Psidium

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For the thoroughbred racehorse, see Psidium (horse).
Guava
Psidium guajava fruit2.jpg
Guava (Psidium guajava)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Subfamily: Myrtoideae
Tribe: Myrteae
Genus: Psidium
L.[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Calyptropsidium O.Berg
  • Corynemyrtus (Kiaersk.) Mattos
  • Cuiavus Trew
  • Episyzygium Suess. & A.Ludw.
  • Guajava Mill.
  • Guayaba Noronha
  • Mitropsidium Burret

Psidium is a group of trees and shrubs in the myrtle family, described as a genus by Linnaeus in 1753.[3][4] It is native to warmer parts of the Western Hemisphere (Mexico, Central and South America, the West Indies, Galápagos, and the southern United States).[5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

Many of the species bear edible fruits, and for this reason several are cultivated commercially. Most important is the common guava, Psidium guajava.

Species[5]
  1. Psidium acranthum - Dominican Rep
  2. Psidium acunae - Cuba
  3. Psidium acutangulum - from Colombia to Amapá and Bolivia
  4. Psidium albescens - Jamaica
  5. Psidium amplexicaule - Puerto Rico, Leeward Is.
  6. Psidium apiculatum - Bahia
  7. Psidium appendiculatum - N Venezuela, NE Brazil
  8. Psidium araucanum - São Paulo, Paraná
  9. Psidium arboreum - Rio de Janeiro
  10. Psidium australe - Venezuela, Guyana, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
  11. Psidium bahianum - Bahia
  12. Psidium balium - Cuba
  13. Psidium brevifolium - Dominican Rep
  14. Psidium brownianum - Venezuela, NE Brazil
  15. Psidium calyptranthoides - Puerto Rico
  16. Psidium canum - Brazil
  17. Psidium cattleianum - Brazil, Uruguay
  18. Psidium cauliflorum - Bahia
  19. Psidium celastroides - Cuba
  20. Psidium claraense - Cuba
  21. Psidium cymosum - Cuba
  22. Psidium densicomum - Venezuela, Guyana, Bolivia, NW Brazil, Peru, Colombia
  23. Psidium dictyophyllum - Hispaniola
  24. Psidium donianum - Maranhão
  25. Psidium dumetorum - Jamaica but extinct
  26. Psidium eugenii - SE Brazil
  27. Psidium firmum - Brazil
  28. Psidium friedrichsthalianum - S Mexico, Central America, Colombia, Venezuela
  29. Psidium fulvum - Peru
  30. Psidium galapageium - Galápagos
  31. Psidium ganevii - Bahia
  32. Psidium giganteum - Minas Gerais, São Paulo
  33. Psidium glaziovianum - SE Brazil
  34. Psidium globosum - Uruguay
  35. Psidium grandifolium - Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, NE Argentina
  36. Psidium guajava - Central + South America, West Indies, Mexico, Florida, Louisiana, Arizona;[12] naturalized in parts of Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, and on numerous oceanic islands
  37. Psidium guineense - Central + South America, Windward Is, Mexico
  38. Psidium guyanense - N Brazil, Venezuela, French Guiana
  39. Psidium haitiense - Haiti
  40. Psidium harrisianum - Jamaica
  41. Psidium × hasslerianum - Paraguay, Central America
  42. Psidium hotteanum - Massif de la Hotte
  43. Psidium huanucoense - Huánuco
  44. Psidium inaequilaterum - SE Brazil
  45. Psidium itanareense - São Paulo
  46. Psidium jacquinianum - unknown
  47. Psidium jakucsianum - Cuba
  48. Psidium kennedyanum - Brazil, Paraguay, NE Argentina
  49. Psidium langsdorffii - Minas Gerais
  50. Psidium laruotteanum - from Costa Rica to Paraguay
  51. Psidium longipetiolatum - S Brazil
  52. Psidium lourteigiae - Brazil
  53. Psidium loustalotii - Cuba
  54. Psidium maribense - Colombia, Venezuela, N Brazil
  55. Psidium minutifolium - Cuba
  56. Psidium misionum - Paraguay, Misiones
  57. Psidium montanum - Jamaica
  58. Psidium munizianum - Cuba
  59. Psidium myrsinites - Brazil
  60. Psidium myrtoides - Brazil
  61. Psidium nannophyllum - Dominican Rep
  62. Psidium navasense - Cuba
  63. Psidium nummularia - Cuba
  64. Psidium nutans - Brazil, NE Argentina
  65. Psidium oblongatum - Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo
  66. Psidium oblongifolium - SE Brazil
  67. Psidium oligospermum - Minas Gerais, Paraíba
  68. Psidium oncocalyx - Bahia
  69. Psidium orbifolium - Cuba
  70. Psidium ovale - Minas Gerais, Santa Catarina
  71. Psidium parvifolium - Cuba
  72. Psidium pedicellatum - Colombia, Ecuador
  73. Psidium pigmeum - SE Brazil
  74. Psidium raimondii - Peru
  75. Psidium ramboanum - Mato Grosso
  76. Psidium ratterianum - Brasília
  77. Psidium refractum - Goiás
  78. Psidium reptans - Paraná
  79. Psidium reversum - Sierra Sagua Baracoa in Cuba
  80. Psidium rhombeum - Bahia
  81. Psidium riparium - Brazil
  82. Psidium robustum - Maranhão, Minas Gerais, São Paulo
  83. Psidium rostratum - Peru
  84. Psidium rotundatum - Cuba
  85. Psidium rufum - Brazil
  86. Psidium rutidocarpum - Peru
  87. Psidium salutare - Central + South America, West Indies, S Mexico
  88. Psidium sartorianum - Central + South America, West Indies, Mexico
  89. Psidium schenckianum - E Brazil
  90. Psidium scopulorum - Cuba
  91. Psidium sessilifolium - Dominican Rep
  92. Psidium sintenisii - Puerto Rico
  93. Psidium sorocabense - SE Brazil
  94. Psidium striatulum -Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname
  95. Psidium tenuirame - Cuba
  96. Psidium trilobum - Massif du Nord in Haiti

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus: Psidium L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-01-27. Retrieved 2010-03-03. 
  2. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". 
  3. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 470 in Latin
  4. ^ Tropicos, Psidium L.
  5. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  6. ^ Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  7. ^ Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2009. Cucurbitaceae a Polemoniaceae. 4(1): i–xvi, 1–855. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
  8. ^ Landrum, L. R. & M. L. Kawasaki. 1997. The genera of Myrtaceae in Brazil: an illustrated synoptic treatment and identification keys. Brittonia 49(4): 508–536.
  9. ^ Sánchez-Vindas, P. E. 1989. Flora de Nicaragua: Myrtaceae. Brenesia 31: 53–73.
  10. ^ Sánchez-Vindas, P. E. 2001. Calycolpus, Eugenia, Myrcia, Myrcianthes, Myrciaria, Pimenta, Plinia, Psidium, Syzygium, Ugni. En: Stevens, W.D., C. Ulloa, A. Pool & O.M. Montiel (eds.), Flora de Nicaragua. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85(2): 1566, 1570–1574, 1575–1580.
  11. ^ Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution maps, genus Psidium
  12. ^ Biota of North America 2013 county distribution map, Psidium guajava

External links[edit]