Prudhoe Bay, Alaska

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For the town in the United Kingdom, see Prudhoe.
Prudhoe Bay
Sagavanirktok
CDP
Prudhoe Bay is located in Alaska
Prudhoe Bay
Prudhoe Bay
Coordinates: 70°19′32″N 148°42′41″W / 70.32556°N 148.71139°W / 70.32556; -148.71139Coordinates: 70°19′32″N 148°42′41″W / 70.32556°N 148.71139°W / 70.32556; -148.71139
Country United States
State Alaska
Borough North Slope
Government
 • Borough mayor Charlotte Brower[1]
Area
 • Total 558.0 sq mi (1,445.3 km2)
 • Land 416.3 sq mi (1,078.1 km2)
 • Water 141.8 sq mi (367.2 km2)
Elevation 30 ft (9 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,174
 • Density 3.9/sq mi (1.5/km2)
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
ZIP code 99734
Area code(s) 907 (Local exchange prefix: 659)
FIPS code 02-64380
GNIS feature ID 1865563

Prudhoe Bay /ˈprd/ or Sagavanirktok[pronunciation?] is a census-designated place (CDP) located in North Slope Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska. As of the 2010 census, the population of the CDP was 2,174 people; however, at any given time several thousand transient workers support the Prudhoe Bay oil field. The airport, lodging, and general store are located at Deadhorse; the rigs and processing facilities are located on scattered gravel pads laid atop the tundra. It is only during winter that the surface is hard enough to support heavy equipment and new construction happens at that time.

Prudhoe Bay is the unofficial northern terminus of the Pan-American Highway. The Bay itself is still 10 miles further North beyond a security checkpoint, so open water is not visible from the Highway. A few tourists, arriving by bus after a two-day ride up the Dalton Highway from Fairbanks, come to see the tundra, the Arctic Ocean, and the midnight sun, staying in lodgings assembled from modular buildings. Tours must be arranged in advance (photo ID required) to see the Arctic Ocean and the Bay itself.

Prudhoe Bay was named in 1826 by British explorer Sir John Franklin after his classmate Captain Algernon Percy, Baron Prudhoe. Franklin traveled along the coast from the mouth of the Mackenzie River almost to Point Barrow.

Geography[edit]

Prudhoe Bay is located at 70°19′32″N 148°42′41″W / 70.325490°N 148.711387°W / 70.325490; -148.711387.[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 558.0 square miles (1,445 km2), of which, 416.3 square miles (1,078 km2) of it is land and 141.8 square miles (367 km2) of it is water. The total area is 25.40% water.

Climate data for Prudhoe Bay, Alaska
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) −11.9
(−24.4)
−10.1
(−23.4)
−5.2
(−20.7)
10.1
(−12.2)
28.8
(−1.8)
45.2
(7.3)
55.4
(13)
51.0
(10.6)
38.3
(3.5)
21.0
(−6.1)
0.9
(−17.3)
−6.6
(−21.4)
18.1
(−7.7)
Average low °F (°C) −24.0
(−31.1)
−24.3
(−31.3)
−20.3
(−29.1)
−4.8
(−20.4)
19.0
(−7.2)
32.7
(0.4)
39.7
(4.3)
37.5
(3.1)
28.9
(−1.7)
9.7
(−12.4)
−11.0
(−23.9)
−19.2
(−28.4)
5.3
(−14.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.00
(76.2)
2.57
(65.3)
2.74
(69.6)
1.78
(45.2)
1.49
(37.8)
1.39
(35.3)
0.68
(17.3)
1.64
(41.7)
4.11
(104.4)
9.68
(245.9)
4.48
(113.8)
3.70
(94)
37.36
(948.9)
Snowfall inches (cm) 2.8
(7.1)
2.4
(6.1)
2.7
(6.9)
1.7
(4.3)
1.4
(3.6)
1.0
(2.5)
0.0
(0)
0.5
(1.3)
3.5
(8.9)
9.3
(23.6)
4.3
(10.9)
3.5
(8.9)
33.1
(84.1)
Source: [http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?akprud

Demographics[edit]

Map of Alaska, showing place names and the Trans-Alaska pipeline route in red.
HMS Tireless on Prudhoe Bay.

As of the 2010 census,[3] there were no households in the town.

Prudhoe Bay oil field[edit]

Main article: Prudhoe Bay Oil Field

Prudhoe Bay is adjacent to the largest oil field in the United States.

Health care[edit]

Prudhoe Bay is classified as an isolated town/Sub-Regional Center. It is found in EMS Region 6A in the North Slope Region. Emergency Services have limited highway, coastal, and airport access. Emergency service is provided by paid EMS Service. Auxiliary health care is provided by oil company medical staff and the Greater Prudhoe Bay Fire Dept. Individuals requiring hospital care are usually transported to the nearest hospital/medical center, Sammuel Simmonds Memorial Hospital, in Barrow, Alaska. Because no roads connect Prudhoe Bay to Barrow, individuals are transported by plane, helicopter, or air ambulance (an approximately 45 minute flight).[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2013 ACoM Members". Online Resource Center, Alaska Conference of Mayors. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League. 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2013. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  4. ^ http://articles.ktuu.com/2009-05-01/oil-drilling_24126440 Far North - Prudhoe Bay Information

External links[edit]

Media related to Prudhoe Bay, Alaska at Wikimedia Commons