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False catshark
(Pseudotriakis microdon)
Slender smooth-hound
(Gollum attenuatus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Family: Pseudotriakidae
T. N. Gill, 1893

Pseudotriakidae is a small family of ground sharks, order Carcharhiniformes, containing the false catsharks and gollumsharks. It contains the only ground shark species that exhibit intrauterine oophagy, in which developing fetuses are nourished by eggs produced by their mother.[1]

Undescribed species[edit]

There are two as yet undescribed species - one in the genus Gollum, (Gollum sp. B) - the Whitemarked gollumshark, and the Pygmy false catshark of undetermined genus which may be close to Planonasus parini.[2][3]


  1. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). "Pseudotriakidae" in FishBase. December 2012 version.
  2. ^ Compagno, L.J.V., M. Dando and S. Fowler (2005). Sharks of the World. Princeton University Press. pp. 257–260. ISBN 978-0-691-12072-0. 
  3. ^ Weigmann, S., Stehmann, M.F.W. & Thiel, R. (2013): Planonasus parini n. g. and n. sp., a new genus and species of false cat sharks (Carchariniformes, Pseudotriakidae) from the deep northwestern Indian Ocean off Socotra Islands. Zootaxa, 3609 (2): 163–181.