Prunus verecunda

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Prunus verecunda
Prunus verecunda1.jpg
The bark of a P. verecunda tree
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Species: Prunus verecunda
Synonyms[1]
  • Prunus jamasakura var. verecunda Koidz. (basionym)
  • Prunus sargentii var. verecunda (Koidz.) Chin S. Chang

Prunus verecunda is a native of Korea and Japan.[1] It generally has autumnal leaves of reddish-brown or crimson red colour. It has flowers of bright yellow-white colors.[2]

Biochemistry[edit]

In this species various new flavonoid compounds have been found. The compounds are pinocembrin-5-glucoside (5,7-dihydroxyflavanone 5-glucoside), geinstein (5,7,4'-trihydroxysoflavone), prunetin (5,4' dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavanone) and pinocembrin (5,7-dihydroxyflavanone) were found on September 6, 1956.[3]

Habitat[edit]

This species is a native of middle Japan, where it is commonly distributed into the mountainous regions.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Prunus verecunda (Koidz.) Koehne". United States Department of Agriculture. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). 
  2. ^ Wakita Yoichi; Sato Takao; Takiya Mika (2004). "Bloom characteristic of Kasumizakura (Prunus verecunda Koehne)". Bulletin of the Hokkaido Forest Experiment Station (in Japanese) (Japan) 41: 26–32. ISSN 0910-3945. 
  3. ^ Hasegawa, Masao; Shirato, Teruo (20 January 1957). "Flavonoids of Various Prunus Species. V. The Flavonoids in the Wood of Prunus verecunda". Journal of the American Chemical Society 79 (2): 450–452. doi:10.1021/ja01559a059.