Przybylski's Star

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HD 101065
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Centaurus
Right ascension 11h 37m 37.04050s[1]
Declination –46° 42′ 34.8768″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 8.02[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type B5p
U−B color index +0.20[2]
B−V color index +0.76[2]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) +10.2[3] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: –47.36[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +34.44[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 8.93 ± 0.87[1] mas
Distance 370 ± 40 ly
(110 ± 10 pc)
Details
Mass 4.0 ± 0.1[4] M
Surface gravity (log g) 4.2[5] cgs
Temperature 6,600[5] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] –2.40[6] dex
Age 56.6 ± 27.9[4] Myr
Other designations
V816 Cen, CD-46 7232, HD 101065, HIP 56709, SAO 222918.[7]

Przybylski's Star /ʃɨˈbɪlskiz stɑr/, or HD 101065, is a peculiar star that is located at a distance of roughly 370 light-years (110 parsecs) from the Sun in the southern constellation of Centaurus.

Scientific history[edit]

In 1961, the Polish-Australian astronomer Antoni Przybylski (Polish pronunciation [ˈantɔɲi pʂɨˈbɨlski]) discovered that this star had a peculiar spectrum that would not fit into the standard framework for stellar classification.[3] Przybylski's observations indicated unusually low amounts of iron and nickel in the star's spectrum, but higher amounts of unusual elements like strontium, niobium, scandium, yttrium, caesium, neodymium, praseodymium, thorium, ytterbium, and uranium. In fact, at first Przybylski doubted that iron was present in the spectrum at all. Modern work shows that the iron-group elements are somewhat below normal in abundance, but it is clear that the lanthanides and other exotic elements are highly overabundant. As a result of these peculiar abundances this star belongs firmly in the Ap star class.

Compared to neighboring stars, HD 101065 has a high peculiar velocity of 23.8 ± 1.9 km s–1.[4]

Rapid oscillations[edit]

HD 101065 is the prototype star of the roAp star class. It was discovered to pulsate photometrically in 1978[8] with a period of 12.15 min.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e van Leeuwen, Floor (November 2007), Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction, Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752v1, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357  Note: see VizieR catalogue I/311.
  2. ^ a b c Wegner, G. (1976). "On the reddening and the effective temperature of HD 101065". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 177: 99–108. Bibcode:1997A&A...323L..49P. doi:10.1093/mnras/177.1.99. 
  3. ^ a b Przybylski, A.; Kennedy, P. Morris (August 1963). "The Spectrum of HD 101065". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 75 (445): 349–353. Bibcode:1963PASP...75..349P. doi:10.1086/127965. 
  4. ^ a b c Tetzlaff, N.; Neuhäuser, R.; Hohle, M. M. (January 2011), A catalogue of young runaway Hipparcos stars within 3 kpc from the Sun, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 410 (1): 190–200, arXiv:1007.4883, Bibcode:2011MNRAS.410..190T, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17434.x 
  5. ^ a b Cowley, C. R.; Ryabchikova, T.; Kupka, F.; Bord, D. J.; Mathys, G.; Bidelman, W. P. (2000). "Abundances in Przybylski's star". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 317 (2): 299–309. Bibcode:2000MNRAS.317..299C. doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.2000.03578.x. 
  6. ^ Przybylski, A. (January 1977). "Is iron present in the atmosphere of HD 101065". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 178: 71–84. Bibcode:1977MNRAS.178...71P. doi:10.1093/mnras/178.2.71. 
  7. ^ "V816 Cen -- Variable Star". SIMBAD Astronomical Object Database. Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  8. ^ Kurtz, D.W. Information Bulletin on Variable Stars, vol 1436, 1978

External links[edit]