The blue-rumped parrot (Psittinus cyanurus) is a parrot found in the very southern tip of Myanmar, peninsular Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra and nearby islands. It is a small parrot (18 cm) and is primarily green with bright red underwing coverts, a reddish shoulder patch, and yellowish margins on the wing coverts. It is sexually dimorphic. The female has a grey-brown head. The male has a black mantle, red upper mandible, and blue head and rump.
There are three subspecies:
- P. c. cyanurus: Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra.
- P. c. pontius: Mentawi Islands southwards from Siberut. Larger than the nominate subspecies.
- P. c. abbottii: Simeulue. Male head mostly green except around eye and ears, black mantle smaller. Even larger than pontius
It is found in lowland forests, generally below 700 m, in forest, open woodland, orchards and plantations, mangroves, dense scrub, and coconut groves. It occurs in flocks up to 20 birds. They eat seeds, fruit and blossoms.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Psittinus cyanurus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Psittinus cyanurus" Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
- Birdlife datazone species factsheet Simeulue parrot
- Juniper & Parr (1998) Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World; ISBN 0-300-07453-0.
- Oriental Bird Images: Blue-rumped parrot Selected photos