The Province of Salerno (Italian: Provincia di Salerno) is a province in the Campania region of Italy.
The largest towns in the province are: Salerno, the capital, which has a population of 139,579; Cava de' Tirreni with a population of 53,488; Battipaglia with a population of 51,115; and Nocera Inferiore which has a population of 45,868. The province has an area of 4,923 km2 (1,901 sq mi), and a total population of about 1.1 million. There are 158 comuni and biggest town for extension is Eboli, with 138 Kmq. See Comuni of the Province of Salerno.
One of the features of the rugged country-side is Gole del Calore di Felitto, an area of gorges between Felitto and Magliano Vetere formed by the Calore lucano river. This area is of great geological interest and is rich in flora and fauna.
One of the many historical buildings in the province is the chapter house belonging to the Certosa di Padula (or Carthreuse of Padula or of San Lorenzo in Padula), a Carthusian monastery in the town of Padula. The building has evolved over centuries; the earliest parts were constructed in the early 14th century. A mannerist cloister leads to the church, and a later 17th-century cloister has loggias supported by rusticated columns. These features add to the general baroque character of the building.
The chapter house has been adapted for the Museo Archeologico della Lucania Occidentale, which has many ancient artifacts dating from Roman times.
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Coordinates: 40°41′N 14°46′E / 40.683°N 14.767°E