Provisional National Defence Council

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The Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC) was the name of the Ghanaian government after the People's National Party's elected government was overthrown by Jerry Rawlings, the former head of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council. This was on December 31, 1981. It remained in power until January 7, 1993. In a statement explaining the coup d'état, Rawlings explained that a "holy war" was necessary due to the PNP's failure to provide effective leadership and by the collapse of the national economy and state services. The PNDC was a military dictatorship that induced civilians to participate in governance. The majority of Council members were civilians. The PNDC policies reflected a revolutionary government yet pragmatic in its approach. The economic objectives of the PNDC were to halt the economic decay, stabilise the economy and consequently stimulate economic growth. Politically, its goal was to establish structures that would effectively allow the people to express their political will. Most significantly, the PNDC, carrying with it the spirit of the June 4, 1979 Uprising, brought to the table a change in the people’s attitude from a ‘government will provide’ position to being proactive in nation-building.

The PNDC eventually released power, provided a new constitution in 1992 and held elections that year, even if John Rawlings' party, the NDC, officially swept that presidential election with over 58%, with the result that the opposition boycotted the subsequent parliamentary elections.[1]

Members[edit]

The seven original members of the PNDC from its inception were as follows:

Departures and replacements[edit]

Over the years, some people were added to the membership and others left. A number left in 1982 due to ideological differences. Joachim Amartey Quaye was executed for his involvement in the murder of three senior judges and a retired army officer. Rev. Damuah who was suspended from the Catholic Church because of his involvement in the government left in late 1982 and started his own church later called the Afrikania Mission, an organization devoted to the promotion of African Traditional Religion.[2]

August 1992 onwards - Final membership[edit]

  • Flt. Lt. Jerry John Rawlings - Chairman
  • Justice D.F. Annan
  • Alhaji Iddrisu Mahama
  • Captain (rtd) Kojo Tsikata
  • P.V. Obeng
  • Lieutenant General Arnold Quainoo
  • Air Vice Marshal Dumashie
  • Dr. Mrs. Mary Grant

PNDC members[edit]

OFFICE NAME TERM
Chairman and Head of state Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings 1981 – 1993
Chief of the Defence Staff Brigadier Joseph Nunoo-Mensah 1981 – 1982
Member Rev. Dr. Vincent Kwabena Damuah 1982
Member Warrant Officer (1) Joseph Adjei Buadi 1981 – 1984
Member Sergeant Daniel Alolga Akata Pore 1981 – 1982
Member Joachim Amartey Quaye 1981 – 1982
Member Chris Bukari Atim 1981 – 1982
Member and Chairman for the
National Commission for Democracy
Justice Daniel Francis Annan 1984 – 1993
Member Susanna Al-Hassan 1985 – 1987
Member Anaa Naamua Enin 1985 – 1989
Member Ebo Tawiah ? – ?
Member Naa Polku Konkuu Chiiri ? – ?
Member Alhaji Iddrisu Mahama ? – 1993
Member Captain Kojo Tsikata ? – 1993
Chairman of Committee of Secretaries Paul Victor Obeng ? – 1993
Member Lieutenant General Arnold Quainoo ? – 1993
Member Maj. Gen. Winston C. M. Mensa-Wood 1987 – 1992
Member Air Vice Marshal A. H. K. Dumashie ? – 1993
Member Dr. Mrs. Mary Grant 1989 – 1993

List of secretaries of state[edit]

The officials in charge of the various ministries were designated as Secretaries of state.

OFFICE NAME TERM
Chairman of Committee of Secretaries Paul Victor Obeng 1982 – 1993
Secretary for Foreign Affairs Obed Asamoah 1982 – 1993
Secretary for Interior Asiedu Yirenkyi 
Kofi Djin
Winston C. M. Mensa-Wood
E. M. Osei-Wusu
1982 – 1983
1983 – 1987
1987 – 1992
1992 – 1993
Secretary for Finance Kwesi Botchwey 1982 – 1993
Secretary for Defence Iddrisu Mahama 1982 – present
Attorney General and Secretary for Justice G. E. K. Aikins
E. C. Tanoh
1983 – 1992
1992 – 1993
Secretary for Education and Culture Christina Ama Ataa Aidoo
V. C. Dadson
Joyce Aryee
Mohammed Ben Abdallah
Adisa Munkaila
Mary Grant
1982 – 1983
1983
1985 – 1987
1987
1988 – 1989
1989 – 1993
Secretary for Agriculture[7] Bortei Doku
John Ndebugre
Isaac Adjei-Marfo
Steve Obimpeh
Ibrahim Adams
1982 – 1983
1984 – 1985
1985 – 1986
1986 – 1992
1992 – 1993
Secretary for Cocoa Affairs Isaac Adjei-Marfo ? – ?
Secretary for Chieftaincy Affairs Emmanuel Tanoh
Nana Sarpong Akuoku
1987 – 1992
1992 – 1993
Secretary for Trade
Secretary for Trade and Tourism
?
Kofi Djin
John Bawa
1982 – 1987
1987 – 1992
1992 – 1993
Secretary for Local Government and Rural Development John Agyekum Kufuor
William H. Yeboah
Joyce Aryee
Kwamena Ahwoi
1982
1987
1987 – 1988
? – ?
Secretary for Rural Development and Co-operatives Acquah Harrison 1982 – ?
Secretary for Fuel and Power Appiah Korang
Ato Ahwoi
1983 – 1987
1987 – 1993
Secretary for Transport and Communications Mahama Iddrisu
Yaw Donkor
Kwame Peprah
1983 – 1987
1987 – 1992
1992 – 1993
Secretary for Roads and Highways Yaw Donkor
Mensah Gbedemah
Richard Commey
1983 – 1987
1987 – 1992
1992 – 1993
Secretary for Lands and Natural Resources Kwesi Renner
Kwame Peprah
J. A. Dansoh
1983 – 1987
1987 – 1992
1992 – 1993
Secretary for Industry, Science and Technology G. B. Opoku
Francis Acquah
K. A. Butah
1983 – 1987
1987 – 1992
1992 – 1993
Secretary for Information Joyce Aryee
Kofi Totobi Quakyi
1982 – 1985
1985 – 1993
Secretary for Health Charles Buadu
Air Commodore F. W. Klutse
Steve Obimpeh
1983 – 1987
1987 – 1992
1992 – 1993
Secretary for Labour and Social Welfare
Secretary for Mobilization and Productivity

Adisa Munkaila
Ato Austin
George Adamu
D. S. Boateng
1982
1982 – 1983
1983 – 1987
1987 – 1992
1992 – 1993
Secretary for Works and Housing Dr Mawuse Dake
Alhassan Abubakar
Emmanuel Appiah Korang
Kenneth Ampratwum
Secretary for Youth and Sports Amarkai Amarteifio
Ato Austin
Arnold Quainoo
1983 – 1987
1987 – 1992
1992 – 1993
Minister for Chieftaincy and Culture Alexander Asum-Ahensah 2009 – present
REGION NAME TERM
Ashanti Region J. Y. Ansah ? – ?
Brong Ahafo Region J. H. Owusu-Acheampong 1982 – ?
Central Region Ato Austin 1982 – ?
Eastern Region F. Ohene-Kenah 1982 – ?
Greater Accra Region Nii Okaidja Adamafio 1982 – ?
Northern Region Thomas Ibrahim 1982 – ?
Upper East Region Kundab Mobilla 1982 – ?
Upper West Region Yelibora Antumini 1982 – ?
Volta Region Francis Agbley 1982 – ?
Western Region J. R. E. Amenlema 1982 – ?

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jeffries, Richard and Thomas, Clare (1993). "The Ghanaian Elections of 1992". African Affairs 92 (368): 331–366. 
  2. ^ "Ghana - Libation issue rears up again". African News Bulletin. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  3. ^ a b c Martin K.I Christensen. "Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership". Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  4. ^ Ghana News Agency. "Justice Daniel Francis Annan". Ghana Famous People. Ghana Home Page. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 
  5. ^ a b "The Rawlings Revolution". GhanaDistricts.com. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  6. ^ ""Chapter 2— Ghana in Economic Crisis" in The Politics of Reform in Ghana, 1982–1991". pp. pp32. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  7. ^ "Former Heads of MoFA". Official website. Ministry of Food and Agriculture. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
Preceded by
Limann government (1979-1981)
Government of Ghana
Military Regime

1981–1993
Succeeded by
Rawlings government (1993-2001)