Pseudomonas amygdali

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Pseudomonas amygdali
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gamma Proteobacteria
Order: Pseudomonadales
Family: Pseudomonadaceae
Genus: Pseudomonas
Species: P. amygdali
Binomial name
Pseudomonas amygdali
Psallidas and Panagopoulos 1975
Type strain
ATCC 33614

CCUG 32770
CFBP 3205
CIP 106734
DSM 7298
ICMP 3918
LMG 13184
NCPPB 2607

Pathovars

P. a. pv. aesculi
P. a. pv. amygdali
P. a. pv. ciccaronei
P. a. pv. dendropanacis
P. a. pv. eriobotryae
P. a. pv. glycinea
P. a. pv. hibisci
P. a. pv. lachrymans
P. a. pv. mellea
P. a. pv. mori
P. a. pv. morsprumorum
P. a. pv. myricae
P. a. pv. phaseolicola
P. a. pv. photiniae
P. a. pv. sesami
P. a. pv. tabaci
P. a. pv. ulmi

Pseudomonas amygdali is a Gram-negative plant pathogenic bacterium.[1] It is named after its ability to cause disease on almond (Prunus amygdalus) trees. Based on 16S rRNA analysis, P. amygdali has been placed in the P. syringae group.[2] Following ribotypical analysis several pathovars of Pseudomonas syringae were incorporated into this species.[3] It was also proposed that Pseudomonas ficuserectae, Pseudomonas meliae, and Pseudomonas savastanoi be incorporated into this species,[3] though there is not a consensus,[2] while others assert that Pseudomonas savastanoi is the more legitimate name.[4]

Pathovars[edit]

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. aesculi infects Buckeye and Horse-chestnut trees (Genus Aesculus).

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. amygdali was isolated from Prunus amygdalus.

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. ciccaronei causes disease on the Carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua).

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. dendropanacis is pathogenic to Dendropanax trifidus.

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. eriobotryae infects Loquat trees (Eriobotrya japonica).

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. glycinea causes disease of soybeans (Glycine max).

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. hibisci is pathogenic to Hibiscus plants.

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. lachrymans causes angular leaf spot on cucumber.

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. mellea causes disease on tobacco plants.

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. mori is pathogenic on mulberry trees.

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. morsprunorum causes disease on cherries and plums.

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. myricae was first isolated on Myrica trees.

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. phaseolicola is pathogenic to the common bean.

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. photiniae causes disease on Photinia species.

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. sesami infects sesame plants.

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. tabaci causes disease on tobacco plants.

Pseudomonas amygdali pv. ulmi was first isolated on elm trees.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smith, Dunez, Lelliot, Phillips and Archer (1988) European Handbook of Plant Disease. Blackwell Scientific Publications.
  2. ^ a b Anzai et al. (Jul 2000). "Phylogenetic affiliation of the pseudomonads based on 16S rRNA sequence". Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50 (4): 1563–89. doi:10.1099/00207713-50-4-1563. PMID 10939664. 
  3. ^ a b Gardan et al. (Apr 1999). "DNA relatedness among the pathovars of Pseudomonas syringae and description of Pseudomonas tremae sp. nov. and Pseudomonas cannabina sp. nov. (ex Sutic and Dowson 1959)". Int J Syst Bacteriol 49 (2): 469–78. doi:10.1099/00207713-49-2-469. PMID 10319466. 
  4. ^ Elasri et al. (Mar 2001). "Acyl-Homoserine Lactone Production Is More Common among Plant-Associated Pseudomonas spp. than among Soilborne Pseudomonas spp". Appl Environ Microbiol 67 (3): 1198–209. doi:10.1128/AEM.67.3.1198-1209.2001. PMC 92714. PMID 11229911.