Transport in Hobart
The city of Hobart, Tasmania is served by a wide variety of transport. While the city's main form of transport is private transport on the road network, transport is also available by bus, ferry and aircraft. A suburban train service operated between Hobart and Brighton from the 1870s until 31 December 1974. There has been, however, talk in recent years of reinstating a train service in the northern suburbs.
There are many bike tracks in the greater Hobart area, one of the most notable being the intercity bike track which runs from Hobart 12 km north to Glenorchy along an unused rail line of the Hobart–Bridgewater rail corridor. Other bike routes travel through Mount Wellington and the waterfront of the River Derwent at various locations.
The car is the dominant mode of transport in Hobart. The Davey/Macquarie couplet expand east-west along the southern fringe of the city centre connecting the three major highways; the Southern Outlet, the Tasman Highway and the Brooker Highway which expand out to the outer suburbs. These highways are in turn supported by secondary arterial roads; Goodwood, Sandy Bay and Main Roads as well as the East Derwent and South Arm Highways.
Public transport is provided by Metro Tasmania bus services.
Taxis and limousines operate with no ties to Metro. Taxi 131008 Hobart holds the largest fleet of taxicabs in Hobart, they also provide luxury transport in Hobart.
Hobart's tram network was built in 1893 and was the first completely electric network in Australia. In 1960, the tram service was decommissioned in favor of the trolleybus, although this service only lasted eight years and was replaced in 1968 by a motorised bus service. There has been talk in recent years of re-introducing trams to Hobart, however this has never eventuated.
Hobart has a narrow gauge railway corridor which starts at the city centre and travels north towards Bridgewater. This line is currently only used for freight trains, however a $400,000 feasibility study is currently underway for the possible introduction of commuter trains along the Hobart-Bridgewater rail corridor. The rail corridor will be available for use when the Hobart freight yards are moved to Brighton thus freeing the train lines of most freight trains, although rail freight access to the port at Hobart will be retained for container rail traffic. A state-of-the-art light rail could then ride the rail corridor creating a new express route to Hobart.
Hobart has the second deepest natural port in the world, second to only Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. There are currently three operators that run ferries upon the River Derwent. They are Hobart Cruises, Navigators, and Hobart Yellow Water Cab.
Ferry services operate twice-daily express river crossing services for commuters in morning and evening rush-hour slots from Bellerive Quay to Sullivans Cove, and return. The trip takes approximately seven minutes operated by Hobart Yellow Water Cab. The trip allows commuters from Clarence to arrive just a five minute walk from the CBD. Since the opening of the Museum of Old and New Art in January 2011, a regular daily ferry operates from Sullivan's Cove to the museum's location in the northern suburb of Berriedale.
Hobart serves as Australia's main sea link to Antarctica for the Australian Antarctic Division located in Kingston. Hobart is the home port to the Australian Icebreaker the Aurora Australis which serves the Australian Antarctic Territory during the summer months. Hobart is also home to the French ship l'Astrolabe, which makes regular supply runs to the French Southern Territories located around Antarctica.
Hobart is served by Hobart International Airport in the city's east for regional, domestic and international flights and Cambridge Aerodrome in the city's eastern suburbs for general aviation and charter flights.
- The Hobart Suburban Passenger Service 1875-1975 Stokes, H.J.W. Australian Railway History, February;March 2005 pp43-67;108-119
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- MONA Online
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