Public holidays in the Soviet Union
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There were eight major Public holidays in the Soviet Union. There were over 30 holidays total.
|Date||English Name||Russian Name||Remarks|
|January 1||New Year's Day||Новый год||Arguably the largest celebration of the year. Most of the traditions that were originally associated with Christmas in Russia (Father Frost, a decorated fir-tree) were moved to New Year's Eve after the Revolution and are associated with New Year's Eve to this day.|
|February 23||Red Army Day||День Советской Армии и Военно-морского флота ("Day of the Soviet Army and Navy")||Formation of the Red Army in February 1918. It wasn't official holiday unlike others.
Is currently called День защитника отечества ("Day of the Defender of the Fatherland") in Russia
|March 8||International Women's Day||Международный женский день, (Восьмое марта Vosmoe marta)||An official holiday marking women's liberation movement, popularly celebrated as a cross between American Mother's Day and Valentine's Day.|
|April 12||Cosmonautics Day||День космонавтики ("Day of Cosmonautics")||The Day Yuri Gagarin became the first man in Space, in 1961.|
|May 1||International Labor Day (May Day)||Первое Мая - День международной солидарности трудящихся ("International Day of Worker's Solidarity")||Celebrated on May 1 and May 2. Now called Праздник весны и труда ("Celebration of Spring and Labor").|
|May 9||Victory Day||День Победы||End of Great Patriotic War, marked by capitulation of Nazi Germany, 1945|
|October 7||USSR Constitution Day||День Конституции СССР||1977 Constitution of the USSR accepted - December 5 previously from 1936 to 1977|
|November 7||Great October Socialist Revolution||Годовщина Великой Октябрьской социалистической революции or Седьмое ноября||Celebrating October Revolution of 1917. It has now been replaced with День примирения и согласия ("Day of Reconciliation and Agreement"), celebrated on a Nov. 7 (at least officially) before amendments in Labour Codex (adopted in December 2004, new holiday, which celebrates at November 4 is the People Unity Day ("День народного единства)" in Russia.|