Prunus maximowiczii

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Prunus maximowiczii
Prunus maximowiczii.JPG
Prunus maximowiczii, Morton Arboretum, Lisle, Illinois
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Species: P. maximowiczii
Binomial name
Prunus maximowiczii
Rupr.[1]
Synonyms

Cerasus maximowiczii (Rupr.) Kom.[2]

Prunus maximowiczii, known as the Miyama cherry [3]is a small (about 7.5 m), fruiting cherry tree that can be found growing wild in northeastern Asia and Eurasia.

Taxonomy[edit]

The species was first described in 1857 by Franz Josef Ruprecht. It was treated in the genus Cerasus (now generally accepted as a subgenus of Prunus) by Vladimir Leontyevich Komarov in 1927, but the original P. maximowiczii remains the widely accepted binomial.[1][2]

Description[edit]

P. maximowiczii has white, insect-pollinated, hermaphroditic flowers, blooming in May. The edible fruits (cherries) are about 5 mm in diameter, containing one large seed each. They ripen in August.[4]

Range and habitat[edit]

Korea, China (Heilong Jiang, Jilin, Liaoning, and Zhejiang), Russia (Khabarovsk, Primorye, and Sakhalin), and Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, and Kyushu),[1] often in mountainous, woodland regions and in clayey soil.

Uses[edit]

P. maximowiczii is useful in many ways; aside from eating the fruit, the flowers can be used as a condiment, preserved in brine.[4]

The wood of P. maximowiczii is very hard, heavy, and close grained, making it excellent for carving and the making of furniture.[4]

Dyes produced from the leaves of P. maximowiczii are green; and those from the fruit, a dark grey to green.[4]

Chemically, amygdalin and prunasin, the derivatives of which produce prussic acid[4] as well as Genistein[5] can be extracted from P. maximowiczii.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c  Prunus maximowiczii was originally described and published in Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 15:131. 1857 ("1856"). GRIN (February 10, 2006). "Prunus maximowiczii information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved May 28, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b  Species was first published under the name Cerasus maximowiczii in V. L. Komarov & E. N. Klobukova-Alisova, Key pl. Far East. USSR 2:657. 1932. GRIN (February 11, 2007). "Prunus maximowiczii information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved May 28, 2010. 
  3. ^ Plants for a Future [1]
  4. ^ a b c d e "Prunus maximowiczii". Retrieved May 28, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Chemical Information - GENISTEIN". Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. Retrieved May 28, 2010. 

External links[edit]