Provinces of Iran

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Emblem of Iran.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iran

Iran is subdivided into thirty one provinces (Persian: استانOstān, plural استان‌ها Ostānhā), each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian: Markaz) of that province. The provincial authority is headed by a Governor-General[1] (Persian: Ostāndār), who is appointed by the Minister of the Interior subject to approval of the cabinet.

Modern history[edit]

According to Encyclopædia Britannica,[2] in 1908 there were thirty five administrative divisions in Persia, as follows:

  • Provinces: 1. Arabistan and Bakhtiari, 2. Astarabad and Gurgan, 3. Azerbaijan, 4. Fars, 5. Gerrus, 6. Gilan and Talish, 7. Hamada[n], 8. Irak, Gulpaigan, Khunsar, [Kezzaz, Ferakan, and Tusirkhan], 9. Isfahan, 10. Kashan, 11. Kazvin, 12. Kerman and Baluchistan, 13. Kermanshah, 14. Kamseh, 15. Khar, 16. Khorasan, 17. Kum, 18. Kurdistan, 19. Luristan and Burujird, 20. Mazandaran, 21. Nehavend, Malayir and Kamereh, 22. Savah, 23. Samnan and Damghan, 24. Shahrud and Bostam, 25. Teheran, 26. Zerend and Bagdadi Shahsevens.
  • Dependencies: 1. Asadabad, 2. Demavend, 3. Firuzkuh, 4. Josehekan, 5. Kangaver, 6. Natanz, 7. [], 8. Tarom Ulia, 9. Kharakan.

Until 1950, Iran was divided into twelve provinces: Ardalan, Azerbaijan, Baluchestan, Fars, Gilan, Araq-e Ajam, Khorasan, Khuzestan, Kerman, Larestan, Lorestan, and Mazandaran.[3]

In 1950, Iran was reorganized to form ten numbered provinces with subordinate governorates: Gilan; Mazandaran; East Azerbaijan; West Azerbaijan; Kermanshah; Khuzestan; Fars; Kerman; Khorasan; Isfahan.[3]

From 1960 to 1981 the governorates were raised to provincial status one by one. Since then several new provinces have been created, most recently in 2004 when the province of Khorasan was split into three new provinces[4] as well as splitting of the new Alborz province from Teheran province in 2010.

Current provinces[edit]

Provinces of Iran

Information[edit]

Iran population broken down by province
Iran's GDP contribution broken down by province

List[edit]

Province Capital Area[5] Population[6] Density
(population/km²)
Shahrestans (counties) Notes Map
Alborz Karaj 5,833 km2 (2,252 sq mi) 2,412,513 413.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,071 /sq mi) 4 Until 23 June 2010, Alborz was part of Tehran province. IranAlborz.png
Ardabil Ardabil 17,800 km2 (6,900 sq mi) 1,248,488 70.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (182 /sq mi) 9 Until 1993, Ardabil was part of East Azerbaijan province.[7] IranArdabil.png
Azerbaijan, East Tabriz 45,650 km2 (17,630 sq mi) 3,724,620 82.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (213 /sq mi) 19 IranEastAzerbaijan.png
Azerbaijan, West Urmia 37,437 km2 (14,455 sq mi) 3,080,576 78.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (204 /sq mi) 14 During the Pahlavi Dynasty Urmia was known as Rezaiyeh.[8] IranWestAzerbaijan.png
Bushehr Bushehr 22,743 km2 (8,781 sq mi) 1,032,949 45.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (118 /sq mi) 9 Originally part of Fars province. Until 1977, the province was known as Khalij-e Fars (Persian Gulf).[3] IranBushehr.png
Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Shahrekord 16,332 km2 (6,306 sq mi) 895,263 54.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (142 /sq mi) 6 Until 1973 was part of Isfahan province.[9] IranChaharMahaalBakhtiari.png
Fars Shiraz 122,608 km2 (47,339 sq mi) 4,596,658 37.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (97 /sq mi) 23 IranFars.png
Gilan Rasht 14,042 km2 (5,422 sq mi) 2,480,874 176.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (458 /sq mi) 16 IranGilan.png
Golestan Gorgan 20,195 km2 (7,797 sq mi) 1,777,014 88.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (228 /sq mi) 11 On the 31 May 1997, the shahrestans of Aliabad, Gonbad-e-kavus, Gorgan, Kordkuy, Minudasht, and Torkaman were separated from Mazandaran province to form Golestan province. Gorgan was called Esteraba or Astarabad until 1937.[3] IranGolestan.png
Hamadan Hamadan 19,368 km2 (7,478 sq mi) 1,758,268 90.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (235 /sq mi) 8 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[3] IranHamadan.png
Hormozgān Bandar Abbas 70,669 km2 (27,285 sq mi) 1,578,183 22.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (58 /sq mi) 11 Originally part of Kerman province.[3] Until 1977, the province was known as Banader va Jazayer-e Bahr-e Oman (Ports and Islands of the Sea of Oman).[3] IranHormozgan.png
Ilam Ilam 20,133 km2 (7,773 sq mi) 557,599 27.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (72 /sq mi) 7 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[3] IranIlam.png
Isfahan Isfahan 107,029 km2 (41,324 sq mi) 4,879,312 45.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (118 /sq mi) 21 In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[3] IranEsfahan.png
Kerman Kerman 180,836 km2 (69,821 sq mi) 2,938,988 16.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (42 /sq mi) 14 IranKerman.png
Kermanshah Kermanshah 24,998 km2 (9,652 sq mi) 1,945,227 77.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (202 /sq mi) 13 Between 1950 and 1979, both Kermanshah province and city were known as Kermanshahan and between 1979 and 1995 were known as Bakhtaran.[3] IranKermanshah.png
Khorasan, North Bojnourd 28,434 km2 (10,978 sq mi) 867,727 30.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (79 /sq mi) 6 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[4] IranNorthKhorasan.png
Khorasan, Razavi Mashhad 144,681 km2 (55,862 sq mi) 5,994,402 41.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (107 /sq mi) 19 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[4] IranRazaviKhorasan.png
Khorasan, South Birjand 69,555 km2 (26,855 sq mi) 662,534 9.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (25 /sq mi) 8 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[4] IranSouthKhorasan.png
Khuzestan Ahvaz 64,055 km2 (24,732 sq mi) 4,345,607 67.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (176 /sq mi) 18 IranKhuzestan.png
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Yasuj 15,504 km2 (5,986 sq mi) 658,629 42.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (110 /sq mi) 5 Originally part of Khuzestan province. Until 1990, the province was known as Bovir Ahmadi and Kohkiluyeh.[3] IranKohkiluyehBuyerAhmad.png
Kurdistan Sanandaj 29,137 km2 (11,250 sq mi) 1,493,645 51.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (133 /sq mi) 9 Originally part of Gilan province.[3] IranKurdistan.png
Lorestan Khorramabad 28,294 km2 (10,924 sq mi) 1,754,243 62.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (161 /sq mi) 9 Originally part of Khuzestan province.[3] IranLorestan.png
Markazi Arak 29,130 km2 (11,250 sq mi) 1,413,959 48.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (126 /sq mi) 10 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[3] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[3] IranMarkazi.png
Mazandaran Sari 23,701 km2 (9,151 sq mi) 3,073,943 129.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (336 /sq mi) 15 IranMazandaran.png
Qazvin Qazvin 15,549 km2 (6,004 sq mi) 1,201,565 77.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (200 /sq mi) 5 On 31 December 1996, the shahrestans of Qazvin and Takestan were separated from Zanjan province to form the province of Qazvin.[3] IranQazvin.png
Qom Qom 11,526 km2 (4,450 sq mi) 1,151,672 99.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (259 /sq mi) 1 Until 1995, Qom was a shahrestan of Tehran province.[3] IranQom.png
Semnan Semnan 97,491 km2 (37,641 sq mi) 631,218 6.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (17 /sq mi) 4 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[3] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[3] IranSemnan.png
Sistan and Baluchestan Zahedan 181,785 km2 (70,188 sq mi) 2,534,327 13.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (36 /sq mi) 8 Until 1986, the province was known as Baluchestan and Sistan.[3] IranSistanBaluchistan.png
Tehran Tehran 18,814 km2 (7,264 sq mi) 12,183,391 647.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,677 /sq mi) 13 Until 1986, Tehran was part of Markazi province. IranTehran.png
Yazd Yazd 129,285 km2 (49,917 sq mi) 1,074,428 8.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (21 /sq mi) 10 Originally part of Isfahan province.[9] In 1986, part of Kerman province was transferred to Yazd province. In 2002, Tabas shahrestan (area: 55,344 km²) was transferred from Khorasan province to Yazd.[3] IranYazd.png
Zanjan Zanjan 21,773 km2 (8,407 sq mi) 1,015,734 46.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (121 /sq mi) 7 Originally part of Gilan province. In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[3] IranZanjan.png
Iran (Total) Tehran 1,628,554 km2 (628,788 sq mi) 75,149,669 46.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (119 /sq mi) 332 IranBlank.png

Historical provinces of Iran[edit]

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ IRNA, Online Edition. "Paris for further cultural cooperation with Iran". Retrieved 2007-10-21. 
  2. ^ Persia entry in Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Gwillim Law, Statoids website. "Provinces of Iran". Retrieved 2006-04-30. 
  4. ^ a b c d Online edition, Al-Jazeera Satellite Network. "Iran breaks up largest province". Retrieved 2006-04-30. 
  5. ^ Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. "General Characteristics of Ostans according to their administrative divisions at the end of 1383 (2005 CE)". Retrieved 2006-04-30. [dead link]
  6. ^ Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. "Selected Findings of the 2011 National Population and Housing Census, Table 13. Population by sex, residence status and province". Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
  7. ^ Chamber Society, Iranian. "Ardabil Province". Retrieved 2008-07-23. 
  8. ^ "Urmia". Retrieved 2008-07-23. 
  9. ^ a b Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province, Ostandarie. "Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province". Retrieved 2008-07-23. 

External links[edit]

Official provincial websites