Prunus sargentii

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Prunus sargentii
Prunus sargentii.JPG
Sargent's cherry (Prunus sargentii)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Species: P. sargentii
Binomial name
Prunus sargentii
Rehder

Prunus sargentii, commonly known as Sargent's cherry or North Japanese hill cherry,[1] is a species of cherry native to Japan, Korea, and Sakhalin (Russia).[2]

The tree was named for Charles Sprague Sargent.[3]

Description[edit]

Sargent's cherry in Rendeux (Belgium).

Prunus sargentii is a deciduous tree that grows 20–40 feet in height. Its crown spreads to a width of 20–40 feet. New growth is a reddish or bronze in color, which changes to shiny dark green.[4] The leaves are obovate and have serrated margins. Leaves are 3–5 in in length and are arranged alternately. In fall, the leaves turn red, orange, or yellow.[5] It grows single pink flowers on 1-in pedicels, which result in purple-black fruit in summer.[4] The fruit is a favorite of birds, but because of their size (small, pea sized) and color, are considered inconspicuous to humans.[6]

Cultivation[edit]

P. sargentii is a fast-growing ornamental tree [7] requiring sun and well-drained soil. The tree can tolerate wind, but not air pollution; it is one of the hardiest cherries, and can be easily transplanted. This makes the tree suitable for use as a street tree.[4] The tree is moderately drought-tolerant.[5]

History[edit]

Native to Japan, the tree was introduced to America and then the United Kingdom in 1908.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bailey, L.H.; Bailey, E.Z.; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan, New York.
  2. ^ Common Trees of Hokkaido, pg 104
  3. ^ Royal Horticultural Society, What's On, Harlow Carr, October 2007, last access 31 May 2008.
  4. ^ a b c Evans, Erv (2000–2003). "Prunus sargentii". Plant Fact Sheets. North Carolina State University. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  5. ^ a b Brand, Mark (1997–2001). "Prunus sargentii". UConn Plant Database of Trees, Shrubs, and Vines. University of Connecticut. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  6. ^ Gilman, Edward F.; Dennis G. Watson (n.d.). "Prunus sargentii: Sargent Cherry". Environmental Horticulture Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Retrieved 2010-10-11. 
  7. ^ "Prunus sargentii Rehder". USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 

See also[edit]

  • For cherry blossoms and their cultural significance to the Japanese, see sakura.