Puccinia striiformis var. striiformis

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Puccinia striiformis var. striiformis
Stripe rust.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Urediniomycetes
Subclass: Incertae sedis
Order: Uredinales
Family: Pucciniastraceae
Genus: Puccinia
Species: P. striiformis var. striiformis
Binomial name
Puccinia striiformis var. striiformis
Westend., (1854)
Synonyms

Dicaeoma glumarum
Puccinia glumarum
Puccinia rubigo-vera
Puccinia straminis
Puccinia striiformis
Trichobasis glumarum
Uredo glumarum

Puccinia striiformis var. striiformis is a plant pathogen. It causes stripe rust on wheat, but has other hosts as well. The species is common in Europe and in more recent years has become a problem in Australia.[1] Infection can causes losses of up to 40%, and the fungus will infect both winter wheat and spring wheat.[2] The taxonomy of Puccinia striiformis was revised in 2010. The commonly called stripe rusts on wheat and grasses were separated into four species based on molecular and morphological studies: Puccinia striiformis sensu stricto (on Aegilops, Elymus, Hordeum and Triticum), Puccinia pseudostriiformis (on Poa), Puccinia striiformoides (on Dactylis) and Puccinia gansensis (on Achnatherum)[3]

The stripe rust, Puccinia striiformis, causes a great decrease in wheat yield in northern Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (NWFP).[4]

Lifecycle

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roelfs, A. P. and W. R. Bushnell (1984). The Cereal Rusts: Origins, Specificity, Structure and Physiology, Academic Press.
  2. ^ Cereal Disease Laboraty, ARS
  3. ^ M. Liu and S. Hambleton (2010) Taxonomic study of stripe rust, Puccinia striiformis sensu lato, based on molecular and morphological evidence. Fungal Biology 114:881-899.
  4. ^ AFZAL1, SYED NADEEM; et al (2008). "IMPACT OF STRIPE RUST ON KERNEL WEIGHT OF WHEAT VARIETIES SOWN IN RAINFED AREAS OF PAKISTAN". Pakistan Journal of Botany 40 (2): 923–929. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 

External links[edit]