The Province of Magdeburg (German: Provinz Magdeburg) was a province of the Free State of Prussia within Nazi Germany from 1944-45. The provincial capital was Magdeburg.
The province was created on 1 July 1944, out of Regierungsbezirk Magdeburg, a government region from the former Province of Saxony.
The province was occupied by American troops after the conquest of Magdeburg in May 1945 during World War II. After the territory was transferred from American to Soviet control, it was merged with Halle-Merseburg and Anhalt to recreate the Province of Saxony, later renamed the Province of Saxony-Anhalt and ultimately the Federal State of Saxony-Anhalt.
 Districts in 1945
 Regierungsbezirk Magdeburg
 Urban districts
- Burg bei Magdeburg
 Rural districts
- Calbe a./S.
- Jerichow I (seat: Burg bei Magdeburg)
- Jerichow II (seat: Genthin)
- Oschersleben (Bode)