Puńców

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Puńców
Village
Saint George church
Saint George church
Coat of arms of Puńców
Coat of arms
Puńców is located in Poland
Puńców
Puńców
Coordinates: 49°43′6.3″N 18°39′44.85″E / 49.718417°N 18.6624583°E / 49.718417; 18.6624583
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County Cieszyn
Gmina Goleszów
First mentioned 1223
Government
 • Mayor Stanisław Kukuczka
Area 10.21 km2 (3.94 sq mi)
Population (2008) 1,508
 • Density 150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43-400
Car plates SCI

Puńców (German: Punzau) is a village in Gmina Goleszów, Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland, on the border with the Czech Republic. It has a population of 1,508 (2008).

History[edit]

It is one of the oldest villages in Cieszyn Silesia. It was first mentioned in a document of Bishop of Wrocław issued on 23 May 1223 for Norbertine Sisters in Rybnik among villages paying them a tithe, as Punzo.[1][2] In the same document another village of Radowice (Radouiza) was mentioned, which was later absorbed by Puńców.[1] In 1228 the aforementioned Norbertine Sisters moved from Rybnik to Czarnowąsy the tithe from most of the villages listed in 1223 were taken from them, however Puńców was extraordinarily given to them as a possesion.[3] In that year the village was conveyed to a Polish law.[4] The village was again mentioned in the document of Pope Gregory IX issued in 1229 as a village belonging to the Benedictine abbey in Tyniec.[3] Later in unattested circumstances the ownership of the village changed to dukes.[4]

Politically it belonged then to the Duchy of Opole and Racibórz and the Castellany of Cieszyn, which was in 1290 formed in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland into the Duchy of Teschen, ruled by a local branch of Silesian Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of the Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became a part of the Habsburg Monarchy.

There is a Saint George Roman Catholic church in the village. It was built in 1518 in the late Gothic style.

After the World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, the village became a part of the Second Polish Republic, except for a small part of it, which has been incorporated to Czechoslovakia and is now administratively a part of Třinec. After German invasion of Poland in 1939, the area became a part of Nazi Germany until 1945.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Panic, Idzi (2000). "Z badań nad osadami zanikłymi na Górnym Śląsku w średniowieczu. Uwagi w sprawie istnienia zaginionych wsi podcieszyńskich, Nageuuzi, Suenschizi, suburbium, Radouiza, Zasere, Clechemuje oraz Novosa". Pamiętnik Cieszyński (Polskie Towarzystwo Historyczne Oddział w Cieszynie) (15): 29–37. ISSN 0137-558X. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 294. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  3. ^ a b I. Panic, 2010, p. 286
  4. ^ a b I. Panic, 2010, p. 425

External links[edit]