Ptolemy X Alexander I
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|Ptolemy X Alexander I|
|Pharaoh from the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt|
|Reign||c. 110 BC with mother Cleopatra III (First Reign)
c. 107 BC with mother Cleopatra III & niece / step-daughter / wife Berenice III (Second Reign)
|Predecessor||brother Ptolemy IX Lathyros (First Reign & Second Reign)|
|Successor||brother Ptolemy IX Lathyros (First Reign)
son Ptolemy XI Alexander II (Second Reign)
|Issue||Ptolemy XI Alexander II (by Cleopatra Selene I)
Cleopatra V (by Berenice III)
|Father||Ptolemy VIII Physcon|
|Mother||Cleopatra III of Egypt|
He was the son of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III. In 110 BC he became King with his mother as co-regent, after his mother had deposed his brother Ptolemy IX Lathyros. However, in 109 BC he was deposed by Ptolemy IX. In 107 BC he became King again, and again with his mother as co-regent. In 101 BC he had his mother killed, and ruled either alone or with his niece/wife, Berenice III.
When he died, Ptolemy IX regained the throne. When Ptolemy IX died, Ptolemy X's wife Berenice III took over the throne for six months.
- Numbering the Ptolemies is a modern invention; the Greeks distinguished them by epithet (nickname). The number given here is the present consensus, but there has been some disagreement in the nineteenth century about which of the later Ptolemies should be counted as reigning. Since older sources may give a number one higher or lower, epithets are the most reliable way of determining which Ptolemy is being referred to in any given case.
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- Ptolemy X Alexander entry in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. Smith
|Ptolemaic King of Egypt
with Cleopatra III
|Ptolemy IX||Ptolemaic King of Egypt
with Cleopatra III and Berenice III
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