Public holidays in Taiwan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Taipei Lantern Festival in the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall in Taipei, Taiwan.
Taiwan's retrocession ceremony, 1945

The following are considered holidays in Taiwan. Some are official holidays, some are not:

Table of Taiwan Holidays[edit]

Public Holidays[edit]

2014 Gregorian Date Type of calendar followed Date on calendar English Name Chinese Name Remarks
January 1 Gregorian calendar Same Founding of the Republic of China (also New Year's Day) 中華民國開國紀念日/元旦 Commemorates the establishment of the Provisional Government in Nanjing.
January 30 Chinese calendar Last day (29th/30th day) of the 12th month Chinese New Year's Eve 農曆除夕 Eve of the Chinese New Year.
January -February 31-04 Chinese calendar 1st-3rd day of the 1st month Spring Festival 春節 Chinese New Year.
February 28 Gregorian calendar Same 228 Peace Memorial Day 228和平紀念日 Commemorates the 228 Incident in 1947. On this day, all flags in the nation will be flown at half-mast as a mark of respect for the dead.
April 4 Gregorian calendar Same Combination of Women's Day and Children's Day 婦女節、兒童節合併 To make known the rights of children and to stop the abuse and killing of children.
April 5 Solar term in Chinese calendar Falls on either 4/5 April Qingming Festival 清明節 June 2 Chinese calendar 5th day of the 5th month Dragon Boat Festival 端午節 Commemorates the death of the patriot Qu Yuan.
September 8 Chinese calendar 15th day of the 8th month Mid-Autumn Festival 中秋節 A day for family reunion.
October 10 Gregorian calendar Same National Day/Double Tenth Day 國慶日/雙十節 Commemorates the Wuchang Uprising of 1911.

Unofficial holidays[edit]

The following holidays are also observed on Taiwan, but are not official holidays observed by civil servants of the central government. Some sectors of the workforce may have time off on some of the following holidays such as Labor Day, Armed Forces Day, and Teachers' Day.

Gregorian calendar
Date English Name Local Name Remarks
February 3, 4 or 5 Farmer's Day 農民節 Lichun, the beginning of spring
March 12 Arbor Day 國父逝世紀念日 Sun Yat-sen's passing on March 12, 1925
March 29 Youth Day 青年節 Commemorates revolutionary Tenth Uprising in 1911
May 1 Labor Day 勞動節
May 4 Literary Day 文藝節 Commemorates May Fourth Movement
May (second Sunday) Mother's Day 母親節 Buddha's birthday was changed to fit the date of Mother's Day.[1][2]
June 3 Opium Suppression Movement Day 禁煙節 Commemorates burning of opium in the First Opium War of 1839
August 8 Father's Day 父親節
September 1 Journalist' Day Commemorates the promulgation of the Protection of Journalists and Public Opinion Organizations law in 1933[3]
September 3 Armed Forces Day 軍人節 Honors the armed forces of the ROC
September 28 Teachers' Day 孔子誕辰紀念日 Confucius' Birthday
October 21 Overseas Chinese Day 華僑節
October 25 Taiwan Retrocession Day 台灣光復節 Japan relinquishes control of and returns Taiwan to the Republic of China October 25, 1945
November 12 Sun Yat-sen's Birthday 國父誕辰紀念日 Also Doctors' Day and Cultural Renaissance Day
Winter solstice Dōngzhì Festival 冬至
December 25 Constitution Day 行憲紀念日 Coincides with Christmas, and anniversary of the 1947 ROC Constitution
Lunar calendar
Date English Name Local Name Remarks
15th day of 1st lunar month Lantern Festival 元宵節 Based on Chinese calendar
15th day of 1st lunar month Tourism Day 觀光節 Based on Chinese calendar
2nd day of 2nd lunar month Earth God's Birthday 土地公誕辰 Based on Chinese calendar
19th day of 2nd lunar month Kuan Yin's Birthday 觀音誕辰 Based on Chinese calendar
15th day of 3rd lunar month God of Medicine's Birthday 保生大帝誕辰 Based on Chinese calendar
23rd day of 3rd lunar month Matsu's Birthday 媽祖誕辰 Based on Chinese calendar
8th day of 4th lunar month Buddha's Birthday 佛誕日 Based on Chinese calendar
13th day of 5th lunar month Kuan Kung's Birthday 關公誕辰 Based on Chinese calendar
13th day of 5th lunar month Cheng Huang's Birthday Based on Chinese calendar
7th day of 7th lunar month Chi Hsi Festival 七夕 Based on Chinese calendar
15th day of 7th lunar month Ghost Festival 中元節 Based on Chinese calendar
9th day of 9th lunar month Double Ninth Festival 重陽節 Based on Chinese calendar
15th day of 10th lunar month Saisiat Festival 賽夏節 Pas-taai Festival of the Saisiat tribe

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Camaron Kao (May 14, 2012), "Thousands of believers mark Buddha's birthday", China Post 
  2. ^ Ko Shu-Ling (May 9, 2011), "Sakyamuni Buddha birthday celebrated", Taipei Times, "The legislature approved a proposal in 1999 to designate the birthday of Sakyamuni Buddha — which falls on the eighth day of the fourth month of the lunar calendar — a national holiday and to celebrate the special occasion concurrently with International Mother’s Day, which is celebrated on the second Sunday of May." 
  3. ^ A Retrospective of Major News Media Events for the Republic of China’s Centennial, United Daily News Online

External links[edit]