Publius Aelius Paetus

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Publius Aelius Paetus (fl. c. 240 BC – 174 BC), otherwise known as Publius Aelius Paetus, was a Roman consul of the late 3rd century BC. He was a prominent supporter and ally[citation needed] of Scipio Africanus, and was elected censor with Africanus in 199 BC.[1]

Family[edit]

Publius Aelius Paetus was apparently the elder surviving son of Quintus Aelius Paetus, a praetor who was killed at Cannae in August 216 BC. The father may have been descended from Publius Aelius Paetus, who was consul in 337 BC and a Master of the Horse, and as such, one of the earliest plebeian consuls; another ancestor may have been Gaius Aelius Paetus, consul in 286 BC.

His younger brother was Sextus Aelius Paetus Catus who became consul in 198 BC and censor in 194 BC, and is best known to us via Cicero as a jurist and commentator on the Twelve Tables. Publius was also a jurist.[citation needed]

Political life[edit]

Aelius Paetus makes relatively few appearances in Livy's History of Rome. He was Master of the Horse in 202 BC, was elected praetor, and became consul in 201 BC with Gnaeus Cornelius L.f. Lentulus.[2]

In his year as consul, he made a treaty with the Ingauni Ligures and was appointed one of the ten decemvirs for the distribution of lands among the veteran soldiers of Scipio Africanus in Samnium and Apulia.[3]

In 199 BC he was elected censor with Africanus himself. The two censors were relatively liberal in their lustrum and degraded none.[citation needed]

Paetus died in 174 BC during a pestilence at Rome, as recorded by Livy in a fragmentary chapter.[4]

His son was Quintus Aelius Paetus, who became consul in 167 BC.

References[edit]

  1. ^ T. Robert S. Broughton: The Magistrates Of The Roman Republic. Vol. 1: 509 B.C. - 100 B.C.. Cleveland / Ohio: Case Western Reserve University Press, 1951. Reprint 1968. (Philological Monographs. Edited by the American Philological Association. Vol. 15, 1), p. 327
  2. ^ Livy Ab urbe condita XXX 40,5; see also Fasti Capitolini: P.Ail[ius Q. f. P. n. Paitus]
  3. ^ T. Robert S. Broughton: The Magistrates Of The Roman Republic. Vol. 1: 509 B.C. - 100 B.C.. Cleveland / Ohio: Case Western Reserve University Press, 1951. Reprint 1968. (Philological Monographs. Edited by the American Philological Association. Vol. 15, 1), p. 319-319-323
  4. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita XLI 21,8

Sources[edit]

Livy, History of Rome

Political offices
Preceded by
Servilius Pulex Geminus and Tiberius Claudius Nero
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus
201 BC
Succeeded by
Publius Sulpicius Galba Maximus and Gaius Aurelius Cotta
Preceded by
Marcus Porcius Cato and Lucius Valerius Flaccus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Tiberius Sempronius Longus
194 BC
Succeeded by
Lucius Cornelius Merula and Aulus Minucius Thermus
Preceded by
Gaius Claudius Nero and Marcus Livius Salinator
Censor of the Roman Republic
with Scipio Africanus
199 BC
Succeeded by
Gaius Cornelius Cethegus and Sextus Aelius Paetus Catus