Ptolemy X Alexander I

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Ptolemy X Alexander I
Pharaoh from the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt
Bust of Ptolemy X Alexander I featuring a stylized uraeus just above his forehead, on display at the Louvre
Reign c. 110 BC with mother Cleopatra III (First Reign)
c. 107 BC with mother Cleopatra III & niece / step-daughter / wife Berenice III (Second Reign)
Predecessor brother Ptolemy IX Lathyros (First Reign & Second Reign)
Successor brother Ptolemy IX Lathyros (First Reign)
son Ptolemy XI Alexander II (Second Reign)
Issue Ptolemy XI Alexander II (by Cleopatra Selene I)
Cleopatra V (by Berenice III)
Dynasty Ptolemaic
Father Ptolemy VIII Physcon
Mother Cleopatra III of Egypt

Ptolemy X Alexander I[note 1] (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Ἀλέξανδρος, Ptolemaĩos Aléxandros) was King of Egypt from 110 BC to 109 BC and 107 BC till 88 BC.

He was the son of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III. In 110 BC he became King with his mother as co-regent, after his mother had deposed his brother Ptolemy IX Lathyros. However, in 109 BC he was deposed by Ptolemy IX. In 107 BC he became King again, and again with his mother as co-regent. In 101 BC he had his mother killed, and ruled either alone or with his niece/wife, Berenice III.

When he died, Ptolemy IX regained the throne. When Ptolemy IX died, Ptolemy X's wife Berenice III took over the throne for six months.


  1. ^ Numbering the Ptolemies is a modern invention; the Greeks distinguished them by epithet (nickname). The number given here is the present consensus, but there has been some disagreement in the nineteenth century about which of the later Ptolemies should be counted as reigning. Since older sources may give a number one higher or lower, epithets are the most reliable way of determining which Ptolemy is being referred to in any given case.


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Preceded by:
Ptolemy IX
Ptolemaic King of Egypt
First Reign
with Cleopatra III
Succeeded by:
Ptolemy IX
Ptolemy IX Ptolemaic King of Egypt
Second Reign
with Cleopatra III and Berenice III
Ptolemy XI