Public holidays in the Philippines
This is a list of public holidays in the Philippines.
The final two weeks of 2008 had the largest number of holidays based on Presidential Proclamation 1463 with offices closed from December 25, 2008 until January 4, 2009.
Independence Day and Filipino-American Friendship Day
Independence Day was formerly celebrated on July 4–-the date of the Philippine independence from the United States in 1946, a date chosen because it was also American Independence Day. On 12 May 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Presidential Proclamation No. 28, which declared Tuesday, 12 June a special public holiday throughout the Philippines, "... in commemoration of our people's declaration of their inherent and inalienable right to freedom and independence." On 4 August 1964, Republic Act No. 4166 renamed the 4 July holiday as "Philippine Republic Day", proclaimed 12 June as "Philippine Independence Day", and enjoined all citizens of the Philippines to observe the latter with befitting rites.
In 1955, President Ramón Magsaysay issued Presidential Proclamation No. 212, s. 1955, which established the observance of Philippine–American Day every 15 November, which was the anniversary of the 1935 inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. Sometime during the administration of President Ferdinand Marcos, Philippine–American Day was renamed "Philippine–American Friendship Day" and moved to 4 July, overshadowing the observance of the date as Republic Day. After the Third Republic and the abolition of the 1935 Constitution under Martial Law, it was impolitic to remind the public of the old republic. This is why, when President Marcos issued Presidential Proclamation No. 2346 s. 1984, reference was made to Philippine–American Friendship Day, which was relegated to a working holiday without mention of Republic Day.
During the administration of President Corazon C. Aquino, the practice of celebrating 4 July as both Philippine–American Friendship Day and Republic Day as a non-working holiday was formally abolished. Section 26 of the Administrative Code of 1987 specified a list of regular holidays and nationwide special days that did not include 4 July.
To create three-day weekends, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo moved those holidays that fell on a Wednesday or Thursday to that week's Friday; or to that week's Monday if these were on a Tuesday. When she introduced the policy in 2001, she coined the term holiday economics and argued that the policy was less disruptive of business and production schedules, encouraged domestic tourism, and gave employees longer weekends. In 2004 she issued a proclamation making Christmas Eve as special non-working holiday and December 27, the Monday after Christmas as special non-working holiday.
On 25 July 2007, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed into law "An Act Rationalizing the Celebration of National Holidays" (RA 9492), designating 11 Regular Holidays and three Nationwide Special Holidays. Specific dates or days for celebration are designated. The law provides that holidays falling on a Wednesday will be observed on the Monday of the week and that holidays falling on a Sunday, the holiday will be observed on the Monday that follows. Three holidays (Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Eid ul-Fitr) are designated as having movable dates, and the law provides that for movable holidays the President shall issue a proclamation, at least six months prior to the holiday concerned, the specific date that shall be declared as a non-working day. Though it was allowed by RA 9492, Labor Day was never moved to another date by President Arroyo at the request of labor groups.
While Arroyo's "holiday economics" has been praised for boosting domestic tourism and for encouraging more quality time among members of Filipino families, businessmen complained over lost productivity and the hassle of preparing mandatory holiday and overtime salaries in a short period of time. Others deplored it as presidential tinkering with history via executive fiat.
The following President, Benigno Aquino III, abandoned the "holiday economics" scheme saying he preferred that holidays be observed on their original dates and that the policy actually disrupted the economy, saying holidays "that fell on weekends will be commemorated on weekends so people can continue earning their wages on the days when they're supposed to."
The Labor Code of the Philippines specifies two types of holidays: the "regular holiday" and the "special non-working day". There is a difference in the pay that employers are required to pay between the two type of holidays. There is also a difference in what is closed and in how the days are declared.
|Did not work||Did work|
|Regular holiday||100% of daily wage||200% of daily wage|
|Special non-working day||not paid||130% of daily wage|
On top of these pay rules, an employee shall be given an additional 30% if the holiday falls on his or her rest day, and an additional 30% if he or she works overtime.
|Date||English name||Filipino name||Transferability||Details|
|January 1||New Year's Day||Araw ng Bagong Taon||Fixed||Celebrates the first day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.|
|April 9||Day of Valor||Araw ng Kagitingan||Fixed||Commemorates the Fall of Bataan during the Japanese invasion of the Philippines, and by extension, the courage of Filipino and American soldiers at the Fall of Corregidor, the Bataan Death March and throughout the Second World War. In 2009, Araw ng Kagitingan fell on Maundy Thursday so it was moved to April 6.|
|April 17 (2014)||Maundy Thursday||Huwebes Santo||Movable||Maundy Thursday is part of Holy Week (Tagalog: Mahal na Araw; Spanish: Semana Santa). This holy day commemorates the Last Supper of Christ with His Twelve Apostles.|
|April 18 (2014)||Good Friday||Biyernes Santo||Movable||Good Friday is the most important and solemn day of Holy Week, as it commemorates the suffering, crucifixion and death of Christ. Processions, Passion plays, the recitation of the Pasyon, and various religious services are among the customs practiced on this day.|
|May 1||Labor Day||Araw ng mga Manggagawa||Fixed||Celebrates workers. The first Labor Day celebrations were held in the Philippines on May 1, 1903, with a large rally in front of Malacañan Palace staged by the Union Obrera Democratica (Democratic Laborers Union), which pressed for workers’ economic rights.|
|June 12||Independence Day||Araw ng Kalayaan||Fixed||Celebrates the Philippine Declaration of Independence and the establishment of the First Philippine Republic by Emilio Aguinaldo on 12 June 1898. From 1947 to 1964 (see below), Independence Day was celebrated on July 4.|
|July 29 (2014) (calculated)||Eid'l Fitr||Pagwawakas ng Ramadan||Movable||Celebrates the end of the fasting month of Ramadan; also the first day of the month Shawwal in Islamic calendar. It was created by virtue of Republic Act No. 9177 and signed on 13 November 2002. The law was enacted in deference to the Filipino Muslim community and to promote peace among the major religions in the Philippines.|
|August 25 (2014)||National Heroes' Day||Araw ng mga Bayani||Movable||Commemorates all the nation's heroes throughout history. It is a regular holiday marking the 1896 Cry of Pugad Lawin by the Katipunan (led by its Supremo Andrés Bonifacio), which began the Philippine Revolution. This holiday happens every last Monday of August.|
|October 5 (2014) (calculated)||Eid'l Adha||Pista ng Pagsasakripisyo||Movable||Celebrates the end of the Hajj and the feast when Muslims sacrifice a goat, sheep, cow or a camel to be sent to the poor as a donation. The Hajj is when Muslims go on required pilgrimage to Mecca.|
|November 30||Bonifacio Day||Araw ng Kapanganakan ni Bonifacio||Fixed||Commemorates the birth of national hero Andrés Bonifacio on November 30, 1863. Bonifacio is remembered on his birthday, rather than the date of his death (10 May 1897), which is marred by the fact he was executed by the Filipino revolutionary government and not, as in the case of other heroes, by colonial powers. The Aguinaldo government executes Bonifacio, whom it labelled an enemy of the state after the events at the Tejeros Convention. Often confused with National Heroes' Day.|
|December 25||Christmas Day||Araw ng Pasko||Fixed||Celebrates the Nativity of Christ. Since some 80% of Filipinos are Christian, Christmas in the Philippines is one of the longest in the world, starting as early as September until the last week of January. It is one of the most important holidays and religious observances of the year along with the Holy Week.|
|December 30||Rizal Day||Araw ng Kabayanihan ni Dr. Jose Rizal||Fixed||Commemorates the execution of national hero José Rizal by Spanish colonial government on 30 December 1896.|
|Date||English name||Filipino name||Transferability||Details|
|January 31 (2014)||Chinese New Year||Bagong Taon ng mga Tsino||Movable||Also known as the Spring Festival or Lunar New Year, it is mainly celebrated by the Filipino Chinese but has slowly received wider exposure in popular culture.|
|April 19 (2014)||Black Saturday||Sábado de Gloria; Sabado ng Gloria||Movable||One of the days of Holy Week or Mahal na Araw. It remembers the day Christ's body has been lain in the sepulchre, while his soul descended into the realm of the dead to save the righteous souls who had died before his time.|
|July 27 (2014)||100th Anniversary of the Iglesia ni Cristo||Ang ika-100 na Anibersaryo ng Iglesia ni Cristo||Fixed||This holiday is originally called as Iglesia ni Cristo Day and it is a special working holiday since 2009 but it was declared as a special non-working holiday for this year 2014 to commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the Iglesia ni Cristo. The INC is the largest indigenous Christian church in Asia and the 3rd largest religion in the Philippines.|
|August 21||Ninoy Aquino Day||Araw ng Kabayanihan ni Ninoy Aquino||Fixed||Commemorates the unsolved assassination of former Senator and prominent oppositionist Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. in 1983, which was a catalyst for the People Power Revolution in 1986.|
|November 1||All Saints' Day||Undás; Todos los Santos; Araw ng mga Santo||Fixed||Filipinos observe this day by visiting graves, repairing and clean their tombs and offering prayers, flowers, food and candles to the dead. Many visit their ancestors in their native provinces, thus making it an occasion for reunions with extended family.|
|November 2||All Souls' Day||Araw ng mga Patay||Fixed||The actual memorial of the dead mandated by the Catholic Church. Visiting of graves continues from the previous day.|
|December 24||Christmas Eve||Bisperas ng Pasko||Fixed||The day before Christmas. Filipino Christian families generally hold an extravagant midnight feast called nochebuena on this day, beginning shortly before midnight.|
|December 31||Last day of the year||Bisperas ng Bagong Taon; Huling Araw ng Bagong Taon||Fixed||Also known as New Year's Eve, families hold a second, extravagant midnight feast called medianoche to greet the coming year. Loud noises are made and firecrackers are lit, in the belief that this drives away misfortune from the previous year.|
|Date||English name||Filipino name||Transferability||Details|
|February 25||EDSA Revolution Anniversary||Anibersaryo ng Rebolusyon sa EDSA||Fixed||A special non-working holiday to mark the 1986 People Power Revolution that ended the 20 years of dicatorial rule of President Ferdinand Marcos. Since 2010, it was made a special holiday only for schools.|
|Date||English name||Filipino name||Transferability||Details|
|January 14 (2014)||Prophet Mohhamed's Birthday||Araw ng Kapanganakan ni Propetang Mohhamed||Movable||Known elsewhere as Mawlid, the day marks the birth of the Prophet Muhammad on the 12th day of Rabi' al-awwal, the third month of the Islamic calendar.|
|February 2||Constitution Day||Araw ng Saligang Batas||Movable||A working holiday which was first observed in 2002. Celebrates the ratification of the current 1987 Constitution.|
|May 24||Vesak Day||Araw ng Bisyak||Movable||Celebrated by Filipino Buddhists, to mark three important events in the life of Gautama Buddha: his birth, his Enlightenment, and his physical death and spiritual entry into Parinirvana. In 2001, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed a proclamation declaring the day in May of the full moon as Vesak Day.|
|June 19||Jose Rizal's birthday||Araw ng Kapanganakan ni Jose Rizal||Movable||First declared in 1961 by President Carlos P. García in honor of the birth centenary of José Rizal. Monday, 20 June 2011 was declared a special non-working holiday by President Benigno Aquino III for Rizal's 150th birth anniversary as requested by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines.|
|July 27||Iglesia ni Cristo Day||Araw ng Iglesia ni Cristo||Fixed||In 2009, July 27 was designated by a Republic Act as a yearly special national working holiday to honor the foundation of the Iglesia ni Cristo in 1914. This day was declared as a special non-working holiday in the year 2014 to commemorate the church's 100th Anniversary.|
|October 21||National Day of Celebration||Araw ng Pambansang Pagdiriwang||Movable||Presidential Proclamation No. 481 declared Sunday, 21 October 2012 as a national day of celebration for the canonisation of Saint Pedro Calungsod, the second Filipino saint.|
|October 25 (2014)||Muharram
(Islamic New Year)
|Unang Buwan ng Muharram||Movable||Holiday to mark the beginning of the Islamic year.|
Secular observances usually mark a government's founding day or the birth or death of a prominent native. These are often celebrated with parades, processions, entertainment, and feasting, as well as whatever local customs are traditional.
Local holidays for the most part are applicable only to the immediate area concerned, and barangay fiestas do not usually warrant a public holiday for the area unless otherwise ordered.
|Date||English name||Filipino name||Details|
|January 12||Valencia City Charter Day||N/A||This regular holiday applies to Valencia City only.|
|Third Sunday of January||Sinulog||This regular holiday applies to Cebu and Tacloban only, honors the Santo Niño.|
|January 23||1899 Republic Day||Araw ng Republikang Filipino, 1899||This is only celebrated in the province of Bulacan honoring the 1899 proclamation of the Republic in Malolos, the capital city, with plans to make it a national holiday|
|February 3||Blas Ople Birth Anniversary||N/A||This is only celebrated in the province of Bulacan. Celebrates the birth of Blas Ople.|
|February 5||Biñan Liberation Day||N/A||This special working holiday applies to Biñan, Laguna only.|
|February 9||Mandaluyong Liberation and Cityhood Day||N/A||This regular holiday applies to Mandaluyong City only, honoring the 1945 liberation of Mandaluyong and its 1995 elevation to cityhood.|
|February 11||Evelio Javier Day''||N/A||This special non-working holiday applies to the provinces of Antique, Capiz, Aklan, and Iloilo only.|
|February 13||Parañaque Day||Araw ng Parañaque||This regular holiday applies to Parañaque City only.|
|February 14||Valenzuela City Day||Araw ng Lungsod ng Valenzuela||This special working holiday applies to Valenzuela City only|
|February 24||Cebú City Charter Day||N/A||This regular holiday applies to Cebu City only.|
|February 21–27||Musikahan Festival||This regular holiday applies to Tagum City only.|
|March 1||Muntinlupa City Charter Day||N/A||This special non-working holiday applies to Muntinlupa City only.|
|March 7||Tagum City Day||Araw ng Tagum||Commemorating the elevation of then Tagum municipality into the first component city of Davao del Norte. This regular holiday applies to Tagum City only.|
|March 8||Compostella Valley Day||N/A||This special working holiday applies to Compostela Valley only.|
|March 10||Cavite Day||Araw ng Cavite||This special working holiday applies only in province of Cavite only.|
|March 16||Davao City Day||Araw ng Dabaw||Commemorating the signing of the Davao Charter, creating the City of Davao. This special non-working holiday applies to Davao City only.|
|March 18||Panay Liberation Day||N/A||This regular holiday applies to all provinces and cities on the islands of Guimaras, Panay and Romblon|
|March 22||Malaybalay City Charter Day||N/A||This special working holiday applies to Malaybalay only.|
|March 27||San Juan Day||Araw ng San Juan||This special non-working holiday applies to San Juan City only.|
|April 21||Calamba City' Day'||Araw ng Calamba||Commemorating the signing of the Calamba Charter, creating the City of Calamba. This special non-working holiday applies to Calamba City only.|
|May 4||Ilagan' Day'||Aggaw na Ilagan||Celebrating the foundation of Ilagan City. This special non-working holiday applies to Ilagan City only.|
|May 27||San Jose Parish Fiesta||Fiesta ni Señor San José||Special non-working holiday in honor of Saint Joseph which only applies to Matalom, Leyte.|
|June 1||Biray Festival||Araw ng Imahen ng Birheng Maria||Honors the Blessed Virgin Mary as part of the Flores de Mayo in Belison, Antique. This special non-working holiday applies to Belison, Antique only.|
|June 11||Rizal Province Day||Araw ng Rizal||This special non-working holiday applies to Rizal province only.|
|June 15||Cagayán de Oro Charter Day||N/A||This special non-working holiday applies to Cagayán de Oro City only.|
|June 18||Naga City Charter Anniversary||N/A||This regular holiday applies to Naga City only.|
|June 18||Benguet Foundation Day||N/A||This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Benguet only.|
|June 19||Surigao del Sur Day||Araw ng Surigao del Sur||This special non-working holiday applies to Surigao del Sur only.|
|June 19||Surigao del Norte Day||Araw ng Surigao del Norte||This special non-working holiday applies to Surigao del Norte only.|
|June 19||Feast of Forest||Pista ng Kagubatan||This special working holiday applies to Palawan only.|
|June 19||Laguna Day||Araw ng Laguna||This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Laguna only. This also commemorates Dr. José Rizal's birthday.|
|June 19||Calambanga Festival||Araw ng Calamba||This special non-working holiday applies to Calamba City only. This also commemorates Dr. Jose Rizal's birthday and a review of the history of Calamba.|
|June 21||Agusan del Sur||Naliyagan Festival||Special non-working holiday, applies to Agusan del Sur only.|
|June 24||Manila Day||Araw ng Maynila||This special non-working holiday applies to the City of Manila only. It honors the 1571 founding of the city by Miguel López de Legaspi.|
|June 24||San Juan Fiesta||Pista ng San Juan||This special non-working holiday applies to San Juan City only. This day honor Saint John the Baptist, the patron saint of the city. Also known as the Wattah-Wattah San Juan Festival.|
|June 30||Tacloban Day and Tacloban City Charter Day||Araw ng Tacloban||This special non-working holiday applies to the city of Tacloban only.|
|July 1||Tagbilaran City Charter Day||N/A||A day commemorating the creation of the City of Tagbilaran by virtue of Republic Act No. 4660 on July 1, 1966. This special non-working holiday applies only to Tagbilaran City.|
|July 1||Davao Region Day||Araw (ng Rehiyon) ng Davao||Day commemorating the creation of the three Davao provinces from then a "single" Davao province, now Davao Region. This regular public holiday applies to the provinces of Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur and Davao Oriental only.|
|July 1||Maramag Day||Araw ng Maramag||Day commemorating the recognition of Maramag, Bukidnon as a municipality by virtue of Executive Order 272, which was signed by President Carlos P. Garcia on July 1, 1956. This special non-working holiday applies only to the municipality of Maramag.|
|July 2||Pasig Foundation day||Araw ng Pasig||This special non-working holiday applies to Pasig City only. Remembers the founding of the city in 1573.|
|July 22||Bohol Day||N/A||A day commemorating the creation of the Province of Bohol by virtue of Act 2711 on 10 March 1917. This special non-working holiday applies only to the whole Province of Bohol.|
|July 23||Apolinario Mabini Day||Kaarawan ni Apolinario Mabini||This special working holiday applies to Tanauan, Batangas only.|
|July 23||Batangas City Day||Batangas City Foundation Day||This special non-working holiday applies to Batangas City in commemoration to its founding.|
|August 2||Butuan City Charter Day||Adlaw Hong Butuan||This holiday applies to Butuan City only.|
|August 2||Kabankalan City Charter Day||Adlaw Kabankalan||This holiday applies to Kabankalan City only.|
|August 6||Cebu Provincial Charter Day||N/A||This special nonworking holiday applies to the province of Cebu only.|
|August 9||Ablan Day||Kaarawan ni Ablan||Commemorates the birthday of Ilocos Norte's late governor and labor leader, Governor Roque B. Ablan, Sr.|
|August 15||Kadayawan Festival||Davao Harvest Festival||This special working holiday applies to Davao City only. (Proc. No. 829 declared that August 15 is a Special Non-working Holiday)|
|August 19||Manuel Luis Quezón Day||Kaarawan ni Manuel Luis Quezón||This special working holiday applies to the provinces of Quezon and Aurora, and to the city of Quezón only in honor of the anniversary of the birth of the Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon, born on this day in 1878.|
|August 31||Surigao City Charter Day||N/A||This special non-working holiday applies to Surigao City only.|
|September 1||Baguio Day||Araw ng Lungsod ng Baguio||Special non-working holiday only in Baguio City marking its foundation in 1909.|
|September 2||Nueva Ecija Day||Araw ng Nueva Ecija||This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Nueva Ecija only.|
|September 9||Osmeña Day||N/A||This regular holiday applies to Cebu only honoring the nation's fourth president on his birthday.|
|Second Friday — Third Sunday of September||Peñafrancia Festival||Pista ng Peñafrancia||Applies only to Naga City and honors the miraculous image of Our Lady of Peñafrancia, the patroness of the Bicol Region.|
|September 9||San José del Monte City Day||Araw ng Lungsod ng San José del Monte||This regular holiday applies to San José del Monte City only.|
|September 10||Feast of San Nicolás de Tolentino||N/A||This regular holiday applies to Surigao City only.|
|September 13||Battle of Pulang Lupa||Labanan sa Pulang Lupa||This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Marinduque only. Remembers the patriotic victory in the 1903 Battle of Pulang Lupa.|
|September 17||Siquijor Day||Araw ng Siquijor||This special non-working holiday applies to Siquijor only.|
|September 18||Tacurong City Charter Day||N/A||This special working holiday applies to Tacurong City only.|
|October 16||Oroquieta City Day||Araw ng Lungsod ng Oroquieta||This special non-working holiday applies to Oroquieta City only.|
|October 19||Bacolod City Charter Day||N/A||This special non-working holiday only applies to Bacolod City.|-|
|October 20||Leyte Landing Day||N/A||This regular holiday applies to Tacloban only. Commemorates the very landing in Palo Beach in Leyte in 1944, signalling the liberation of the country in the Second World War.|
|November 4||President Carlos P. Garcia Day||N/A||Commemorates the birth of Boholano Carlos Polistico García, the eighth President of the Philippines. This special non-working holiday applies only to the whole Province of Bohol.|
|November 5||Negros Day||N/A||Also called Al Cinco de Noviembre, this special non-working holiday applies to the province of Negros Occidental only. Honors the 1898 Negros Revolution and those who took part.|
|November 16||Quirino Day||Araw ni Quirino||To commemorate the birth anniversary of late President Elpidio Quirino as declared under Presidential Proclamation No. 1927 dated November 15, 1979 issued by the late President Ferdinand E. Marcos. This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Ilocos Sur only.|
|December 2||Pasay City Day||Araw ng Pasay||This special non-working holiday applies to Pasay City only, the city was founded on this day in 1863.|
|December 8||Taguig City Day||Araw ng Siyudad ng Taguig||As per Proclamation 81 signed December 1, 2010, Taguig City Day is celebrated henceforth every December 8. This special non-working holiday applies to Taguig City only.|
|December 11||Pampanga Day||Araw ng Pampanga||Under the virtue of Proclamation no.2226 of late President Ferdinand Marcos. This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Pampanga only, celebrating its 1571 founding.|
|December 13||General Trias Foundation Day and Valenciana Festival||N/A||This special working holiday applies of General Trias, Cavite only.|
|December 18||López Jaena Day||N/A||This regular holiday in Iloilo province and Iloilo City only. Honors Graciano López Jaena and his contributions to the Propaganda Movement of the 1880s.|
|December 20||Feast Day of Santa Lucia||N/A||This day commemorates Saint Lucy, the patron saint of the town of Santa Lucia, Ilocos Sur. This special non-working holiday applies to Santa Lucia, Ilocos Sur only.|
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