Province of Frosinone

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Province of Frosinone
Province
Map highlighting the location of the province of Frosinone in Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Frosinone in Italy
Country  Italy
Region Lazio
Capital(s) Frosinone
Comuni 91
Government
 • President Antonello Iannarilli
Area
 • Total 3,244 km2 (1,253 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 489,042
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 03100
Telephone prefix 0775
Vehicle registration FR
ISTAT 060

The Province of Frosinone (Italian: Provincia di Frosinone) is a province in the Lazio region of Italy, with 91 comuni (singular: comune; see Comuni of the Province of Frosinone). Its capital is the city of Frosinone. It has an area of 3,244 km², and a total population of 489,042 (2005).

The Province was established by Royal Decree on 6 December 1926 with territories belonging to Lazio and to Campania. The Campania areas were the left valley of the Liri-Garigliano river, the district of Sora, the Comino Valley, the district of Cassino, the Gulf of Formia and Gaeta, the Pontine islands, which until then had been for centuries included in the Province called Terra di Lavoro, of the Kingdom of Naples (or of the Two Sicilies).

Main comuni[edit]

As of May 31, 2005, the main comuni by population are:

Comune Population
Frosinone 48,621
Cassino 32,617
Alatri 27,993
Sora 26,430
Ceccano 22,495
Ferentino 20,523
Veroli 20,144
Anagni 19,330
Pontecorvo 13,214
Monte San Giovanni Campano 12,818
Isola del Liri 12,072
Fiuggi 9,113
Boville Ernica 8,927
Ceprano 8,341
Paliano 7,897
Arpino 7,720
Roccasecca 7,522
Cervaro 7,101
Sant'Elia Fiumerapido 6,310
Arce 5,982
Aquino 5,301

History[edit]

The first traces of human presence in the provincial territory date back to prehistoric times: a famous skull of Homo erectus (the so-called Homo cepranensis, in the Prehistorical Museum of Pofi), dating from 800,000 years ago, constitutes the most ancient finding of the Homo species in Europe.

In historical times (10th-9th centuries BC), the area, previously occupied by the so-called Pelasgic civilization, was settled by Indo-European colonists. This arrival is echoed in numerous legends, like those of Aeneas and Saturn: the latter, ousted by Olympus, would come to Lazio to help the men and found seven cities whose name begins with "A" (for example, Alatri and Anagni).

Linguistic map of Ciociaria and Southern Lazio: Central Italian in pink and Southern Italian (Neapolitan dialects) in magenta.[1]

In the 7th century BC the area of what is now the province entered the orbit of Rome, which made it the so-called Latium adiectum ("Adjoined Lazio"). However, Rome needed some 300 years to obtain a definitive victory against the Volsci and the Hernici, who became Romanized after the Social and the Samnite Wars.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the northern part of the province (usually referred to as Ciociaria) belonged to the Papal States. In the Middle Ages, the abbey of Monte Cassino was always a major landowner and a politically renowned element of the area. The southeastern part was a frontier area which was long claimed by the other major powers of the time, the Duchies of Benevento and Gaeta and the County of Aversa: annexed to the Kingdom of Naples under the Normans (12th century), from the late 14th century it became part of the county and then, with an independent status, of the Duchy of Sora. Pontecorvo remained a Papal enclave from 1463.

After the unification of Italy, in 1927 the Fascist government made Frosinone the capital of a province which unified different areas which belonged to the Papal and Neapolitan states: this move caused criticism, as they were considered too different in history, language and culture, especially by the Bourbon nostalgic party which maintained a strong position in southern Italy for many decades.

The creation of a new province, with capitals in Cassino, Formia and Sora and comprising the former territories of the Kingdom of Naples, has been proposed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pellegrini's map

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°38′N 13°21′E / 41.633°N 13.350°E / 41.633; 13.350