Pruchna

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Pruchna
Village
Lutheran church of the Resurrection of Christ
Lutheran church of the Resurrection of Christ
Coat of arms of Pruchna
Coat of arms
Pruchna is located in Poland
Pruchna
Pruchna
Coordinates: 49°51′55.1″N 18°40′57.17″E / 49.865306°N 18.6825472°E / 49.865306; 18.6825472Coordinates: 49°51′55.1″N 18°40′57.17″E / 49.865306°N 18.6825472°E / 49.865306; 18.6825472
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County Cieszyn
Gmina Strumień
First mentioned 1305
Government
 • Mayor Małgorzata Gołyszny
Area
 • Total 19.03 km2 (7.35 sq mi)
Population (June 2008)
 • Total 2,442
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43-523
Car plates SCI
Website http://www.pruchna.com.pl/

Pruchna [ˈpruxna] is a village in Gmina Strumień, Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland. It has a population of 2,442 (2008). Pruchna lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.

The name of the village is probably derived from the rotten trees (to rot is próchnieć in Polish).

History[edit]

The village was first mentioned in a Latin document of Diocese of Wrocław called Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis from around 1305 as item in Prochna.[1][2][3] It meant that the village was in the process of location (the size of land to pay a tithe from was not yet precised). The creation of the village was a part of a larger settlement campaign taking place in the late 13th century on the territory of what will be later known as Upper Silesia.

Politically the village belonged initially to the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy.

The village became a seat of a Catholic parish, mentioned in the register of Peter's Pence payment from 1447 among 50 parishes of Teschen deaconry as Prochna.[4]

After 1540s Protestant Reformation prevailed in the Duchy of Teschen and a local Catholic church was taken over by Lutherans. It was taken from them (as one from around fifty buildings in the region) by a special commission and given back to the Roman Catholic Church on 15 April 1654.[5]

In 1844-1863 a train station has been constructed in Pruchna on the Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway.

After World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, the village became a part of Poland. During World War II the village was annexed by Nazi Germany.

In 1945 a Catholic Saint Anne Church was almost completely destroyed, and it had to be rebuilt. There is also a Lutheran Resurrection of the Lord Church, and a memorial to soldiers of the Red Army fallen in Pruchna in the last months of World War II.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 297-299. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  2. ^ Schulte, Wilhelm (1889). Codex Diplomaticus Silesiae T.14 Liber Fundationis Episcopatus Vratislaviensis (in German). Breslau. 
  3. ^ "Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis" (in Latin). Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Registrum denarii sancti Petri in archidiaconatu Opoliensi sub anno domini MCCCCXLVII per dominum Nicolaum Wolff decretorum doctorem, archidiaconum Opoliensem, ex commissione reverendi in Christo patris ac domini Conradi episcopi Wratislaviensis, sedis apostolice collectoris, collecti". Zeitschrift des Vereins für Geschichte und Alterthum Schlesiens (in German) (Breslau: H. Markgraf) 27: 361–372. 1893. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  5. ^ Broda, Jan (1992). "Materiały do dziejów Kościoła ewangelickiego w Księstwie Cieszyńskim i Państwie Pszczyńskim w XVI i XVII wieku". Z historii Kościoła ewangelickiego na Śląsku Cieszyńskim (in Polish). Katowice: Dom Wydawniczy i Księgarski „Didache“. pp. 259–260. ISBN 83-85572-00-7. 

External links[edit]