Province of Guadalajara

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This article is about the province of Guadalajara in Spain. For other uses, see Guadalajara (disambiguation).
Guadalajara
Province
Guadalajara montage.jpg
Flag of Guadalajara
Flag
Coat of arms of Guadalajara
Coat of arms
Map of Spain with Guadalajara highlighted
Map of Spain with Guadalajara highlighted
Coordinates: 40°50′N 2°30′W / 40.833°N 2.500°W / 40.833; -2.500Coordinates: 40°50′N 2°30′W / 40.833°N 2.500°W / 40.833; -2.500
Autonomous community Castilla-La Mancha Castile–La Mancha
Capital Guadalajara
Area
 • Total 12,167 km2 (4,698 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 17th
Population (2013)
 • Total 257,723
 • Rank Ranked 42nd
 • Density 21/km2 (55/sq mi)
  0.52% of Spain
Demonym Guadalajareño / Guadalajareña
Official language(s) Spanish

Guadalajara (pronounced: [ɡwaðalaˈxaɾa] from Arabic wādi al-ħajāra (وادي الحجارة), "streambed/valley of stones") is a province of central/north-central Spain, in the northern part of the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha. As of 2013 it had a population of 257,723 people.[1]

History[edit]

From 16 to 20 July 2005 the province was devastated by a forest fire, known as the incendio de Guadalajara.[2] Eleven firefighters died after a blowup. The fire was caused by hikers barbecuing.

Geography and climate[edit]

The Province of Guadalajara is located in eastern-central Spain, the northeast of the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha, covering an area of 12.190 km²,[3] 3.42% of the area of Spain. It is bordered by the provinces of Cuenca, Madrid, Segovia, Soria, Zaragoza, and Teruel. Its capital is Guadalajara, where nearly 35% of the province's population lives. There are 288 municipalities in Guadalajara, of which more than three-quarters are villages with populations less than 200.

Guadalajara is a mountainous region, the eastern side of the province is in the Sistema Ibérico area, while the Sistema Central rises in the western part.[4][5] The Sistema Ibérico occupies the northeastern part, with the Sierras de Somosierra, Ayllón, Sierra del Ocejón, Alto Rey, Bodera Barahona, and Radona mountains in the vicinity. The mountains are mainly limestone,[6] eroded by the gorges of the rivers, such as the Henares (with a basin area of 3,735 square kilometres), and Jarama (with a basin area of 782 square kilometres) rivers.

Cerramiento de pizarra, Guadalajara

The Tagus (Tajo), one of Spain's main rivers, is a major river of the eastern part of the province, forming a basin with an area of 4,686 square kilometres, part of the wider Madrid basin.[4] Also of note is the Tajuña River with an area of ​​2,015 square kilometres, and the Ebro River, forming a basin area of 996 square kilometres. Other features of note are the Parque Natural del Alto Tajo, Hayedo de Tejera Negra, Lagunas de Puebla de Beleña, Cerros Margosos de Pastrana y Yebra, Cerros Volcánicos de La Miñosa and Prados Húmedos de Torremocha del Pinar.[7]

Subdivisions[edit]

The province contains the comarcas of La Alcarria, La Campiña, La Serranía and Señorío de Molina-Alto Tajo.[8]

Climate[edit]

The province, given its wide and varied geographical features, has a range of different weather conditions, although generally it may be classified as a typical Mediterranean Continental climate of the Central Plateau.[9] Long, dry and hot summers, with equally long and harsh winters give way to milder weather conditions in spring and later in autumn. The climatic diversity produces a range of vegetation and ecosystems, and trees such as oaks, juniper, pine, beech, etc. can all be found in the province.[10] The seasonal distribution of rainfall is influenced by the relief, the most rainfall occurring in the mountainous areas of the Sistema Ibérico with between 700 and 900 mm per year, and in the headwaters of the Jarama and Sorbe rivers in the Sierra de Ayllon, with more than 800 mm. The Henares and Tajuña valleys, and the northern area of moorland in Sigüenza have less than 600 mm annually on average, and in some areas such as the Molina moorlands, bordering the provinces of Zaragoza and Teruel, rainfall may be below 400 mm.

Landmarks[edit]

Landmarks of note include Castillo de Sigüenza, Castillo de Molina de Aragón, Castillo de Torija, Castillo de Atienza, Castillo de Jadraque, Castillo y Murallas de Palazuelos, Palacio del Infantado, Palacio Ducal de Pastrana, Palacio Ducal de Cogolludo, Catedral de Sigüenza, Cueva de los Casares in La Riba de Saelices and Castillo de Pioz. The Co-cathedral of Santa María de la Fuente la Mayor in the city of Guadalajara was declared a Bien de Interés Cultural site in 1941.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Menu" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadística. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "Un incendio asola el noreste de Guadalajara y se cobra la vida de 11 personas" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 18 July 2005. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  3. ^ Statesman's yearbook. Macmillan. 1981. p. 1103. 
  4. ^ a b Friend, P. F. (January 1996). Tertiary Basins of Spain: The Stratigraphic Record of Crustal Kinematics. Cambridge University Press. p. 267. ISBN 978-0-521-46171-9. 
  5. ^ Valero, José Arturo de Juan; Álvarez, José Fernando Ortega; Martín-Benito, José María Tartajuelo (2003). Sistemas de cultivo: evaluación de itinerarios técnicos (in Spanish). Mundi-Prensa Libros. p. 40. ISBN 978-84-8476-138-9. 
  6. ^ Montero, José Antonio; Aranzana, Eduardo de Juana; Barrio, Fernando (2006). Where to Watch Birds in Spain: The 100 Best Sites. Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-84-96553-04-0. 
  7. ^ Swaay, Chris van; Warren, Martin (2003). Prime butterfly areas in Europe: prority sites for conservation. Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries. p. 7. 
  8. ^ Aguirre, José Angel García de Cortázar y Ruiz de; Duarte, José Ignacio de la Iglesia (1995). V Semana de Estudios Medievales: Nájera, 1 al 5 de agosto de 1994 (in Spanish). Gobierno de La Rioja, Instituto de Estudios Riojanos. p. 92. ISBN 978-84-87252-45-7. 
  9. ^ Ordenanzas de la Junta de Comunidades de Castilla - la Mancha (in Spanish). MAD-Eduforma. p. 20. ISBN 978-84-665-2332-5. 
  10. ^ Historia, clima y paisaje: Estudios geográficos en memoria del profesor Antonio López Gómez (in Spanish). Universitat de València. 2004. p. 323. ISBN 978-84-370-5864-1. 
  11. ^ Database of protected buildings (movable and non-movable) of the Ministry of Culture of Spain (Spanish).

External links[edit]