Pucallpa

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Pucallpa
May Ushin
Pukallpa
Pucallpa Plaza and San Martín Fountain
Pucallpa Plaza and San Martín Fountain
Flag of Pucallpa
Flag
Coat of arms of Pucallpa
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): La tierra colorada (The Crimson Land)
Pucallpa is located in Peru
Pucallpa
Pucallpa
Location in Peru
Coordinates: 8°23′S 74°31′W / 8.383°S 74.517°W / -8.383; -74.517
Country Peru
Region Ucayali
Province Coronel Portillo
Settled 1840s
Elevation 154 m (505 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 204,772
  2007 census
Time zone PET (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) PET (UTC-5)
Website www.mpcp.gob.pe

Pucallpa (Quechua: puka allpa, "red earth") is a city in eastern Peru located on the banks of the Ucayali River, a major tributary of the Amazon River. It is the capital of the Ucayali region, the Coronel Portillo Province and the Calleria District.

Pucallpa was founded in the 1840s by Franciscan missionaries who settled several families of the Shipibo-Conibo ethnic group.[1] For several decades it remained a small settlement as it was isolated from the rest of the country by the Amazon Rainforest and the Andes mountain range. From the 1880s through the 1920s a railway project to connect Pucallpa with the rest of the country via the Ferrocarril Central Andino was started and dropped several times until it was finally abandoned. Pucallpa's isolation finally ended in 1945 with the completion of a highway to Lima through Tingo Maria. The highway allowed the commercialization of regional products to the rest of the country, thus improving the economic outlook of the region and its capital, Pucallpa. However, the heavy rainfalls of the Amazon Rainforest remain a problem as they erode the highway and can even undermine it by causing flash floods. Pucallpa is served by air through the Captain Rolden International Airport and by river through its port Pucallpillo near the center of the city. During the high water season, the floating ports of La Hoyada and Puerto Italia are used for riverine communications. Pucallpa is connected by road to Lima via the cities Huánuco and Cerro de Pasco. The San Lorenzo Megaport Project proposes to connect Lima with the Atlantic via a rail connection to Pucallpa and the Amazon.[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Pucallpa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(87)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(87)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(87)
31
(87)
30.6
(86.8)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(71)
21
(69)
20
(68)
21
(69)
21
(70)
22
(71)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21.8
(71)
Precipitation mm (inches) 147
(5.8)
165
(6.5)
191
(7.5)
163
(6.4)
104
(4.1)
66
(2.6)
50
(2)
56
(2.2)
91
(3.6)
168
(6.6)
185
(7.3)
180
(7.1)
1,566
(61.7)
Source: Weatherbase [3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Spanish) Alberto Tauro del Pino, Enciclopedia Ilustrada del Perú, vol. XIII, p. 2129.
  2. ^ "Executive Summary". San Lorenzo Megaport Project. Retrieved 28 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Pucallpa, Peru". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

Coordinates: 8°23′S 74°33′W / 8.383°S 74.550°W / -8.383; -74.550

Pucallpa Pucallpillo port panorama.jpg