Public holidays in Hong Kong
Holidays in 2013
|January 1||New Year's Day|
|February 10-12||Chinese New Year|
|March 29||Good Friday|
|March 30||Holy Saturday|
|April 1||Easter Monday|
|April 4||Ching Ming Festival|
|May 1||Labour Day|
|May 17||Buddha's Birthday|
|June 12||Dragon Boat Festival|
|July 1||Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day|
|September 20||Day following the Mid-Autumn Festival|
|October 1||National Day|
|October 13||Chung Yeung Festival|
|December 25||Christmas Day
Under the administration of the United Kingdom prior to 1997, the Queen's Birthday was a public holiday observed in the second Monday of June. It was replaced by the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day after the transfer of sovereignty to the People's Republic of China. Similarly, Commonwealth Day was a school holiday prior to the transfer of sovereignty, as is the birthday anniversary of Dr. Sun Yat Sen. The anniversary of the liberation of Hong Kong (Chinese: 重光紀念日) was observed on the last Monday in August, and the preceding day was also observed as anniversary of the victory in the Second Sino-Japanese War. After the transfer of sovereignty, the two public holidays were replaced with Labour Day and the National Day of the People's Republic of China.
According to Hong Kong laws, when a designated public holiday falls on a Sunday or on the same day of another holiday, the immediate following weekday would be a public holiday. However, there are exceptions; for example, as Lunar New Year 2007 falls on a Sunday (February 18th), the government have designated the Saturday directly before (February 17th) as a public holiday. However, this does not apply to Saturdays, and when a non-statutory public holiday falls on a Saturday, the public holiday is lost to people that do not work on Saturdays.
According to the Employee Ordinance of the Labour Legislation, 12 of the 17 public holidays are compulsory for employers to give to the employees. These 12 holidays are known as statuatory holidays (Chinese: 法定假期), labour holidays (Chinese: 勞工假期), or factory holidays (Chinese: 工廠假期).
Traditionally, statutory holidays are an entitlement associated with blue-collar jobs in fields such as manufacturing, construction, textiles and clothing, repairing, mass media, security, cleaning, transportation, logistics, distribution, retailing, catering, laborer, hotel and customer service. But in recent years, certain white-collar jobs and government contract staff are also entitled to statutory holidays only.
Off-in-Lieu for Statutory Holidays
In general, if a statutory holiday falls on the employee's rest day, the employer is committed to giving a day off-in-lieu at a following day which isn't the employee's rest day. For example, under the 5-day work week system, if a statutory holiday falls on a Saturday, the employee can be entitled to a day off-in-lieu. This is not true for non-statutory public holidays which are lost to people that do not work on Saturday.
ReferencesGovHK: General holidays for 2010