Ptolemy VI Philometor

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Ptolemy VI
King of Egypt
Ptolemy VI Philometor ring.jpg
Ptolemy VI
Predecessor Ptolemy V
Successor Ptolemy VIII
Spouse Cleopatra II of Egypt
Issue With Cleopatra II of Egypt:
Ptolemy Eupator
Cleopatra Thea
Cleopatra III of Egypt
Dynasty Ptolemaic
Father Ptolemy V Epiphanes
Mother Cleopatra I of Egypt
Born c. 185
Died 145 BC
Coin of Ptolemy VI Philometor

Ptolemy VI Philometor (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλομήτωρ, Ptolemaĩos Philomḗtōr, ca. 186–145 BC) was a king of Egypt from the Ptolemaic period. He reigned from 180 to 145 BC.[1]

Ring of Ptolemy VI Philometor as Egyptian pharaoh (Louvre)

Ptolemy succeeded in 180 BC at the age of about 6 and ruled jointly with his mother, Cleopatra I, until her death in 176 BC, which is what 'Philometor', his epithet, implies; "he who loves his mother", φίλος (beloved,friend) + μήτηρ (mother). The following year he married his sister, Cleopatra II, as it was customary for Pharaohs, for the Ptolemaic Greek kings had adopted many customs of the Pharaohs.[2] He had at least four children with her: Ptolemy Eupator, Ptolemy Neos, Cleopatra Thea and Cleopatra III, and possibly Berenice.[1]

In 170 BC, Antiochus IV began the sixth Syrian War and invaded Egypt twice.[citation needed] He was crowned as its king in 168. According to Livy’s The History of Rome from its Foundation (XLV.12), he abandoned his claim on the orders of the Roman Senate.

From 169–164, Egypt was ruled by a triumvirate consisting of Ptolemy, his sister-queen and his younger brother known as Ptolemy VIII Physcon.[citation needed] In 164 he was driven out by his brother and went to Rome to seek support, which he received from Cato.[citation needed] He was restored the following year by the intervention of the Alexandrians and ruled uneasily, cruelly suppressing frequent rebellions.[citation needed]

In 152 BC, he briefly ruled jointly with one of his sons, known as Ptolemy Eupator, but it is thought that Ptolemy Eupator died that same year.[citation needed]

In 145 BC he died of battle wounds received against Alexander Balas of Syria.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Chris Bennett. "Ptolemy VI". Tyndale House. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt". Ancient Egypt Online. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ptolemy V Epiphanes
Cleopatra I
Ptolemaic King of Egypt
with Cleopatra I
Cleopatra II
Ptolemy VIII Physcon

181–164 BCE
Succeeded by
Ptolemy VIII Physcon
Preceded by
Ptolemy VIII Physcon
Ptolemaic King of Egypt
with Cleopatra II
Ptolemy VIII Physcon
Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator

163–145 BCE
Succeeded by
Cleopatra II
Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator