Pseudopimelodidae

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Pseudopimelodidae
Lophiosilurus alexandri.jpg
Lophiosilurus alexandri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Siluriformes
Superfamily: Pimelodoidea
Family: Pseudopimelodidae
Lundberg, Bornbusch & Mago-Leccia, 1991
Genera

Batrochoglanis
Cephalosilurus
Cruciglanis
Lophiosilurus
Microglanis
Pseudopimelodus

The Pseudopimelodidae are a small family of catfishes known as the bumblebee catfishes or dwarf marbled catfishes. Some of these fish are popular aquarium fish.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

This family was formerly a subfamily of Pimelodidae.[1] Pseudopimelodidae is a monophyletic group.[2] Previously, the superfamily Pseudopimelodoidea was sister to superfamilies Sisoroidea + Loricarioidea.[1] However, some evidence has shown this family, along with Pimelodidae, Heptapteridae, and Conorhynchos, may form a monophyletic assemblage, which contradicts the hypothesis that the former family Pimelodidae that included these families is a polyphyletic group.[3]

Distribution[edit]

The Pseudopimelodidae are restricted to fresh water in South America,[1] from the Atrato River in Colombia to Argentina in the Río de la Plata.[2]

Description[edit]

These catfishes have wide mouths, small eyes, and short barbels.[4] Their bold markings lead them to be commonly known as bumblebee catfishes or dwarf marbled catfishes.[1] B. acanthochiroides grows to 80.0 cm (31 in) TL.[5] However, most species are smaller; species of the genus Microglanis rarely exceed 70 mm(2.8 in) SL and are never over 80 mm (3.1 in) SL.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Nelson, Joseph S. (2006). Fishes of the World. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0-471-25031-7. 
  2. ^ a b Ortega-Lara, Armando; Lehmann A., Pablo (2006). "Cruciglanis, a new genus of Pseudopimelodid catfish (Ostariophysi: Siluriformes) with description of a new species from the Colombian Pacific coast" (PDF) 4 (2). pp. 147–156. 
  3. ^ Sullivan, JP; Lundberg JG; Hardman M (2006). "A phylogenetic analysis of the major groups of catfishes (Teleostei: Siluriformes) using rag1 and rag2 nuclear gene sequences". Mol Phylogenet Evol. 41 (3): 636–62. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.05.044. PMID 16876440. 
  4. ^ a b Sarmento-Soares, Luisa M.; Martins-Pinheiro, Ronaldo F.; Aranda, Arion T.; Chamon, Carine C. Chamon (2006). "Microglanis pataxo, a new catfish from southern Bahia coastal rivers, northeastern Brazil (Siluriformes: Pseudopimelodidae)" (PDF). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 4 (2): 157–166. doi:10.1590/S1679-62252006000200003. 
  5. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2007). "Batrochoglanis acanthochiroides" in FishBase. June 2007 version.