Psittirostrini is one of three tribes belonging to the Hawaiian honeycreepers. It is made up of the thick-billed birds, colloquially known as the Hawaiian finches, that once inhabited all of the Hawaiian Islands. These birds are granivorous and have songs like those of cardueline finches. Extant species include the Laysan Finch, the Nihoa Finch, the Maui Parrotbill, and the Palila, which may possibly be the last remaining species left alive in this group. Extinct species include the four Koa Finches, the ʻŌʻū, and the Lānaʻi Hookbill.
Genera and species
- Genus Chloridops Wilson, 1888 - thick-billed, Myoporum sandwicense and other hard seed specialist
- Genus Dysmorodrepanis Perkins, 1919 - pincer-like bill, possibly snail specialist
- Genus Loxioides Oustalet, 1877 - finch-like, Fabales seed specialists
- Genus Orthiospiza - large weak bill, possibly soft seed or fruit specialist?
- Genus Pseudonestor - parrot-like bill, probes decomposing wood for insect larvae
- Genus Psittirostra - slightly hooked bill, Freycinetia arborea fruit specialist
- Genus Rhodacanthis - large-billed legume specialists
- Rhodacanthis flaviceps Rothschild, 1892 - Lesser Koa-finch (extinct, 1891)
- Rhodacanthis forfex James & Olson, 2005 - Scissor-billed Koa-finch (prehistoric)
- Rhodacanthis litotes James & Olson, 2005 - Primitive Koa-finch (prehistoric)
- Rhodacanthis palmeri Rothschild, 1892 - Greater Koa-finch (extinct, 1896)
- Genus Telespiza Wilson, 1890 - finch-like, granivores, opportunistic scavengers
- Genus Xestospiza James & Oslon, 1991 - cone-shaped bills, possibly insectivores
- James, Helen F.; Johnathan P. Prince (May 2008). "Integration of palaeontological, historical, and geographical data on the extinction of koa-finches". Diversity & Distributions 14 (3): 441–451. doi:10.1111/j.1472-4642.2007.00442.x.
- Culliney, John L (2006). Islands In A Far Sea: The Fate Of Nature In Hawai'i. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 232–234. ISBN 978-0-8248-2947-6.