The name of the village is probably derived from the rotten trees (to rot is próchnieć in Polish).
The village was first mentioned in a Latin document of Diocese of Wrocław called Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis from around 1305 as Prochna. It belonged then to the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290.
There are several landmarks in the village, including Catholic Saint Anne Church and Lutheran Resurrection of the Lord Church. In 1844-1863 a train station has been constructed in Pruchna. There is also a memorial to soldiers of the Red Army fallen in Pruchna in the last months of World War II.