Przhevalskoye

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Lake Sapsho
The sanatorium of Przhevalskoye
The church of the Ascension

Przhevalskoye (Russian: Пржева́льское ) is an urban locality (a resort settlement) in Demidovsky District of Smolensk Oblast, Russia.[1] It is situated northeast of Demidov in the northwestern part of the oblast, on Lake Sapsho. Population: 1,683 (2010 Census);[2] 2,110 (2002 Census);[3] 2,883 (1989 Census).[4] It is a terminus of the Demidov-Przhevalskoye highway.

The settlement is home to the Museum of Nikolai Przhevalsky, which occupies the mansion of the famous traveler. Previously called Sloboda (Слобода́),[5] it was renamed after Przhevalsky in 1964.[6]

The village of Sloboda was first mentioned in 1724 in connection with the building of the church,[7] although the place had been inhabited long before that. Scientists found ceramic products of the 4th or 3rd millennium BCE.[8] In the 4th-8th centuries, it was inhabited by the Krivichs.[8] People also lived in these lands at later times. Along the rivers and lakes (including Lake Sapsho), there was the trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks, and not so far away there was the second big city of the Principality of Smolensk called Verzhavsk (Вержавск).[9][10] In the 19th century, it was an outlying area with little economic activity.[11] It was the reason why Nikolai Przhevalsky bought an estate here in 1881. In the middle of the 20th century, Przhevalskoye-Sloboda became famous during World War II for its partisan defenders.[12] From September 1942 to September 1943, the front line ran through the village.[13] Almost all buildings were burnt. The partisans' staff was located in the partly ruined church.

The settlement has been serving as a health resort since mineral waters were discovered in the 1970s, and a sanatorium (the largest in Smolensk Oblast was built in 1974.[14]). Also in 1974, the village was granted the resort settlement status.

Przhevalskoye is also a part of Smolenskoye Poozyorye national park.

Sights[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Администрация Смоленской области. Постановление №261 от 30 апреля 2008 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Смоленской области», в ред. Постановления №464 от 27 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Смоленской области». Опубликован: База данных "Консультант-плюс". (Administration of Smolensk Oblast. Resolution #261 of April 30, 2008 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Territorial Units of Smolensk Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #464 of June 27, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Territorial Units of Smolensk Oblast. ).
  2. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  3. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  5. ^ Борисенков Ю. Новый рассвет над озером Сапшо // Поречанка. № 25/26, 31 марта 2006. — С. 4-5
  6. ^ Культурное наследие земли Смоленской. «Здесь будет моё гнездо» Е. Гавриленкова
  7. ^ Епархиальные ведомости, 1901, № 11
  8. ^ a b Шмидт Е. А. Древнерусские археологические памятники Смоленской области. — Ч. I. — М., 1982. — С. 53
  9. ^ Городище (Вержавск)
  10. ^ Седов В. В. К исторической географии Смоленской земли // Материалы по изучению Смоленской области: в 4. — Смоленск, 1961. — С.317-326
  11. ^ Межевая книга сельца Слободы, сочинённая 1849 года июня 18 дня уездным поречским землемером Подъельским
  12. ^ В. Гавриленков. Мы — горьковские! // Путь Ильича. № 31 (1087), 14 марта 1970. — С. 2
  13. ^ К. Немцев. Бои местного значения // Путь Ильича. № 132, 14 ноября 1971. — С. 7
  14. ^ Санаторий имени Н. М. Пржевальского

Coordinates: 55°30′28″N 31°50′36″E / 55.50778°N 31.84333°E / 55.50778; 31.84333