Psychotria mariniana

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Psychotria mariniana
Starr 020925-0087 Psychotria mariniana.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Psychotria
Species: P. mariniana
Binomial name
Psychotria mariniana
(Cham. & Schltdl.) Fosberg[1]
Synonyms
  • Coffea mariniana Cham. & Schltdl.

Psychotria mariniana, or Kōpiko, is a tree endemic to Hawaiʻi. The plant belongs to the Rubiaceae (coffee) family, subfamily Rubioidae. It is a tree of varying size with a dark bark, shiny leaves, and orange oval fruit.

A distinctive line of glands along the bottom of the central vein of each leaf connects this plant to the Hawaiian word for it, since piko means navel (in Hawaiian). The word kōpiko applies to all the Hawaiian plants in the genus Psychotria.

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