Puck, Poland

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Puck
Market Square
Market Square
Coat of arms of Puck
Coat of arms
Puck is located in Poland
Puck
Puck
Coordinates: 54°42′N 18°24′E / 54.700°N 18.400°E / 54.700; 18.400
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Pomeranian
County Puck County
Gmina Puck (urban gmina)
Established 12th century
Town rights 1348
Government
 • Mayor Marek Rintz
Area
 • City 4.9 km2 (1.9 sq mi)
Highest elevation 20 m (70 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2006)
 • City 11,329
 • Density 2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,080,700
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 84-100
Area code(s) +48 58
Car plates GPU
Website http://www.miasto-puck.com

Puck [put͡sk] ( ) (Kashubian: Pùck, German: Putzig, Latvian: Pucka) is a town in northwestern Poland with 11,350 inhabitants. It is in Gdańsk Pomerania on the south coast of the Baltic Sea (Bay of Puck). Previously in the Gdańsk Voivodeship (1975–1998), Puck has been the capital of Puck County in the Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999.

History[edit]

13th century Gothic church in Puck

The settlement became a marketplace and a seaport as early as the 7th century. The name, as was common during the Middle Ages, was spelled differently: in a 1277 document Putzc, 1277 Pusecz, 1288 Puczse and Putsk, 1289 Pucz. In 1309 it came under the rule of the Teutonic Order as part of Pomerelia. Puck achieved town status in 1348. Together with the rest of Royal Prussia it joined Poland in 1454 (1466) and was the place of the local County Administration (Starostwo). Since the Polish kings tried to create a fleet at Danzig, but independent Hanseatic Danzig would not allow them in their territory, some ships chartered by Poland had to land at Pautzke (Puck) in 1567. Poland tried to establish a Polish Navy, got to use some harbors in Livonia and Finland, but a standing navy never materialized. Swedish-Lithuanian Vasa King of Poland-Lithuania Sigismund III again tried to establish a fleet in his attempts to wrest the crown of Sweden from King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, but Sigismund's attempts at creating a fleet were destroyed in 1628.

The first actual Polish Navy was founded at the end of World War I in 1918 with some French and British involvement.

In 1772, through the Partitions of Poland, the western Prussian town was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia. After the First World War I, Puck was assigned to the Second Polish Republic by the Treaty of Versailles. In 1920 Poland celebrated Poland's Wedding to the Sea in Puck. Puck was the only Polish harbour until Gdynia was built in the 1920s and the main war harbour of the Polish Navy until the Second World War.

Puck was bombed by Nazi Germany at 5.20am Polish time on Friday September 1st, known therein as Grey Friday when a German bomber dropped a projectile on the town which also had an airbase.

The British and French declaration of war came two days later. That week TIME magazine in New York put a black and white picture of the Polish commander in chief, Smidgly-Rydz on its cover.

After Poland was occupied by Nazi Germany in 1939, a branch of the Stutthof concentration camp existed in Puck in the years 1941 to 1944. After 1945 Puck became part of the Republic of Poland.

Interesting places[edit]

Kitesurfing
Marina
Former hospital for the poor (18th century)
  • Town Hall (1865)
  • St Peter and Paul's church (13th century)
  • Burghers' houses at the main square (Plac Wolności), 17th century, rebuilt in the 19th century
  • Flooded port (8th-10th century) located some 500 metres from the shore
  • Remnants of a brick castle (14th century)
  • Memorials of gen. Józef Haller and Poland's Wedding to the Sea
  • Puck region museum (Muzeum Ziemi Puckiej)
  • Wooden pier
  • Marina
  • Caves in Mechowo
  • Coastal Landscape Park (Nadmorski Park Krajobrazowy)

Population[edit]

Year Population
1895 1 904
1900 2 093
1960 6 800
1970 9 300
1975 10 500
1980 11 100
1998 11 600
2005 11 350

Land use[edit]

Land use in Puck in 2005 [1] in ha in %
Total 490 100.0
agricultural lands area, of which: 188 38.4
arable land 118 24.1
orchards 0 0.0
meadows 59 12,0
pastures 11 2.2
Forests and forest land 3 0.6
Other and wastelands 299 61,0

International relations[edit]

Puck, Poland is twinned with: Cieszyn, Stein, Konz, Guéret

Gallery[edit]

Coordinates: 54°42′N 18°25′E / 54.700°N 18.417°E / 54.700; 18.417

See also[edit]

External links[edit]