Public holidays in Israel

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Note: for exact dates in the Gregorian calendar see Jewish holidays 2000-2050.

Israeli law appoints nine official holidays during the year. Of these, Independence Day is meant to be observed by all citizens, while others are Jewish religious holidays that non-Jewish communities can disregard. The school year has several optional formats approved by the Ministry of Education, one of which is chosen by the school principal in consideration of the local community's religion and tradition.

The following table shows school holidays observed by the majority of schools. Many businesses and government offices allow workers to choose an additional one or two days of leave from the list of non-official holidays. Collective leave is also a common habit in many businesses and government offices during Chol HaMoed. All holidays start at sunset, and workplaces typically close down on the afternoon of the holiday's eve. Some services resume their work the following evening, while most workers continue the holiday until the next morning.

Weekends in Israel are Friday to Saturday. The law designates 36 hours of weekly holiday from Friday afternoon until Sunday morning, but most businesses and offices are closed all day on Fridays. Non-Jewish people may choose Friday, Saturday, or Sunday as their main weekly holiday, while Jewish people may not work on Saturday, unless their workplace is open on Saturdays with a special permit.

Date English Name (note: the "local name" is more commonly used in English than the name listed under "English Name") Local Name Range of possible dates in Gregorian calendar for the present age Status
Tishrei 1-2 New Year ראש השנה
Rosh Hashanah
between Sept 5 & Oct 5 Official holiday (2 days)
Tishrei 3 Fast Day of Gedaliah צום גדליה
Fast of Gedalia
Business as usual
Tishrei 10 Day of Atonement (Most Holy Day of the Year) יום כיפור
Yom Kippur
between Sept 14 & Oct 14 Official holiday, businesses close around noon on the holiday's eve. Absolutely all businesses nationwide are closed. Virtually no traffic on the streets with the exception of emergency vehicles. Non-emergency services that normally operate on holidays, e.g. airports, border crossings, broadcasting stations etc. suspend their work for about 28-30 hours.
Tishrei 15 Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) סוכות
Sukkot
between Sept 19 & Oct 19 Official holiday
Tishrei 16-21 Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) חול המועד סוכות
Chol HaMoed
between Sept 19 & Oct 19 School holiday, collective paid leave in many businesses and government offices
Tishrei 22 Assembly of the Eighth Day שמחת תורה/שמיני עצרת
Simchat Torah/Shemini Atzeret
between Sept 26 & Oct 26 Official holiday
Heshvan 12 Yitzhak Rabin's Remembrance Day יום הזיכרון ליצחק רבין
Yom Hazikaron le Yitzhak Rabin
National remembrance day with business as usual
Heshvan 29 Sigd סיגד
Sigd
Festival unique to the Beta Israel (Ethiopian Jewish community), optional paid leave, business as usual
Kislev 25-Tevet 2/3 Feast of Rededication (First Day) חנוכה
Hanukkah
between Nov 27 & Dec 27 School holiday for the duration of the 8 day festival, business as usual
Tevet 10 Tenth of Tevet Fast צום עשרה בטבת
Tsom Asarah b-Tevet
Business as usual
Shvat 15 Fifteenth of Shvat (New Year for Trees) ט"ו בשבט
Tu Bishvat
Business as usual
Adar 13 Fast of Esther תענית אסתר
Ta`anit Ester
School holiday, Business as usual
Adar 14 (Adar 15 in some places) Memorial Feast for the Triumph of Esther פורים
Purim
between February 24 & March 26 School holiday, optional paid leave
Nisan 15 Passover פסח
Pesach
between March 26 & April 25 Official holiday
Nisan 16-20 Passover חול המועד פסח
Chol HaMoed Pesach
between March 26 & April 25 School holiday, collective paid leave in many businesses and government offices
Nisan 21 Seventh day of Passover שביעי של פסח
Shvi'i shel Pesach
between April 1 & May 1 Official holiday
Nisan 27 Holocaust Remembrance Day יום הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה
Yom HaZikaron LaShoah VeLaGevurah
between April 7 & May 7 National remembrance day, business as usual except places of public entertainment
May 9 Victory Day on Nazi Germany יום הניצחון על גרמניה הנאצית Victory Day (May 9) National remembrance day, business as usual
Iyar 4 Fallen Soldiers Remembrance Day יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ונפגעי פעולות האיבה
Yom Hazikaron
between April 14 & May 14 National remembrance day, business as usual except places of public entertainment
Iyar 5 Independence Day יום העצמאות
Yom Ha-Atzmaut
between April 15 & May 15 Official holiday
Iyar 18 33rd day of the `Omer ל"ג בעומר
Lag Ba'omer
School holiday
Iyar 28 Jerusalem Day יום ירושלים
Yom Herut Yerushalayim
Optional paid leave
Sivan 6 Feast of Weeks שבועות
Shavuot
between May 15 & June 14 Official holiday
Tammuz 17 Seventeenth of Tammuz fast שבעה עשר בתמוז
Tsom Shiva` Asar b-Tammuz
Business as usual
Av 9 Ninth of Av fast (Destruction of the 1st and 2nd Temples) תשעה באב
Tisha B'Av
Optional paid leave, business as usual except places of public entertainment
Av 15 Fifteenth of Av (Festival of Love) ט"ו באב
Tu B'Av
Business as usual

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