Publius Septimius Geta
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2010)|
|23rd Emperor of the Roman Empire|
|Reign||209 – 4 February 211
(with Severus & Caracalla);
February – December 211 (with Caracalla)
|Full name||Publius Septimius Geta
(from birth to 209);
Caesar Publius Septimius Geta Augustus (from 209 to death)
|Born||7 March 189|
|Died||19 December 211(aged 22)|
|Predecessor||Septimius Severus (alone)|
Geta (Latin: Publius Septimius Geta Augustus; 7 March 189 – 19 December 211), was a Roman Emperor co-ruling with his father Septimius Severus and his older brother Caracalla from 209 to his death, when he was murdered on command of his older brother.
Early life 
Geta was always in a place close to his older brother Lucius, the heir known as Caracalla. Perhaps due to this, the relations between the two were difficult from their early years. Conflicts were constant and often required the mediation of their mother. To appease his younger son, Septimius Severus gave Geta the title of Augustus in 209.
During the campaign against the Britons of the early 3rd century, the imperial propaganda presented the image of a happy family that shared the responsibilities of rule. Septimus Severus entrusted his wife Julia Domna as his counsellor, his older son Caracalla as his second in command, and gave administrative and bureaucratic duties to his younger son Geta. In reality, however, the rivalry and antipathy between the brothers was far from resolved.
Joint Emperor 
When Septimius Severus died in Eboracum in the beginning of 211, Caracalla and Geta were proclaimed joint emperors and returned to Rome.
Regardless, the shared throne was not a success: the brothers argued about every decision, from law to political appointments. Later sources speculate about the desire of the two of splitting the empire in two halves. By the end of the year, the situation was unbearable. Caracalla tried to murder Geta during the festival of Saturnalia without success. Later in December he had his mother arrange a peace meeting with his brother in his mother's apartments, and then had him murdered in her arms by centurions.
|Roman imperial dynasties|
|Severan dynasty - tondo.png
The Severan Tondo
|-with Caracalla and Geta||209–211|
|Caracalla and Geta||211–211|
|Severan dynasty family tree
Year of the Five Emperors
Crisis of the Third Century
Following Geta's assassination, Caracalla damned his memory and ordered his name to be removed from all inscriptions. The now sole emperor also took the opportunity to get rid of his political enemies, on the grounds of conspiracy with the deceased. Cassius Dio stated that around 20,000 persons of both sexes were killed or proscribed during this time.
A denarius of Geta.
See also 
- Dio Cassius lxxvii; Herodian iv. I.
Media related to Publius Septimius Geta at Wikimedia Commons
- Life of Geta (Historia Augusta at LacusCurtius: Latin text and English translation)
Publius Septimius GetaBorn: 7 March 189 Died: 26 December 211
With: Septimius Severus and Caracalla
Lucius Fabius Cilo,
Marcus Annius Flavius Libo
|Consul of the Roman Empire
Marcus Nummius Umbrius Primus Senecio Albinus,
Lucius Fulvius Gavius Numisius Petronius Aemilianus
Lucius Annius Maximus,
Gaius Septimius Severus Aper
|Consul of the Roman Empire
Lucius Aurelius Commodus Pompeianus,
Quintus Hedius Lollianus Plautius Avitus
Title last held byLucius
|King of Britain||Succeeded by