Pucón

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Pucón
City and Commune
View of Pucón along Lincoyán street and Villarrica Lake
View of Pucón along Lincoyán street and Villarrica Lake
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Map of Pucón commune in the Araucanía Region
Map of Pucón commune in the Araucanía Region
Pucón is located in Chile
Pucón
Pucón
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 39°16′36″S 71°58′28″W / 39.27667°S 71.97444°W / -39.27667; -71.97444Coordinates: 39°16′36″S 71°58′28″W / 39.27667°S 71.97444°W / -39.27667; -71.97444
Region Araucanía
Province Cautín
Foundation February 27, 1883
Government[1][2]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Carlos Barra Matamala
Area[3]
 • Total 1,248.5 km2 (482.0 sq mi)
Elevation 227 m (745 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[3]
 • Total 22,081
 • Density 18/km2 (46/sq mi)
 • Urban 13,837
 • Rural 7,270
Sex[3]
 • Men 10,705
 • Women 10,402
Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
Area code(s) country 56 + city 45
Website Official website (Spanish)

Pucón (Mapudungun: "entrance to the cordillera") is a Chilean city and commune administered by the municipality of Pucón. It is located in the Province of Cautín, Araucanía Region, 100 km to the southeast of Temuco and 780 km to the south of Santiago.

Pucón's location by a lake and volcano, along with its relatively stable climate, especially in summer,[4] make it a popular destination for tourists. It offers a variety of sports and adventure/recreational activities for tourists, including water skiing, snow skiing, backpacking, white water rafting and kayaking, horse back riding, natural hot springs, zip line rides, and guided ascents of Villarrica volcano.

History[edit]

Pucón was established in 1883 as a fort in the aftermath of the Occupation of Araucanía when the Chilean state subdued the native population of Araucanía Region. It was a strategically advantageous spot because of its location at entrance of the Trancura Valley, where the Argentinean army had once pursued a group of Mapuches through Mamuil Malal Pass during the Conquest of the Desert.

The first hotel in Pucón was the Gudenschwager, established in 1923, but it was in 1934 with the establishment of Gran Hotel Pucón that tourism became a popular activity in the area. In 1940 the first road between Villarrica and Pucón was built and in the 1970s the road to Caburgua Lake was finished.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census carried out by the Chilean National Statistics Institute, Pucón spans an area of 1,248.5 km2 (482 sq mi) and has 21,107 inhabitants (10,705 men and 10,402 women). Of these, 13,837 (65.6%) lived in urban areas and 7,270 (34.4%) in rural areas. The population grew by 47% (6,751 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[3]

Tourism[edit]

Pucón is a major centre of adventure tourism in Chile. During the summer, tourist attractions include hiking, rafting, horseback riding, bird watching, fishing, canopy trails, and canyoning. Due to its striking natural surroundings, near a volcano and several lakes, nature reserves and thermal baths, Pucón attracts tourism all year round. In winter and spring, it is possible to go skiing or snowboarding on the slopes of Villarrica volcano or visit thermal baths in the middle of the Valdivian temperate rain forest.

Volcano and Lake Villarrica in Pucón.

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Playa Blanca (“White Beach”)

Located on the shores of Caburga Lake, Playa Blanca is a quieter alternative to the crowded Pucón beach. It is a small beach with clear water and light coloured sands, surrounded by trees and a small Myrtle wood, which provide useful shelter from the sun.

  • Volcanoes

The most well-known is Villarrica (volcano), but other volcanoes tourists can visit include Mocho-Choshuenco, Quetrupillán and Lanín. The 2,840 meter high Villarrica is part of the Ring of Fire that lie around the basin of the Pacific Ocean. It is an active volcano with more than 82 eruptions since 1558. Despite this, it is possible to climb it throughout the year, if weather and volcanic activity permit. During winter, the summit is completely covered by snow, and offers views of at least seven of the surrounding lakes.

  • El Cañi

El Cañi,[5] meaning “sight that transforms”, is a private protected area of 500 hectares belonging to a non-profit organization. It contains hiking trails through ancient Araucarias, Lengas (Lenga Beech), Coigues, old volcanic craters and lagoons. It is administered by a group of young farmers who offer an “eco” alternative to tourism. The park is home to foxes, pumas, pudús (a small kind of deer), wild ducks and condors, among many other species. A view point located at 1,550 meters altitude provides views of four nearby volcanoes: Villarrica, Quetrupillán, Lanín and Llaima.

  • National parks:

There are many national parks in the area, including: Villarrica National Park, Huerquehue National Park and Villarrica National Reserve.

  • Volcanic caves

Pucón’s volcanic caves were formed by volcanic lava that flowed under glacier formations. Tourists can visit one of these caves and walk 400 metres underground with a specialist guide who can explain the process of formation.

  • Lakes

Some of the main lakes near Pucón are: Villarrica, Caburgua and Tinquilco, with opportunities to practice watersports or to simply relax on their beaches.

  • Rivers

The main river is the Trancura, known for its white water. It is popular for practicing watersports like kayaking and rafting. There are different levels of difficulty on the river, from easy family rides through Level III rapids to more difficult rides through Level V rapids.

  • Spas in Pucón:

There are several hot springs and spas in the commune of Pucón and the surrounding area, including: Palguín, Rio Blanco, Huife, Quimey-Co and Los Pozones. The nearby commune of Curarrehue also contains popular spas, including: Menetúe, San Luis, Trancura, Panqui and Ancamil.

Pucón is visible in the left center of the image. Llaima can be seen in the distance.


Administration[edit]

As a commune, Pucón is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2012-2016 alcalde is Carlos Barra Matamala ( RN).[1][2]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Pucón is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by René Manuel García (RN) and Fernando Meza (PRSD) as part of the 52nd electoral district, (together with Cunco, Curarrehue, Villarrica, Loncoche, Gorbea and Toltén). The commune is represented in the Senate by José Garcia Ruminot (RN) and Eugenio Tuma Zedan (PPD) as part of the 15th senatorial constituency (Araucanía-South).

See also[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 February 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Municipality of Pucón" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 February 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  4. ^ Welcome to Pucón Revista Letra Media. Retrieved 24 August, 2013.
  5. ^ Hike El Cañi near Pucón, Chile for great views of the region www.thisischile.cl Thursday, February 21, 2013, retrieved 29 August, 2013

External links[edit]