Prunus subhirtella

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Prunus subhirtella
Prunus Subhirtella 'Pendula' 05.JPG
Cultivar 'Pendula', "Weeping Higan Cherry"
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Species: P. subhirtella
Binomial name
Prunus subhirtella

Prunus subhirtella (Prunus × subhirtella) or Prunus pendula[1] sometimes also called Spring cherry, Higan cherry, or Rosebud cherry[2] is a small deciduous flowering tree originating in Japan, but unknown in the wild. It is probably of hybrid origin between Prunus incisa and Prunus spachiana.[citation needed]

Fruit and flowers[edit]

P. subhirtella bears white to pink flowers which may emerge intermittently from autumn through to spring, and small black fruit.[3]

Ornamental use[edit]

Several garden forms are known. The variety 'Jugatsu-zakura' (incorrectly known as Prunus × subhirtella 'Autumnalis')[4] is widely grown for its propensity to flower during mild winter weather.[3]

The leaves of P. subhirtella have some garden value for their autumn colour.[3] The cultivar P. × subhirtella 'Autumnalis Rosea' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5]


  1. ^ "Prunus pendula Siebold ex Maxim.". USDA GRIN. 
  2. ^ Bailey, L.H.; Bailey, E.Z.; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan, New York.
  3. ^ a b c European Garden Flora; vol. IV; 1995
    and Hilliers Manual of Trees and Shrubs
  4. ^ Botany Photo of the Day, 7 February 2011, the UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Prunus × subhirtella 'Autumnalis Rosea'". Retrieved 19 July 2013.