Homestead-Miami 2 mi WNW Opa-locka/Carol City, Florida 1962 - late 1970s Originally HM-01, Re-designated HM-03 Opa-locka Airport. Facility was located on the northwest side of the intersection of NW 183 St and NW 57th Ave. Razed shortly after closure in the late 1970s. Now a vacant lot.
25°56′22″N 080°17′56″W / 25.93944°N 80.29889°W / 25.93944; -80.29889 (HM-01/03-CS)
HM-01 was Nike-Ajax. Upgraded to above-ground Nike-Hercules and re-designated HM-03. Actual missile area had 3 building to hold missiles, and rails to slide them outside. Exists in deteriorated condition.
25°57′42″N 080°18′12″W / 25.96167°N 80.30333°W / 25.96167; -80.30333 (HM-01/03-LS)
HM-40 Nike AK-3LH Homestead-Miami 1 mi S of Card Sound Road & County Road 905, Key Largo, Florida 6/1965 - 6/1979 Relocated from HM-66. Largely intact, however the forest has just about won the battle to reclaim its former areas. Radar towers are almost invisible; access to any of the buildings is near impasaable.
25°16′35″N 080°18′11″W / 25.27639°N 80.30306°W / 25.27639; -80.30306 (HM-40-CS)
Above-ground launch site. Transferred to the U.S. Navy in 1981. In 1982, the Navy transferred 4.2 acres in fee land to the U.S. Air Force, which operated a radio beacon annex from 1983 until at least 1996, first as an off-base installation of Homestead AFB, then as a detached installation. Dates of inactivation and disposal not known. Now mostly overgrown with vegetation. All buildings at the launch site have been torn down. Missile buildings have been completely removed, to include 3 foot thick concrete foundations. Missile maintenance/assembly building is only one still standing.
25°15′42″N 080°18′50″W / 25.26167°N 80.31389°W / 25.26167; -80.31389 (HM-40-LS)
HM-65
HM-66
Nike AK-3LH Homestead-Miami 8 miles SW of Florida City, Florida 10/1962 - 6/1965 Originally HM-65, redesignated HM-66. Constructed during the Cuban Missile Crisis [October 1962]. In a two-week period, 24 hours a day, the Army Corps of Engineers literally built an island in the swamp by bringing in thousands of truck loads of earth fill to build an elevated land surface for the missiles and radars which would keep the equipment elevated above the Everglades water level. Site and unit moved to HM-40, with this site abandoned in June 1965. Buildings vacant, but given the remoteness of this facility appear to be in decent shape. No radar towers.
25°21′43″N 080°33′42″W / 25.36194°N 80.56167°W / 25.36194; -80.56167 (HM-65/66-CS)
HM-65 was Nike-Ajax. Upgraded to above-ground Nike-Hercules and re-designated HM-66. Above-ground launch facility with built-up pads, but no evidence of missile launch facilities remaining.
25°21′38″N 080°33′09″W / 25.36056°N 80.55250°W / 25.36056; -80.55250 (HM-65/66-LS)
HM-69 Nike AK-3LH Homestead-Miami 12 miles WSW of Florida City, Florida 1962–1979 South Florida Natural Resources Center in Everglades National Park, under control of National Park Service. Now open to the public for tours by National Park Service staff. Exterior of the administration building and launch area can be viewed during the tour. Visitors are also allowed access to one of the sections barn's. Buildings in use, no radar towers.
25°23′17″N 080°40′59″W / 25.38806°N 80.68306°W / 25.38806; -80.68306 (HM-69-CS)
Everglades National Park, National Park Service. Largely intact and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
25°22′12″N 080°41′04″W / 25.37000°N 80.68444°W / 25.37000; -80.68444 (HM-69-LS)
HM-95 Nike AK-3LH Homestead-Miami 12 miles west of Miami, Florida 1962–1979 DOD communications facility, now overgrown and abandoned. Deteriorating with vegetation reclaiming area. No radar towers.
25°44′15″N 080°28′54″W / 25.73750°N 80.48167°W / 25.73750; -80.48167 (HM-95-CS)
Tamiami Trail (Now U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Krome Ave Detention Facility)
25°45′01″N 080°29′22″W / 25.75028°N 80.48944°W / 25.75028; -80.48944 (HM-95-LS)
HM-85 None Homestead-Miami 10 miles sw of Miami, Florida 1962–1979 Headquarters, Miami-Homestead Defense Area.
HM-97 None Homestead-Miami Homestead AFB 1962–1979 Now under control of 482nd Fighter Wing (Air Force Reserve Command) and Detachment 1, 125th Fighter Wing (Florida Air National Guard)
HM-99 None Homestead-Miami Homestead AFB 1962–1979

Georgia[edit]

The Robins AFB Defense Area (R) and Turner AFB Defense Area (TU) were established when the USAF Strategic Air Command based B-52 Stratofortress intercontinental bombers at Robins and Turner Air Force Bases in 1959. Two Nike-Hercules batteries provided air defense for each of the bases and were manned by Regular Army units. These above-ground sites remained active from November 1960 until March 1966.

External links[edit]

Georgia Nike Missile Sites
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
R-88 Nike 3AG/12H/12L-H Robins Byron, Georgia Nov 1960 - Mar 1966 FDS. Abandoned, buildings appear derelict with lots of junk in the area. Locked and fenced. No radar towers showing in aerial imagery.
32°40′28″N 083°45′55″W / 32.67444°N 83.76528°W / 32.67444; -83.76528 (R-88-CS)
Above ground site with launchers protected by berms. FDS, now private ownership, fenced, restricted access. Appears to be light industrial estate. Many parked cars on site, probably employees. Berms around missile launch sites now around buildings erected in former missile sites. Many tractor trailers and new small business or manufacturing buildings on the site.
32°40′20″N 083°47′09″W / 32.67222°N 83.78583°W / 32.67222; -83.78583 (R-88-LS)
R-28 Nike 3AG/12H/12L-H Robins Jeffersonville, Georgia Nov 1960 - Mar 1966 FDS. Site demolished and cleared. "Missile Base Road" and site access road partially exists, otherwise empty field. Dirt road goes into the field, appears to be a former parking area where the access gate was.
32°37′29″N 083°21′53″W / 32.62472°N 83.36472°W / 32.62472; -83.36472 (R-28-CS)
Former above-ground site with berms protecting launchers. FDS. Private property, with locked fence access. In aerial imagery, launch site appears to be abandoned and overgrown with trees and other vegetation. Difficult to tell with all wild vegetation status of launch site, no buildings appear to be standing, probably earthen berms exist under vegetation canopy.
32°37′42″N 083°21′05″W / 32.62833°N 83.35139°W / 32.62833; -83.35139 (R-28-LS)
TU-79 Nike 3AG/12H Turner Armenia/Sasse, Georgia (9 mi NW) Nov 1960 - Mar 1966 Anchorage; drug & alcohol rehab center. Many military buildings in use and well maintained. Aerial imagery shows 3 radar towers still erect.
31°38′00″N 084°15′24″W / 31.63333°N 84.25667°W / 31.63333; -84.25667 (TU-79-LS)
Redeveloped into single-family housing subdivision "Callaway Lakes".
31°37′50″N 084°16′42″W / 31.63056°N 84.27833°W / 31.63056; -84.27833 (TU-79-LS)
TU-28 Nike 3AG/12H/12L-H Turner Willingsham/ Sylvester, Georgia (4 mi W) Nov 1960 - Mar 1966 private retirement home. Buildings well maintained, appears to be 3 radar towers to the east of the buildings still standing
31°33′16″N 083°54′56″W / 31.55444°N 83.91556°W / 31.55444; -83.91556 (TU-28-LS)
Above-ground site with launchers protected by berms. Private ownership, berms still in evidence in aerial imagery. Being used as an auto junkyard. Fenced with large number of hubcaps attached.
31°33′23″N 083°54′18″W / 31.55639°N 83.90500°W / 31.55639; -83.90500 (TU-28-LS)

Hawaii[edit]

Oahu Defense Area (OA): Originally, the United States Army Pacific planned to build eight batteries at six sites around the island. Eventually this plan was scaled back to four. The antiaircraft command post was at Wahiawa and Headquarters facilities were located at Fort Ruger. Unlike many of the stateside sites that housed missiles in underground magazines, these sites were simply open-air launchers mounted on concrete pads surrounded by earthen berms. The sites were deactivated in 1970.

External links[edit]

Oahu Nike Missile Sites
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
OA-17 Nike 12H/12L-H Oahu Kauka/Kahuku, Hawaii Jan 1961 - Mar 1970 On top of mountain ridge, under US Army control. Abandoned and overgrown. Buildings under vegetation, two large radio towers fallen on side visible . Probably facility is complete within the trees and wild underbrush. Access road to site overgrown with vegetation, inaccessible.
21°39′55″N 157°59′58″W / 21.66528°N 157.99944°W / 21.66528; -157.99944 (OA-17-CS)
Above ground launching site with berms protecting launchers. mostly overgrown still under US Army control on Kahuku Army Training Area, abandoned.
21°39′51″N 157°58′57″W / 21.66417°N 157.98250°W / 21.66417; -157.98250 (OA-17-LS)
OA-32 Nike 24H/16L-H Oahu Bellows/ Waimanalo, Hawaii
(dual site)
Mar 1961 - Mar 1970 On Bellows AFB, remains under US government control but abandoned. Four buildings still standing, no radar towers.
21°20′57″N 157°42′41″W / 21.34917°N 157.71139°W / 21.34917; -157.71139 (OA-32-CS)
On Bellows AFS, Twin Nike-Hercules launch underground facilities thoroughly overgrown with vegetation, abandoned.
21°20′55″N 157°42′28″W / 21.34861°N 157.70778°W / 21.34861; -157.70778 (OA-32-LS)
OA-63 Nike 24H/16L-H Oahu Ewa/ Makakilo, Hawaii
(dual site)
Jan 1961 - Mar 1970 On top of mountain ridge, under US Army control. On 18 Sep 1968 it was designated the Palehua AF Solar Observatory Research Site, activated, and assigned to Military Airlift Command with jurisdiction and operational control assigned to Air Weather Service. Part of this property (Control Site 5, from the Nike layout) had an even earlier use by the Army Air Forces. The Puu Manawahua Radar Station and Base Camp was a W.W.II Aircraft Warning Station, and continued to list in 1947 and 1948 USAF Installation Directories. Several Buildings standing also some radar towers. Access road to facility inaccessible due to decades of vegetation growth taking back the road up to the top.
21°23′10″N 158°06′18″W / 21.38611°N 158.10500°W / 21.38611; -158.10500 (OA-63-CS)
Double above-ground magazines, on top of mountain ridge, under US Army control, Both Nike launch facilities overgrown with vegetation, abandoned. Berms still quite visible under vegetation. concrete pad inside berms partially clear. Access road also overgrown with vegetation, inaccessible.
21°21′51″N 158°06′45″W / 21.36417°N 158.11250°W / 21.36417; -158.11250 (OA-63-LS)
OA-84 Nike 12H/8L-H Oahu Waialua/ Dillingham, Hawaii Jan 1961 - Mar 1970 USAF Training Site. Torn down just rubble and looks like a lot of junk vehicles at the former site.
21°34′27″N 158°07′49″W / 21.57417°N 158.13028°W / 21.57417; -158.13028 (OA-84-LS)
Dillingham Airport, Above-ground Nike-Hercules launch facilities overgrown with vegetation, no buildings remain abandoned.
21°34′07″N 158°11′42″W / 21.56861°N 158.19500°W / 21.56861; -158.19500 (OA-84-LS)

Illinois & Northwest Indiana[edit]

Chicago-Gary Defense Area (C): Site (C-98) Fort Sheridan hosted the headquarters of the Fifth Army Air Defense Command. Other regional command facilities were located at the Museum of Science and Industry, site (C-51) Orland Park, and site (C-80) Arlington Heights. Nike Hercules bases remained in operation at C49/50, C-72, and C-93 as well as at sites C-46 and C-47 in northern Indiana, until 1974.

Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) C-80DC established at Arlington Heights AI, IL in 1960 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was initially an AN/FSG-l Missile-Master Radar Direction Center. It was later upgraded to the AN/TSQ-51 "Missile Mentor" solid-state computer system.

C-80DC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site RP-31 / Z-31 The Air Force ceased radar operations on 30 Sep 1969 and the AADCP was inactivated 1 Sep 1974.

External links[edit]

Chicago-Gary Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
C-03 Nike 3B, 2C/18H, 20A/20L-UA, (12L-H) Chicago - Gary Montrose Harbor / Belmont Harbor Oct 1955 - June 1965 FDS. Razed and redeveloped into Montrose Harbor Park (part of the Lincoln Park extension) along the Chicago lakefront; on the former site of the control building is a beach restaurant called The Dock at Montrose Harbor.
41°57′51″N 087°38′07″W / 41.96417°N 87.63528°W / 41.96417; -87.63528 (C-03-CS)
FDS. Totally obliterated. Now a grassy area south of Belmont Harbor along the Chicago lakefront in Lincoln Park.
41°56′18″N 087°38′03″W / 41.93833°N 87.63417°W / 41.93833; -87.63417 (C-03-LS)
C-32 Nike 3B/12H, 20A/12L-U Chicago - Gary Porter, Indiana 1957 - Apr 1974 Totally redeveloped; now the location of National Park Service Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore offices, about half a mile due west of former launch site.
41°37′50″N 087°05′16″W / 41.63056°N 87.08778°W / 41.63056; -87.08778 (C-32-CS)
Fenced and behind a locked gate, largely intact. Privately owned, abandoned and overgrown, surrounded on north and east by a new subdivision. Concrete pad still visible. Launch site buildings still have doors and window glass. Magazine launch doors removed; site appears to be filled in, with vegetation covering fill sites.
41°37′55″N 087°04′28″W / 41.63194°N 87.07444°W / 41.63194; -87.07444 (C-32-LS)
C-40 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Chicago - Gary Burnham Park (Chicago) 1955 - Aug 1963 FDS. Totally obliterated by new construction. You can walk on the former IFC at Lake Shore and E 31st Street; now a nice little park with a playground and good view of downtown, Lake Michigan, Navy Pier and Chicago Harbor Lighthouse.
41°50′16″N 087°36′24″W / 41.83778°N 87.60667°W / 41.83778; -87.60667 (C-40-CS)
FDS. Totally obliterated; formerly a three-magazine (1B2C)/12-launcher facility with battery at Lake Shore Drive off the end of what’s now I-55, south of the McCormick Place complex. Now part of the McCormick Place Bird Sanctuary.
41°50′54″N 087°36′44″W / 41.84833°N 87.61222°W / 41.84833; -87.61222 (C-40-LS)
C-41 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-U Chicago - Gary Jackson Park (Chicago) 1955 - Jun 1971 On the south side in Jackson Park near the Museum of Science and Industry, at approximately 50th Street. The radar/control towers were built on Promontory Point.[9] Redeveloped; now Promontory Point Park.
41°46′46″N 087°34′44″W / 41.77944°N 87.57889°W / 41.77944; -87.57889 (C-41-CS)
FDS. The silos were on the southern shore of Jackson Park Lagoon facing the Wooded Island, about 3/4 mile away from control site. Paved over; now a parking area for nearby baseball diamonds and tennis courts.
41°46′52″N 087°34′56″W / 41.78111°N 87.58222°W / 41.78111; -87.58222 (C-41-LS)
C-44 Nike 2B, 4C/60A/24L-AA Chicago - Gary Hegewisch / Wolf Lake, Illinois (dual site) 1955 - Mar 1963 FDS. Abandoned and overgrown site at the south end of lake/state recreation area. Appears to be largely intact underneath vegetation overgrowth; old access road entrance at Ave J & 133 Street largely obliterated. This area is within the SRA on the southern shore of the lake.
41°39′27″N 087°31′55″W / 41.65750°N 87.53194°W / 41.65750; -87.53194 (C-44-CS)
FDS. Abandoned site at the north end of the SRA/north shore of the lake, where S. Wolf lake Blvd. becomes S. State Line Rd. Roads in very poor condition, main access road overgrown by vegetation. Buildings have been razed but foundations remain; double-Nike-Ajax magazines badly cracked with wild vegetation overgrowing.
41°40′34″N 087°31′40″W / 41.67611°N 87.52778°W / 41.67611; -87.52778 (C-44-LS)
C-45 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Chicago - Gary Gary Municipal Airport, Indiana 1957 - June 1960 Redeveloped area in northern tip of airport now has a general aviation hangar, parking lot and ramp area for aircraft parking. Site is across Industrial Highway from former launch site.
41°37′24″N 087°25′02″W / 41.62333°N 87.41722°W / 41.62333; -87.41722 (C-45-CS)
Razed but broken concrete pads still visible; former Civil Defense site. Also used as police firing range for the City of Gary, with former assembly building berm as the back stop.
41°37′28″N 087°24′43″W / 41.62444°N 87.41194°W / 41.62444; -87.41194 (C-45-LS)
C-46 Nike 1B, 1C/12H, 20A/12L-U, (8L-H) Chicago - Gary Munster, Indiana 1957 - Sep 1974 Completely redeveloped into industrial park on W side of Calumet Ave. N of 45th St.
41°32′41″N 087°30′29″W / 41.54472°N 87.50806°W / 41.54472; -87.50806 (C-46-CS) (Approximate)
Launch site on W side of Columbia Ave. razed in 2008, completely obliterated; missile magazines filled in, concrete pads removed. Now privately owned but undeveloped.
41°31′40″N 087°30′53″W / 41.52778°N 87.51472°W / 41.52778; -87.51472 (C-46-LS)
C-47 Nike 1B, 1C/12H, 20A/12L-U, (8L-H) Chicago - Gary South Haven / Wheeler, Indiana 1956 - Mar 1974 Private ownership. Now Blast Camp paint-ball park.[10] IFC is abandoned and very overgrown with vegetation. Appears that many buildings are still standing as well as several radar towers. Site is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
41°31′25″N 087°10′37″W / 41.52361°N 87.17694°W / 41.52361; -87.17694 (C-47-CS)
Now owned by Portage Township School Corporation; site is in the middle of farm fields. Locked gate and fence; however, launch facility is abandoned and deteriorating - all buildings are standing, but they are in bad shape. Launch area concrete badly cracked, doors rusting, probably filled with water due to severe cracking over the years.
41°31′59″N 087°10′01″W / 41.53306°N 87.16694°W / 41.53306; -87.16694 (C-47-LS)
C-48 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Chicago - Gary Gary, Indiana 1957 - June 1960 FDS. Redeveloped but abandoned; site of a former automobile dealership on Grant Street, now empty.
41°33′26″N 087°21′16″W / 41.55722°N 87.35444°W / 41.55722; -87.35444 (C-48-CS)
FDS. Redeveloped into commercial/industrial site near NW corner of 35th Avenue and Grant Street. Some broken concrete remains of launch area.
41°33′20″N 087°21′29″W / 41.55556°N 87.35806°W / 41.55556; -87.35806 (C-48-LS)
C-49/50 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/11L-U Chicago - Gary Homewood, Illinois 1957 - Apr 1974 FDS. Leveled and cleared; redeveloped into Patriots Park along 187th Street
41°33′02″N 087°38′51″W / 41.55056°N 87.64750°W / 41.55056; -87.64750 (C-49/50-CS)
FDS. Totally obliterated; replaced by a strip mall along Halsted Street, centered on an Auto Zone store.
41°32′53″N 087°38′06″W / 41.54806°N 87.63500°W / 41.54806; -87.63500 (C-49/50-LS)
C-51 Nike 2B, 1C/30A/12L-A Chicago - Gary Alsip, Illinois / Palos Heights, Illinois 1956 - Mar 1963 FDS. Being cleared and leveled.
41°39′50″N 087°45′07″W / 41.66389°N 87.75194°W / 41.66389; -87.75194 (C-51-CS)
FDS. Being cleared and leveled. Some traces of building foundations, nothing of missile launchers or magazine.
41°40′17″N 087°46′23″W / 41.67139°N 87.77306°W / 41.67139; -87.77306 (C-51-LS)
C-54 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Chicago - Gary Orland Park, Illinois 1955 - Dec 1961 FDS. Site razed in 2006; now a vacant lot with visible concrete debris piled up in several places. Located at the north end of Centennial Park along 153rd St. between Huntington Ct. and Hickory Dr.
41°36′40″N 087°52′08″W / 41.61111°N 87.86889°W / 41.61111; -87.86889 (C-54-CS)
FDS. Totally obliterated and redeveloped. Now a retention pond and parking lot for a Target store along La Grange Road/U.S. 45 at 158th St.
41°36′16″N 087°51′04″W / 41.60444°N 87.85111°W / 41.60444; -87.85111 (C-54-LS)
C-61 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U Chicago - Gary Willowbrook, Illinois / Darien, Illinois 1955 - Nov 1968 FDS. Totally obliterated. Now a forest preserve.
41°43′13″N 087°57′23″W / 41.72028°N 87.95639°W / 41.72028; -87.95639 (C-61-CS)
FDS. Totally obliterated and paved over. Cleared area is just behind the City of Darien Public Works Building, next to a lot for a tractor-trailer leasing office.
41°43′51″N 087°58′05″W / 41.73083°N 87.96806°W / 41.73083; -87.96806 (C-61-LS)
C-70 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Chicago - Gary Naperville, Illinois 1956 - Mar 1963 FDS. Redeveloped into an office park north of I-88.
41°48′36″N 088°08′50″W / 41.81000°N 88.14722°W / 41.81000; -88.14722 (C-70-CS)
FDS. Redeveloped into Nike Park Sports Complex on Diehl Road
41°47′56″N 088°09′07″W / 41.79889°N 88.15194°W / 41.79889; -88.15194 (C-70-LS)
C-72 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/10L-U Chicago - Gary Addison, Illinois 1957 - Apr 1974 IFC Redeveloped into a public park called Nike Park, in the middle of a much larger industrial park. Base of radar tower and control building remain S.E. of baseball diamond.
41°55′24″N 088°01′46″W / 41.92333°N 88.02944°W / 41.92333; -88.02944 (C-72-CS)
Launch site re-developed into the headquarters building for the Addison Park District; the only remains are the existing fenceline as well as a van pad located to the north of the complex.
41°54′49″N 088°00′59″W / 41.91361°N 88.01639°W / 41.91361; -88.01639 (C-72-LS)
C-80/81 Nike 2B, 4C/60A/24L-AA Chicago - Gary Arlington Heights, Illinois (dual site) (Shared by C-80/C-81) 1950 - Aug 1974 IFC Redeveloped into 2 parks; no remains.
42°03′11″N 087°59′40″W / 42.05306°N 87.99444°W / 42.05306; -87.99444 (C-80/81-CS)
FDS. Redeveloped into part golf course, part U.S. Army Reserve center. The building that housed the Missile Master site is still standing and concrete paddocks that held radar tower are still visible.
42°03′49″N 087°59′52″W / 42.06361°N 87.99778°W / 42.06361; -87.99778 (C-80/81-LS)
C-84 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Chicago - Gary Palatine, Illinois 1956–1963 FDS. Redeveloped into open greenspace with retention ponds.
42°09′17″N 088°02′49″W / 42.15472°N 88.04694°W / 42.15472; -88.04694 (C-84-CS)
FDS. Redeveloped into a corporate office complex.
42°09′26″N 088°03′30″W / 42.15722°N 88.05833°W / 42.15722; -88.05833 (C-84-LS)
C-92/94 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Chicago - Gary Libertyville, Illinois 1955–1963 FDS. Redeveloped into Nike Park.
42°13′14″N 087°57′11″W / 42.22056°N 87.95306°W / 42.22056; -87.95306 (C-92/94-CS)
FDS. Redeveloped into Nike Park. Excavated into a pond.
42°13′32″N 087°57′26″W / 42.22556°N 87.95722°W / 42.22556; -87.95722 (C-92/94-LS)
C-93 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U Chicago - Gary Northfield/Skokie Lagoons Glencoe, Illinois 1955 - Apr 1974 The radar and control facility was located on the west side of Forest Way Drive two blocks north of Tower Road. This was a very compact facility. Cleared land, no evidence except a few pipes emerging from below ground; apron off Forest Way still visible. Site today is on the North Branch Trail on a leveled-off hill.
42°07′13″N 087°46′09″W / 42.12028°N 87.76917°W / 42.12028; -87.76917 (C-93-CS)
The missile launchers were in a large bermed compound on the other side of the lagoons adjoining the Edens Expressway, about a quarter of a mile south of Dundee Road. Land cleared and being redeveloped into forested area. Launch area now fenced off and used as a dumping ground for dredging operations and is not open to the public, complex perimeter can be viewed from the bicycle trail. Minor remnants are still visible in NE corner. Portion of the bike trail from Tower Road to the launch complex was original road used to access the base.
42°07′36″N 087°46′56″W / 42.12667°N 87.78222°W / 42.12667; -87.78222 (C-93-LS)
C-98 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Chicago - Gary Fort Sheridan, Illinois Jul 1954 - 1963 IFC existed right along the lakefront, but has now been developed and turned into an open prairie as part of the forest preserve. No remnants remain except some small broken chunks of concrete.
42°13′28″N 087°49′26″W / 42.22444°N 87.82389°W / 42.22444; -87.82389 (C-98-CS)
FDS. At southwest of Fort Sheridan National Cemetery. Concrete pad visible along with launch door (sealed).
42°13′23″N 087°49′22″W / 42.22306°N 87.82278°W / 42.22306; -87.82278 (C-98-LS)

Kansas[edit]

Schilling AFB Defense Area (SC): Two sites began construction in April 1960, but never made operational. Construction halted in June 1960 and land sold off to private owners.
Schilling AFB Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
SC-01 Nike 3AG Schilling AFB Bennington, Kansas (5 mi SSE) Apr 1960 - Jun 1960 Site was never operational, Private ownersip, four long military buildings still exist with circular access road, usage unknown.
38°58′59″N 097°36′55″W / 38.98306°N 97.61528°W / 38.98306; -97.61528 (SC-01-CS)
Above-ground Nike-Hercules site. Never operational, Private ownership, berm and assembly building exits. Other buildigns erected and still appear to be in use. Site appears to have been leveled, graded and fenced. Outline of fence evident in aerial photography.
39°00′20″N 097°36′32″W / 39.00556°N 97.60889°W / 39.00556; -97.60889 (SC-01-LS)
SC-50 Nike Schilling AFB Smolan, Kansas (5 mi SSW) Apr 1960 - Jun 1960 Site was never operational, Private ownersip, 4 military buildings still exist, usage unknown.
38°40′01″N 097°41′13″W / 38.66694°N 97.68694°W / 38.66694; -97.68694 (SC-50-CS)
Site was never operational. Never completed. Site guard shack and owner' house is a reconstructed Crew quarters. The launcher Area has about 7 launch pads with 3 underground bunkers and 1 barn with rails, about 80% finished when construction halted.
38°38′55″N 097°43′06″W / 38.64861°N 97.71833°W / 38.64861; -97.71833 (SC-50-LS)

Louisiana[edit]

Barksdale AFB Defense Area (BD): Two Nike Hercules sites, BD-10 at Bellevue and BD-50 northeast of Stonewall, were

installed to provide protection to Shreveport and Barksdale AFB, which hosted Strategic Air Command bombers. U.S. Army Air Defense Command operated the sites with Regular Army units from 1960 until 1966. Battalion Headquarters was located at the Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant located north of Doyline.

Barksdale AFB Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
BD-10 Nike 3AG/12H/12L-H Barksdale Bellevue, Louisiana Nov 1960 - Mar 1966 Almost completely intact, Now Criminal Justice Institute, and Bossier Parish School Board. No radar towers.
32°40′19″N 093°31′18″W / 32.67194°N 93.52167°W / 32.67194; -93.52167 (BD-10-CS)
Above-ground Nike-Hercules site, missiles protected by berms. Largely intact, Louisiana Wildlife and Fisheries Department, Bossier Parish SWAT field training site
32°40′28″N 093°30′35″W / 32.67444°N 93.50972°W / 32.67444; -93.50972 (BD-10-LS)
BD-50 Nike 3AG/12H/12L-H Barksdale Stonewall, Louisiana (4 mi NE) Nov 1960 - Mar 1966 Now LSU School of Medicine, almost all buildings torn down with little evidence of IFC. Mostly vacant land in middle of forested area.
32°18′12″N 093°47′04″W / 32.30333°N 93.78444°W / 32.30333; -93.78444 (BD-50-CS)
FDS. Above-ground magazine protected by berms. Missile launch areas now abandoned and overgrown. Some buildings still standing, unknown condition.
32°17′37″N 093°47′16″W / 32.29361°N 93.78778°W / 32.29361; -93.78778 (BD-50-LS)

Maine[edit]

Loring AFB Defense Area (L): Four Nike Ajax sites were placed around Loring Air Force Base for protection of the USAF Strategic Air Command B-52 Stratofortresses. Headquarters facilities were located at Loring Air Force Base. Manned by the Regular Army 3rd Missile Battalion, 61st Air Defense Artillery, these sites provided defense for Loring and the northeastern approaches to the United States. In 1960, sites L-13 and L-58 underwent conversion from Ajax to Hercules missiles. These sites remained operational until 1966.

An Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) was established at Caswell AFS, ME in 1957 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. It was designed for manual operations, using plexiglass plotting boards and telephonic inputs. The AADCP was later integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site P-80 with FPS-10 (2); FPS-8/GPS-3; FPS-7C and FPS-6A radars. The AADCP inactivated in 1966.

Loring Air Force Base Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
L-13 Nike 2C, 1B/18H, 30A/10L-U Loring Air Force Base Caswell, Maine Sep 1957 - Jun 1966 L-13's housing area was taken over by the Air Force after the IFC was closed by the Army, and was redesignated as Loring Family Housing Annex #2. It was inactivated on 1 Oct 1980, declared excess on 15 Dec 1980, then reactivated on 12 May 1981 and remained in use until the closure of Loring Air Force Base in 1995. Now well-preserved in private ownership. Buildings standing, several radar towers.
47°02′07″N 067°49′06″W / 47.03528°N 67.81833°W / 47.03528; -67.81833 (L-13-CS)
FDS. Well-preserved in private ownership. Buildings standing, magazines visible with launch doors visible. Also the lawn is cut!
47°01′42″N 067°48′34″W / 47.02833°N 67.80944°W / 47.02833; -67.80944 (L-13-LS)
L-31 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Loring Air Force Base Limestone, Maine Sep 1957 - Sep 1958 L-31's housing area was taken over by the Air Force after the IFC was closed by the Army, and was redesignated as Loring Family Housing Annex #5. It was inactivated on 1 Oct 1980, declared excess on 15 Dec 1980, then reactivated on 12 May 1981 and remained in use until the closure of Loring Air Force Base in 1995. Now into multiple-family housing. Site obliterated, little evidence of IFC, overgrown. May be a radar platform in SE corner near "Nike Road".
46°55′37″N 067°47′47″W / 46.92694°N 67.79639°W / 46.92694; -67.79639 (L-31-CS)
FDS. In private ownership, buildings appear standing. Magazines exist, launch doors visible, probably welded shut, appears to be storage area.
46°55′03″N 067°47′31″W / 46.91750°N 67.79194°W / 46.91750; -67.79194 (L-31-LS)
L-58 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-U Loring Air Force Base Caribou, Maine Sep 1957 - Jun 1966 FDS. Partially intact. After the Nike-Hercules site was inactivated in 1966, used by the Air Force until Loring's inactivation in the early 1990s as part of SAC's GCCS (Global Command & Control System. L-58's housing area was taken over by the Air Force after the IFC was closed by the Army, and was redesignated as Loring Family Housing Annex #2. It was inactivated on 1 Oct 1980, declared excess on 15 Dec 1980, then reactivated on 12 May 1981 and remained in use until the closure of Loring Air Force Base in 1995. Now L-58C is used as a Long Range Radar (LRR) site by the FAA, designated "J-63" equipped with ARSR-4 Radar. Also used by the Air Force as part of the Joint Surveillance System (JSS) for NORAD.
46°53′10″N 067°58′13″W / 46.88611°N 67.97028°W / 46.88611; -67.97028 (L-58-CS)
FDS. Partially intact. Buildings standing, magazines visible with launch doors probably welded shut.
46°53′02″N 068°00′33″W / 46.88389°N 68.00917°W / 46.88389; -68.00917 (L-58-LS)
L-85 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Loring Air Force Base Connor, Maine Sep 1957 - Jun 1966 FDS. Well-preserved in private ownership. After the Nike site was closed in 1966, was taken over by the Air Force which used it as a communications facility and satellite tracking site. Closed in 1993 with the inactivation of Loring Air Force Base. Radar towers removed. L-85's housing area was taken over by the Air Force after the IFC was closed by the Army, and was redesignated as Loring Family Housing Annex #3. It was inactivated on 1 Oct 1980, declared excess on 15 Dec 1980, then reactivated on 12 May 1981 and remained in use until the closure of Loring Air Force Base in 1995.
47°00′05″N 068°00′11″W / 47.00139°N 68.00306°W / 47.00139; -68.00306 (L-85-CS)
FDS. Partially intact. Buildings removed, appears to be totally abandoned with no known use. Missile magazines exist however launchers appear to be concreted over.
47°00′30″N 068°01′06″W / 47.00833°N 68.01833°W / 47.00833; -68.01833 (L-85-LS)

Maryland/District of Columbia[edit]

Washington-Baltimore Defense Area (BA, W): Numerous Nike installations were built in Maryland to defend Baltimore and the nation's capital. Several also were built in the northern suburbs of Virginia. Baltimore Area Headquarters facilities were located at Towson, Fort Smallwood, Edgewood Arsenal, and Owings Mills. Headquarters facilities on the Maryland side of Washington's defenses were located at Fort Meade and Suitland. During the 1950s, Fort Meade also hosted the Headquarters, 2nd Region, Army Air Defense Command. All but W-44 remained active until 1974.

Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) W-13DC established at Fort Meade, MD in 1957 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. Site was both an AN/FSG-l Missile-Master and later AN/GSG-5(V) BIRDIE Radar Direction Center. W-13DC was the first Missile-Master DC to become operational.

On 1 Oct 1961 W-13DC was integrated with USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site RP-54/Z-227. Air Force operations ended 1 Oct 1972. AADCP inactivated 1 Sep 1974.

External links[edit]

Washington-Baltimore Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
BA-03 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-UA, (8L-H) Washington - Baltimore Phoenix/ Sweet Air, Maryland Nov 1955 - Apr 1974 FDS. Redeveloped into single-family housing. No evidence of IFC site. Manning was by A/602nd (11/55-8/56), A/54th (8/56-9/58), A/4/1st (9/58-12/62) and MDArNG D/1/70th (12/62-4/74).<BR 39°30′31″N 076°34′46″W / 39.50861°N 76.57944°W / 39.50861; -76.57944 (BA-03-CS) FDS In private ownership, the barracks north of the launch area was demolished in 2010 but was previously used as the Jacksonville Senior Center. The Launch Area is still fenced in, although the access road to the magazine area leads to a maintenance yard. Most structures are still present but have been repurposed as storage buildings. A new structure adjacent to "A" Section houses offices used by the Baltimore County Fire Department Rescue Academy. Magazines are intact, per Baltimore County personnel are locked and dry and were until recently used for fire and rescue training. The training facilities have been relocated to a new underground structure in the SW corner of the former exclusion area.
39°30′59″N 076°34′11″W / 39.51639°N 76.56972°W / 39.51639; -76.56972 (BA-03-LS)
BA-09 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Washington - Baltimore Fork, Maryland Nov 1955 - Dec 1962 After being inactivated by the Army, BA-09C was taken over by the Air Force sometime prior to 15 September 1967. It was used until 15 December 1975 for Civil Air Patrol use, being called Fork CAP Annex. Redeveloped into single-family housing. The Integrated Firing Control Site buildings & radars (formerly located at the end of Hutschenreuter Road in Fork were removed sometime in the early 1980s and the property is now in private hands. Manning was by D/54th (11/55-9/58), D/4/1st (9/58-9/59) and MDArNG D/1/70th (9/59-12/62)
39°26′55″N 076°27′41″W / 39.44861°N 76.46139°W / 39.44861; -76.46139 (BA-09-CS)
Launch site with three intact missile pits located at the end of Stocksdale Road in Kingsville, MD. Assembly buildings are still standing but now in private hands. Entrance road has many abandoned trailers, also much junk along the sides. Magazine area is overgrown with vegetation and appears abandoned. Buildings torn down.[11] Magazine area looks like a storage/junkyard, concrete badly cracked. Launch doors visible, probably welded shut more junk lying around as well.
39°26′49″N 076°26′52″W / 39.44694°N 76.44778°W / 39.44694; -76.44778 (BA-09-LS)
BA-18 Nike 2B, 4C/18H, 30A/23L-UA (12L-H) Washington - Baltimore Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland 1954 - Apr 1974 Partially Intact, Maryland Army National Guard. Most buildings razed, no radar towers. Operating units were C/54th (/55-9/58) and C/4/1st (9/58-4/74)
39°24′55″N 076°16′22″W / 39.41528°N 76.27278°W / 39.41528; -76.27278 (BA-18-CS)
Partially Intact, Maryland Army National Guard. Double magazine, launch doors appear to be concreted over, some buildings erected on firing pads. Buildings appear to be in use in good condition.
39°25′27″N 076°15′58″W / 39.42417°N 76.26611°W / 39.42417; -76.26611 (BA-18-LS)
BA-30/31 Nike 2B, 4C/18H, 30A/23L-UA, (12L-H) Washington - Baltimore Chestertown, Maryland (9 mi W) 1954 - Apr 1974 FDS. Buildings in use as "4-H Park and County Fairgrounds". Appears to be in good condition, no evidence of radar towers. Units assigned were D/36th (/54-9/58), D/1/562nd (9/58-12/62) and D/4/1st (12/62-4/74).
39°12′49″N 076°13′54″W / 39.21361°N 76.23167°W / 39.21361; -76.23167 (BA-30/31-CS)
FDS. Barracks buildings in use, double magazine site. Facility fenced but appears to be open. Roads in fair condition, both magazines appear to be concreted over, large gravel pile on them, generally badly deteriorated. Remaining buildings in deteriorated condition.
39°12′14″N 076°14′12″W / 39.20389°N 76.23667°W / 39.20389; -76.23667 (BA-30/31-LS)
BA-43 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Washington - Baltimore Jacobsville, Maryland 1954 - Apr 1974 FDS. Redeveloped as Anne Arundel County Schools Maint & Operations center. Buildings in good shape, no evidence of radar towers. Manned by C/36th (/54-9/58), C/1/562nd (9/58-3/60) and MDArNG A/1/70th (3/60-12/62)
39°08′13″N 076°29′49″W / 39.13694°N 76.49694°W / 39.13694; -76.49694 (BA-43-CS)
FDS. Double magazine site, now a storage yard. Buildings torn down, Launch doors visible, now welded shut.
39°07′43″N 076°29′48″W / 39.12861°N 76.49667°W / 39.12861; -76.49667 (BA-43-LS)
BA-79 Nike 2B, 4C/24H, 20A/24L-UA, (16L-H) Washington - Baltimore Granite, Maryland Dec 1954 - Mar 1974 FDS. Obliterated. Concrete slabs and some wooden curb stops remain, but all buildings have been removed. Some roads still exist as unconnected concrete. Formerly manned by the A/54th (12/54-8/56), A/602nd (8/56-9/58), A/4/5th (9/58-8/60), B/4/1st (8/60-12/62), MDArNG A/2/70th (12/62-3/63), HHB 1/70th (10/62-8/74) and B/1/70th (12/62-4/74)
39°20′45″N 076°51′23″W / 39.34583°N 76.85639°W / 39.34583; -76.85639 (BA-79-CS)
FDS. Double magazine in good shape. Most buildings still being used by the Maryland Police & Correctional Training Commission. Thoroughly fenced in. Launch area well maintained shows both Ajax and Hercules elevators, per Maryland State Police recently welded shut. The Griggs House featured at the end of the movie, 'The Blair Witch Project' was located immediately behind the site, but has since been torn down.
39°21′19″N 076°51′02″W / 39.35528°N 76.85056°W / 39.35528; -76.85056 (BA-79-LS)
BA-92 Nike 1B, 2C/30A Washington - Baltimore Cronhardt, Maryland 1955 - Sep 1963 Mostly sold off. Small part US Army Reserve center. The buildings are all new; the motor pool, up a rise slightly, has a couple of older structures but the place otherwise has been cleaned off. Units assigned are the 2071st USAR School, 326th Maintenance Battalion and 214th MI Company. Little evidence of IFC site remains. Formerly manned by the B/54th (12/54-9/58), B/4/1st (9/58-9/59) and MDArNG D/2/70th (9/59-9/53)
39°27′24″N 076°43′44″W / 39.45667°N 76.72889°W / 39.45667; -76.72889 (BA-92-CS)
FDS. Redeveloped into high-end single-family housing. A large planter covering the elevator of "B" Section and some berms is all that remains of launch site.
39°26′28″N 076°42′50″W / 39.44111°N 76.71389°W / 39.44111; -76.71389 (BA-92-LS)
W-25 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U Washington - Baltimore Davidsonville, Maryland
* Nike Missile Base W-25
Jun 1955 - Apr 1974 Private ownership, complete and buildings look in good shape. No towers. After the Army closed the Nike facility, It was gained as an off-base installation of Andrews AFB on 21 Feb 1975, under Headquarters Command. At some later time it transferred to Military Airlift Command, and on 1 Jun 1992 transferred to Air Mobility Command. Closed by 1997. Units assigned: B/36th 96/55-9/58), B/1/562nd (9/58-12/62), B/1/71st (12/62-/65), B/4/1st (/65-11/68) and MDArNG A/1/70th (11/68-4/74).
38°54′12″N 076°39′07″W / 38.90333°N 76.65194°W / 38.90333; -76.65194 (W-25-CS)
Former twin magazine site, intact, now Anne Arundel County Police Training Academy. Some construction on launching area, launch doors concreted over, but one of the two magazines has been converted into a gym
38°54′09″N 076°38′28″W / 38.90250°N 76.64111°W / 38.90250; -76.64111 (W-25-LS)
W-26 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-U, (8L-H) Washington - Baltimore Skidmore/ Bay Bridge, Maryland 1955 - Nov 1968 FDS. Redeveloped into Asbury Broadneck Methodist church. No evidence of IFC site. The units assigned were A/36th (/55-9/58), A/1/562nd (9/58-12/62) and MDArNG A/1/70th (12/62-11/68)
39°01′42″N 076°27′00″W / 39.02833°N 76.45000°W / 39.02833; -76.45000 (W-26-CS)
FDS. Partial remains. Launch site now parking lot for the Children's Theatre of Annapolis and athletic fields. The generator building, guard house and warheading building are present and largely intact. The northern missile magazine is still exposed but has been fenced off and is modified into an underground machine shop. The elevator is present but the hydraulics have been removed. This magazine is currently abandoned and is flooded to a depth of several inches. The other magazines are buried beneath a modern parking lot and have been filled with soil.
39°01′39″N 076°25′42″W / 39.02750°N 76.42833°W / 39.02750; -76.42833 (W-26-LS)
W-35 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Washington - Baltimore Croom/ Marlboro, Maryland 1955 - Mar 1963 FDS. Redeveloped into Croom Vocational High School. Some older buildings deteriorated. No evidence of radar towers. . The units were HHB and B/75th (11/54-9/58), HHB and B/3/562nd (9/58-6/60) and MDArNG B/3/70th (6/60-3/63)
38°46′29″N 076°44′41″W / 38.77472°N 76.74472°W / 38.77472; -76.74472 (W-35-CS)
FDS Redeveloped into Croom Vocational High School, launch site is identified as the auto, building trades and grounds keeping school. Ajax launch covers visible, some obscured by buildings, two launch doors for Hercules, probably welded shut.
38°46′11″N 076°43′51″W / 38.76972°N 76.73083°W / 38.76972; -76.73083 (W-35-LS)
W-36 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Washington - Baltimore Brandywine/ Naylor Maryland 1957 - Dec 1961 The housing area in Brandywine, Maryland, supported Washington Nike Site W-36 from approximately 1957 - 1961. It was transferred from the Army to the Air Force (Headquarters Command) on 10 Jun 1963. At that time it was redesignated; and Jurisdiction, Control, and Accountability assigned to Andrews AFB. At some later time it transferred to Military Airlift Command, and on 1 Jun 1992 transferred to Air Mobility Command. Current status is unknown.[12] The IFC is now abandoned. Most buildings in deteriorated state, large amount of vegetation overgrowth. Radar towers appear overgrown also. Manned by D/75th (11/54-9/58) and D/3/562nd (9/58-12/61).
38°42′38″N 076°46′14″W / 38.71056°N 76.77056°W / 38.71056; -76.77056 (W-36-CS)
FDS. Private owners, buildings in good shape, appears to be single-family homes built on site. Magazine area in good shape, launch doors visible, probably welded shut. Looks like some vehicles parked on concrete pads.
38°42′25″N 076°45′38″W / 38.70694°N 76.76056°W / 38.70694; -76.76056 (W-36-LS)
W-44 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-UA Washington - Baltimore Mattawoman/ Waldorf, Maryland 1955 - Jun 1971 Maryland Indian Heritage Society, Melwood Horticultural Training Center. Buildings mostly razed, part of facility remains in SW corner. Operations were by C/75th (11/54-9/58), C/3/562nd (9/58-12/61), A/1/71st (12/61-3/63), MDArNG A/3/70th (12/61-3/63) and MDArNG C/1/70th (3/63-6/71).
38°39′09″N 076°52′07″W / 38.65250°N 76.86861°W / 38.65250; -76.86861 (W-44-CS)
Maryland Indian Heritage Society. Launch site looks abandoned, buildings in deteriorated condition. Ajax and Hercules launch doors visible, probably welded shut.
38°39′17″N 076°51′20″W / 38.65472°N 76.85556°W / 38.65472; -76.85556 (W-44-LS)
W-45 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Washington - Baltimore Accokeek, Maryland 1955 - Dec 1961 FDS. IFC site largely torn down. A few buildings, mostly forested. W-45 was manned by the A/75th (11/54-9/58), A/3/562nd (9/58-6/60) and MDArNG B/3/70th (6/60-12/61) ADA.
38°38′33″N 077°00′45″W / 38.64250°N 77.01250°W / 38.64250; -77.01250 (W-45-CS)
FDS. Launch site relatively intact, magazines visible however appears launch doors concreted over. Perimeter fencing is intact and sturdy. Site was formerly the Naval Research Lab-Field Site lower Waldorf; the small observatory on the barracks associated with this usage has been removed. Signage indicates that it is being redeveloped as residential housing.
38°38′37″N 077°00′55″W / 38.64361°N 77.01528°W / 38.64361; -77.01528 (W-45-LS)
W-64 Nike 2B, 2C/24H, 60A/24L-UA, (16L-H) Washington - Baltimore Lorton, Virginia (dual site) 1954 - Sep 1958 This site was co-located with the now closed Lorton Reformatory. Under construction, all structures razed, land being re-graded. Units assigned were C/71st (7/54-9/58), C/1/71st (9/58-8/63), VAArNG A/1/280th (9/59-3/63) and VAArNG A/4/111th (8/63-4/74).
38°43′15″N 077°14′41″W / 38.72083°N 77.24472°W / 38.72083; -77.24472 (W-64-CS)
Double launch magazine now District of Columbia minimum security prison. All six magazines are concreted over. Barracks buildings remain intact and little altered.
38°42′32″N 077°15′10″W / 38.70889°N 77.25278°W / 38.70889; -77.25278 (W-64-LS)
W-74 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Washington - Baltimore Fairfax/Pohick, Virginia 1954 - Mar 1963 Fairfax County ownership, maintenance yard. Only a couple of buildings standing. Two towers are still standing, covered with corrugated sheet steel. Manned by D/71st (7/54-9/58), D/1/71st (9/58-9/59) and VAArNG B/1/280th (9/59-3/63)
38°48′56″N 077°20′35″W / 38.81556°N 77.34306°W / 38.81556; -77.34306 (W-74-CS)
Launch area obliterated, owned by Fairfax County and repurposed as Popes Head Park; a marker on the site indicates that the lad was transferred to the County by the US Army but does not mention Nike. Both magazines were unroofed and backfilled with earth. Perimeter fencing intact. Some ruins are visible along the west boundary, including the crushed fuelling stand and parts of the acid storage sheds.
38°48′50″N 077°21′21″W / 38.81389°N 77.35583°W / 38.81389; -77.35583 (W-74-LS)
W-83 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Washington - Baltimore Herndon/ Dranesville, Virginia 1954 - Nov 1962 Redeveloped into "Observatory Park". IFC was operated by B/71st (7/54-9/58) and B/1/71st (9/58-11/62)[13]
38°59′43″N 077°18′45″W / 38.99528°N 77.31250°W / 38.99528; -77.31250 (W-83-CS)
Redeveloped into "Great Falls Nike Missile Park"
38°59′30″N 077°19′44″W / 38.99167°N 77.32889°W / 38.99167; -77.32889 (W-83-CS)
W-92 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-U Washington - Baltimore Rockville, Maryland 1954 - Apr 1974 FDS. Redeveloped into US Consumer Products Safety Commission Engineering Laboratory. IFC units assigned were A-71st (/54-9/55), D/602nd (9/55-9/58), D/4/5th (9/58-8/60), D/1/71st (8/60-/65) and A/4/1st (/65-4/74)[14]
39°06′09″N 077°13′23″W / 39.10250°N 77.22306°W / 39.10250; -77.22306 (W-92-CS)
Remains under US government control, National Institute of Standards and Technology. Remains in secure area, used as a storage area. Apparently magazines still electrified, used for covered underground storage. The elevator still works in one magazine and is used at times to move the larger equipment.
39°07′01″N 077°13′11″W / 39.11694°N 77.21972°W / 39.11694; -77.21972 (W-92-LS)
W-93 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Washington - Baltimore Derwood, Maryland 1955 - Aug 1960 FDS. Redeveloped into American Foundation for Autistic Children. IFC site operated by B/602nd (9/55-9/58) and B/4/5th (9/58-8/60)
39°12′37″N 077°05′24″W / 39.21028°N 77.09000°W / 39.21028; -77.09000 (W-93-CS)
Still under US government control, Federal Emergency Management Agency. Magazine used as Olney Federal Support Center, within a fenced area, manned and guarded 24/7. . The assembly building still stands and is used as a warehouse. The generator building is still in use.
39°12′33″N 077°06′20″W / 39.20917°N 77.10556°W / 39.20917; -77.10556 (W-93-LS)
W-94 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Washington - Baltimore Gaithersburg, Maryland 1955 - Mar 1963 FDS. Obliterated, residential area. Now NIKE MISSILE PARK run by MNCPPC.
39°09′51″N 077°11′01″W / 39.16417°N 77.18361°W / 39.16417; -77.18361 (W-94-CS)
Part of Army Reserve Center, in back of facility. Used as a storage yard/junkyard. Former Ajax installation with 12 launchers. Magazines were sealed during environmental hazards assessment in the 1990s but are presently open and badly vandalized. The battery was manned by C/602nd (9/55-9/58), C/4/5th (9/58-6/60) and MDArNG C/2/70th (6/60-3/63)
39°10′05″N 077°10′06″W / 39.16806°N 77.16833°W / 39.16806; -77.16833 (W-94-CS)

Massachusetts[edit]

Boston Defense Area (B or BO): Boston's Nike Batteries were manned initially by Regular Army troops. In 1959, National Guard units assumed control of B-03, B-15, B-55, and B-63. In 1964, the Army turned sites B-36 and B-73 over to the Guard. After the phase-out of the Nike Ajax system, sites B-05, B-36, and B-73 remained supplied with Hercules missiles.

Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) B-21DC established at Fort Heath, MA in 1960 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was an AN/FSG-l Missile-Master Radar Direction Center. In early 1965 the AN/TSQ-51 "Missile Mentor" solid-state computer system was installed. B-21DC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site MM-1.

The Boston Defense Area merged with Hartford & Providence Defense Areas in 1962, becoming the New England Defense Area. Air Force operations at the site ended in 1962, and Nike operations were inactivated in 1974.

External links[edit]

Boston Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
B-03 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Boston Reading, Massachusetts Jun 1955 - Mar 1963 FDS. Redeveloped into multi-family housing.
42°30′26″N 071°05′53″W / 42.50722°N 71.09806°W / 42.50722; -71.09806 (B-03-CS)
FDS. Redeveloped into skating rink.
42°32′28″N 071°05′05″W / 42.54111°N 71.08472°W / 42.54111; -71.08472 (B-03-LS)
B-05 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-UA, (7L-H) Boston Danvers, Massachusetts Nov 1956 - Apr 1974 Remains an Army Reserve facility. Former buildings still in use, mostly cleared no sign of any radar towers.
42°35′18″N 070°56′43″W / 42.58833°N 70.94528°W / 42.58833; -70.94528 (B-05-CS)
FDS. Overgrown and abandoned. Mostly intact.
42°36′28″N 070°56′57″W / 42.60778°N 70.94917°W / 42.60778; -70.94917 (B-05-LS)
B-15 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Boston Beverly, Massachusetts Feb 1957 - Mar 1963 FDS. Abandoned. Appears to be a large water tower built on site.
42°34′47″N 070°52′34″W / 42.57972°N 70.87611°W / 42.57972; -70.87611 (B-15-CS)
FDS. FEMA team headquarters, missile site still accessible.
42°35′21″N 070°54′41″W / 42.58917°N 70.91139°W / 42.58917; -70.91139 (B-15-LS)
B-17 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Boston Nahant, Massachusetts Feb 1957 - Mar 1963 Located at Bailey's Hill Park. Appears to be the base of a radar tower remaining, no buildings.
42°25′09″N 070°55′46″W / 42.41917°N 70.92944°W / 42.41917; -70.92944 (B-17-CS)
Now Northeastern University Marine Science Center. Launchers obliterated.
42°25′05″N 070°54′14″W / 42.41806°N 70.90389°W / 42.41806; -70.90389 (B-17-LS)
B-36 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U Boston Fort Duvall/ Hull, Massachusetts Jan 1956 - Apr 1974 Formerly located on Hog Island, formerly Ft. Duvall. Now obliterated, Private ownership, housing.
42°18′01″N 070°53′46″W / 42.30028°N 70.89611°W / 42.30028; -70.89611 (B-36-CS)
Formerly located on Hog Island, formerly Ft. Duvall. Now obliterated, Park, ownership by Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
42°18′06″N 070°53′50″W / 42.30167°N 70.89722°W / 42.30167; -70.89722 (B-36-LS)
B-37 Nike 2B/20A Boston North Weymouth/ Weymouth, Massachusetts Jan 1956 - Dec 1961 FDS. Now Nickerson Beach/Chappel Rock Park. Obliterated, overgrown. Perhaps some structures in the overgrowth.
42°18′12″N 071°00′41″W / 42.30333°N 71.01139°W / 42.30333; -71.01139 (B-37-CS)
FDS. Located on Upper Neck Long Island, now Webb State Park/South Shore Association for Retarded Citizens (Mess Hall, EM Barracks and Missile Test & Assembly Building remain, pits buried but vents & ducts are visible).
42°19′01″N 070°58′03″W / 42.31694°N 70.96750°W / 42.31694; -70.96750 (B-37-LS)
B-38 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Boston Cohasset/ Hingham, Massachusetts Nov 1956 - Dec 1961 FDS. Now "Turkey Hill Park". One small IFC building remains.
42°14′23″N 070°51′08″W / 42.23972°N 70.85222°W / 42.23972; -70.85222 (B-38-CS)
FDS. Now County highway maintenance storage facility.
42°14′14″N 070°49′50″W / 42.23722°N 70.83056°W / 42.23722; -70.83056 (B-38-LS)
B-55 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Boston Blue Hills/ Milton, Massachusetts Jun 1955 - Mar 1963 FDS. Largely obliterated, now Massachusetts Audubon education center.
42°13′20″N 071°03′42″W / 42.22222°N 71.06167°W / 42.22222; -71.06167 (B-55-CS)
FDS. Former triple Ajax battery. Very deteriorated state.
42°12′00″N 071°04′21″W / 42.20000°N 71.07250°W / 42.20000; -71.07250 (B-55-LS)
B-63 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Boston Needham, Massachusetts Jun 1955 - Mar 1963 FDS. Now Charles River Association for Retarded Persons,
42°17′26″N 071°15′17″W / 42.29056°N 71.25472°W / 42.29056; -71.25472 (B-63-CS)
FDS. A small not-for-profit community farm provides outdoor education on part of the site.
42°16′20″N 071°16′22″W / 42.27222°N 71.27278°W / 42.27222; -71.27278 (B-63-LS)
B-73 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U Boston South Lincoln/Wayland, Massachusetts Jan 1956 - Apr 1974 FDS. Now Massachusetts Audubon Society, Drumlin Farm.
42°24′29″N 071°19′56″W / 42.40806°N 71.33222°W / 42.40806; -71.33222 (B-73-CS)
FDS. Obliterated, no evidence of launch site. Residential housing built in place.
42°24′35″N 071°21′37″W / 42.40972°N 71.36028°W / 42.40972; -71.36028 (B-73-LS)
B-84 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Boston Burlington, Massachusetts Jan 1956 - Aug 1963 FDS. Owned by Burlington Recreation Commission. Buildings are current home to "Burlington Players" community theatre company. Evidence of IFC structures on hill behind buildings.
42°29′24.38″N 071°10′39.49″W / 42.4901056°N 71.1776361°W / 42.4901056; -71.1776361 (B-84-CS)
FDS. Parking lot for Northeastern University Suburban Campus.
42°28′41″N 071°11′30″W / 42.47806°N 71.19167°W / 42.47806; -71.19167 (B-84-LS)
B-85 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Boston Bedford, Massachusetts Nov 1956 - Dec 1961 After being closed in 1961, the lease for this former Nike IFC site was transferred to the Air Force in 1965. Used as the Bedford Electronics Research Annex. The Air Force used the property until 1976. Today, partially Intact, Private ownership. Redeveloped into single-family housing.
42°29′29″N 071°18′13″W / 42.49139°N 71.30361°W / 42.49139; -71.30361 (B-85-CS)
Missile pads partially Intact, Harvard University.
42°30′28″N 071°17′41″W / 42.50778°N 71.29472°W / 42.50778; -71.29472 (B-85-LS)

Michigan[edit]

Detroit Defense Area (D): Built during the mid-1950. Headquarters facilities were posted at Selfridge AFB as well as the Detroit Artillery Armory. Between 1958 and 1961, the Army converted sites (D-06, D-16, D- 26, D-58, D-61, and D-87) from Nike Ajax to Nike Hercules. The Michigan National Guard assumed manning responsibilities for many of the sites in the 1960s. Sites D-06, D-58, and D-87 Hercules batteries remained active until 1974.

Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) D-15DC established at Selfridge AFB, MI in 1960 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was initially an AN/FSG-l Missile-Master Radar Direction Center. It was later upgraded to the AN/TSQ-51 "Missile Mentor" solid-state computer system.

D-15DC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site P-20 / Z-20 The Air Force ceased radar operations when the Army no longer needed radar support and the AADCP was inactivated 1 Sep 1974.

External links[edit]

Detroit Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
D-06 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U Detroit Utica, Michigan 1955 - Apr 1974 FDS. Abandoned, now known as the Rochester-Utica State Recreation Area and the Shadebush Environmental Educational Center.
42°38′37″N 083°03′33″W / 42.64361°N 83.05917°W / 42.64361; -83.05917 (D-06-CS)
FDS. Owned by the Utica School District. New building and landscaping to the west of the former missile pads. Pads have been removed, with just disturbed earth and a cleared area where they were.
42°39′01″N 083°04′06″W / 42.65028°N 83.06833°W / 42.65028; -83.06833 (D-06-LS)
D-14 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Detroit Selfridge AFB, Michigan (Shared with D-16) 1955 - Feb 1963 After inactivation, the property reverted to Selfridge AFB. Partially Intact, Army Engineering Support Buildings
42°35′55″N 082°49′04″W / 42.59861°N 82.81778°W / 42.59861; -82.81778 (D-14-CS)
After inactivation, the property reverted to Selfridge AFB. Now obliterated, although largely intact. Command, maintenance, and fueling buildings now serve as the U.S. Border Patrol's Detroit Sector Headquarters
42°35′45″N 082°50′55″W / 42.59583°N 82.84861°W / 42.59583; -82.84861 (D-14-LS)
D-16 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U Detroit Selfridge AFB, Michigan (Shared with D-14) 1955 - Jun 1971 After inactivation, the property reverted to Selfridge AFB. Partially Intact, Army Engineering Support Buildings
42°35′55″N 082°49′04″W / 42.59861°N 82.81778°W / 42.59861; -82.81778 (D-16-CS)
After inactivation, the property reverted to Selfridge AFB. Now obliterated, although largely intact. Command, maintenance, and fueling buildings now serve as the U.S. Border Patrol's Detroit Sector Headquarters.
42°35′57″N 082°49′50″W / 42.59917°N 82.83056°W / 42.59917; -82.83056 (D-16-LS)
D-17 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Detroit Algonac/ Marine City, Michigan 1957 - Feb 1963 Private ownership, redeveloped into single-family housing. Perimeter fence appears to remain.
42°41′51″N 082°34′30″W / 42.69750°N 82.57500°W / 42.69750; -82.57500 (D-17-CS)
Private ownership. Appears to be a storage area for tractor trailers. Magazines appear intact.
42°41′41″N 082°33′43″W / 42.69472°N 82.56194°W / 42.69472; -82.56194 (D-17-LS)
D-23 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Detroit Detroit City Airport, Michigan (Shared double Launch facility with D-26, separate IFCs) 1955 - Dec 1960 Obliterated, City of Detroit. Land incorporated within Alfred Brush Ford Park (also known as Ford Brush Park) at the foot of Lenox Ave. Nothing remains of the IFC except the MTR and TTR towers.
42°21′24″N 082°56′28″W / 42.35667°N 82.94111°W / 42.35667; -82.94111 (D-23-CS)
Obliterated, City of Detroit. Located on Belle Isle, south of Blue Heron Lagoon, East side of Lakeside Drive
42°20′43″N 082°57′20″W / 42.34528°N 82.95556°W / 42.34528; -82.95556 (D-23-LS)
D-26 Nike 2B, 2C/12H, 20A/12L-UA, (8L-H) Detroit Belle Isle, Michigan (Shared double Launch facility with D-23, separate IFCs) 1955 - Nov 1968 Obliterated, City of Detroit. Now a part of Maheras-Gentry Park
42°21′22″N 082°56′58″W / 42.35611°N 82.94944°W / 42.35611; -82.94944 (D-26-CS)
Obliterated, City of Detroit. Located on Belle Isle, south of Blue Heron Lagoon, East side of Lakeside Drive
42°20′43″N 082°57′20″W / 42.34528°N 82.95556°W / 42.34528; -82.95556 (D-26-LS)
D-51 Nike 1B, 2C/20A/8L-A Detroit Naval Air Station Grosse Ile (Now Grosse Ile Airport), Michigan 1955 - Feb 1963 FDS. Abandoned lot now filled with junk belongs to the Township of Grosse Ile and is leased to a landscaping company
42°06′28″N 083°09′18″W / 42.10778°N 83.15500°W / 42.10778; -83.15500 (D-51-CS)
FDS. Has been completely demolished and made into a nature conservatory. A semi-circular embankment protecting the fueling area remains. This area is currently being run by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
42°05′52″N 083°09′15″W / 42.09778°N 83.15417°W / 42.09778; -83.15417 (D-51-LS)
D-54 Nike 4B, 2C/30A/24L-AA Detroit Riverview/ Wyandotte, Michigan (dual site) 1955 - Feb 1963 FDS. Redeveloped into Immanuel Lutheran Church and a multi-story light office building
42°10′59″N 083°11′47″W / 42.18306°N 83.19639°W / 42.18306; -83.19639 (D-54-CS)
FDS. Launcher area is now a public park with a Nike-Hercules missile and plaque dedicating the site. The pits are still there, under the park, behind the fire station. There is one original building left near the launch site, which has been refurbished and turned into a hall to host Cub Scout events and such.
42°10′28″N 083°11′49″W / 42.17444°N 83.19694°W / 42.17444; -83.19694 (D-54-LS)
D-57/58 Nike Carlton: 3B/20A/12L-A Newport: 3B/18H, 30A/12L-UA Detroit Carleton/ Newport, Michigan (shared double launch, separate control sites) 1955 - Apr 1974 FDS Derelict, but partially intact. The Radar towers, Generator bldg., Van pads, and connecting building foundation are all there.
42°00′06″N 083°22′04″W / 42.00167°N 83.36778°W / 42.00167; -83.36778 (D-57/58-CS)
FDS Redeveloped into single-family housing.
42°00′20″N 083°20′35″W / 42.00556°N 83.34306°W / 42.00556; -83.34306 (D-57/58-LS)
D-61 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-UA Detroit Romulus/ Dearborn, Michigan 1957 - Jun 1971 Northwest side of what is now Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport.
42°13′42″N 083°21′34″W / 42.22833°N 83.35944°W / 42.22833; -83.35944 (D-61-CS)
East side of what is now Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport.
42°12′08″N 083°21′06″W / 42.20222°N 83.35167°W / 42.20222; -83.35167 (D-61-LS)
D-69 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Detroit River Rouge Park, Michigan 1956 - Feb 1963 Partially Intact, City of Detroit, River Rouge Park.
42°21′29″N 083°15′12″W / 42.35806°N 83.25333°W / 42.35806; -83.25333 (D-69-CS)
Obliterated, City of Detroit. Redeveloped into Howard Cassidy Park.
42°20′27″N 083°14′59″W / 42.34083°N 83.24972°W / 42.34083; -83.24972 (D-69-LS)
D-86 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Detroit Franklin/ Bingham, Michigan 1957 - Feb 1963 Site is now the location of a couple of office buildings.
42°29′12″N 083°17′43″W / 42.48667°N 83.29528°W / 42.48667; -83.29528 (D-86-CS)
Partially intact. It resides within an Army Reserve facility.
42°29′30″N 083°18′29″W / 42.49167°N 83.30806°W / 42.49167; -83.30806 (D-86-LS)
D-87 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-U, (10L-H) Detroit Commerce/ Union Lake, Michigan 1955 - Apr 1974 FDS. Almost intact - buildings still exist but are vandalized and a section has major fire damage. It is also owned by the Michigan DNR. It was being used as a Day Camp for children, but is now abandoned.[15]
42°35′48″N 083°28′15″W / 42.59667°N 83.47083°W / 42.59667; -83.47083 (D-87-CS)
FDS. Demolished, open lot owned by Michigan DNR.
42°35′57″N 083°28′00″W / 42.59917°N 83.46667°W / 42.59917; -83.46667 (D-87-LS)
D-97 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Detroit Auburn Hills, Michigan 1955 - Feb 1963 Obliterated, Oakland Community College
42°38′41″N 083°13′24″W / 42.64472°N 83.22333°W / 42.64472; -83.22333 (D-97-CS)
Obliterated by 1997. Oakland Community College. Was used as a storage site for construction supplies by the university's building contractors at first.
42°38′35″N 083°14′01″W / 42.64306°N 83.23361°W / 42.64306; -83.23361 (D-97-LS)

Minnesota[edit]

Minneapolis-St.Paul Defense Area (MS): In operation from 1959 until 1971, the following four Nike Hercules batteries

guarded the approaches to the Twin Cities. The Birdie command and control facility, located at Snelling Air Force Station, provided target designation information to the batteries. Headquarters facilities were also located at Snelling.

External links[edit]

Minneapolis-St Paul Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
MS-20 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Minneapolis - Saint Paul Roberts, Wisconsin Oct 1959 - Jun 1971 Bureau of Outdoor Recreation to Saint Croix County
45°01′18″N 092°33′41″W / 45.02167°N 92.56139°W / 45.02167; -92.56139 (MS-20-CS)
Launch site in good condition. Fenced and gated. Also used as a self-storage site.
45°01′47″N 092°33′13″W / 45.02972°N 92.55361°W / 45.02972; -92.55361 (MS-20-LS)
MS-40 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Minneapolis - Saint Paul Castle Rock, Minnesota Oct 1959 - Jun 1971 USAR Center.
44°38′36″N 093°09′50″W / 44.64333°N 93.16389°W / 44.64333; -93.16389 (MS-40-CS)
Is on County Road 80S in Castle Rock, Minnesota. Used to be well preserved for its years of age and disuse, but the underground batteries were demolished and filled in 2001. It was formerly under private ownership, used as an Airsoft gaming facility, most notably by the Minnesota Airsoft Association. The owner had planned to use it as a Law Enforcement Training facility, however, after rejecting a bid submitted by a construction company owned by the Planning Commission Chairman, the owners requests for permits were rejected. The site is currently for sale. It's home to a MNDOT radio tower. It is also a safe haven for deer chased by hunters in the area, as it is completely fenced in.
44°34′17″N 093°04′37″W / 44.57139°N 93.07694°W / 44.57139; -93.07694 (MS-40-LS)
MS-70 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Minneapolis - Saint Paul Saint Bonifacius, Minnesota Oct 1959 - Jun 1971 Private ownership. Partially intact, on "Nike Road".
44°56′07″N 093°45′24″W / 44.93528°N 93.75667°W / 44.93528; -93.75667 (MS-70-CS)
FDS Private ownership in good condition.
44°57′05″N 093°46′52″W / 44.95139°N 93.78111°W / 44.95139; -93.78111 (MS-70-LS)
MS-90 3D/18H/12L-U Minneapolis - Saint Paul Bethel/ Isanti, Minnesota 1959 - Jun 1971 Isanti County Sheriff's Department.
45°26′22″N 093°20′16″W / 45.43944°N 93.33778°W / 45.43944; -93.33778 (MS-90-CS)
Private ownership, largely intact.
45°26′52″N 093°20′46″W / 45.44778°N 93.34611°W / 45.44778; -93.34611 (MS-90-LS)

Missouri[edit]

Kansas City Defense Area (KC): Two Nike Hercules batteries, dubbed Lawson and Lone Jack, guarded the eastern approaches to Kansas City. The Corps of Engineers Kansas City District commenced work on these sites in late spring 1958. Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) KC-65DC was established at Olathe AFS, KS in 1959 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was equipped with the AN/GSG-5(V) BIRDIE solid-state computer system.

KC-65DC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site P-72 / Z-72. Air Force operations ended 8 Sep 1968; the AADCP inactivated in 1969


St. Louis Defense Area (SL): The Chicago District of the Corps of Engineers oversaw the design and construction. Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) SL-47DC was established at Belleville AFS, IL in 1959 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was equipped with the AN/GSG-5(V) BIRDIE solid-state computer system.

SL-47DC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site P-70 / Z-70. The site was closed on 18 June 1968.

External links[edit]

Missouri Nike Missile Sites
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
KC-10 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Kansas City Lawson, Missouri Nov 1959 - Feb 1964 Private Ownership. 3 Well preserved buildings in good shape, several others deteriorated; sidewalks between buildings exist and also the base of the flagpole. Several radar towers standing, several buildings in radar area deteriorating, some loose concrete on site. Area fenced and gated.
39°24′55″N 094°10′24″W / 39.41528°N 94.17333°W / 39.41528; -94.17333 (KC-10-CS)
Private ownership. Buildings deteriorated but intact. Concreted areas cracked and in poor condition. Magazine area appears to be an auto junkyard, although intact, appears to be a large garage, auto dismantling building erected over the magazine.
39°26′06″N 094°10′22″W / 39.43500°N 94.17278°W / 39.43500; -94.17278 (KC-10-LS)
KC-30 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Kansas City Pleasant Hill, Missouri Nov 1959 - Feb 1969 Private ownership, development company. Buildings torn down, foundations remain. Roads exist with severe cracking in poor shape.
38°49′52″N 094°09′41″W / 38.83111°N 94.16139°W / 38.83111; -94.16139 (KC-30-CS)
Intact, appears to be in private hands. Buildings torn down, some new structures erected, bunch of old boats and trucks stored on site; may be a junkyard. Concrete around magazines severely cracked, both Ajax and Hercules doors, although appear to be welded shut.
38°48′59″N 094°09′22″W / 38.81639°N 94.15611°W / 38.81639; -94.15611 (KC-30-LS)
KC-60 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Kansas City Gardner, Kansas (2 mi S) Nov 1959 - Feb 1969 Redeveloped into Gardner Unified School offices. Site totally redeveloped with new buildings. No evidence of IFC remains....
38°46′34″N 094°55′42″W / 38.77611°N 94.92833°W / 38.77611; -94.92833 (KC-50-CS)
FDS. Located behind single-family home subdivision 20144 South Garner Road. Owned by the Gardner Unified School District. As of 2009, the lot has been renovated as a complete school area. Magazine full of water. The only indication of there ever being a missile site would be the name of the school(Nike) and the books in the library.
38°45′38″N 094°56′04″W / 38.76056°N 94.93444°W / 38.76056; -94.93444 (KC-50-LS)
KC-80 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Kansas City Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Nov 1959 - Feb 1969 Redeveloped. Single-family home. Large wooded area around home, appears to be totally redeveloped with no evidence of IFC, although may be parts of the facility in the woods to the southwest of the house.
39°20′29″N 094°57′04″W / 39.34139°N 94.95111°W / 39.34139; -94.95111 (KC-80-CS)
Mix of new and old buildings. Currently used as the Rod & Gun Club and the 35th Infantry Division (Mech) motor pool/maintenance facility. The vehicle park is on top of the three magazines. Large number of cars, boats, large RVs. Doors probably welded shut.
39°21′42″N 094°56′24″W / 39.36167°N 94.94000°W / 39.36167; -94.94000 (KC-80-LS)
SL-10 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Saint Louis Marine, Illinois May 1960 - Dec 1968 Access road to highway 4 only remnants of IFC site. Contaminated soil remediated on site. Village has constructed wastewater treatment lagoons on 1/3 of site. Rest of site is used by farmers. Fenced.
38°47′44″N 089°47′58″W / 38.79556°N 89.79944°W / 38.79556; -89.79944 (SL-10-CS)
Private ownership, Old Army building still standing most in good condition, along with the roads. Concrete area around magazines in good shape, appears to be used as a storage yard.
38°49′56″N 089°47′25″W / 38.83222°N 89.79028°W / 38.83222; -89.79028 (SL-10-LS)
SL-40 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Saint Louis Hecker, Illinois May 1960 - Dec 1968 Beck VoTech School. Buildings appear in excellent condition.
38°17′23″N 089°56′51″W / 38.28972°N 89.94750°W / 38.28972; -89.94750 (SL-40-CS)
FDS. Abandoned. Most buildings remain, Concrete in magazine area cracked. Launchers appear to be concreted over. Fenced.
38°16′11″N 089°57′00″W / 38.26972°N 89.95000°W / 38.26972; -89.95000 (SL-40-LS)
SL-60 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Saint Louis Pacific, Missouri (5 mi S) 1960 - Dec 1968 Private ownership, now MPL Industries. On "Nike Base Road". Mostly redeveloped, many buildings remain in good shape, sidewalks still connecting buildings. Troop barracks are used for storage for Nike Elementary School in the Meramec Valley R-3 school district. Air strip is now part of Evergreen Lakes subdivision.
38°24′30″N 090°45′16″W / 38.40833°N 90.75444°W / 38.40833; -90.75444 (SL-60-CS)
Road back to launch site from IFC in good shape. Fenced and gated. Site is now used as a bus parking lot for Meremec Valley R-3 school district. Some buildings exist, launcher area intact.
38°24′13″N 090°45′18″W / 38.40361°N 90.75500°W / 38.40361; -90.75500 (SL-60-LS)
SL-90 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Saint Louis Alton/ Pere Marquette May, Illinois 1960 - Dec 1968 Intact, Abandoned, Pere Marquette State Park. Overgrown, most buildings underneath veneration canopy. Still behind locked gate and fenced.
38°58′55″N 090°30′32″W / 38.98194°N 90.50889°W / 38.98194; -90.50889 (SL-90-CS)
Abandoned, Pere Marquette State Park, kits if debris on the launchers, site used as a storage yard.
38°59′43″N 090°30′36″W / 38.99528°N 90.51000°W / 38.99528; -90.51000 (SL-90-LS)

Nebraska[edit]

Lincoln AFB Defense Area (LI): The missiles provided defense for SAC B-47 bombers and Atlas missiles stationed at and around Lincoln AFB between 1960 and 1966.

Offutt AFB Defense Area (OF): Provided a Nike Hercules defense for Omaha's Offutt AFB, which was the Headquarters of the Strategic Air Command. Offutt also hosted SAC tankers and Atlas missiles were deployed around the area in the early 1960s. An Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) was established at Omaha AFS, NE in 1959 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was equipped with the AN/GSG-5(V) BIRDIE solid-state computer system.

The AAFC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site P-71 / Z-71. The site was inactivated on 8 Sep 1968.

External links[edit]

Nebraska Nike Missile Sites
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
LI-01 Nike 3AG/12H/12L-H Lincoln Ceresco/Davey, Nebraska 1960 - Jun 1966 Raymond Central High School some buildings intact but site greatly modified for school
41°01′24″N 096°44′50″W / 41.02333°N 96.74722°W / 41.02333; -96.74722 (LI-01-CS)
Above-ground magazines protected by berms. Abandoned, in private hands. Buildings standing and in use. Being used as an auto junkyard, large numbers of junk cars stored in missile firing pads.
41°02′10″N 096°44′25″W / 41.03611°N 96.74028°W / 41.03611; -96.74028 (LI-01-LS)
LI-50 Nike 3AG/12H/!@L-H Lincoln Crete, Nebraska 1960 - Jun 1966 In private ownership. Buildings in good condition and in use. Undetermined purpose Site largely intact barracks has been torn down. One radar tower standing.
40°39′18″N 096°49′41″W / 40.65500°N 96.82806°W / 40.65500; -96.82806 (LI-50-CS)
Fenced and gated above-ground magazines protected by berms. Buildings still standing, missile firing area in good condition. A few vehicles being stored in abandoned berm area, appears in good shape.
40°38′45″N 096°49′25″W / 40.64583°N 96.82361°W / 40.64583; -96.82361 (LI-50-LS)
OF-10 Nike 3AG/12H/12L-H Offutt AFB Treynor, Iowa 1960–1966 Green Hills Area Education Agency Central Office. Buildings in good shape.
41°13′50″N 095°42′49″W / 41.23056°N 95.71361°W / 41.23056; -95.71361 (OF-10-CS)
Above-ground firing site, although no berms visible. Private ownership, good shape.
41°13′50″N 095°41′57″W / 41.23056°N 95.69917°W / 41.23056; -95.69917 (OF-10-LS)
OF-60 Nike 3AG/12H/12L-H Offutt Cedar Creek, Nebraska 1960–1966 FDS. In private hands. Buildings in good shape, Radar tower bases visible.
40°59′18″N 096°04′26″W / 40.98833°N 96.07389°W / 40.98833; -96.07389 (OF-60-CS)
FDS. In private hands, appears in good shape.
40°59′00″N 096°05′28″W / 40.98333°N 96.09111°W / 40.98333; -96.09111 (OF-60-LS)

New Jersey[edit]

External links[edit]

[]
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location

Marlton

Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner

New Mexico[edit]

Walker AFB Defense Area (W): As a Strategic Air Command base, it was determined that Walker should be defended by a Nike Hercules battalion. The 6/2d was activated at Walker on 20 April 1960; it was then inactivated on 25 June 1960, without ever being declared operational, the construction then subsequently abandoned.

External links[edit]

Walker AFB Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
W-10 Nike 3AG (never operational) Walker Roswell, New Mexico Never operational Intact, NMArNG Miliray Academy. Buildings standing, looks abandoned.
33°25′20″N 104°20′50″W / 33.42222°N 104.34722°W / 33.42222; -104.34722 (W-10-CS)
Intact, MNArNG training site. Abandoned.
33°26′09″N 104°20′07″W / 33.43583°N 104.33528°W / 33.43583; -104.33528 (W-10-LS)
W-50 Nike 3AG (never operational) Walker Hagerman, New Mexico Never operational Intact, Roswell Correctional Center Partially
33°08′27″N 104°32′34″W / 33.14083°N 104.54278°W / 33.14083; -104.54278 (W-50-CS)
Intact, abandoned. Built on a former World War II auxiliary field (#3) of Roswell AAF.
33°07′34″N 104°32′38″W / 33.12611°N 104.54389°W / 33.12611; -104.54389 (W-50-LS)
Launch Site One Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-UA, (7L-H) No Defense Area McGregor Guided Missile Range, New Mexico 1957 - Dec 1992 FDS FDS

New York[edit]

Niagara Falls-Buffalo Defense Area (NF, BU): Buffalo and Niagara Falls were separate Defense Areas until their merger in December 1961. Before consolidation, the Niagara Falls Defense Area was commanded from historic Fort Niagara. Both Regular Army and Army National Guard Units operated these batteries. The Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) NF-17DC established at Lockport AFS, NY in 1960 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was an AN/FSG-l Missile-Master Radar Direction Center.

NF-17DC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site P-21 / Z-21 Nike operations at the site inativated in 1962.


New York Defense Area (NY): Combined with the sites located in New Jersey, the New York sites composed one of the largest defensive nets in the nation. Headquarters facilities were located at Tappan, Fort Totten, Fort Wadsworth, and Roslyn. Initially, New York's air defenses had been manually coordinated from Fort Wadsworth on Staten Island. Later, Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) NY-55DC was established at Highlands AFS, NJ in June 1960 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was an AN/FSG-l Missile-Master Radar Direction Center. Later the AN/TSQ-51 "Missile Mentor" solid-state computer system was installed.

NY-55DC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site P-9 / Z-9 Air Force operations at the site ended on 1 July 1966, and Nike operations were inactivated on 31 Oct 1974.

As in several other states, during the 1960s the National Guard assumed a greater role in operating the sites.

External links[edit]

Niagara Falls-Buffalo Defense Area

New York Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
BU-09 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Niagara/ Buffalo Ransom Creek/ Millersport, New York 1956 - Dec 1961 FDS. Some military buildings being used by city as offices. Most of site has been obliterated, fenceline visible in aerial imagery.
43°03′14″N 078°43′13″W / 43.05389°N 78.72028°W / 43.05389; -78.72028 (BU-09-CS)
FDS. Buildings in good condition, magazine area in use by the city police department as a vehicle storage area.
43°03′49″N 078°42′38″W / 43.06361°N 78.71056°W / 43.06361; -78.71056 (BU-09-LS)
BU-18 Nike 3B/18H, 30A/12L-U Niagara/ Buffalo Lancaster/ Milgrove, New York 1956 - Mar 1970 FDS. Lancaster Village Police Department and local government office. Largely redeveloped, although several old IFC buildings still used.
42°55′46″N 078°37′12″W / 42.92944°N 78.62000°W / 42.92944; -78.62000 (BU-18-CS)
FDS. Appears in good condition, buildings in use. Magazine area used by construction company for equipment repair/storage. Electrified with working elevators.
42°55′50″N 078°35′49″W / 42.93056°N 78.59694°W / 42.93056; -78.59694 (BU-18-LS)
BU-34/35 Nike 2B, 4C/60A/24L-AA Niagara/ Buffalo Orchard Park, New York (dual site) 1956 - Mar 1963 FDS. Vacant land. Some IFC roads exist, no structures.
42°47′34″N 078°41′56″W / 42.79278°N 78.69889°W / 42.79278; -78.69889 (BU-34/35-CS)
FDS. Largely obliterated. Buildings at beginning of entrance road, former underground double magazine. Aireal image shows faint evidence of launcher area appears to be covered with soil.
42°46′34″N 078°40′06″W / 42.77611°N 78.66833°W / 42.77611; -78.66833 (BU-34/35-LS)
BU-52 Nike 2B, 4C/60A/24L-AA Niagara/ Buffalo Hamburg, New York (dual site) 1956 - Dec 1961 The IFC was located off New Lake View Road, at 2 E. Heltz Road, and is now offices for the Town of Hamburg and as part of Lakeview Road Recreation Area. Obliterated.
42°42′37″N 078°53′30″W / 42.71028°N 78.89167°W / 42.71028; -78.89167 (BU-52-CS)
Was a double-site Launcher and Integrated Fire Control Area for Nike-Ajax Missiles. In use by state highway department and is currently covered by a bike track, a Hamburg Town Park, and Bulk Storage.[16] New buildings erected.
42°42′37″N 078°54′06″W / 42.71028°N 78.90167°W / 42.71028; -78.90167 (BU-52-LS)
NF-03 Nike 2B, 4C/60A/24L-AA Niagara/ Buffalo Model City, New York (dual site) 1955–1963 FDS. Abandoned IFC site. Porter Center Road divides site into west and east sections. Buildings exist on east side of road, appear to be in poor condition and overgrown. West side of site largely forested with little evidence of use.
43°12′59″N 078°57′32″W / 43.21639°N 78.95889°W / 43.21639; -78.95889 (NF-03-CS)
FDS. Former double-magazine site abandoned and mostly overgrown with vegetation. The launcher site was acquired by the USAF in 1965 and become the Youngstown Test Site. This site was the western end of a test range under the jurisdiction of Griffiss AFB. Closed at an unknown date, Today, a few foundations of buildings visible, launch area exists, condition unknown probably filled with water.
43°13′43″N 078°57′46″W / 43.22861°N 78.96278°W / 43.22861; -78.96278 (NF-03-LS)
NF-16 Nike 2B, 4C/18H, 30A/24L-UA, (11L-H) Niagara/ Buffalo Sanborn/ Cambria, New York (dual site) 1955 to Mar 1970 Private ownership. Barracks building in use, several radar towers still standing. Appears to be light office building.
43°09′31″N 078°50′23″W / 43.15861°N 78.83972°W / 43.15861; -78.83972 (NF-16-CS)
Cambria Municipal offices, appears to be converted into maintenance storage yard. Few buildings left, faint traces of one magazine but very little of Launch site remains.
43°09′41″N 078°49′06″W / 43.16139°N 78.81833°W / 43.16139; -78.81833 (NF-16-LS)
NF-41 Nike 1B, 2C/18H/11L-U Niagara/ Buffalo Grand Island, New York (Formerly dual NF-74/NF-75) Apr 1959 - Mar 1970 Private ownership. Is now known as Nike Base Town Park; as such, it hosts Grand Island's Senior Citizen Center, a town-sponsored safe hangout for teens known as Reality Cafe, and space for group meetings. A few military buildings still in use, new construction.
43°01′07″N 079°00′47″W / 43.01861°N 79.01306°W / 43.01861; -79.01306 (NF-41-CS)
Is now used as the Grand Island Central School District's Eco Island Ecology Reserve. Former triple-magazine site now abandoned. Large piles of earth on top of magazines, some vehicles parked in magazine area visible in aerial images. LC buildings along Stanley road still in use.
43°00′32″N 079°00′56″W / 43.00889°N 79.01556°W / 43.00889; -79.01556 (NF-41-LS)
NY-03/04 Nike 2B, 1C/18H, 30A/24L-UA, (12L-H) New York Orangeburg/ Mount Nebo, New York (dual site) 1955 - Apr 1974 Some old IFC buildings in use being used by the Town of Orangeburg.
41°01′57″N 073°57′03″W / 41.03250°N 73.95083°W / 41.03250; -73.95083 (NY-03/04-CS)
Intact, USAR Center - Orangeburg. Batteries paved over with asphalt, new building construction.
41°02′16″N 073°56′29″W / 41.03778°N 73.94139°W / 41.03778; -73.94139 (NY-03/04-LS)
NY-09 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A New York Kensico/ White Plains, New York 1955–1963 FDS. Now "Nike Overlook Park". IFC mostly taken over by woods, some buildings still stand, asphalted area badly cracked.
41°03′19″N 073°55′41″W / 41.05528°N 73.92806°W / 41.05528; -73.92806 (NY-09-CS)
FDS Launch site adjacent to NY-03/04.
41°02′16″N 073°56′33″W / 41.03778°N 73.94250°W / 41.03778; -73.94250 (NY-09-LS)
NY-15 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A New York Fort Slocum, New York 1955 - Jul 1960 Abandoned. David's Island. Buildings torn down, some sidewalks left. Not much else.
40°53′07″N 073°46′09″W / 40.88528°N 73.76917°W / 40.88528; -73.76917 (NY-15-CS)
Abandoned. Hart Island, Double Magazines covered over with vegetation on north end of island; Buildings spread out all over the island, all appear in highly deterioration condition.
40°51′29″N 073°46′16″W / 40.85806°N 73.77111°W / 40.85806; -73.77111 (NY-15-LS)
NY-20 Nike 1B, 2C/20A/12L-A New York Lloyd Harbor/ Huntington, New York Jan 1957 - 1962. In the 1970s, the partially dismantled site was part of the Friends World College campus. Now obliterated, High-end single-family housing, no evidence of IFC.
40°54′22″N 073°27′33″W / 40.90611°N 73.45917°W / 40.90611; -73.45917 (NY-20-CS)
Obliterated, High-end single-family housing, possibly some partial remains covered by trees and vegetation.
40°53′50″N 073°28′21″W / 40.89722°N 73.47250°W / 40.89722; -73.47250 (NY-20-LS)
NY-23 Nike 1B, 2C/20A/12L-A New York Hicksville/ Oyster Bay, New York 1955–1963 Obliterated, High-end single-family housing, no evidence of IFC.
40°48′22″N 073°33′37″W / 40.80611°N 73.56028°W / 40.80611; -73.56028 (NY-23-CS)
Magazine remains, concreted over. Owned by the Nassau Board of Cooperative Education, which uses the site as the Brookville Nature Park and Outdoor Education Center.
40°48′38″N 073°32′53″W / 40.81056°N 73.54806°W / 40.81056; -73.54806 (NY-23-LS)
NY-24 Nike 3B/18H, 30A/12L-U New York Amityville/ Farmingdale, New York 1957 - Apr 1974 Obliterated, new office building construction, in highly urban area. No evidence of IFC.
40°42′49″N 073°25′35″W / 40.71361°N 73.42639°W / 40.71361; -73.42639 (NY-24-CS)
Either Army Reserve or NY National Guard site. New building for armory, no FC buildings remain. Missile launchers asphalted over but some doors still visible. Launcher area now motor pool for military vehicles.
40°42′30″N 073°24′20″W / 40.70833°N 73.40556°W / 40.70833; -73.40556 (NY-24-LS)
NY-25 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/10L-U New York Defense Hill Rd, East Shoreham, New York 1957 - Jun 1971 Mostly cleared land, some roads of IFC remain but that's about it Perimeter fence appears to be still standing, taken over by vegetation, however outline is clear in aerial imagery. Housing area intact, in private ownership. Former access road to IFC remains, highly deteriorated and partially taken over by vegetation. Part of the IFC has been redeveloped into unorganized sports facility.
40°57′00″N 072°52′07″W / 40.95000°N 72.86861°W / 40.95000; -72.86861 (NY-25-CS)
Double magazine now motor pool area for Army Reserve unit. Also storage yard.
40°56′25″N 072°52′20″W / 40.94028°N 72.87222°W / 40.94028; -72.87222 (NY-25-LS)
NY-29/30 Nike 2B, 4C/60A/24L-AA New York Lido Beach, New York (dual site) 1955–1963 Redeveloped into large school and recreational area of the Long Beach School District. IFC Obliterated.
40°35′36″N 073°38′04″W / 40.59333°N 73.63444°W / 40.59333; -73.63444 (NY-29/30-CS)
Triple magazines visible, overgrown and abandoned. Many of the original structures, fencing, pavement, light poles, etc., still remain. Also being used by School District for school bus parking
40°35′33″N 073°36′54″W / 40.59250°N 73.61500°W / 40.59250; -73.61500 (NY-29/30-LS)
NY-49 Nike 4B/18H, 30A/16L-U New York Fort Tilden, Rockaway Point Road, New York 1955 - Apr 1974 Intact, Gateway National Recreation Area. All buildings razed, partially reused by parking lot and West Bayshore Blve. No evidence of IRC except some disturbed land where structures once were.
40°33′30″N 073°53′49″W / 40.55833°N 73.89694°W / 40.55833; -73.89694 (NY-49-CS)
Intact, US Park Service, very deteriorated condition.
40°33′32″N 073°53′17″W / 40.55889°N 73.88806°W / 40.55889; -73.88806 (NY-49-LS)
NY-53 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A New York Leonardo/ Belford, New Jersey 1957–1963 FDS Location Undetermined Possibly incorporated into Naval Weapons Station Earle. FDS Location Undetermined. Redeveloped into single-family home sites.
40°23′26″N 74°05′16″W / 40.39052°N 74.08783°W / 40.39052; -74.08783 (NY-53-CS)
NY-54 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U New York Homdel/Hazlet, New Jersey 1955 - Nov 1968 Redeveloped into Phillips Park. No evidence of IFC.
40°23′40″N 074°10′17″W / 40.39444°N 74.17139°W / 40.39444; -74.17139 (NY-54-CS)
Redeveloped into park and recreation area. No evidence of LS.
40°22′39″N 074°11′15″W / 40.37750°N 74.18750°W / 40.37750; -74.18750 (NY-54-LS)
NY-56 Nike 4B/24H, 40A/16L-UU New York (dual site) Sandy Hook, New Jersey 1960 - Jun 1971 Located on the former Sandy Hook Proving Ground (now a part of the Gateway National Recreation Area) in New Jersey, has been preserved and is open to the public. The IFC area is open one weekend a month from April to October. Numerous buildings and radar platforms exist.
40°26′53″N 073°59′36″W / 40.44806°N 73.99333°W / 40.44806; -73.99333 (NY-56-CS)
The launcher area has occasional tours. The park currently owns three Ajax missiles and one Hercules. Every fall, the park holds a Cold War Day event. Site NY-56 is listed in the National Register of Historic Places as part of the Sandy Hook Proving Ground Historic District. Twin magazine, abandoned, buildings in use, concrete in launcher area weathered by ocean and salt air.
40°26′01″N 073°59′07″W / 40.43361°N 73.98528°W / 40.43361; -73.98528 (NY-56-LS)
NY-58/60 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U New York Old Bridge, New Jersey 1955 - Nov 1968 Obliterated, only foundations remain, Township owned
40°25′05″N 074°18′45″W / 40.41806°N 74.31250°W / 40.41806; -74.31250 (NY-58/60-CS)
Obliterated, paved over for tractor trailer parking lot. No evidence remains of LS.
40°25′02″N 074°18′34″W / 40.41722°N 74.30944°W / 40.41722; -74.30944 (NY-58/60-LS)
NY-65 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U New York South Plainfield, New Jersey 1955 - Jun 1971 Redeveloped into single-family housing, no evidence of IFC.
40°32′37″N 074°23′34″W / 40.54361°N 74.39278°W / 40.54361; -74.39278 (NY-65-CS)
Redeveloped into Hadley Shopping Center and a light industrial park. Obliterated.
40°33′02″N 074°24′40″W / 40.55056°N 74.41111°W / 40.55056; -74.41111 (NY-65-LS)
NY-73 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A New York Summit/ Watchung, New Jersey 1958 - Apr 1963 Redeveloped into Governor Livingston Regional High School.
40°41′11″N 074°23′14″W / 40.68639°N 74.38722°W / 40.68639; -74.38722 (NY-73-CS)
Abandoned, deteriorating,
40°40′48″N 074°23′28″W / 40.68000°N 74.39111°W / 40.68000; -74.39111 (NY-73-LS)
NY-79/80 Nike 2B, 4C/18H, 30A/23L-UA, (12L-H) New York Livingston, New Jersey (dual site) 1955 - Apr 1974 Essex County Park District, developed into Riker Hill Park. The control area was located atop Riker Hill (now Riker Hill Art Park) in Livingston in order to obtain good radar coverage of the region. IFC now obliterated.
40°47′57″N 074°20′19″W / 40.79917°N 74.33861°W / 40.79917; -74.33861 (NY-79/80-CS)
This double Nike site was operational with both Ajax and Hercules missiles. Largely Obliterated, some remains in semi-wooded area.
40°48′22″N 074°21′54″W / 40.80611°N 74.36500°W / 40.80611; -74.36500 (NY-79/80-LS)
NY-88 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A New York Mountain View/ Wayne, New Jersey 1955–1963 Redeveloped into high-end single-family housing. No evidence of IFC.
40°56′57″N 074°14′43″W / 40.94917°N 74.24528°W / 40.94917; -74.24528 (NY-88-CS)
Site used as vehicle storage for county vehicles, and other pubic services. Guard shack still visible, launcher site clearly visible, and admministartive buildings still in use.
40°55′49″N 074°15′52″W / 40.93028°N 74.26444°W / 40.93028; -74.26444 (NY-88-LS)
NY-93/94 Nike 4B, 2C/18H, 30A/24L-UA, (12L-H) New York Ramsey/ Darlington/ Mahwah, New Jersey 1955 - Jun 1971 Now wooded area.
41°02′14″N 074°11′54″W / 41.03722°N 74.19833°W / 41.03722; -74.19833 (NY-93/94-CS)
Now upscale housing development
41°03′55″N 074°11′18″W / 41.06528°N 74.18833°W / 41.06528; -74.18833 (NY-93/94-LS)
NY-99 Nike 3B/30A/12L-A New York Spring Valley/ Ramapo, New York 1956–1963 Partially Intact, East Ramapo School District.
41°08′47″N 074°03′35″W / 41.14639°N 74.05972°W / 41.14639; -74.05972 (NY-99-CS)
Partially Intact, East Ramapo School District. Paved over parking lot for trucks..
41°08′47″N 074°02′21″W / 41.14639°N 74.03917°W / 41.14639; -74.03917 (NY-99-LS)

Ohio[edit]

Cincinnati-Dayton Defense Area (CD): The sites became operational in 1960 to defend the industrial centers of the upper Ohio River Valley. A "BIRDIE" site collocated at C-27 hosted missile command and control functions for the region. The sites remained active until 1970-1971.

Cleveland Defense Area (CL): Headquarters facilities were located at the Shaker Heights Armory and in Cleveland. Sites CL-02, CL-ll, and CL-69 were converted to fire Nike Hercules missiles. In 1968, the Cleveland Defense Area merged with Detroit's. In June 1971, the three remaining Nike Hercules batteries were deactivated.

External links[edit]

Cincinnati-Dayton Defense Area

Cleveland Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
CD-27 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Cincinnati - Dayton Wilmington, Ohio Mar 1960 - Mar 1970 Now light industrial area, some old IFC buildings still in use
39°24′31″N 083°53′44″W / 39.40861°N 83.89556°W / 39.40861; -83.89556 (CD-27-CS)
Intact, Private ownership. Most buildings in good condition, magazine in good condition.
39°24′02″N 083°52′57″W / 39.40056°N 83.88250°W / 39.40056; -83.88250 (CD-27-LS)
CD-46 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Cincinnati - Dayton Felicity, Ohio Apr 1960 - Mar 1970 OHArNG, C Company, 216th Engineers. Buildings in good condition, no radar towers.
38°51′05″N 084°09′20″W / 38.85139°N 84.15556°W / 38.85139; -84.15556 (CD-46-CS)
Buildings in good condition, magazine being used as tractor trailer parking and storage site.
38°50′38″N 084°08′35″W / 38.84389°N 84.14306°W / 38.84389; -84.14306 (CD-46-LS)
CD-63 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Cincinnati - Dayton Dillsboro, Indiana Apr 1960 - Mar 1970 Buildings in good condition, the old radar towers are still standing.
39°00′28″N 085°00′36″W / 39.00778°N 85.01000°W / 39.00778; -85.01000 (CD-63-CS)
Missile Launching site converted to a private residence (including old missile silos) on Ind. 262 just outside of the town limits. Buildings in good condition, magazine being used as tractor trailer parking and storage site.
39°00′04″N 085°02′02″W / 39.00111°N 85.03389°W / 39.00111; -85.03389 (CD-63-LS)
CD-78 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Cincinnati - Dayton Oxford, Ohio Mar 1960 - Mar 1970 Private ownership, in excellent condition. Buildings in good condition, also several radar towers.
39°33′01″N 084°46′22″W / 39.55028°N 84.77278°W / 39.55028; -84.77278 (CD-78-CS)
Private ownership, Radio transmitter, Cell tower built on site. Magazine area has been partially filled in, severe cracking of concrete, abandoned.
39°33′27″N 084°47′32″W / 39.55750°N 84.79222°W / 39.55750; -84.79222 (CD-78-LS)
CL-02 Nike 3B/18H, 30A/12L-U Cleveland Bratenahl, OH 1956 - Jun 1971 Some buildings standing, Now USG Plant. They were disguised as Propane tanks.no radar towers.
41°32′28″N 081°37′33″W / 41.54111°N 81.62583°W / 41.54111; -81.62583 (CL-02-CS)
Triple battery next to Lake Erie. Now a parking lot.
41°32′35″N 081°37′37″W / 41.54306°N 81.62694°W / 41.54306; -81.62694 (CL-02-LS)
CL-11 Nike 3B/18H, 30A/12L-U Cleveland Painesville, Ohio 1958 - Jun 1971 Private ownership, some buildings still standing, most torn down. Remains in wooded area look abandoned.
41°43′20″N 081°16′27″W / 41.72222°N 81.27417°W / 41.72222; -81.27417 (CL-11-CS)
County Engineers Office. Used as a storage area. Appears in good condition.
41°43′39″N 081°17′10″W / 41.72750°N 81.28611°W / 41.72750; -81.28611 (CL-11-LS)
CL-13 Nike 3B/30A/12L-A Cleveland Willowick, Ohio 1956–1963 Redeveloped into Robert Manry Park. The only IFC building left is a small pump house.
41°37′41″N 081°28′09″W / 41.62806°N 81.46917°W / 41.62806; -81.46917 (CL-13-CS)
Wiloughby - Eastlake School District. In reasonable condition. The magazines have a one foot thick cap of concrete on them. All air vents, stairwells, hatches, etc. have been removed. Magazine area used for school bus parking.
41°37′53″N 081°27′06″W / 41.63139°N 81.45167°W / 41.63139; -81.45167 (CL-13-LS)
CL-34 Nike 3B/30A/12L-A Cleveland Warrensville, Ohio 1956–1963 Obliterated. All buildings torn down, only disturbed areas with some concrete building pads and former streets.
41°27′08″N 081°30′11″W / 41.45222°N 81.50306°W / 41.45222; -81.50306 (CL-34-CS)
Obliterated. Redeveloped into shopping center.
41°26′48″N 081°29′44″W / 41.44667°N 81.49556°W / 41.44667; -81.49556 (CL-34-LS)
CL-48 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Cleveland Garfield Heights, Ohio 1956 - Aug 1961 Some buildings still standing and in use by Garfield Heights Board of Education.
41°24′27″N 081°36′26″W / 41.40750°N 81.60722°W / 41.40750; -81.60722 (CL-48-CS)
Used by the Garfield Heights Board of Education., magazine paved over for school bus parking.
41°23′13″N 081°38′01″W / 41.38694°N 81.63361°W / 41.38694; -81.63361 (CL-48-LS)
CL-59 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Cleveland Parma/ Midpark Station, Ohio 1956 - Aug 1961 Redeveloped into Nathan Hale Park.
41°22′14″N 081°45′40″W / 41.37056°N 81.76111°W / 41.37056; -81.76111 (CL-59-CS)
Redeveloped into Cuyahoga Community College, Western Campus
41°21′52″N 081°45′54″W / 41.36444°N 81.76500°W / 41.36444; -81.76500 (CL-59-CS)
CL-67 Nike 3B/30A/12L-A Cleveland Lakefront Airport, Ohio 1956–1963 Now City of Cleveland J L Stamps District Service Center
41°31′19″N 081°39′55″W / 41.52194°N 81.66528°W / 41.52194; -81.66528 (CL-67-CS)
Part of Runway L6 Cleveland Lakefront Airport
41°31′13″N 081°40′57″W / 41.52028°N 81.68250°W / 41.52028; -81.68250 (CL-67-LS)
CL-69 Nike 3B/18H, 30A/12L-U Cleveland Fairview Park, Ohio 1956 - Jun 1971 Baseball Field, Part of Cleveland Tri-City Park
41°27′06″N 081°52′25″W / 41.45167°N 81.87361°W / 41.45167; -81.87361 (CL-69-CS)
Tennis Courts, Part of Cleveland Tri-City Park
41°27′11″N 081°52′23″W / 41.45306°N 81.87306°W / 41.45306; -81.87306 (CL-69-LS)

Pennsylvania[edit]

Philadelphia Defense Area (PH): In the mid-1950s, the Philadelphia District of the Corps of Engineers supervised the construction of a circle of 12 Nike Ajax sites averaging 25 miles from center city. Nike Ajax sites were deactivated from 1961 to 1963. Site PH-75 was deactivated in 1968; PH-99 stayed on duty until 1971. These batteries were manned by both Regular Army and Pennsylvania Army National Guard units.

Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) PH-64DC established at Gibbsboro AFS, NJ in 1960 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was an AN/FSG-l Missile-Master Radar Direction Center. On 1 May 1961 PH-64DC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site RP-63/Z-63 Nike operations were inactivated on 30 Sep 1966


Pittsburgh Defense Area (PI): At first, three active Army battalions manned the ring around "Steel City". Later manning responsibilities would eventually be supplied by one active duty unit (3rd Missile Battalion, 1st Artillery) and one Pennsylvania Army National Guard battalion (The Duquesne Greys-2nd Missile Battalion, 176th Artillery). Operations at five of these Nike Hercules sites lasted until 1974.

Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) PI-70DC established at Oakdale AI, PA in 1960 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was initially an AN/FSG-l Missile-Master Radar Direction Center. It was later upgraded to the AN/TSQ-51 "Missile Mentor" solid-state computer system. PI-70DC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site RP-62 / Z-62 Air Force operations ended 31 Dec 1969. The AADCP inactivated on 1 Sep 1974.

External links[edit]

Philadelphia Defense Area

Pittsburgh Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
PH-07 Nike 2B/30A/8L-A Philadelphia Richboro, Pennsylvania 1956 - Sep 1961 The IFC area is occupied by the Council Rock School District administration. Some IFC buildings still in use.
40°13′41″N 074°59′56″W / 40.22806°N 74.99889°W / 40.22806; -74.99889 (PH-07-CS)
Launch site is part of the Northampton Township Recreation Center. Batting cages have been placed on top of the two missile magazines, which appear otherwise intact.
40°13′15″N 074°59′41″W / 40.22083°N 74.99472°W / 40.22083; -74.99472 (PH-07-LS)
PH-15 Nike 1B. 2C/30a/12L-A Philadelphia Bristol / Newportville/ Croydon, Pennsylvania 1955–1964 Private ownership. Wooded area behind Bristol Plaza Shopping Center. Broken up concrete of building foundations, some partial streets, not much else.
40°07′39″N 074°53′14″W / 40.12750°N 74.88722°W / 40.12750; -74.88722 (PH-15-CS)
Private ownership. Obliterated by new construction. Nothing left.
40°06′59″N 074°53′30″W / 40.11639°N 74.89167°W / 40.11639; -74.89167 (PH-15-LS)
PH-23/25 Nike 2B, 4C/24H, 60A/22L-UA, (14L-H) Philadelphia Lumberton, New Jersey 1958 - Apr 1974 Township of Lumberton and private owner. Now Midway School. Several IFC buildings still in use.
39°57′51″N 074°47′01″W / 39.96417°N 74.78361°W / 39.96417; -74.78361 (PH-23/25-CS)
Former double magazine. Township of Lumberton. Municipal complex storage yard. Some buildings still in use. Magazines visible and fully functional.
39°57′40″N 074°47′51″W / 39.96111°N 74.79750°W / 39.96111; -74.79750 (PH-23/25-LS)
PH-32 Nike 2B/30A/8L-A Philadelphia Marlton, New Jersey 1956–1963 Obliterated, Redeveloped into single-family housing.
39°52′21″N 074°53′41″W / 39.87250°N 74.89472°W / 39.87250; -74.89472 (PH-32-CS)
Abandoned site, magazine area visible. Not much left.
39°52′16″N 074°52′53″W / 39.87111°N 74.88139°W / 39.87111; -74.88139 (PH-32-LS)
PH-41/43 Nike 2B, 4C/16H, 60A/23L-UA Philadelphia Erial, New Jersey 1956 - Apr 1974 After being closed by the Army in 1974, in 1976 the housing part of PH-41/43 was transferred to the Air Force for use by Gibbsboro AFS, New Jersey. It was designated as Gibbsboro Family Housing Annex. At some later time, probably about 1984, it was transferred back to the Army and assigned to Fort Dix. It was subsequently closed by 1990. Purchased by Gloucester Township and designated as a redevelopment site.[17]
39°45′04″N 074°59′58″W / 39.75111°N 74.99944°W / 39.75111; -74.99944 (PH-41/43-CS)
Gloucester Township, IFC is a vacant lot with woods, some old roads. Appears magazines were removed and filled in with dirt.
39°44′28″N 075°00′03″W / 39.74111°N 75.00083°W / 39.74111; -75.00083 (PH-41/43-LS)
PH-49 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Philadelphia Mantua Township, New Jersey 1956–1963 Redeveloped into Bethel Church and Glouchester County Christian School. Part of old access road still visible from Pitman Road.
39°44′13″N 075°09′36″W / 39.73694°N 75.16000°W / 39.73694; -75.16000 (PH-49-CS)
Private ownership, Kraemer Construction Company. Buildings in use by company, magazine area visible being used as storage yard. Condition unknown.
39°44′40″N 075°10′03″W / 39.74444°N 75.16750°W / 39.74444; -75.16750 (PH-49-LS)
PH-58 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-UA, (7L-H) Philadelphia Woolwich Township, New Jersey 1957 - Apr 1974 Site is abandoned, four radar towers standing. Barracks remaining.
39°45′57″N 075°18′15″W / 39.76583°N 75.30417°W / 39.76583; -75.30417 (PH-58-CS)
Abandoned. May be some building foundations and old roads. Serverly overgrown with vegetation. Magazine area visible from aerial imagery. Very deteriorated.
39°46′21″N 075°18′1″W / 39.77250°N 75.30028°W / 39.77250; -75.30028 (PH-58-LS)
PH-67 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Philadelphia Village Green / Chester/Media, Pennsylvania 1955–1964 School and athletic fields.
39°51′45″N 075°25′45″W / 39.86250°N 75.42917°W / 39.86250; -75.42917 (PH-67-CS)
Hilltop Elementary School, no remains. Magazines probably under asphalted parking lot.
39°51′00″N 075°26′15″W / 39.85000°N 75.43750°W / 39.85000; -75.43750 (PH-67-LS)
PH-75 Nike 2B, 4C/18H, 60A/23L-UA, (11L-H) Philadelphia Edgemont/ Delaware City, Pennsylvania 1955 - Nov 1968 Abandoned in heavy woods. A few buildings overgrown with vegetation, some streets heavily overgrown. Not much left.
39°58′23″N 075°28′33″W / 39.97306°N 75.47583°W / 39.97306; -75.47583 (PH-75-CS)
USAR Center. Magazines under motor pool parking area asphalted over.
39°57′48″N 075°28′11″W / 39.96333°N 75.46972°W / 39.96333; -75.46972 (PH-75-LS)
PH-82 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Philadelphia Paoli/ Valley Forge, Pennsylvania 1955–1962 Empty field, nothing remains.
40°05′02″N 075°27′23″W / 40.08389°N 75.45639°W / 40.08389; -75.45639 (PH-82-CS)
High-end housing development, nothing remains.
40°03′57″N 075°28′47″W / 40.06583°N 75.47972°W / 40.06583; -75.47972 (PH-82-LS)
PH-91 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Philadelphia Worchester, Pennsylvania 1956–1963 Light office building, parking lot, also Worcester Nike Park. Some foundations of buildings, remainder of streets.
40°10′56″N 075°20′59″W / 40.18222°N 75.34972°W / 40.18222; -75.34972 (PH-91-CS)
USAR Center. Magazines visible behind parking lot.
40°10′51″N 075°20′21″W / 40.18083°N 75.33917°W / 40.18083; -75.33917 (PH-91-LS)
PH-99 Nike 4B, 2C/36H, 60A/22L-UU Philadelphia Warrington/ Eureka, Pennsylvania 1956 - Jul 1971 Twin Oaks Summer Camp. several buildings still in use.
40°14′33″N 075°10′13″W / 40.24250°N 75.17028°W / 40.24250; -75.17028 (PH-99-CS)
Now "Lower Nike Park" some old roads remain, Magazines appear to be covered over with dirt but location still visible on aerial imagery.
40°14′21″N 075°09′49″W / 40.23917°N 75.16361°W / 40.23917; -75.16361 (PH-99-LS)
PI-02 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Pittsburgh Rural Ridge Apr 1955 - Apr 1963 A few buildings in use by Teen Challenge; drug & alcohol rehab center. No radar towers.
40°34′15″N 079°49′47″W / 40.57083°N 79.82972°W / 40.57083; -79.82972 (PI-02-CS)
PennDOT equipment yard. Magazine area appears to be undergoing redevelopment, Magazines visible, some snow plows being stored on them.
40°35′48″N 079°49′21″W / 40.59667°N 79.82250°W / 40.59667; -79.82250 (PI-02-LS)
PI-03 Nike 3B/18H, 30A/12L-U Pittsburgh Dorseyville/ Indianola Oct 1956 - Mar 1974 American Indian Center Singing Winds Site. Well preserved site with numerous IFC buildings in use. Several radar towers standing.
40°34′49″N 079°53′43″W / 40.58028°N 79.89528°W / 40.58028; -79.89528 (PI-03-CS)
Barracks building in use, most other buildings razed. Large areas of concrete piles visible in aerial imagery. Magazines visible, earth grading equipment moving dirt around area.
40°35′54″N 079°53′31″W / 40.59833°N 79.89194°W / 40.59833; -79.89194 (PI-03-LS)
PI-25 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Pittsburgh Plum, Pennsylvania/ Monroeville, Pennsylvania Apr 1955 - 1960 Barracks and some minor buildings intcdt, also new industrial building constructed on back of site. No radar towers.
40°27′40″N 079°43′24″W / 40.46111°N 79.72333°W / 40.46111; -79.72333 (PI-25-CS)
Redeveloped into A.E. O'Block Junior High, and Adlai Stevenson Elementary School. Some concrete foundations visible, Magazine now used as auxiliary gym.
40°28′20″N 079°42′52″W / 40.47222°N 79.71444°W / 40.47222; -79.71444 (PI-25-LS)
PI-36 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/10L-U Pittsburgh Irwin, Pennsylvania Apr 1955 - Dec 1968 Some IFC buildings in use. Redeveloped into Norwin Soccor Club, Norwin YMCA, Oak Hollow Seniors Center.
40°20′42″N 079°41′55″W / 40.34500°N 79.69861°W / 40.34500; -79.69861 (PI-36-CS)
Off Nike Road. Obliterated. Residential housing plan.
40°20′46″N 079°41′01″W / 40.34611°N 79.68361°W / 40.34611; -79.68361 (PI-36-LS)
PI-37 Nike 3B/18H, 30A/12L-U Pittsburgh Cowansburg/ Herminie, Pennsylvania 1956 - Mar 1974 Site appears unused. Many buildings standing, some razed. Several radar towers standing.
40°16′22″N 079°45′48″W / 40.27278°N 79.76333°W / 40.27278; -79.76333 (PI-37-CS)
In use for light industry. Many buildings still in use, magazines still electrified and operable, used by owner for storage.
40°15′45″N 079°45′54″W / 40.26250°N 79.76500°W / 40.26250; -79.76500 (PI-37-LS)
PI-42 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Pittsburgh Elizabeth, Pennsylvania 1956 - Apr 1963 A few old IFC buildings in use, no radar towers. used by the Elizabeth Forward School District.
40°15′02″N 079°51′23″W / 40.25056°N 79.85639°W / 40.25056; -79.85639 (PI-42-CS)
Some buildings standing, used by the Twin Pines Council of Governments as a Police Firing Range. Magazine exists, concreted over. May be used as a parking lot.
40°13′54″N 079°50′12″W / 40.23167°N 79.83667°W / 40.23167; -79.83667 (PI-42-LS)
PI-43 Nike 3B/18H, 30A/12L-U Pittsburgh Elrama, Pennsylvania 1955 - Mar 1974 Still in Army control, being used by the PAArNG; D/876th Engineer Battalion. Some buildings still in use, others torn down. No radar towers standing.
40°15′09″N 079°57′06″W / 40.25250°N 79.95167°W / 40.25250; -79.95167 (PI-43-CS)
Abandoned. Was in use by Army Reserve and PA National Guard. Buildings still standing. Magazines visible, concrete heavily cracked.
40°15′15″N 079°57′59″W / 40.25417°N 79.96639°W / 40.25417; -79.96639 (PI-43-LS)
PI-52 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Pittsburgh Finleyville, Pennsylvania 1958 - Jul 1960 Most of site now South Hills Christian School. Some buildings in use, others very deteriorated. No signs of radar towers.
40°16′37″N 080°01′42″W / 40.27694°N 80.02833°W / 40.27694; -80.02833 (PI-52-CS)
Mostly redeveloped, magazine area in poor condition, used as storage yard and parking lot.
40°15′53″N 080°01′04″W / 40.26472°N 80.01778°W / 40.26472; -80.01778 (PI-52-LS)
PI-62 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Pittsburgh Bridgeville/Hickman, Pennsylvania 1956 - Apr 1963 Appears abandoned. One building standing, empty parking lots in deteriorating condition. No radar towers.
40°23′14″N 080°08′22″W / 40.38722°N 80.13944°W / 40.38722; -80.13944 (PI-62-CS)
Some buildings standing, used for school bus storage. Magazines visible, condition unknown.
40°22′16″N 080°09′51″W / 40.37111°N 80.16417°W / 40.37111; -80.16417 (PI-62-LS)
PI-71 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/10L-U Pittsburgh Corapolis/Beacon, Pennsylvania 1955 - Mar 1974 Robinson Dept. of Public Works, poor condition, being used as a storage yard.
40°28′54″N 080°08′36″W / 40.48167°N 80.14333°W / 40.48167; -80.14333 (PI-71-CS)
Abandoned. No buildings or signs of magazines. Appear to have been dug up and filled with earth.
40°29′01″N 080°09′50″W / 40.48361°N 80.16389°W / 40.48361; -80.16389 (PI-71-LS)
PI-92 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Pittsburgh Bryant/North Park 1956 - Apr 1963 Property given to North Allegheny School District.
40°34′31″N 080°00′05″W / 40.57528°N 80.00139°W / 40.57528; -80.00139 (PI-92-CS)
Part of Allegheny County Police and Fire Training Academy. Magazines badly deteriorated, some used as parking lot.
40°35′25″N 080°00′33″W / 40.59028°N 80.00917°W / 40.59028; -80.00917 (PI-92-LS)
PI-93 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/10L-H Pittsburgh West View, Pennsylvania Oct 1956 - Jun 1971 Used by Army Corps of Engineers.
40°31′38″N 080°03′44″W / 40.52722°N 80.06222°W / 40.52722; -80.06222 (PI-93-CS)
Obliterated, residential housing plan.
40°30′53″N 080°04′49″W / 40.51472°N 80.08028°W / 40.51472; -80.08028 (PI-93-LS)

Rhode Island[edit]

Providence Defense Area (PR): Sites located in Rhode Island and southern Massachusetts for the defense of Rhode Island's capital city. From 1959 through 1960, sites PR-38 and PR-99 were upgraded to launch Nike Hercules missiles.

Site PR-79 at Foster was preserved, to be used as a State Police facility. Site PR-99 at North Smithfield stayed in operation until 1971 while PR-38 at Bristol held on until 1974.

External links[edit]

Providence Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
PR-19 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Providence Rehoboth, Massachusetts 1956 - Jun 1971 MAArNG/USAR Center
41°53′02″N 071°12′25″W / 41.88389°N 71.20694°W / 41.88389; -71.20694 (PR-19-CS)
Sports Complex, some old military buildings still in use.
41°53′05″N 071°11′57″W / 41.88472°N 71.19917°W / 41.88472; -71.19917 (PR-19-LS)
PR-29 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Providence Swansea, Massachusetts 1956 - Jun 1959 Now a sports complex. Some old military buildings, off "Nike Site Road"
41°46′59″N 071°10′38″W / 41.78306°N 71.17722°W / 41.78306; -71.17722 (PR-29-CS)
Iron Mountain storage building erected on old Missile pad. Part of magazine visible. Old FC buildings in area in various states of deterioration and abandoned.
41°47′59″N 071°09′52″W / 41.79972°N 71.16444°W / 41.79972; -71.16444 (PR-29-LS)
PR-38 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/10L-U Providence Bristol, Rhode Island 1956 - Apr 1974 Abandoned, overgrown with trees and vegetation. Likely most of site is under vegetation cover.
41°40′26″N 071°14′29″W / 41.67389°N 71.24139°W / 41.67389; -71.24139 (PR-38-CS)
Redeveloped as Bristol County Development Center, no remains.
41°40′29″N 071°15′56″W / 41.67472°N 71.26556°W / 41.67472; -71.26556 (PR-38-LS)
PR-58 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Providence North Kingston/ Davisville, Rhode Island 1956–1963 North Kingston Parks and Recreation Department sports complex. One old military building remains.
41°37′48″N 071°26′11″W / 41.63000°N 71.43639°W / 41.63000; -71.43639 (PR-58-CS)
Most of LS removed. Empty lot with scrub vegetation. Remainder of some roads.
41°36′58″N 071°25′58″W / 41.61611°N 71.43278°W / 41.61611; -71.43278 (PR-58-LS)
PR-69 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Providence Coventry, Rhode Island 1956 - Oct 1974 After its closure by the Army, on 25 Sep 1975 the control site property was designated the Coventry ANG Station, Air National Guard. It was assigned to the United States Property and Fiscal Officer, State of Rhode Island for real property jurisdiction and control. Still in use by the RIANG, 281st, 282d Combat Communications Squadrons. Off "Nike Site Road"
41°43′15″N 071°35′51″W / 41.72083°N 71.59750°W / 41.72083; -71.59750 (PR-69-CS)
Coventry Park. Most buildings remain, appears some of the magazine as well.
41°41′29″N 071°37′50″W / 41.69139°N 71.63056°W / 41.69139; -71.63056 (PR-69-LS)
PR-79 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Providence Foster Center/ Foster, Rhode Island 1956 - Jun 1963 Some buildings remain, part of Foster/Gloucester Regional School District
41°50′33″N 071°42′56″W / 41.84250°N 71.71556°W / 41.84250; -71.71556 (PR-79-CS)
State of Rhode Island, State Police Academy and Training Center, buildings in use; magazines visible.
41°50′23″N 071°43′55″W / 41.83972°N 71.73194°W / 41.83972; -71.73194 (PR-79-LS)
PR-99 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/11L-U, (10L-H) Providence North Smithfield/ Woonsocket, Rhode Island 1956 - Jun 1971 RIANG/USAFR Center, some old buildings in use.
41°58′15″N 071°34′26″W / 41.97083°N 71.57389°W / 41.97083; -71.57389 (PR-99-CS)
Rhode Island Army National Guard, most buildings intact, Magazine area used as a motor pool.
41°58′57″N 071°34′40″W / 41.98250°N 71.57778°W / 41.98250; -71.57778 (PR-99-LS)

South Dakota[edit]

Ellsworth AFB Defense Area (E): Four Nike Ajax batteries were positioned around Ellsworth AFB in 1957. E-01 was north, E-20 was east-northeast, E-40 was south-southeast, and E-70 was west-southwest. Headquarters facilities were located at Ellsworth. In 1958, batteries E-20, E-40, and E-70 were removed from service and E-01 was converted to fire Nike Hercules missiles. This battery remained in service until 1961.

An Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) was established at Ellsworth AFB, SD in 1960 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was equipped with the AN/GSG-5(V) BIRDIE solid-state computer system. The AADCP was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site M-97. The radar site ceased all operations on 15 August 1962.

External links[edit]

Ellsworth AFB Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
E-01 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Ellsworth 5.2 miles N Ellsworth AFB 1957–1961 In use, some buildings still standing. No radar towers.
44°13′46″N 103°04′17″W / 44.22944°N 103.07139°W / 44.22944; -103.07139 (E-01-CS)
Abandoned. On or about 30 Dec 1963 the housing area next to the Launch Site was designated Ellsworth Family Housing Annex No 1, activated, and assigned to Ellsworth AFB. It was inactivated on 4 Nov 1970. Today, the housing is abandoned and the homes had been removed, leaving the basements exposed. Magazine visible, covered with vegetation and refuse.
44°12′15″N 103°05′52″W / 44.20417°N 103.09778°W / 44.20417; -103.09778 (E-01-LS)
E-20 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Ellsworth 5.3 miles ENE Ellsworth AFB 1957–1958 The IFC was assigned as an off-base installation to Ellsworth AFB on 25 May 1961. The Army housing was commonly referred to as East Nike Housing Area, and was controlled by Ellsworth AFB until about 2000. Today, the site is in use, some buildings still standing. No radar towers.
44°09′31″N 102°58′52″W / 44.15861°N 102.98111°W / 44.15861; -102.98111 (E-20-CS)
IFC buildings in use, housing adjacent abandoned and torn down. Magazine visible, covered with vegetation and refuse.
44°09′02″N 103°00′12″W / 44.15056°N 103.00333°W / 44.15056; -103.00333 (E-20-LS)
E-40 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Ellsworth 3.5 miles SSE Ellsworth AFB 1957–1958 In use, some buildings still standing. No radar towers.
44°05′16″N 103°05′12″W / 44.08778°N 103.08667°W / 44.08778; -103.08667 (E-40-CS)
After the Nike base was closed, it was gained by Ellsworth AFB on 30 Sep 1963, as Ellsworth Academic Annex (also referred to as South Nike Education Annex). As of Nov 1999, it was still on the Ellsworth AFB real property books, excess and awaiting disposition. Today, most buildings had recently been demolished. Magazine now an auto junkyard.
44°06′13″N 103°05′55″W / 44.10361°N 103.09861°W / 44.10361; -103.09861 (E-40-LS)
E-70 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Ellsworth 4.9 miles WSW Ellsworth AFB 1957–1958 The IFC was assigned as an off-base installation to Ellsworth AFB on 25 May 1961. The Army housing was commonly referred to as West Nike Housing Area, and was controlled by Ellsworth AFB until about 2000. Today, the buildings are still in use, some buildings still standing. No radar towers.
44°09′29″N 103°12′29″W / 44.15806°N 103.20806°W / 44.15806; -103.20806 (E-70-CS)
Abandoned, vegetation (tall trees) growing in Magazine concrete
44°09′11″N 103°12′59″W / 44.15306°N 103.21639°W / 44.15306; -103.21639 (E-70-LS)

Texas[edit]

Bergstrom AFB Defense Area (BG): Headquartered at Bergstrom AFB, Army units defended this Strategic Air Command

Base and the Austin region from two Nike Hercules sites between 1960-1966.


Dallas-Fort Worth Defense Area (DF): For air defense of Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. These Nike Hercules sites were manned by Regular Army and National Guard units and operated from 1960 to 1968. Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) DF-30DC was established at Duncanville AFS, TX in 1959 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was equipped with the AN/GSG-5(V) BIRDIE solid-state computer system.

DF-30DC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site P-78 / Z-78. Air Force operations ended 31 July 1964. The AADCP was inactivated in 1969.


Dyess AFB Defense Area (DY): Installed to defend the SAC bombers and Atlas F missile silos stationed at and around Dyess AFB. Site DY-10, located at Fort Phantom Hill and site DY-50, located southwest of Abilene, remained operational from 1960 until 1966.

An Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) was established at Sweetwater AFS, TX in 1960 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was equipped with the AN/GSG-5(V) BIRDIE solid-state computer system.

The AADCP was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site M-89 / Z-89. The AADCP was inactivated in Sep 1969.

External links[edit]

Texas Nike Missile Sites
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
BG-40 Nike 3AG/12H/12L-H Bergstrom Elroy, Texas (SE) Nov 1960 - Jun 1966 Abandoned. Appears to be mostly intact with buildings in various states of deterioration, several radar towers visible on aerial imagery.
30°06′18″N 097°35′30″W / 30.10500°N 97.59167°W / 30.10500; -97.59167 (BG-40-CS)
Abandoned. Above-ground Nike-Hercules pads within protective berms. Missile assembly building appears standing, concrete missile pads deteriorated concrete.
30°05′30″N 097°35′16″W / 30.09167°N 97.58778°W / 30.09167; -97.58778 (BG-40-LS)
BG-80 Nike 3AG/12H/12L-H Bergstrom Austin, Texas (WNW) Nov 1960 - Jun 1966 Intact, TXArNG 111th Support Group
30°18′20″N 097°50′24″W / 30.30556°N 97.84000°W / 30.30556; -97.84000 (BG-80-CS)
Above-ground Nike-Hercules pads within protective berms. Mostly abandoned, parts used by Support Group as a Firing Range.
30°18′52″N 097°52′00″W / 30.31444°N 97.86667°W / 30.31444; -97.86667 (BG-80-LS)
DF-01 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Dallas Fort Worth Denton, Texas (N) Sep 1960 - Oct 1968 Intact, located off North Locust Street just north of Denton, Texas was converted for use as an astronomical observatory of the University of North Texas after decommissioning. Aside from its use as a laboratory for the school's astronomy program, the site has been used for storage, research and experimentation. A broadcasting tower is also located on site. The site's housing and administrative complex was sold to a private owner and is currently being used as a residence. Has radar towers.
33°16′28″N 097°07′55″W / 33.27444°N 97.13194°W / 33.27444; -97.13194 (DF-01-CS)
Underground single-magazine intact, no buildings, appears abandoned.
33°17′25″N 097°08′02″W / 33.29028°N 97.13389°W / 33.29028; -97.13389 (DF-01-LS)
DF-20 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Dallas Fort Worth Terrell, Texas (NE) Aug 1960 - Feb 1964 Abandoned, most buildings collapsed, one radar tower still standing.
32°45′47″N 096°18′44″W / 32.76306°N 96.31222°W / 32.76306; -96.31222 (DF-20-CS)
Underground single-magazine intact, Terrell FFA, school bus storage/maintenance.
32°46′00″N 096°17′42″W / 32.76667°N 96.29500°W / 32.76667; -96.29500 (DF-20-LS)
DF-50 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Dallas Fort Worth Alvarado, Texas Aug 1960 - Oct 1968 Intact, Private ownership in good condition. Appears to be a tower also present.
32°23′26″N 097°10′01″W / 32.39056°N 97.16694°W / 32.39056; -97.16694 (DF-50-CS)
Private ownership, mostly returned to agricultural use, single magazine is about all that is left.
32°23′50″N 097°09′57″W / 32.39722°N 97.16583°W / 32.39722; -97.16583 (DF-50-LS)
DF-70 Nike 3D/18H/12L-U Dallas Fort Worth Fort Wolters, Texas Sep 1960 - Oct 1968 Originally established during World War II as Camp Wolters. On 6 Mar 1951 it was redesignated Wolters Air Force Base. On 15 Dec 1956 jurisdiction, control, and accountability transferred back to the Army. Still in use, with a few buildings, one radar tower, TXArNG training.
32°50′48″N 098°02′42″W / 32.84667°N 98.04500°W / 32.84667; -98.04500 (DF-70-CS)
Intact double underground magazine, Small arms storage, firing, and maneuvering range
32°51′00″N 098°03′35″W / 32.85000°N 98.05972°W / 32.85000; -98.05972 (DF-70-LS)
DY-10 Nike 3AG/12H/12L-H Dyess Fort Phantom Hill, Texas (N) Oct 1960 - Jun 1966 Intact, Abilene Independent School District, in good shape.
32°33′52″N 099°43′00″W / 32.56444°N 99.71667°W / 32.56444; -99.71667 (DY-10-CS)
Above ground magazines protected by berms. Appears abandoned, covered by wild vegetation, Private ownership.
32°34′49″N 099°43′02″W / 32.58028°N 99.71722°W / 32.58028; -99.71722 (DY-10-LS)
DY-50 Nike 3AG/12H/12L-H Dyess Abilene, Texas (12 mi SW) Oct 1960 - Jun 1966 Complete with radar towers, in use, use unknown.
32°17′05″N 099°56′37″W / 32.28472°N 99.94361°W / 32.28472; -99.94361 (DY-50-CS)
Above ground magazines protected by berms. Appears abandoned.
32°16′16″N 099°57′30″W / 32.27111°N 99.95833°W / 32.27111; -99.95833 (DY-50-CS)

Virginia[edit]

Norfolk Defense Area (N): Headquarters facilities were located at Fort Monroe, Ballantine School in Norfolk,

Reedsville/South Norfolk, Craddock BranchIPortsmouth, and Newport News. The world's largest naval complex received an extensive air defense network. Sites N-25, N-52, and N-85 were modernized to fire the Nike Hercules missile. Site N-63 held the distinction of being the last to operate Nike Ajax, being deactivated in November 1964. Both Regular Army and Virginia Army National Guard Units contributed to the manning of the sites. Sites at (N-52) Deep CreekIPortsmouth and (N-85) DenbighlPatrick Henry remained active until April 1974.

An Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) was established at Cape Charles AFS, VA in 1958 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was equipped with the AN/GSG-5(V) BIRDIE solid-state computer system.

The AADCP was later integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site P-56 / Z-56'. The AADCP inactivated in June 1974.

External links[edit]

Norfolk Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
N-02 Nike 2C, 1B/30A/12L-A Norfolk Fox Hill, Virginia 1955–1963 Fort Monroe, HQ Training and Doctrine Command. Buildings in good shape, no radar towers.
37°05′02″N 076°17′55″W / 37.08389°N 76.29861°W / 37.08389; -76.29861 (N-02-CS)
Fort Monroe, HQ Training and Doctrine Command, Buildings in good shape, magazines covered with earth.
37°05′29″N 076°17′12″W / 37.09139°N 76.28667°W / 37.09139; -76.28667 (N-02-LS)
N-25/29 Nike 4B, 2C/18H, 30A/24L-UA Norfolk Fort Story, Virginia 1957 - Jun 1971 Army amphibious training site. Some buildings still in use, no towers.
36°55′51″N 076°01′28″W / 36.93083°N 76.02444°W / 36.93083; -76.02444 (N-25/29-CS)
Army amphibious training site. Buildings in use. Magazines visible, status unknown.
36°55′23″N 076°01′07″W / 36.92306°N 76.01861°W / 36.92306; -76.01861 (N-25/29-LS)
N-36 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Norfolk Kempsville, Virginia 1955–1964 City of Virginia Beach, Parks and Recreation offices. Also juvenile detention facility.
36°47′22″N 076°08′31″W / 36.78944°N 76.14194°W / 36.78944; -76.14194 (N-36-CS)
Parks and Recreation, maintenance, building in use. Magazine area now storage yard.
36°47′15″N 076°07′46″W / 36.78750°N 76.12944°W / 36.78750; -76.12944 (N-36-LS)
N-52 Nike 2B/18H, 30A/8L-UA Norfolk Deep Creek/ Chesapeake, Virginia 1955 - Apr 1974 Chesapeake Alternative School.
36°41′59″N 076°20′45″W / 36.69972°N 76.34583°W / 36.69972; -76.34583 (N-52-CS)
Public Safety Training Center. Buildings in use, magazines still intact, being used as a parking lot.
36°41′25″N 076°20′29″W / 36.69028°N 76.34139°W / 36.69028; -76.34139 (N-52-LS)
N-63 Nike 2B, 1C/30A/12L-A Norfolk Nansemond/ Suffolk, Virginia 1955 - Nov 1964 Being redeveloped into high-end single-family housing. Foundations visible in construction site.
36°51′11″N 076°28′02″W / 36.85306°N 76.46722°W / 36.85306; -76.46722 (N-63-CS)
Bennett's Creek Park. Some buildings in use, magazine area obliterated however land scarring visible where overfilled with soil.
36°51′04″N 076°28′42″W / 36.85111°N 76.47833°W / 36.85111; -76.47833 (N-63-LS)
N-75 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Norfolk Smithfield/ Carrolton, Virginia 1955 - Jun 1961 Isle of Wight County Park "Nike Park". Some old buildings remain. Also quite a few junk vehicles.
36°58′32″N 076°33′28″W / 36.97556°N 76.55778°W / 36.97556; -76.55778 (N-75-CS)
Isle of Wight County Park. Magazine site is still very recognizable, with the surface concrete pad / blast deflectors and raised areas surrounding the former elevator doors still in place.
36°57′44″N 076°33′49″W / 36.96222°N 76.56361°W / 36.96222; -76.56361 (N-75-LS)
N-85 Nike 2B, 1C/18H, 30A/12L-UA, (8L-H) Norfolk Denbigh/ Patrick Henry, Virginia 1955 - Apr 1974 Peninsula Airport Commission. Abandoned and overgrown with weeds. Some buildings standing as well as radar towers.
37°08′24″N 076°29′57″W / 37.14000°N 76.49917°W / 37.14000; -76.49917 (N-85-CS)
Abandoned area, weeds, no remains of launchers. Some buildings may still be standing.
37°08′01″N 076°30′19″W / 37.13361°N 76.50528°W / 37.13361; -76.50528 (N-85-LS)
N-93 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Norfolk Hampton/ Spiegelville, Virginia 1955–1963 USAR Center
37°03′08″N 076°23′17″W / 37.05222°N 76.38806°W / 37.05222; -76.38806 (N-93-CS)
USAR Center Magazine area remains, concrete badly deteriorated.BR>37°03′34″N 076°23′44″W / 37.05944°N 76.39556°W / 37.05944; -76.39556 (N-93-LS)

Washington[edit]

Fairchild AFB Defense Area (F): Four sites initially protected the Spokane region and the Strategic Air Command Base at Fairchild. Medical Lake was converted to Hercules missiles in 1960 and 1961. Headquarters facilities were located at Fairchild AFB. The Army deactivated the Nike Ajax batteries in 1960. An Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) was established at Mica Peak AFS in 1958 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was equipped with the AN/GSG-5(V) BIRDIE solid-state computer system.

The AAFC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site SM-151 / Z-151. The AADCP was inactivated in May 1972.


Hanford Defense Area (H): Nike missiles replaced and augmented gun batteries that had been previously installed to defend this nuclear industrial complex. Headquarters facilities were located at Camp Hanford. Three sites were deactivated in December 1958 as only Saddle Mountain was converted to the new Nike Hercules. Upon deactivation of this Hercules battery in 1960, the equipment was forwarded to the Norfolk site at Deep Creek/Portsmouth.


Seattle Defense Area (S): Home of Boeing Aircraft Company and military installations, Seattle was ringed with defenses manned by both Regular Army and Washington National Guard units. Nike Ajax sites were phased out from 1960 to 1963. Sites at (S-13) Redmond, (S-61) Vashon Island, and (S-92) Kingston were upgraded to launch Nike Hercules missiles and survived until 1974.

Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) S-90DC established at Fort Lawton AFS, WA in 1960 for Nike missile command-and-control functions. The site was initially an AN/FSG-l Missile-Master Radar Direction Center. It was later equipped with the AN/GSG-5(V) BIRDIE solid-state computer system.

S-90DC was integrated with the USAF Air Defense Command/NORAD Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense radar network as Site RP-1 / Z-1 The Air Force ceased radar operations in March 1963 and the AADCP was inactivated 1 Sep 1974.

External links[edit]

Fairchild AFB Defense Area

Hanford Defense Area

Seattle Defense Area
Site Name Missile Type Defense Area Site Location Service Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
F-07 Nike 2B, 1C/30A/12L-A Fairchild Spokane, Washington 1957 - Jun 1960 Was acquired by the United States Air Force during 1963 to be used as one of the command readout stations for the DMSP mission. It was operated by Detachment 1, 4000 Aerospace Applications Group, which was later designated as Detachment 1, 1000th Satellite Operations Group, and later the 5th Satellite Control Squadron part of the 50th Space Wing. It was later converted to the Fairchild Satellite Operations Center to support MILSTAR/GPS and other programs under Air Force Space Command.[18] Some IFC buildings still in use.
47°42′10″N 117°34′39″W / 47.70278°N 117.57750°W / 47.70278; -117.57750 (F-07-CS)
Private Ownership. Magazines visible.
47°40′48″N 117°36′24″W / 47.68000°N 117.60667°W / 47.68000; -117.60667 (F-07-LS)
F-37 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Fairchild Cheney, Washington 1957 - Jun 1960 Operated by the Washington Air National Guard as the Four Lakes Communications Station (1961-2009); operated by the Cheney School District (2009–present)[19]
47°33′05″N 117°33′14″W / 47.55139°N 117.55389°W / 47.55139; -117.55389 (F-37-CS)
Operated by the Washington Air National Guard as the Four Lakes Communications Station (1961-2009); operated by the Cheney School District (2009–present)[19]
47°32′31″N 117°32′46″W / 47.54194°N 117.54611°W / 47.54194; -117.54611 (F-37-LS)
F-45 Nike 2B, 1C/18H, 30A/12L-UA Fairchild Medical Lake, Washington 1957 - Mar 1966 Being used as an auto junkyard. Some buildings standing, even a few radar towers.
47°33′09″N 117°43′39″W / 47.55250°N 117.72750°W / 47.55250; -117.72750 (F-45-CS)
Abandoned, some buildings standing, magazine deteriorating but visible.
47°35′10″N 117°40′31″W / 47.58611°N 117.67528°W / 47.58611; -117.67528 (F-45-LS)
F-87 Nike 2B, 1C/18H/11L-U Fairchild Deep Creek, Washington Sep 1958 - Mar 1966 Private ownership, electrical service, buildings and radar towers standing.
47°42′09″N 117°44′33″W / 47.70250°N 117.74250°W / 47.70250; -117.74250 (F-8l-CS)
Private ownership. Some military buildings in use, new buildings erected over magazine.
47°39′38″N 117°42′55″W / 47.66056°N 117.71528°W / 47.66056; -117.71528 (F-8l-LS)
H-06 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U Hanford Saddle Mountain, Washington 1955 - Dec 1960 Obliterated and abandoned, Department of Energy
46°47′33″N 119°26′54″W / 46.79250°N 119.44833°W / 46.79250; -119.44833 (H-06-CS)
Obliterated and abandoned, Department of Energy
46°44′54″N 119°25′26″W / 46.74833°N 119.42389°W / 46.74833; -119.42389 (H-06-LS)
H-12 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Hanford Othello, Washington 1955 - Dec 1958 Obliterated and abandoned, Department of Energy
46°41′33″N 119°23′09″W / 46.69250°N 119.38583°W / 46.69250; -119.38583 (H-12-CS)
Obliterated and abandoned, Department of Energy
46°41′11″N 119°24′29″W / 46.68639°N 119.40806°W / 46.68639; -119.40806 (H-12-LS)
H-52 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Hanford Rattlesnake Mountain, Washington 1955–1960 Intact, Department of Energy, facilities used as auxiliary research labs under Pacific Northwest National Laboratories oversight, currently scheduled for demolition.
46°23′42″N 119°35′45″W / 46.39500°N 119.59583°W / 46.39500; -119.59583 (H-52-CS)
Intact, Department of Energy, silo currently used as lab for University of Washington research projects.
46°23′31″N 119°32′03″W / 46.39194°N 119.53417°W / 46.39194; -119.53417 (H-52-LS)
H-83 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Hanford Priest Rapids, Washington 1955 - Dec 1958 Obliterated and abandoned, Department of Energy
46°40′22″N 119°42′18″W / 46.67278°N 119.70500°W / 46.67278; -119.70500 (H-83-CS)
Obliterated and abandoned, Department of Energy
46°41′46″N 119°42′13″W / 46.69611°N 119.70361°W / 46.69611; -119.70361 (H-83-LS)
S-03 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Seattle Bothell, Washington 1957 - Mar 1964 Obliterated, Horizon Heights Park and grass runway airfield
47°46′26″N 122°16′40″W / 47.77389°N 122.27778°W / 47.77389; -122.27778 (S-03-CS)
Partially Intact, FEMA Agency Region X HQ and US Army Reserve Hooper Center. Magazines appear to be once under asphalted-over parking lot, however, access to one lift platform is now covered with dirt and the magazine is filled with water.
47°47′24″N 122°14′11″W / 47.79000°N 122.23639°W / 47.79000; -122.23639 (S-03-LS)
S-13/14 Nike 2B, 4C/18, 60A/23L-UA, (11L-H) Seattle Redmond, Washington (dual site) 1957 - Mar 1974 Is owned by the Lake Washington School District and was previously used for the district's NEVAC work study programs. All the structures remain intact, though some are in disrepair. The radar site to the west of the launchers has been renovated and is now owned by the United States Air Force. The radars have been removed and portions of the site have been converted into "Nike Park"
47°41′06″N 122°06′33″W / 47.68500°N 122.10917°W / 47.68500; -122.10917 (S-13/14-CS)
Dual magazines, in overgrown area, visible.
47°41′00″N 122°04′24″W / 47.68333°N 122.07333°W / 47.68333; -122.07333 (S-13/14-LS)
S-20 Nike 2B/20A/8L-A Seattle Cougar Mountain/ Issaquah, Washington 1957 - Mar 1964 Obliterated, Cougar Mountain County Park
47°32′26″N 122°05′50″W / 47.54056°N 122.09722°W / 47.54056; -122.09722 (S-20-CS)
Obliterated, Cougar Mountain Regional Wildlife Park
47°32′00″N 122°06′49″W / 47.53333°N 122.11361°W / 47.53333; -122.11361 (S-20-LS)
S-32 Nike 1B, 2C/20A/12L-A Seattle Lake Young, Washington 1956 - Dec 1961 Partially Intact, King County Sheriff's Department
47°26′09″N 122°07′01″W / 47.43583°N 122.11694°W / 47.43583; -122.11694 (S-32-CS)
Intact, Maple Valley Christian School, South King County Activity Center (shared launch with S-33)
47°27′07″N 122°06′51″W / 47.45194°N 122.11417°W / 47.45194; -122.11417 (S-32-LS)
S-33 Nike 1B, 2C/20A/12L-A Seattle Lake Young/ Renton, Washington 1956 - Dev 1961 Intact, USAR Center, 104th Division, Training
47°25′49″N 122°08′42″W / 47.43028°N 122.14500°W / 47.43028; -122.14500 (S-33-CS)
Intact, Maple Valley Christian School, South King Counth Activity Center (shared launch with S-32)
47°27′07″N 122°06′51″W / 47.45194°N 122.11417°W / 47.45194; -122.11417 (S-32-LS)
S-43 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/10L-A Seattle Kent/Midway, Washington 1956 - Feb 1963 Now Grandview Park.
47°23′50″N 122°17′06″W / 47.39722°N 122.28500°W / 47.39722; -122.28500 (S-43-CS)
Intact, King County Parks and Kent School District, magazines removed.
47°22′52″N 122°16′58″W / 47.38111°N 122.28278°W / 47.38111; -122.28278 (S-43-LS)
S-61 Nike 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-UA, (7L-H) Seattle Vashon Island, Washington 1956 - Mar 1974 Partially Intact, Vashon High School
47°25′01″N 122°27′46″W / 47.41694°N 122.46278°W / 47.41694; -122.46278 (S-61-CS)
Has been turned into a public horse park named Paradise Ridge. The buildings are now used as a thrift store, Granny's Attic, and a medical clinic. Also Nike Site Park
47°24′39″N 122°29′01″W / 47.41083°N 122.48361°W / 47.41083; -122.48361 (S-61-LS)
S-62 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Seattle Ollala, Washington 1958 - Mar 1963 Intact, Ollala Guest Lodge
47°25′52″N 122°32′28″W / 47.43111°N 122.54111°W / 47.43111; -122.54111 (S-62-CS)
Partially Intact, Private ownership, being used as a junkyard for old vehicles.
47°25′10″N 122°33′20″W / 47.41944°N 122.55556°W / 47.41944; -122.55556 (S-62-LS)
S-81 Nike 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Seattle Poulsbo, Washington 1956 - Nov 1960 Intact, North Kitsap School District and Frank Raab Municipal Park
47°43′30″N 122°37′21″W / 47.72500°N 122.62250°W / 47.72500; -122.62250 (S-81-CS)
Redeveloped into retail center.
47°45′26″N 122°39′39″W / 47.75722°N 122.66083°W / 47.75722; -122.66083 (S-81-LS)
S-92 Nike 2B/12H, 20A/8L-U Seattle Kingston, Washington 1958 - Mar 1974 Eagledale Park,
47°36′33″N 122°31′23″W / 47.60917°N 122.52306°W / 47.60917; -122.52306 (S-92-CS)
North Kitsap County School District, Spectrum Alternative Center
47°38′17″N 122°32′46″W / 47.63806°N 122.54611°W / 47.63806; -122.54611 (S-92-LS)

Wisconsin[edit]

Milwaukee Defense Area sites (code M) were all in Wisconsin, including 3 launch sites in the Milwaukee city limits (M-02, -20, & -96). The 2 battalion headquarters and nearby headquarters batteries were the 401st Antiaircraft Missile Bn & M-54's A Btry at "Hales Corner" and the 852nd Bn & M-96's D Btry[20]:2 at Maitland Field[20]:17 which was planned for 26 acres (11 ha) in 1954.[21][22] The defense area with 5 sites was reorganized in 1961 "from group status to a battalion status",[23] and its Army Air Defense Command Post near M-96[23] for integrating fire control began using an AN/GSG-5 BIRDIE[24] after the solid-state CCCS became available in 1961. M-64 & -96 had transferred to the Wisconsin National Guard by August 1961[23] (M-74 in June 1964),[25] and command of the area transferred from the 61st Artillery Group to the 45th Artillery Brigade (Air Defense) on August 1, 1964.[20]:2 In 1968, the Milwaukee Defense Area merged[citation needed] with the Chicago-Gary Defense Area and was controlled using the latter's Arlington Heights AADCP with a 1967 AN/TSQ-51. The resulting Chicago-Milwaukee Defense Area included Wisconsin sites at Argyle (CM-71R), Princeton (CM-97R), and Tisch Mills (CM-01R 44°19′28″N 87°34′45″W / 44.32444°N 87.57917°W / 44.32444; -87.57917 (CM-10R)) and 3 in Illinois and 4 in Michigan.[26] One of the last sites transferred from the federal government was Waukesha's "Nike Hill"[27] Integrated Fire Control site for M-74 in March 2006.[28]
Milwaukee Defense Area
Code & location Missile Type Defense Area Dates Control Site condition/owner Launch Site condition/owner
M-02 Brown Deer Rd[23] 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-U Milwaukee 1957-1971 Jun Woods & subdivision
43°10′35″N 087°56′01″W / 43.17639°N 87.93361°W / 43.17639; -87.93361 (M-02-CS)
Obliterated
43°10′41″N 087°56′24″W / 43.17806°N 87.94000°W / 43.17806; -87.94000 (M-02-LS)
M-20 Harbor Drive 3B/18H, 30A/12L-U Milwaukee 1957-1971 Jun Grant Park
42°55′32″N 087°50′56″W / 42.92556°N 87.84889°W / 42.92556; -87.84889 (M-20-CS)
lakefront office buildings
42°56′00″N 087°50′57″W / 42.93333°N 87.84917°W / 42.93333; -87.84917 (M-20-LS)
M-42 Cudahy 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Milwaukee 1956-1961 Aug Warnimont Golf Course
42°56′40″N 087°50′56″W / 42.94444°N 87.84889°W / 42.94444; -87.84889 (M-42-CS)
Cudahy High School
42°57′13″N 087°50′51″W / 42.95361°N 87.84750°W / 42.95361; -87.84750 (M-42-CL)
M-54 "Hales Corners"[20]:2 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Milwaukee 1956-1961 Aug Obl. Franklin "Root River" site
42°52′26″N 087°56′24″W / 42.87389°N 87.94000°W / 42.87389; -87.94000 (M-54-CS)
Oak Creek industrial site
42°51′49″N 087°55′03″W / 42.86361°N 87.91750°W / 42.86361; -87.91750 (M-54-LS)
M-64 Muskego/Prospect 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Milwaukee 1956-1963 Mar machine shop on Martin Dr.
42°56′29″N 088°08′50″W / 42.94139°N 88.14722°W / 42.94139; -88.14722 (M-64-CS)
Obliterated, being redeveloped
42°55′42″N 088°09′43″W / 42.92833°N 88.16194°W / 42.92833; -88.16194 (M-64-LS)
M-74 Waukesha 1B, 2C/18H, 30A/12L-U, (10L-H) Milwaukee 1956-1971 Jun structures remain in Hillcrest Park[25]
43°01′23″N 088°11′28″W / 43.02306°N 88.19111°W / 43.02306; -88.19111 (M-74-CS)
Obliterated, being redeveloped
43°00′16″N 088°11′35″W / 43.00444°N 88.19306°W / 43.00444; -88.19306 (M-74-LS)
M-86 Lannon 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Milwaukee 1956–1958 Demolished as of 2014. Radar facility used as dumping grounds for Lannon County Park offices. Barracks are demolished and land is unused.
43°09′43″N 088°09′49″W / 43.16194°N 88.16361°W / 43.16194; -88.16361 (M-86-CS)
Largely intact, private owner
43°10′19″N 088°09′34″W / 43.17194°N 88.15944°W / 43.17194; -88.15944 (M-86-LS)
M-96 Silver Springs Dr. 1B, 2C/30A/12L-A Milwaukee 1956-1963 Mar[29] Carleton Elementary School
43°07′12″N 087°57′50″W / 43.12000°N 87.96389°W / 43.12000; -87.96389 (M-96-CS)
Army Reserve Complex
43°07′11″N 087°58′37″W / 43.11972°N 87.97694°W / 43.11972; -87.97694 (M-96-LS)

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "Nikesummit.org : Freinds of Nike Site Summit". Nikesitesummit.org. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 
  3. ^ "Mount Gleason". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 15 November 2009. 
  4. ^ "Barley Flats". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 15 November 2009. 
  5. ^ "Magic Mountain". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 15 November 2009. 
  6. ^ "Lang". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 15 November 2009. 
  7. ^ "Nike Missile Site - Golden Gate National Recreation Area (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 2013-10-20. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 
  8. ^ Leary, Joseph (2004). A Shared Landscape: A Guide & History of Connecticut's State Parks & Forests. Hartford, CT: Friends of Connecticut State Parks Inc. pp. 84–85. ISBN 0-9746629-0-9. Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  9. ^ "Nike Missile Site C-41 - Promontory Point - Jackson Park, Chicago IL - Michael Epperson". M-epperson.home.comcast.net. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 
  10. ^ "Blast Camp Paintball - Welcome to Blastcamp Paintball & Airsoft". Blastcamp.com. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 
  11. ^ "BA-09 Former NIKE Missile Launch Site". Wikimapia.org. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 
  12. ^ "Nike Sites with Earlier or Later Use by the Air Force". Airforcebase.net. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 
  13. ^ "Abandoned & Little-Known Airfields: Virginia: Western Fairfax County". Airfields-freeman.com. 1949-07-10. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 
  14. ^ "At missile site, ‘on our toes’ day and night". Gazette.net. 2007-04-18. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 
  15. ^ Workman, Karen. "Fire at old Commerce Twp. missile site called suspicious". The Oakland Press. Retrieved 2 June 2011. 
  16. ^ "Hamburg Nike Base". Dmna.state.ny.us. 2006-02-19. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 
  17. ^ "Sports Complex Coming to Former Military Base", Gloucester Township Patch, 25 Jan 2011.
  18. ^ Zambos, Ted. "History of the Four Grand". The Four Grand. Retrieved 2006-12-06. 
  19. ^ a b "Former Four Lakes Communications Station". U.S. Air Force Civil Engineering Center. May 10, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c d "Nike Missile: To Defend and Deter" (website). NikeSite.org. Retrieved 2012-04-01.  Webpages: 2) "Site M-74 Waukesha, Wisconsin;".  3) "Nike Overview / History;".  … 17) "Milwaukee Defense Area locations;". 
  21. ^ [2][dead link]
  22. ^ "Army Repeats Need For Maitland Field" (Google News Archive). The Milwaukee Sentinel. October 18, 1955. Retrieved 2012-04-01. 
  23. ^ a b c d "Air Defense Command in Area Reorganized" (Google News Archive). The Milwaukee Journal. August 24, 1961. Retrieved 2012-04-18. "Milwaukee air defense…consists of…three Nike Hercules missile batteries and two national guard Nike Ajax missile batteries. The Nike Hercules batteries are at Maitland airstrip…Brown Deer rd., River Hills, and on Davidson rd. near Waukesha county trunk Y … Ajax batteries are at Martin rd. east [sic] of Little Muskego lake and at 4828 W. Silver Spring dr. … air defense command [post] 4828 W. Silver Spring dr." 
  24. ^ "US Nike Missile Sites" (KML spreadsheet). Ed Thelen's Nike Missile Web Site. Ed-Thelen.org. Retrieved 2012-04-01. 
  25. ^ a b "M-74 Nike Missile Site". www.ericapp.weebly.com. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 
  26. ^ Morgan, Mark L; Berhow, Mark A (2002). Rings of Supersonic Steel (Google Books) (second ed.). Hole in the Head Press. ISBN 0-615-12012-1. Retrieved 2011-09-13. 
  27. ^ [3][dead link]
  28. ^ [4][dead link]
  29. ^ "The Nike Missile Bases of the Milwaukee Area Pool". Flickr. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 

External links[edit]