Province of Latina

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Province of Latina
Province
Map highlighting the location of the province of Latina in Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Latina in Italy
Country  Italy
Region Lazio
Capital(s) Latina
Comuni 33
Government
 • President Armando Cusani
Area
 • Total 2,251 km2 (869 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 561,189
 • Density 250/km2 (650/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 04100
Telephone prefix 0773, 06, 0771
Vehicle registration LT
ISTAT 059

The Province of Latina (Italian: Provincia di Latina) is a province in the Lazio region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Latina.

It has an area of 2,251 square kilometres (869 sq mi) and a total population of 561,189 (2012). There are 33 comuni (singular: comune) in the province [1], see Comuni of the Province of Latina.

The main comuni by population are:

Comune Population
Latina 112,533
Aprilia 63,265
Terracina 44,480
Formia 36,822
Fondi 35,115
Cisterna di Latina 33,108
Sezze 22,859
Gaeta 21,541
Minturno 18,366
Sabaudia 17,581
Priverno 13,728
Pontinia 13,517
Cori 10,808
Itri 10,404
San Felice Circeo 8,212
Sermoneta 7,083
Sonnino 7,056
Santi Cosma e Damiano 6,678
Monte San Biagio 6,106

History[edit]

The province of Latina was founded on 18 December 1934, encompassing mainly the dried areas of the Agro Pontino previously part of the province of Rome. Apart the Pontine lands, it includes the Aurunci, Lepini and Ausoni mountain ranges, as well as the Pontine islands archipelago. The port of Gaeta and Formia, in the southernmost part of the province, belonged traditionally and linguistically to Campania.

Geography[edit]

Although the smallest of the provinces in the Lazio region, the province of Latina includes a variety of geographical and historical areas.

Hill and mountain areas[edit]

The mainland area is, in the south- and north-eastern part, mostly occupied by limestone hills and mountains. Ranges include the Lepini, Aurunci, Ausoni. The highest elevation is that of 1,533-metre (5,030 ft) Monte Petrella (Aurunci). The climate is semi-continental with hot summers and cold winters; temperatures rarely fall below 0 °C (32 °F). The mountains are characterized by small medieval settlements (borghi) and traditionally live of cattle raising and agriculture; however, these activities saw a marked decline in recent times, and today workers usually commute daily to work in Rome or Latina. Tourism is an increasing interesting resource, attracted especially by the uncontaminated nature and by artistic traces of the Middle Ages (Abbeys of Valvisciolo and Fossanova, where St. Thomas Aquinas died). The main centres of this area are Cori, Sezze, and Priverno.

Agro Pontino[edit]

The Agro Pontino occupies the plain extending southwards from Aprilia to Terracina, along the Tyrrhenian Sea. Until the 1930s, it was covered by unhealthy marshes, which were dried up under Fascist government; the area as subsequently settled by immigrants coming from north-eastern Italy, in newly built cities like Sabaudia or Latina itself. The sole mountain peak is that of Circeo promontory. The climate is mild. The Agro Pontino is the most economically developed part of the province, housing a flourishing agricultural sector and numerous service firms and industries. It also houses much of the water basins of the province, like the coast Lakes of Fogliano, Caprolace, and Paola.

Apart the capital, the main cities include Cisterna di Latina, Terracina, and Sabaudia, the latter being an important tourist resort.

Linguistic map of Southern Lazio: Central Italian in pink and Southern Italian (Neapolitan language) in magenta.[1]

Formia and Gaeta[edit]

Cities rich of ancient and medieval history, Gaeta and Formia were traditionally part of the Kingdom of Naples. They belonged to the Campania region until 1934. Traces of the different cultural milieu can be identified in the costumes and, most of all, in the local dialect, a variant of Neapolitan. Formia and Gaeta constitutes a single metropolitan area with an important port (with connection to the Pontine Islands), a station on the main railway line Rome-Naples. Other important centres include Sperlonga and Minturno.

Pontine Islands[edit]

Main article: Pontine Islands

Once mainly used as penitentiaries, the Pontine Islands are now a renowned tourist resort in summer. The only inhabited islands are Ponza and Ventotene.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pellegrini's map

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°28′3.35″N 12°54′13.32″E / 41.4675972°N 12.9037000°E / 41.4675972; 12.9037000