Public holidays in Thailand are regulated by the government, and most are observed by both the public and private sectors. There are usually sixteen public holidays in a year, but more may be declared by the Cabinet. The actual number of holidays for the individual is determined by the nature of the organization for which they work i.e. public, private, institutions governed by the Bank of Thailand, or state-owned enterprises (excluding financial institutions). [1 ]
On average, workers in the first three groups are entitled to fourteen holidays, while state-owned enterprise workers enjoy up to fifteen holidays (or more). If a holiday falls on a weekend, one following workday is observed as a compensatory holiday.
The [1 ] Bank of Thailand regulates bank holidays, which differ slightly from those observed by the government. Other observances, both official and non-official, local and international, are observed to varying degrees throughout the country.
New Year's Day
วันขึ้นปีใหม่ (Wan Khuen Pi Mai) Celebrates the start of the
solar and Gregorian year. From 1889–1941, this was held on 1 April.
1st day of the
Chinese calendar (February)
Chinese New Year
วันตรุษจีน (Wan Trut Chin) Observed by
Thai Chinese and parts of the private sector. Usually celebrated for three days, starting on the day before the Chinese New Year's Eve. Observed by governmental units in Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala and Satun Provinces. [2 ]
Full moon, 3rd Thai lunar month (February) b
วันมาฆบูชา (Wan Makha Bucha)
Buddhist observance commemorating the Buddha's teaching of Ovada Patimokkha.
Chakri Memorial Day
วันจักรี (Wan Chakkri) Commemorates the establishment of the
Chakri Dynasty and the founding of Bangkok by King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke in 1782. Officially known as King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke the Great Day and Chakri Dynasty Memorial Day ( วันพระบาทสมเด็จพระพุทธยอดฟ้าจุฬาโลกมหาราชและวันที่ระลึกมหาจักรีบรมราชวงศ์).
13 April – 15 April
วันสงกรานต์ (Wan Songkran) Traditional Thai new year, and the major holiday of the year. Many people return home for family reunions during this period. The first day is known as
วันมหาสงกรานต์ (Wan Maha Songkran), the second as วันเนา (Wan Nao), and the third as วันเถลิงศก (Wan Thaloeng Sok). The 14th is also observed as Family Day.
วันฉัตรมงคล (Wan Chattra Mongkhon) Commemorates the
coronation of King Bhumibol Adulyadej in 1950.
May, arbitrary date
Royal Ploughing Ceremony and Farmer's Day
วันพืชมงคล (Wan Phuetcha Mongkhon) a Ceremonial blessing of the country's farmers. Officially known as
วันพระราชพิธีพืชมงคลจรดพระนังคัลแรกนาขวัญ (Wan Phra Ratcha Phithi Phuetcha Monkhon Lae Charot Phra Nangkhan Raek Na Khwan). Also observed as Farmer's Day. Each year's date is astrologically determined and announced by the Bureau of the Royal House Hold.
Full moon, 6th Thai lunar month (May)
วันวิสาขบูชา (Wan Wisakha Bucha) Buddhist observance commemorating the birth, enlightenment and passing of the Buddha. Also observed as National Tree Day.
Full moon, 8th Thai lunar month (July)
วันอาสาฬหบูชา (Wan Asanha Bucha) Buddhist observance commemorating the Buddha's first discourse, the
First waning moon, 8th Thai lunar month (July)
b Beginning of
วันเข้าพรรษา (Wan Khao Phansa) a Buddhist observance marking the beginning of Vassa, also known as Buddhist Lent
HM the Queen's Birthday
วันเฉลิมพระชนมพรรษาสมเด็จพระนางเจ้าฯ พระบรมราชินีนาถ (Wan Chaloem Phra Chonmaphansa Somdet Phra Nang Chao Phra Boromma Rachini Nat) Commemorates the birthday of
Queen Sirikit in 1932; also observed as National Mother's Day ( วันแม่แห่งชาติ; Wan Mae Haeng Chat).
วันปิยมหาราช (Wan Piya Maharat) Commemorates the passing of
King Chulalongkorn in 1910.
HM the King's Birthday
วันเฉลิมพระชนมพรรษาพระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัว (Wan Chaloem Phra Chonmaphansa Phra Bat Somdet Phra Chao Yu Hua) Commemorates the birthday of
King Bhumibol Adulyadej in 1927. Also observed as National Day and National Father's Day.
วันรัฐธรรมนูญ (Wan Rattha Thammanun) Commemorates the promulgation of the
first permanent constitution in 1932.
New Year's Eve
วันสิ้นปี (Wan Sin Pi) Final day of the Gregorian year.
Government offices under the Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Education may also observe the Thai Armed Forces Day and Teachers' Day, respectively (see below).
Not observed by the private sector. ^a
Holidays regulated by the ^b Thai lunar calendar—the usual Gregorian months in which the dates fall are indicated in parentheses. In lunar leap years, these take place one month later.
Bank holidays [ edit ]
Bank holidays (those observed by financial institutions, not to be confused with
bank holidays in the United Kingdom) are regulated by the Bank of Thailand. These usually differ from government holidays in that banks do not observe the Royal Ploughing Ceremony day ( Phuetchamongkhon) or the beginning of Vassa ( Khao Phansa), but instead do observe 1 May as National Labour Day and 1 July as the mid-year bank holiday. (Prior to 2007, the beginning of Vassa was observed as a holiday rather than Asalha Puja.) Eid ul-Fitr is also designated as a holiday for financial institutions in Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala, and Satun Provinces if it does not already fall on a weekend or holiday. [3 ]
National observances [ edit ]
These observances are regulated by the government, but are not observed as holidays. Actual observance varies, and some are only observed by specific sectors.
2nd Saturday of January
วันเด็กแห่งชาติ (Wan Dek Haeng Chat) Widely celebrated, especially by governmental agencies, with many activities for children. Observed on this day since 1965; was observed on the first Monday of October from 1955–1964.
National Forest Conservation Day
วันอนุรักษ์ทรัพยากรป่าไม้ของชาติ (Wan Anurak Sappayakon Pa Mai Khong Chat) Observance promoting the conservation of the nation's forests and the work against
วันครู (Wan Khru) Honours teachers countrywide. Schools may observe this day as a holiday, especially those under the authority of the Office of the Basic Education Commission. Observed since 1957.
Royal Thai Armed Forces Day
วันกองทัพไทย (Wan Kong Thap Thai) Commemorates King
Naresuan's victorious elephant duel against the Burmese Uparaja, calculated to be in 1593. Observed on this date since 2007 (on 25 Jan, before that).
วันนักประดิษฐ์ (Wan Nak Pradit) Commemorates the patent registration of King Bhumibol's Chai Phatthana
paddle wheel aerator in 1993. Observed since 1995.
วันทหารผ่านศึก (Wan Thahan Phan Suek) Commemorates the founding of the War Veterans Organization of Thailand. Remembrance ceremonies are held at
National Artist Day
วันศิลปินแห่งชาติ (Wan Sinlapin Haeng Chat)
National Artists are honoured on this day, which commemorates King Buddha Loetla Nabhalai's birth.
King Nangklao Memorial Day
วันที่ระลึกพระบาทสมเด็จพระนั่งเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัวฯ (Wan Thi Raluek Phra Bat Somdet Phra Nangklao Chao Yuhua) Commemorates the birthday of
King Nangklao; observed since 1998.
Civil Service Day
วันข้าราชการพลเรือน (Wan Kha Ratchakan Phonlaruean) Commemorates the enactment of the first Civil Service Act in 1928; observed since 1979.
Thai Heritage Conservation Day
วันอนุรักษ์มรดกไทย (Wan Anurak Moradok Thai) Commemorates the birthday of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn; observed since 1995.
Consumer Protection Day
วันคุ้มครองผู้บริโภค (Wan Khumkhrong Phu Borophok) Observed since 1980.
Labour Day [3 ]
วันแรงงานแห่งชาติ (Wan Raeng Ngan Haeng Chat) Coincides with
International Workers' Day. Observed as a holiday by most of the private sector.
Sunthorn Phu Day
วันสุนทรภู่ (Wan Sunthon Phu) Commemorates the birth of
Sunthorn Phu in 1786.
Thai Language Day
วันภาษาไทยแห่งชาติ (Wan Phasa Thai Haeng Chat)
National Science Day
วันวิทยาศาสตร์แห่งชาติ (Wan Witthayasat Haeng Chat) Commemorates
King Mongkut's prediction and observation of a total solar eclipse in 1868.
National Youth Day
วันเยาวชนแห่งชาติ (Wan Yaowachon Haeng Chat) Commemorates the birth dates of Kings
Chulalongkorn and Ananda Mahidol.
วันมหิดล (Wan Mahidon) Commemorates the passing of
Prince Father Mahidol Adulyadej, the "Father of Thai Modern Medicine".
National Police Day
วันตำรวจ (Wan Tamruat)
National Nurses' Day
วันพยาบาลแห่งชาติ (Wan Phayaban Haeng Chat) Commemorates the birth of
Princess Srinagarindra the Princess Mother.
วันวชิราวุธ (Wan Wachirawut) Commemorates the passing of
King Vajiravudh in 1925.
Damrong Rajanubhab Day
วันดำรงราชานุภาพ (Wan Damrong Rachanuphap) Commemorates the passing of
Prince Damrong Rajanubhab. Observed since 2001. [4 ]
Thai Environment Day
วันสิ่งแวดล้อมไทย (Wan Singwaetlom Thai) Observed since 1991.
National Sports Day
วันกีฬาแห่งชาติ (Wan Kila Haeng Chat) Commemorates King Bhumibol's gold medal in sailing at the
1967 Southeast Asian Peninsular Games. Observed since 1986.
King Taksin Memorial Day
วันสมเด็จพระเจ้าตากสินมหาราช (Wan Somdet Phra Chao Taksin Maharat) Commemorates the accession of
King Taksin in 1768.
Shawwal in the Islamic calendar
Eid ul-Fitr วันตรุษอีดิ้ลฟิตรี (วันรายอปอซอ)
Muslim holiday celebrating the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. Observed by government units in Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala and Satun Provinces.
Dhu al-Hijjah in the Islamic calendar
Eid al-Adha วันตรุษอีดิ้ลอัฎฮา (วันรายอฮัจยี)
Muslim holiday commemorating the willingness of
Ibrahim to sacrifice his son Ismael as an act of obedience to Allah. Observed by government units in Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala and Satun Provinces.
Other observances [ edit ]
Other observances, traditional and modern, are observed by various groups and communities throughout the country.
National Agriculture Day
วันเกษตรแห่งชาติ (Wan Kaset Haeng Chat)
8th waning moon, 6th Thai lunar month (May–June)
a Atthami Puja
วันอัฐมีบูชา (Wan Atthami Bucha) Buddhist observance commemorating the Buddha's cremation.
5th day, 5th Chinese lunar month
วันไหว้ขนมจ้าง (Wan Wai Khanom Chang) Chinese festival
วันลูกเสือแห่งชาติ (Wan Luk Suea Haeng Chat) Commemorates the founding of scouting in Thailand by King Vajiravudh in 1911.
15th day, 7th Chinese lunar month (August)
วันสารทจีน (Wan Sat Chin) Known as Sat Chin to differentiate from Sat Thai (see below).
15th day, 8th Chinese lunar month (September)
วันไหว้พระจันทร์ (Wan Wai Phra Chan) Chinese festival
Defeat of Japan Freedom Day
Largely ignored except by
Seri Thai and friends
New moon, 10th Thai lunar month (September–October)
Sat Thai Day
วันสารทไทย (Wan Sat Thai) Traditional mid-year festival, now celebrated mostly in
Nakhon Si Thammarat
1st–9th days, 9th Chinese lunar month (September–October)
เทศกาลกินเจ (Thetsakan Kin Che) Usually corresponds with Sat Thai Day, depending on the differences between the Thai and Chinese lunar calendars.
Full moon, 11th Thai lunar month (October)
วันออกพรรษา (Wan Ok Phansa) Marks the end of the three-month Vassa and the beginning of the
Kathina period the following day.
Full moon, 12th Thai lunar month (November)
วันลอยกระทง (Wan Loi Krathong) Observed as
Yee Peng Lantern Festival (ญี่เปง) in Chiangmai; it is the 2nd lunar month, Duean Yi (เดือนญี่), of the old Lanna Kingdom calendar.
วันคริสต์มาส Christian holiday celebrating the birth of
Jesus Christ. Religious for Christians and widely observed commercially.
Months in which the dates usually fall. ^a
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b บุษกร หวังวิไล. "กำหนดเวลาทำงานและวันหยุดราชการ: วันหยุดชดเชย (Designation of public workdays and holidays: compensatory holidays)". Secretariat of the Cabinet website (in Thai) . Retrieved . 20 April 2012
^ "การพิจารณากำหนดวันหยุดราชการประจำปี เพิ่มเติม (Designation of additional annual public holidays)". Secretariat of the Cabinet website (in Thai) . Retrieved . 28 July 2014
^ a b "List of Legal Holidays to be Observed by the Bank of Thailand". Financial Institutions > Financial Institutions Holidays. Bank of Thailand. March 3, 2003. Archived from the original on 16 April 2012 . Retrieved . April 16, 2012
^ "Man of many talents". Prince Damrong. Ministry of Interior (Thailand). March 5, 2010 . Retrieved . October 4, 2013