Province of Kurhessen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Province of Kurhessen
Provinz Kurhessen
Province of Prussia

1944–1945

Flag of Kurhessen

Flag

Location of Kurhessen
The Province of Kurhessen in 1944.
Capital Kassel
Government Province
High President
 -  1944–1945 Karl Gerland
Historical era World War II
 -  Established 1 April 1944
 -  Disestablished 19 September 1945
Area
 -  1944 9,200 km2 (3,552 sq mi)
Population
 -  1944 971,887 
Density 105.6 /km2  (273.6 /sq mi)

The Province of Kurhessen (German: Provinz Kurhessen) was a province of Prussia within Nazi Germany between 1944 and 1945.

Although all German states, including Prussia, had de facto been dissolved since 1933, the Nazi government formally dissolved the Prussian Province of Hesse-Nassau into two provinces on 1 April 1944: Kurhessen and the Province of Nassau.

The name Kurhessen comes from the former Electorate of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel; 1803–1866) which, following the Austro-Prussian War, Prussia annexed to form part of the Province of Hesse-Nassau.

Following the end of World War II, Kurhessen fell under American administration. The province was dissolved by the occupying US forces on 19 September 1945 and formed part of the administrative zone of Greater Hesse. Just over a year later, Greater Hesse became the modern German state of Hesse.