Province of Castellón
Map of Spain with Castellón highlighted
|Autonomous community||Valencian Community|
|Capital||Castelló de la Plana|
|• President||Javier Moliner Gargallo (PPCV)|
|• Total||6,679 km2 (2,579 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 38th|
|• Rank||Ranked 28th|
|• Density||91/km2 (230/sq mi)|
|Official language(s)||Valencian and Spanish|
Castellón (Spanish: [kasteˈʎon]) or Castelló (Valencian: [kasteˈʎo]) is a province in the northern part of the Valencian Community, Spain. It is bordered by the provinces of Valencia to the south, Teruel to the west, Tarragona to the north, and by the Mediterranean Sea to the east. The western side of the province is in the mountainous Sistema Ibérico area.
Castellon's capital is Castelló de la Plana (Spanish: Castellón de la Plana). The province had a population of 501,237 in 2002, 30% of whom were residing in the capital, 60% in its metropolitan area, and 85% along the coastline. As of 2012, the population has since grown to 604,564 people. The province, and in particular its idle large airport, has become a symbol of the wasteful spending and corruption prior to the 2008–13 Spanish financial crisis.
It is a bilingual territory, with many inhabitants speaking both Spanish and the local, co-official language of Valencian. The relation of the latter to the very closely related and mutually understandable Catalan is a source of some controversy.
Traditionally, the economy of Castellón has been focused on the production of citrus and vegetables (Nules and Benicarló). Since the 17th century, Castellón has developed an important ceramic and ceramic tile industry (Onda, Alcora, Nules, Castellón and Villarreal) and nowadays most of the Spanish tile producers are concentrated in the province. Also, furniture (Benicarló and Vinaroz) and chemical industries (Benicarló and Castellón) are present.
Traditional industries such as shoe and footwear (Vall de Uxó), fishing (Castellón, Vinaròs) and textiles (Vilafranca and Morella), have given way to a service-based economy due to the increasing importance of tourism in the economy of the province.
The province is historically subdivided into the following comarques:
- L'Alt Maestrat
- L'Alt Millars / Alto Mijares
- L'Alt Palància
- El Baix Maestrat
- La Plana Alta
- La Plana Baixa
- Els Ports
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