Psychocandy

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Psychocandy
Studio album by The Jesus and Mary Chain
Released 18 November 1985
Recorded Southern Studios, Wood Green, London
Genre Noise pop, alternative rock
Length 38:55
Label Blanco y Negro
Producer The Jesus and Mary Chain
The Jesus and Mary Chain chronology
Psychocandy
(1985)
Darklands
(1987)
Singles from Psychocandy
  1. "Never Understand"
    Released: February 1985
  2. "You Trip Me Up"
    Released: May 1985
  3. "Just Like Honey"
    Released: October 1985

Psychocandy is the debut studio album by Scottish alternative rock band The Jesus and Mary Chain. It was released in November 1985 on Blanco y Negro Records. The album is considered a landmark recording: its combination of guitar feedback with traditional pop song structures proved influential on the forthcoming shoegazing genre and alternative rock in general. The band would move away from its abrasive sound with the release of their second album, 1987's Darklands.

Background and recording[edit]

After quitting their jobs in 1980, brothers Jim and William Reid formed The Jesus and Mary Chain with bass player Douglas Hart. Taking inspiration from German industrial band Einstürzende Neubauten, girl group the Shangri-Las and The Velvet Underground & Nico, they bought a Portastudio in 1983 when their father lost his job in a local factory and gave the brothers £300 from his redundancy money. The band recorded a demo tape containing the songs "Upside Down" and "Never Understand" which was heard by Glaswegian musician Bobby Gillespie, who in turn passed it on to his friend Alan McGee of Creation Records.[1] McGee was impressed with the tape and invited the band to play at a Creation Records showcase event in London, becoming the band's manager shortly afterwards.[2]

Following more London concerts, the Jesus and Mary Chain entered Alaska Studios in Waterloo and recorded their debut single, "Upside Down". Released by Creation Records in November 1984 and featuring a b-side produced by Slaughter Joe, ‘Upside Down’’ sold out its initial pressing and ended the year by being placed at number 37 in John Peel’s Festive Fifty.[2] After recruiting Gillespie as their drummer in late 1984, the Jesus and Mary Chain signed to the WEA subsidiary label Blanco Y Negro, which had been established by Rough Trade founder Geoff Travis.[1] The band entered Island Studios to record with engineer Stephen Street but the sessions proved to be fruitless and the band returned to Alaska Studios for the recording of their second single, "Never Understand". The single was released by Blanco Y Negro in February 1985, and in March that year they began recording their debut album with engineer John Loder at Southern Studios in Wood Green, North London.[2] Psychocandy was recorded in six weeks[1] and totalled £17,000 in recording and production costs.[2]

Music and lyrics[edit]

Psychocandy contains fourteen tracks with a total running time of thirty-nine minutes. The music has been described as "bubblegum pop drowned in feedback",[3] that fused "melody with obnoxious bursts of white noise."[4] Critics have noted the influence of classic 60s pop groups[5][2][6] such as The Beach Boys[7][5][8] and The Rolling Stones[8] alongside the work of rock bands The Velvet Underground,[7][5][2] The Stooges[5][6] and Suicide[6] on the album.

Lead vocals are handled by Jim Reid on this album, with the exception of "It's So Hard", sung by William Reid.

Release[edit]

The album includes the singles "Never Understand", "You Trip Me Up" and "Just Like Honey". Following reissue on CD in August 1986, the bonus track "Some Candy Talking", which was originally released on the namesake EP, was included on the album, only on the UK Blanco y Negro CDs released in 1986 and 1997; in the USA, it was released on CD by Reprise in 1986 and American Recordings in 1993 without the bonus track. In 2006, the album was remastered and released in DualDisc format without "Some Candy Talking" to conform with the original playlist. In 2011, it was re-released (along with the other five studio albums) by Edsel in collaboration with Rhino as a two-CD set with extra tracks (singles, B-sides, demos and Peel Sessions) and a DVD (NTSC, all-region).

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 5/5 stars[7]
BBC Online positive[5]
Robert Christgau A−[9]
Drowned in Sound 10/10[4]
Pitchfork 9.6/10[8]
Q 5/5 stars[10]
Rolling Stone favourable (1986)[11]
5/5 stars (2004)[12]

On release Psychocandy received favourable reviews. Writing for NME, Andy Gill described it as "a great citadel of beauty whose wall of noise, once scaled, offers access to endless vistas of melody and emotion".[citation needed] Even teen magazine Smash Hits gave it 9½/10 in their review.[citation needed] In the end of year round ups the album placed at number one in NME's list of best albums of 1985 (tied with Tom Waits' Rain Dogs),[13] number 3 in The Face[14] and number 5 in Melody Maker.[15]

Subsequently the album has frequently appeared in "best ever" album lists, such as Q magazine's "100 Greatest British Albums Ever", where it placed at number 88 in 2000.[16] In 2006, Q magazine placed the album at number 23 in its "40 Best Albums of the '80s" list.[17] In 2003, the album was ranked number 268 on Rolling Stone magazine's "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" list.[18] The magazine also ranked the album number 45 on its list of the 100 Best Debut Albums of All Time.[3] Allmusic described the album as one that "created a movement without meaning to."[7]

Pitchfork listed Psychocandy as the 23rd best album of the 1980s.[6] Slant Magazine listed the album at number 38 in its "Best Albums of the 1980s" list, saying, "Shaping fuzz into a potent, tactile instrument, The Jesus and Mary Chain helped establish the style of distortion-laden fogginess that would eventually become the foundation for shoegaze."[19]

Track listing[edit]

All songs written and composed by Jim Reid and William Reid, except where indicated. 

No. Title Length
1. "Just Like Honey"   3:03
2. "The Living End"   2:16
3. "Taste the Floor"   2:56
4. "The Hardest Walk"   2:40
5. "Cut Dead"   2:47
6. "In a Hole"   3:02
7. "Taste of Cindy"   1:42
8. "Never Understand"   2:57
9. "Inside Me"   3:09
10. "Sowing Seeds"   2:50
11. "My Little Underground"   2:31
12. "You Trip Me Up"   2:26
13. "Something's Wrong"   4:01
14. "It's So Hard"   2:37

Note: the 1986 CD release contains the extra track "Some Candy Talking", between "Taste of Cindy" and "Never Understand".

Additional[edit]

2011 CD disc 2
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Upside Down"     3:00
2. "Vegetable Man"   Syd Barrett 3:35
3. "In a Hole" (John Peel radio session, 23 October 1984)   2:41
4. "You Trip Me Up" (John Peel radio session, 23 October 1984)   2:07
5. "Never Understand" (John Peel radio session, 23 October 1984)   3:08
6. "Taste the Floor" (John Peel radio session, 23 October 1984)   3:08
7. "The Living End" (John Peel radio session, 3 February 1985)   2:15
8. "Inside Me" (John Peel radio session, 3 February 1985)   3:01
9. "Just Like Honey" (John Peel radio session, 3 February 1985)   2:49
10. "Some Candy Talking" (John Peel radio session, 29 October 1985)   3:13
11. "Psychocandy" (John Peel radio session, 29 October 1985)   2:01
12. "You Trip Me Up" (John Peel radio session, 29 October 1985)   2:41
13. "Cut Dead" (John Peel radio session, 29 October 1985)   2:47
14. "Up Too High" (Portastudio demo, 1984/85)   3:44
15. "Upside Down" (Portastudio demo, 1984/85)   3:10
16. "Never Understand" (Portastudio demo, 1984/85)   3:18
17. "Taste the Floor" (Portastudio demo, 1984/85)   3:06
18. "In a Hole" (Portastudio demo, 1984/85)   2:42
19. "Something's Wrong" (Portastudio demo, 1984/85)   3:27
20. "Just Like Honey (Demo Version, October 1984)" (Alaska Studios demo, June 1985)   2:58
21. "The Living End" (Alaska Studios demo, June 1985)   2:16
22. "My Little Underground"     2:33
23. "Never Understand (Alternate Version)"     3:25
24. "Jesus Fuck"     2:30
2011 bonus DVD

Personnel[edit]

All personnel credits adapted from Psychocandy '​s liner notes.[20]

The Jesus and Mary Chain
Additional musicians
  • Karen Parker – backing vocals (1)
  • Laurence Verfaillie – backing vocals (1)[21]
Technical personnel
Design personnel
  • Greg Allen – art direction
  • Alastair Indge – sleeve photography
  • Bleddyn Butcher – sleeve photography
  • Chris Clown – sleeve photography
  • Mike Laye – sleeve photography
  • Rona McIntosh – sleeve photography
  • Stuart Cassidy – sleeve photography

Chart positions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lynskey, Dorian (26 October 2014). "The Jesus and Mary Chain on Psychocandy: ‘It was a little miracle’". The Observer. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Marszalek, Julian (8 November 2011). "Brown Acid Black Leather: The Story Of The Jesus And Mary Chain's Psychocandy". The Quietus. Retrieved 24 November 2014. 
  3. ^ a b http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/the-100-greatest-debut-albums-of-all-time-20130322/psychocandy-19691231
  4. ^ a b Gourlay, Dom (30 September 2011). "Jesus and Mary Chain - Deluxe Reissues". Drowned in Sound. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Jones, Chris (1 August 2007). "BBC - Music - Review of The Jesus And Mary Chain - Psychocandy". Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Staff Lists: Top 100 Albums of the 1980s". Pitchfork. 20 November 2002. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d Raggett, Ned. "Psychocandy - The Jesus and Mary Chain : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". Allmusic. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c Abebe, Nitsuh (4 August 2006). "The Jesus and Mary Chain: Psychocandy / Darklands / Automatic / Honey's Dead / Stoned & Dethroned". Pitchfork. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  9. ^ Christgau, Robert. "Robert Christgau: CG: The Jesus and Mary Chain". robertchristgau.com. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  10. ^ Q (July 2006): 122. 
  11. ^ Holmes, Tim (27 March 1986). "The Jesus and Mary Chain: Psychocandy". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  12. ^ Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (11 February 2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4; revised ed.). Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0743201698. 
  13. ^ "Rocklist.net...NME End Of Year Lists 1985...". rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  14. ^ "Rocklist.net.......The Face Recordings Of The Year...". rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  15. ^ "Rocklist.net...Melody Maker Lists The '70's & '80's .....". rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  16. ^ "Rocklist.net...Q magazine Recordings Of The Year". rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  17. ^ Q (241). August 2006. 
  18. ^ Levy, Joe; Van Zandt, Steven, eds. (2006) [2005]. Rolling Stone 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (3rd ed.). London: Turnaround. ISBN 1-932958-61-4. OCLC 70672814. 
  19. ^ "Best Albums of the 1980s". Slant Magazine. 5 March 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  20. ^ Psychocandy (CD). The Jesus and Mary Chain. Blanco y Negro Records. 1985. 242 000-2. 
  21. ^ http://aprilskies.amniisia.com/jamc/members_of_the_mary_chain.php
  22. ^ a b "Jesus & Mary Chain | Artist". Official Charts Company. British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  23. ^ a b "Discography The Jesus & Mary Chain". charts.org.nz. Hung Medien. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  24. ^ "Psychocandy – The Jesus and Mary Chain: Awards". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  25. ^ "Search the charts". irishcharts.ie. Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved 6 January 2013.  N.B. User must define search parameters by entering either "Jesus and Mary Chain" into Search by Artist and clicking Search or "Some Candy Talking" into Search by Song Title and clicking Search.
  26. ^ "Certified Awards Search". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 6 January 2013.  N.B. User must define search parameters by entering either "Jesus & Mary Chain" into Search, selecting "Artist" in Search by and clicking Go or "Psychocandy" into Search, selecting "Title" in Search by and clicking Go.

External links[edit]