Public holidays in Malaysia
Life in Malaysia
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There are two types of holidays in Malaysia, National and state levels. National holidays are normally observed by most governmental and private organizations. State holidays are normally observed by certain states in Malaysia or when it is relevant to the state itself.
Types of holidays 
Malaysia has the most numbers of public holidays in the world along with China and Egypt. Some holidays are federally gazetted public holidays and some are public holidays observed by individual states. Other festivals are observed by particular ethnic or religion groups, but are not public holidays. The main holy days of each major religion are public holidays, taking place on either the western calendar or religious ones.
The most widespread holiday is the "Hari Kebangsaan" (National Day), otherwise known as "Hari Merdeka" (Independence Day), on 31 August commemorating the independence of the Federation of Malaya. This, as well as Labour Day (1 May), the King's birthday (first Saturday of June) and some other festivals are major national public holidays. Federal Territory day is celebrated in the three Federal territories. Malaysia Day, held on 16 September to commemorate the formation of Malaysia, became a nationwide holiday in 2010. Before that it was celebrated only in Sabah.
Religious and ethnic 
Muslim holidays are highly prominent in Malaysia. The most important of these is Hari Raya Puasa (also called Hari Raya Aidilfitri), which is the Malay translation of Eid al-Fitr. It is generally a festival honoured by the Muslims worldwide marking the end of Ramadan, the fasting month. In addition to Hari Raya Puasa, they also celebrate Hari Raya Haji (also called Hari Raya Aidiladha, the translation of Eid ul-Adha), Awal Muharram (Islamic New Year) and Maulidur Rasul (Birthday of the Prophet).
Malaysian Chinese typically hold the same festivals observed by Chinese around the world. Chinese New Year is the most prominent, lasting for 15 days and ending with Chap Goh Mei (十五瞑). Other festivals celebrated by Chinese are the Qingming Festival, the Dragon Boat Festival and the Mid-Autumn Festival.
Hindus in Malaysia celebrate Diwali/Deepavali, the festival of light, while Thaipusam is a celebration in which pilgrims from all over the country meet at the Batu Caves. The most important Sikh festival is the Sikh new year or Vaisakhi festival. Other important days are Lodi and Gurpurab. Other Indian and Indochinese communities observe their new year celebrations at around the same time, such as Pohela Boishakh of the Bengalis and Songkran (water festival) of the Thais. People in the northern states also hold the thai festival of Loy Kratong.
Wesak (Malay for Vesak), the Buddhist festival commemorating Buddha's birth, is a public holiday. Malaysia's Christian community observes most of the holidays observed by Christians elsewhere, most notably Christmas and Easter. Good Friday, however, is only a public holiday in the two Bornean states. The harvest festivals of Gawai in Sarawak and Kaamatan in Sabah are also important for East Malaysians.
New Year's Day, Chinese New Year, and the start of the Islamic calendar are all public holidays.
Despite most of the festivals being identified with a particular ethnic or religious group, festivities are often participated in by all Malaysians. One example of this is the celebration of Kongsi Raya which is used when Hari Raya Puasa and Chinese New Year coincide. The term Kongsi Raya (which means "sharing the celebration" in Malay) was coined because of the similarity between the word kongsi and the Chinese New Year greeting of Gong xi fa cai. Similarly, the portmanteau Deepa Raya was coined when Hari Raya Puasa and Deepavali coincided.
A practice known as "open house" (rumah terbuka) is common during the festivities, especially during Hari Raya Aidilfitri, Deepavali, Chinese New Year and Christmas. Open house means that all well-wishers are received and that everyone regardless of background is invited to attend. Open houses are normally held at the home of the host and food are also prepared by the host, however, there are also open houses held at larger public venues especially when hosted by government agencies or corporations. Also during the festivities, most Malaysians would take the time off work or school to return to their hometowns to celebrate the festivities with their extended relatives. This practice is commonly known as balik kampung and usually causes traffic jams on most highways in the country.
2013 Public holidays by states and territories 
|January 1||New Year's Day||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•|
|January 14||Negeri Sembilan State Ruler's Birthday||•|
|January 15||Kedah State Ruler's Birthday||•|
|January 24||Birthday of Prophet Muhammad||National|
|February 1||Federal Territory Day||•||•||•|
|February 10–11||Chinese New Year (1st-2nd day)||National|
|February 12||Chinese New Year (3rd day)||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•|
|March 4||Anniversary of Installation of Sultan of Terengganu||•|
|March 29||Good Friday||•||•|
|March 30 and 31||Kelantan State Ruler's Birthday||•|
|April 15||Declaration of Malacca City as Historical City||•|
|April 19||Perak State Ruler's Birthday||•|
|May 1||Labour Day||National|
|May 7||Hari Hol of Pahang||•|
|May 17||Perlis State Ruler's Birthday||•|
|May 24||Wesak Day||National|
|June 1 and 2||Gawai Dayak||•|
|June 1||Malaysia King's Birthday||National|
|June 5||Israk dan Mikraj||•||•||•|
|July 7||Declaration of George Town as World Heritage Site||•|
|July 9||First day of Ramadan||•||•||•|
|July 14||Penang State Governor's Birthday||•|
|July 20||Terengganu State Ruler's Birthday||•|
|July 26||Day of Nuzul Al-Quran||•||•||•||•||•||•||•|
|August 8 and 9||Hari Raya Puasa||National|
|August 31||Merdeka Day||National|
|September 8||Sarawak State Governor's Birthday||•|
|September 16||Malaysia Day||National|
|October 5||Sabah State Governor's Birthday||•|
|October 13||Melaka State Governor's Birthday||•|
|October 15||Hari Raya Qurban (1st day)||National|
|October 16||Hari Raya Qurban (2nd day)||•||•|
|October 24||Pahang State Ruler's Birthday||•|
|November 3 and 4||Deepavali||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•|
|November 5||First day of Muharram||National|
|November 22||Johor State Ruler's Birthday||•|
|December 11||Selangor State Ruler's Birthday||•|
|December 20||Hari Hol Sultan Johor||•|
|December 25||Christmas Day||National|
Public holidays by states and territories 
|Date||English Name||Local Name||JHR||KDH||KTN||KUL||LBN||MLK||NSN||PHG||PNG||PRK||PRS||PJY||SBH||SGR||SRW||TRG|
|January 1||New Year's Day||Hari Tahun Baharu|
|February 1||Federal Territory Day||Hari Wilayah|
|February–March||Chinese New Year (1st day)||Tahun Baru Cina (Hari ke 1)||National|
|February–March||Chinese New Year (2nd day)||Tahun Baru Cina (Hari ke 2)|
|March 4||Anniversary of Installation of Sultan of Terengganu||Hari Ulang Tahun Pertabalan Sultan Terengganu|
|March–April||Good Friday||Hari Jumaat Agung|
|April 15||Declaration of Malacca City as Historical City||Perisytiharan Bandar Melaka sebagai Bandaraya Bersejarah|
|May 1||Labour Day||Hari Pekerja||National|
|May 7||Hari Hol of Pahang||Hari Hol Pahang|
|May 24||Wesak Day||Hari Waisak||National|
|June 1&2||Gawai Dayak||Gawai Dayak|
|June 4||Malaysia King's Birthday||Hari Keputeraan Yang di-Pertuan Agong||National|
|July 7||Declaration of George Town as World Heritage Site||Perisytiharan George Town sebagai Tapak Warisan Dunia|
|August 31||Merdeka Day||Hari Kebangsaan||National|
|September 16||Malaysia Day||Hari Malaysia||National|
|December 20||Hari Hol Sultan Johor||Hari Hol Sultan Johor|
|December 25||Christmas Day||Hari Krismas||National|
|Muharram 1||First day of Muharram||Awal Muharram||National|
|Rabi' al-awwal 12||Birthday of Prophet Muhammad||Maulidur Rasul||National|
|Rajab 27||Isra and Mi'raj||Israk dan Mikraj|
|Ramadan 1||First day of Ramadan||Awal Ramadan|
|Ramadan 17||Day of Nuzul Al-Quran||Nuzul Al-Quran|
|Shawwal 1&2||Hari Raya Puasa||Hari Raya Aidilfitri||National|
|Dhu al-Hijjah 10||Hari Raya Qurban (1st day)||Hari Raya Aidiladha (Hari ke 1)||National|
|Dhu al-Hijjah 11||Hari Raya Qurban (2nd day)||Hari Raya Aidiladha (Hari ke 2)|
|Variant||State Ruler's Birthday||Hari Keputeraan||Nov 22||Jan 15||Mar 30||Oct 13||Jan 14||Oct 24||Jul 14||April 19||May 17||Oct 5||Dec 11||Sep 8||Jul 20|
Festivals of Malaysia 
Muslim festivals 
- Hari Raya Aidilfitri / Hari Raya Puasa / Hari Lebaran
- Hari Raya Aidiladha / Hari Raya Haji / Haji Raya Korban
- Maulidur Rasul / Maulid Nabi
- Israk dan Mikraj
- Nuzul Quran
- Awal Muharram
Christian festivals 
- New Year
Buddhist festivals 
Hindu festivals 
Chinese festivals 
- Chinese New Year
- Li Chun (Beginning of Spring)
- Yuan Dan (New Year's Day)
- Birthday of Jade Emperor (Tian Gong Dan / Tnee Kong Seh)
- Yuan Xiao (Lantern festival)
- Qing Ming (Tomb Sweeping Day)
- Birthday of Kuan Yin
- Duan Wu Dragon Boat Festival
- Nine Emperor Gods Festival
- Zhong Qiu Mooncake Festival
- Ghost Festival
- Dong Zhi
- Chu Xi (New Year's Eve)
See also 
- Jadual Hari Kelepasan Am Persekutuan dan Negeri 2011, Laman Web, Bahagian Kabinet, Perlembagaan & Perhubungan Antara Kerajaan, Jabatan Perdana Menteri Malaysia
- "Malaysia — Holidays". Go2travelmalaysia.com. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
- Marshall Cavendish Corporation (2008). World and Its Peoples: Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Brunei. New York: Marshall Cavendish Corporation. p. 1221.
- "Festival of Malaysia ~ Hari Raya Puasa". Go2travelmalaysia.com. 2010-09-11. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
- "Festivals of Malaysia ~ Thaipusam Festival". Go2travelmalaysia.com. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
- Ben van Wijnen. "Loi Krathong". Malaysiasite.nl. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
- "The English Teacher". Malaysian English Language Teaching Association. 2008-05-02. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
- "Religion". Matic.gov.my. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
- "Ripple effect of the festive rush". New Straits Times. September 7, 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
- 2012 public holidays: A full list of holidays by state
- "Malaysia — Holidays" Klikholidays.com
- Malaysia Calendar 2013 Malaysia Calendar 2013 Kalendar Kuda