Public holidays in France
There are 11 official public holidays in France. The Alsace region and the Moselle department observe 2 additional days. Contrary to most countries, these holidays do not shift when they fall during a week-end, which means that the average number of observed public holidays falling on weekdays is 8.7 and ranges from 7 to 10. Most Asian countries and all North American countries observe between 2 and 10 more public holidays per year on weekdays.
Public holidays in France are:
|Date||English name||Local name||Remarks|
|1 January||New Year's Day||Nouvel an / Jour de l'an / Premier de l'an|
|moveable||Good Friday||Vendredi saint||Friday before Easter Sunday (observed only in Alsace and Moselle)|
|moveable||Easter Monday||Lundi de Pâques||Monday after Easter Sunday (one day after Easter Sunday)|
|1 May||May Day/Labour Day||Fête du Travail / Fête des Travailleurs|
|8 May||Victory in Europe Day||Fête de la Victoire||End of hostilities in Europe in World War II|
|moveable||Ascension Day||Ascension||Thursday, 39 days after Easter Sunday|
|moveable||Whit Monday||Lundi de Pentecôte||Monday after Pentecost (50 days after Easter), observed only in some businesses, see notes|
|14 July||Bastille Day||Fête nationale||French National Day, commemorates the Feast of the Federation|
|15 August||Assumption of Mary to Heaven||L'Assomption de Marie|
|1 November||All Saints' Day||La Toussaint|
|11 November||Armistice Day||Armistice de 1918||End of World War I|
|25 December||Christmas Day||Noël|
|26 December||St. Stephen's Day||Saint-Étienne||Observed only in Alsace and Moselle|
See Fêtes et jours fériés en France (Wikipedia page in French), to have all the dates (French Overseas Departments (DOM) added).
Note: French law dictates that work should stop, but be paid, only for the Fête du Travail (May Day, 1 May), except in industries where it is infeasible to stop working. The rest of the public holidays are listed in statute law, but law does not dictate that work should stop; however a leave from work may be granted by the employer or by convention collective (agreement between employers' and employees’ unions).
In 2005, French prime minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin removed Whit Monday's status as a public holiday. The decision was eventually overruled by French courts in 2008. Employers are free to decide whether to make Whit Monday a day off or not.
- French labor law, L3133-3
- French labor law, IDCC 1686
- . French labor law, IDCC 1686
- French wikipédia
- Employee holiday entitlement around the world, Mercer
- Code du Travail, L3133-4
- Code du Travail, L3133-6
- Code du Travail, L3133-1
- LOI n° 2008-351