Publius Memmius Regulus

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Publius Memmius Regulus (died 63[1]) was a Roman Senator that lived in the Roman Empire in the second half of the 1st century BC and first half of the 1st century.

Family Background & Early Life[edit]

Regulus was a member of the Plebeian gens, Memmia. He was the son of an elder Publius Memmius Regulus by an unnamed wife. He was a Novus homo and was originally from Roussillon of the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis. Little is known on early life.

Political career[edit]

Regulus was a man of consular rank[2] and Tacitus describes him as a man of 'dignity, who was a person of influence and good name'. He served as a suffect consul in 31, during the reign of Roman emperor Tiberius and entered office on the Kalends of October. His magistracy saw the downfall of Sejanus, whom Regulus personally conducted to prison.[3][4]

After the consulship of Regulus, he served as a praefect of Macedonia and Achaea. During his time in Achaea, Regulus with his son were honored with various statues. Regulus while serving in his position, the Roman emperor Caligula ordered him to remove the statue of Jupiter by Phidias at Olympia and bring it to Rome.

Caligula had compelled Regulus to divorce his wife, Lollia Paulina, a woman of great beauty and considerable wealth. Regulus with Paulina had a son called Gaius Memmius Regulus, who served as an ordinary consul in 63.[5] Paulina became the third wife of Caligula in 38, but he divorced her and sent her into exile after six months.[6][7][8][9][10][11]

Regulus was a member of the Sodales Augustales, Epulones and the Arval Brethren priesthoods. He was loyal to the early Roman emperors and they respected him. In his older years, he withdrew from public life.