Province of Brindisi

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Province of Brindisi
Province
Itria Valley
Itria Valley
Coat of arms of Province of Brindisi
Coat of arms
Map highlighting the location of the province of Brindisi in Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Brindisi in Italy
Country  Italy
Region Apulia
Capital(s) Brindisi
Comuni 20
Government
 • President Massimo Ferrarese
Area
 • Total 1,839 km2 (710 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 401,652
 • Density 220/km2 (570/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 72012-72015, 72017-72018, 72020-72027, 72029
Telephone prefix 080, 0831
Vehicle registration BR
ISTAT 074

The Province of Brindisi (Italian: Provincia di Brindisi) is a province in the Apulia region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Brindisi. It has an area of 1,839 square kilometres (710 sq mi) and a total population of 401,652 (2013).[1]

Geography[edit]

The Province of Brindisi is situated in southeastern Italy, extending for 1,839 square kilometres (710 sq mi), the second smallest province in the region after the Province of Barletta-Andria-Trani. It was established in 1927 from the ancient Terra d'Otranto.[2] With the Adriatic Sea to the east, it is bordered to the north by the Province of Bari, on the west by the Province of Taranto and to the south-east by the Province of Lecce. The northern, central and western parts are hilly with much woodland, with the Murgia hills of particular note,[3] while to the north-west, bordering on the provinces of Taranto and Bari, it is lower-lying, with the Itria Valley (Valle d'Itria). The maximum height reached within the province is 414 metres (1,358 ft) above sea level, near Selva di Fasano. The other peaks are slightly lower and are all located in the north-central area. The coastline in the province is 80.606 kilometres (50.086 mi) long, partly rocky, with many alternating stretches of sandy beaches, small harbours and bays.[4] To the south it is essentially flat and widely used for crops.

The province, according to the Geological Map of Italy, prepared by the Geological Survey of Italy, is composed of various types of land: in the central-southern area there is a predominance of dolomitic limestone (present generally in the inhabited zone from the plateau of the Murgia), small eluvial deposits, sand, clay, grey silted marshes (around Francavilla, Oria and San Donaci), chalk and limestone, including firm bioclastic limestone and chalky sandstone.[5] In the north-central part, particularly Bari and Mola, the limestone stems from the Late Cretaceous, and deposits of limestone and sandstone date back to the Pleistocene. There are no significant rivers, because of the karst terrain, but there are many springs that gush out producing little streams. As for waterways, the longest is the Canale Reale, which flows into the territory of Villa Castelli, bordering Francavilla Fontana, and flows into the Natural Reserve of Torre Guaceto.[6] Along the coast, in addition, there are numerous ponds and small freshwater lakes, fed by underground aquifers.

Demography[edit]

In 1861, the province had a total population of 114,790 which grew steadily until 2001 when there were 402,422 inhabitants.[7] It has been more or less static since 2002 when there were 401,534 inhabitants, rising to 403,163 in 2010 but falling again to 401,867 in 2011.[8] In 2010, only 7,437 foreigners (1.8% of the total) resided in the province.[9]

Main communes[edit]

There are 20 comunes (Italian: comuni) in the province:

Commune Inhabitants
Brindisi 89,422
Fasano 38,552
Francavilla Fontana 36,349
Ostuni 32,720
Mesagne 28,136
Ceglie Messapica 20,794
San Vito dei Normanni 19,819
Carovigno 15,571
Oria 15,398
Latiano 15,211
San Pietro Vernotico 14,754
Cisternino 12,030
Torre Santa Susanna 10,584
San Pancrazio Salentino 10,467
Erchie 8,889
Villa Castelli 8,731
San Donaci 7,033
San Michele Salentino 6,251
Torchiarolo 5,051

Economy[edit]

Surrounded by vineyards, artichoke and olive groves,[10] the city of Brindisi is a major sailing port for the southern part of Italy. In modern times, the province has experienced a process of change in its economic structure, with a progressive decrease in the weight of industry and growth of the tertiary sector. A significant increase in tourism, due to a good infrastructure has been witnessed, as well as the growth of its artistic and culinary assets.[11]

In 2011, the principal sectors of activity in the province were commerce (30%), agriculture (27%) and construction (13%), together representing 70% of the economy. The number of enterprises rose to a peak of 38,435 in 2005 but thereafter fell to 37,304 in 2011. Of these, 8,453 were active in agriculture, mainly in crop production with small percentages in the areas of livestock, agricultural support and mixed farming.[12]

Landmarks and attractions[edit]

In addition to Brindisi, Oria, with its 13th century castle built by Frederick II, is one of the province's main attractions.[13] Ostuni, still protected by its town walls, is noted for its citadel, its cathedral and numerous mansions.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistiche". Istituto Nazionale di Statistica. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Iaccarino, Luca (2011). Puglia e Basilicata (in Italian). EDT srl. p. 27. ISBN 978-88-6040-798-6. 
  3. ^ Marangon, Francesco (2006). Gli interventi paesaggistico-ambientali nelle politiche regionali di sviluppo rurale (in Italian). FrancoAngeli. p. 263. ISBN 978-88-464-7818-4. 
  4. ^ Google Inc. "Province of Brindisi". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://www.google.com/maps/preview?ll=40.638333,17.945833&q=40.638333,17.945833&hl=en&t=h&z=11&source=newuser-ws. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  5. ^ Carta geologica d'Italia, Brindisi (in Italian), Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale, 1976 
  6. ^ Witkowski, Andrzej J.; Kowalczyk, Andrzej; Vrba, Jaroslav (18 October 2007). Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping: IAH-Selected Papers. CRC Press. p. 245. ISBN 978-0-203-93458-6. 
  7. ^ "Popolazione Provincia di Brindisi 1861-201" (in Italian). Comuni-Italiani. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "Bilancio Demografico Provincia di Brindisi" (in Italian). Comuni-Italiani.it. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "Provincia di Brindisi - Cittadini Stranieri" (in Italian). Comuni-Italiani.it. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Brindisi". Italia.it. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Phase II Urban Pilot Projects BRINDISI, ITALY". European Commission. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Rapporto della Provincia di Brindisi 2012" (in Italian). Camera di Commercio Brindisi. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  13. ^ "Provincia di Brindisi" (in Italian). Pugliaturismo.com. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "Da vedere a Ostuni" (in Italian). gopuglia.it. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°38′18″N 17°56′45″E / 40.63833°N 17.94583°E / 40.63833; 17.94583