P. T. Narasimhachar
|P. T. Narasimhachar (Pu Ti Na)|
17 March 1905|
Melukote, Nagamangala taluk, Mandya district, Karnataka
|Died||23 October 1998
|Pen name||Pu Ti Na (ಪು ತಿ ನ)|
|Literary movement||Kannada: Navodaya|
Purohita Thirunarayana Narasimhachar (17 March 1905 – 23 October 1998), commonly known as PuTiNa, was a playwright and poet of the Kannada language. Along with, Kuvempu and D. R. Bendre, he forms the well-known trio of Kannada Navodaya poets. He is a Sahitya Akademi fellow and the winner of the Pampa Award given by the Government of Karnataka in 1991.
Life and career
PuTiNa was born on 17 March 1905 into an orthodox Iyengar family in the town of Melkote in Mandya district of Karnataka. His father was Tirunarayana Iyengar and mother was Srirangamma. Sanskrit was an important part of his education and upbringing, as was English, being the primary language of instruction at the time. He was also exposed to, and learned several other languages, including French and Tamil. This background in so many languages enabled PuTiNa to expand his intellectual horizons, and he did so, studying western literature extensively.
PuTiNa's intellect was really cultivated in his college years at Maharaja's College, Mysore, where he was greatly influenced by his English professor TiNamSri, who recognized his talent for poetry; the former President of India, Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, who was then a professor at the college; and the renowned Indian philosophy professor, Hiriyanna. However, despite his proficiency in such a multitude of languages and varied intellectual background, PuTiNa was most interested in the local language of Kannada.
Apart from being a writer, PuTiNa also worked in the army of Mysore state. He also worked in the legislature of the Government of Mysore state. He also served as a member of the Mysore University committee looking at revising the English-Kannada dictionary. He died on 23 October 1998.
PuTiNa was one of the writers who gave birth to the Navodaya style of Kannada literature. According to Prof. Lakshminarayana Bhat, "At a broad level, the growth of the Navodaya style of literature resembles the growth of the writings of PuTiNa". In his first collection of poems Hanathe, he conveyed profound insights into significant moments in life by using simple language and style. Many of PuTiNa's writings speak in detail about the beauty and majesty of nature, that borders on the spiritual. Some of his well known writings include Ahalye which subtly talks of the conflicts between kama and dharma and Gokula Nirgamana which talks of the departure of Krishna from Gokula.
PuTiNa has also written many essays, that despite being essays, reflect his dominant poetic personality. While some of his essays portray everyday situations in general, others are more reflective and moralistic in nature.
Awards and recognitions
PuTiNa's many awards and recognitions include:
- Central Sahithya Academy Award for Hamsa-Damayanthi and Gitarupakas
- Honorary Doctor of Literature from Mysore University
- President of 53rd Kannada Sahithya Sammelana, 1981, Chikkamagaluru
- Granthaloka award for Sriharicharite, 1989
- Pampa Award, 1991
- Padma Shri from the Government of India, 1991
Collection of poems
- Hrudaya vihari
- Ganesha darshana
- Rasa Sarasvati
- Maley Degula
- Irula Meragu
- Haley Chiguru – Hosa Beru
- Raaga raagini
- Vasanta Chandana
- Seeta Kalyana
- Gokula Nirgamana
- Doniya Binada
Collection of stories
- Ramachariya Nenapu
- Rathasaptami and other stories
- Sri Rama Pattabhiskekham
- Hamsa Damayanti
- Eechalu marad kelage
- K. M. George (1992), p642
- P. T. Narasimhachar (2001), Back cover
- "Birth centenary of PuTiNa". ThatsKannada.com.
- "House of PuTiNa at Melkote is a cultural icon". ThatsKannada.com. Retrieved 21 March 2009.
- "An analysis of Pu. Ti. Narasimhachar's work". OurKarnataka.com. Retrieved 21 March 2009.
- K. M. George (1992), p174
- Sisir Kumar Das (1995), p766
- Amaresh Datta (1988), p1220
- K. M. George (1992) . Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology: Surveys and poems. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 978-81-7201-324-0.
- P. T. Narasimhachar (2001) . Hill Temple. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 978-81-260-0814-8.
- Amaresh Datta (1988). Encyclopaedia of Indian literature vol. 2. Sahitya Akademi. p. 1142. ISBN 81-260-1194-7.
- Sisir Kumar Das, various (1995). A History of Indian Literature. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-7201-798-7.