Prynce Hopkins

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Prynce Hopkins (March 5, 1885 - August 1970), who was born Prince Charles Hopkins, was an American Socialist, pacifist and author of numerous psychology books and periodicals. He was jailed and fined for his strident anti-war views, pro-union activities, and investigated for his associations with such social reformers as Upton Sinclair and Emma Goldman.

Background[edit]

Prynce Hopkins, christened Prince Charles Hopkins, spelled his name Pryns from about 1921 to 1948, and thereafter Prynce. He was a wealthy Californian described by the several newspapers as a "socialist millionaire." He had inherited a good deal of stock in the Singer Sewing Machine company, which his father, Charles Harris Hopkins, obtained from his second wife, Ruth Merrit Singer, after she died in childbirth. (Prynce was the only child of Charles' third wife, Mary Isabel Booth.) Prynce used his money to fund leftist causes, which he labeled the "uplift movement," and self-publish books on psychoanalysis, social reform and religion.[1]

Hopkins obtained his BA from Yale, a Master's degree in education from Columbia University, and a Ph.d from London University in psychology. He lived in England and France, where he owned and ran a school for boys based on Montessori-like methods, from 1921 to England's entrance in WWII in 1939. During the 1940s, while living in Pasadena, California, and publishing a socialist journal titled Freedom, he lectured on comparative religion at Pomona College.[2]

Hopkins was known for his unorthodox approach to social reform. His interests in mixing psychology, social reform and theology resulted in several books, including Father or Sons? (1927), The Psychology of Social Movements; a Psycho-Analytic View of Society (1938) and From Gods to Dictators: Psychology of Religions and their Totalitarian Substitutes (1944).[3]

Hopkins was born March 5, 1885 in Oakland, California. In 1898, his parents completed a house in Santa Barbara, California, and moved there from Oakland. In 1912, Hopkins opened a progressive boys' boarding school called Boyland in the hills above Santa Barbara. The school, however, was short-lived. When the United States entered World War I in 1917, Hopkins became a vocal anti-war protester. He worked with anarchists Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman for the anti-war organization League for Amnesty of Political Prisoners. When Goldman was imprisoned for her anti-war activities, Hopkins became chairman of the League.[4]

Prynce opened and operated a second progressive school for boys outside Paris, France, in about 1925, which closed upon the occupation of France by the Germans. [5]

Arrests[edit]

During the same period, he was indicted by a federal Grand Jury on charges of violating the Espionage Act and arrested. His arrest was based less on spying and more for impeding Army recruiting. The U.S. Department of Justice raided Boyland and seized anti-war literature and other material as evidence. On August 30, 1918, he pleaded guilty and was fined $27,000.

Hopkins closed Boyland and founded a similar institution in France. On January 12, 1921, while still in exile in Europe, Hopkins married Eileen Maud Thomas of Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, England, at St. Peter’s Church in London [destroyed during WWII] before embarking on a six-month honeymoon around the world.[6]

By 1922, he and Eileen returned to the United States. For a year they lived outside New York City where Hopkins founded Labor Age magazine, which was associated with the Socialist League for Industrial Democracy. He and his wife then moved to Pasadena, California, where he befriended Upton Sinclair and became associated with the Industrial Workers of the World labor organization. At the same time he renewed his friendship with fellow Socialist Rob Wagner, later editor and publisher of Script, a literary film magazine. Wagner had sent his two sons to Boyland. Wagner introduced Hopkins to other leftists such as writers William B. DeMille and Max Eastman, as well as illustrator Leo Politi, who contributed to Script.

Attending a rally for 600 striking dockworkers in San Pedro, California, in 1923, Hopkins was arrested on what is today known as Liberty Hill with Sinclair, Sinclair's brother-in-law Hunter Kimbrough, and Hugh Hardyman, who attempted to recite the First Amendment of the Constitution, or Free Speech Amendment.[7][8]

Freedom magazine[edit]

At the outbreak of World War II, Hopkins, who by then was 57 years old, returned to his anti-war activities and founded Freedom magazine in Pasadena, Calif. Freedom, published quarterly, was a vocal political publication that offered an assortment of medical, social, psychological and pacifist reports to its small, but supportive, circle of readers.

Freedom's contributors included an eclectic group of writers. Mahatma Gandhi wrote an article on the role of women.[9] Dr. Daniel H. Kress, one of the first physicians to recognize the health dangers of tobacco. Harold F. Bing, who was imprisoned during World War I as a conscientious objector and was active in War Resisters' International, wrote regularly for the magazine. Among other contributors were Dr. Abraham H. Maslow, considered the father of Humanism in psychology; Ada Farris, a writer for Script and the Saturday Evening Post; and Gilean Douglas, who wrote for New Mexico Quarterly. Los Angeles artist Leo Politi served as art director and contributed regular illustrations.

Published work[edit]

Published Works by Prynce Hopkins listed in the Library of Congress:

Father or Sons? (K.Paul, Trench, Trubner, 1927)

The Psychology of Social Movements; a Psycho-Analytic View of Society (London, G. Allen & Unwin, 1938)

Aids to Successful Study (London, G. Allen & Unwin, 1941)

From Gods to Dictators: Psychology of Religions and their Totalitarian Substitutes (Girard, Kan., Haldeman-Julius Publications, 1944)

A Westerner Looks East (Los Angeles, W. F. Lewis, 1951)

Both Hands Before The Fire (Penobscot, Me., Traversity Press, 1962)

The Social Psychology of Religious Experience (New York, Paine-Whitman, 1962)

World Invisible (Penobscot, Me., Traversity Press, 1963)

Orientation, Socialization and Individuation (Asia Publishing House, 1963)

Sources[edit]

/ The Archives of the History of American Psychology

Boyland History

/ Prynce Hopkins' unionist activities

/ Hopkins' anti-war activities

References[edit]

  1. ^ Both Hands Before the Fire, a self-published autobiography by Prynce Charles Hopkins, 1965
  2. ^ Both Hands Before the Fire, self-published autobiography by Prynce Charles Hopkins, 1965
  3. ^ The Archives of the History of American Psychology
  4. ^ "Amnesty of Political Prisoners" Anarchist website
  5. ^ Both Hands Before the Fire
  6. ^ Mitchell, Mary Ames. The Search for My Abandoned Grandmother, Peach Plum Press, San Rafael, CA, 2010
  7. ^ Los Angeles Times May 11, 2003
  8. ^ "Los Angeles Police Stop Upton Sinclair Meeting", The Evening Independent, St. Petersburg, Florida, May 16, 1923
  9. ^ Freedom, Volumes I-IV, bound quarterly journals published by Prynce C Hopkins, 1940 - 1945