Province of Campobasso

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Province of Campobasso
Province
Campobasso
Campobasso
Map highlighting the location of the province of Campobasso in Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Campobasso in Italy
Country  Italy
Region Molise
Capital(s) Campobasso
Comuni 84
Government
 • President Nicolino D'Ascanio
Area
 • Total 2,909 km2 (1,123 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 230,692
 • Density 79/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 86010, 86010-86049
Telephone prefix 0874, 0875
Vehicle registration CB
ISTAT 070

The Province of Campobasso (Italian: Provincia di Campobasso; Molisan dialect: Pruìnge de Cambuàsce) is a province in the Molise region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Campobasso.

It covers an area of 2,909 square kilometres (1,123 sq mi) and has a total population of 230,692 (2001). There are 84 comunes (Italian: comuni) in the province: Comunes of the Province of Campobasso.

The eastern part of the province is home to a small Croatian minority who speak an archaic dialect of the Croatian language. The Croatians reside primarily in Acquaviva Collecroce, San Felice and Montemitro.[1]

History[edit]

The Samnites, a group of Sabellic tribes. dominated this region of Italy including Campania from around 600 B.C. to 290 B.C.[2] Following the war against Rome in 343 B.C., in 290 B.C. the territory of the ancient Sannio region (the central zone of which lies in the current province of Campobasso) was included in the Roman Regio IV Samnium. In 570, following an invasion by the Lombards, the territory was annexed to the Lombard duchy of Benevento,[3] resulting in a reduction of the estates and assets of the ecclesiastical bishoprics of Bojano, Saepinum, Venafro, Trivento, Isernia, Larino and Termoli. As a result of frequent changes in its ownership, the Lombards called the city Campus Vassorum (Vassals' Territory) which later became Campobasso.[4] The feudal lords increasingly gained power at the expense of the church. The principality of Capua, established in 860,[5] included the counties of Venafro, Larino, Trivento, Bojano, Isernia, Campomarino and Termoli. Hugues I de Molise, Earl of Bojano and Norman feudal lord of Mulhouse (from which derives the name of Molise), implemented a policy to restore the old boundaries to the territories of Sannio in 1053, and finally, thanks to his successor, Hugues II de Molise, Molise was created independently around 1128.[6]

With the advent of the Neapolitan Republic, a new administrative organization was established, divided into departments made up of cantons. The Department of the Sangro was divided into 16 cantons: Lanciano, Ortona, Palena, Atessa, Pescocostanzo, Castel di Sangro, Agnone, Baranello, Campobasso, La Riccia, Trivento, Larino, Termoli, Serra Capriola, Dragonara, and Vasto.[7] On 27 September 1806, after the French occupation, Molise became an autonomous province consisting of the districts of Campobasso and Isernia, to which the districts of Larino and Agnone were added.[7] Following a constitutional amendment in December 1963, Campobasso was detached from Abruzzo and given the status of a province called Molise. The situation remained unchanged until 1970 when 52 municipalities were detached to form the Province of Isernia, established under Law No 2 of February 1970.

Geography[edit]

Map

The Province of Campobasso is situated in eastern Italy on the Adriatic coast. It is bordered to the north by the Province of Chieti in Abruzzo, to the south-east by the Province of Foggia in Apulia, to the south by the Province of Benevento and the Province of Caserta in Campania, and to the west by the Province of Isernia. The terrain is varied extending from the mountainous Apennines, down through hills, lakes and inland rivers to the Adriatic coast. The territory is crossed by the river valleys of the Trigno (85 km), Biferno (84 km) and Fortore (110 km), flanked by hills and mountains.[8] Other rivers of note include the Tammaro (78 km), the Saccione (33 km), the Sinarca (26 km), and the Sassinora (7 km). Alflow into the Adriatic with the exception of the Tammaro. The central Valle del Biferno includes the 7.45 square kilometres (2.88 sq mi) Lago di Guardialfiera, to the east of Castelmauro. The other lake of note is Lago di Occhito to the south east of Sant'Elia a Pianisi. The provincial capital of Campobasso lies in the south of the province, north of the Matese mountains, one of the three main mountain ranges in the Molise region.[8] On the coast, the principal towns are Termoli and Campomarino.

Demography[edit]

The population of the province rose between 1861 when there were 229,393 inhabitants and 1951 when it totalled 289,577. Over the next 20 years it fell back to 227,641 (1971) after which it rose once again to 238,958 in 1991. It has since undergone a slight reduction to 226,419 inhabitants in 2011.[9] As of 1 January 2014, the most populous communes (comuni) in the province are Campobasso (49,392), Termoli (33,478), Bojano (8,125), Campomarino (7,723), Larino (6,910), Montenero di Bisaccia (6,798), Guglionesi (5,422), Riccia (5,332), San Martino in Pensilis (4,827) and Trivento (4,788).[10]

Acquaviva Collecroce, with a population of 714, is the largest of three municipalities in the province where the inhabitants are of Croatian origin. It is believed they arrived at the end of the 15th century from Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia. They still speak a Croatian dialect as well as Italian.[11] The other two municipalities with inhabitants of Croatian origin are San Felice del Molise and Montemitro.[12] All three municipalities lie to the north of the city of Campobasso. As of 1 January 2014, San Felice has 664 inhabitants while Montemitro has 420 inhabitants.[13][14]

Landmarks and attractions[edit]

The city of Campobasso has several notable landmarks including Manforte Castle (1450), the cathedral and several old churches including San Bartolomeo. Also of interest are Campomarino, Larino (inhabited since the 5th century B.C.) and the fortifications of Monte Vairano, Gildone, Duronia and Terravecchia di Sepino, the Roman city of Saepinum, with its forum, basilica, baths and theatre.[15]

There are many large castles in the area, including those at Gambatesa, Castropignano, Civitacampomarano and Termoli, while there are many religious buildings of note such as Trivento Cathedral, Larino Cathedral (1319)[16] and the 12th century Church of Santa Maria in Petacciato.[15][17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Moliterno, Gino (11 September 2002). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Italian Culture. Routledge. p. 521. ISBN 978-1-134-75877-7. 
  2. ^ "A sort of little Tuscany in the hearth of the Campania region". Sannioturismo.com. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  3. ^ Arnold, John Charles (24 October 2013). The Footprints of Michael the Archangel: The Formation and Diffusion of a Saintly Cult, C. 300-c. 800. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 87. ISBN 978-1-137-31655-4. 
  4. ^ Domenico, Roy Palmer (2002). The Regions of Italy: A Reference Guide to History and Culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 224–. ISBN 978-0-313-30733-1. 
  5. ^ Granata, Francesco (1752). Storia civile della fedelissima città di Capua,dalla prima antichissima sua fondazione sino all' anno 1750, col minuto rapporto del ducato Beneventano,de principi barbari, con diverse dissertazioni,etc (in Italian). Stamp.Muziana. p. 353. 
  6. ^ Schellhass, Karl (1959). Quellen und Forschungen aus italienischen Archiven und Bibliotheken (in Italian). M. Niemeyer. pp. 33–4. 
  7. ^ a b "Molise". Santacroceonline.com. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "Provinces de la région Molise". Italie-logement.eu. 
  9. ^ "Censimenti popolazione provincia di CB 1861-2011" (in Italian). tuttitalia. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Comuni in prov. di CB per popolazione" (in Italian). tuttitalia.it. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Comune di Acquaviva Collecroce - sito istituzionale" (in Italian). Comune di Acquaviva Collecroce. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Molise-Croazia, la Regione pronta per la visita del Presidente della Repubblica, Ivo Josipovi;. Frattura: un onore immenso" (in Italian). Regione Molise. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  13. ^ "San Felice del Molise" (in Italian). tuttitalia. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "Montemitro" (in Italian). tuttitalia. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "Campobasso". Italia. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  16. ^ "Cattedrale di San Pardo a Larino" (in Italian). Provincia di Campobasso. 
  17. ^ "San Rocco di Petacciato" (in Italian). La Voce di Petacciato. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 

Literature[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Province of Campobasso at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 41°34′N 14°40′E / 41.567°N 14.667°E / 41.567; 14.667