Puddingwife wrasse

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Puddingwife wrasse
Halichoeres radiatus2.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Labridae
Genus: Halichoeres
Species: Halichoeres radiatus
Binomial name
Halichoeres radiatus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms
  • Labrus radiatus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Julis crotaphus G. Cuvier, 1829
  • Julis cyanostigma Valenciennes, 1839
  • Julis opalina Valenciennes, 1839
  • Julis patatus Valenciennes, 1839
  • Iridio elegans T. H. Bean, 1906
  • Halichoeres irideus torquatus Parr, 1930

The puddingwife wrasse, Halichoeres radiatus, is a species of wrasse native to the western Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina to Bermuda, through the West Indies and Gulf of Mexico, to offshore islands of Brazil, being absent from Brazilian coastal waters. It can be found on reefs at depths from 2 to 55 m (6.6 to 180.4 ft), with younger fish up to subadults being found in much shallower waters from 1 to 5 m (3.3 to 16.4 ft). This species can reach 51 cm (20 in) in total length, though most do not exceed 40 cm (16 in). This species is of minor importance to local commercial fisheries and can be found in the aquarium trade.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rocha, L. & Craig, M. 2010. Halichoeres radiatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 09 November 2013.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Halichoeres radiatus" in FishBase. August 2013 version.

Etymology According to the Marian Webster dictionary Puddingwife is an old no longer in use French term meaning a woman who sells sausage. Podyngwyf, fr. podyng, pudding blood sausage + wyf, wif woman.